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  • Alcohols

1990

CIS 91-47 Furfuryl alcohol
Alcool furfurylique [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limits (France, 1987): TWA value = 40mg/m3. Short-term effects: skin absorption; irritation of eyes, upper respiratory tract and skin. Long-term effects: dermatitis. EC identification numbers and mandatory labelling codes: 603-018-00-2; Xn; R20/21/22.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30, rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1990. 4p. 18 ref. Illus.

CIS 91-33 Benzyl alcohol
Alcool benzylique [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Short-term effects: neurotoxic effects (central nervous system); irritation of upper respiratory tract, eyes and skin. Long-term effects: may cause dermatitis. EC identification numbers and mandatory labelling codes: No.603-057-00-5; Xn; R20/22; S26.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30, rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1990. 4p. 15 ref.

CIS 91-32 n-Amyl alcohol
Alcool amylique normal [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Short-term exposure effects: skin absorption; irritation of skin, eyes and respiratory tract; effects similar to alcohol intoxication. Long-term exposure effects: dermatitis.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main St. East, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, Oct. 1990. 1p. Illus.

CIS 91-216
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)
1-Propanol
Apart from one case of fatal poisoning following ingestion of half a litre of 1-propanol, there are practically no reports on the adverse health effects from exposure to 1-propanol, either in the general population or in occupational groups. In a study on skin irritation and sensitisation, allergic reactions were reported in a laboratory worker, and skin tests on volunteers resulted in erythema lasting for at least 60 minutes. No epidemiological studies are available to assess the long-term effects, including carcinogenicity. The report concludes that 1-propanol is unlikely to pose a serious health risk for the general population under normal exposure conditions. Detailed summaries in French and Spanish.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1990. 98p. 216 ref. Price: CHF 14.00.

CIS 90-1807 Ethylene glycol
Ethylène glycol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Toxicity: skin absorption; at high levels, vapours irritate the eyes and the respiratory tract; lethal dose by ingestion is 1.6g/kg; severe prolonged exposure may cause softening of the skin.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main St. E., Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1990. 1p. Illus.

CIS 90-1802 p-Cresol
International chemical safety card. Danger symbol: toxic. Short-term exposure effects: skin absorption; delayed effects; corrosive to skin and mucous membranes; pulmonary oedema; neurotoxic effects (central nervous system). Long-term exposure effects: dermatitis; lung disorders; renal and hepatic damage. EC identification number and labelling codes: No.604-004-00-9; T; R24/25-34; S2-28-44. United Nations number and hazard class: UN 2076 (6.1; II).
Official Publications of the European Communities, 2985 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg; International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS), World Health Organization, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1990. 2p. Illus.

CIS 90-1801 o-Cresol
International chemical safety card. Danger symbol: toxic. Short-term exposure effects: skin absorption; delayed effects; corrosive to skin and mucous membranes; pulmonary oedema; neurotoxic effects (central nervous system). Long-term exposure effects: dermatitis; lung disorders; renal and hepatic damage. EC identification number and labelling codes: No.604-004-00-9; T; R24/25-34; S2-28-44. United Nations number and hazard class: UN 2076 (6.1; II).
Official Publications of the European Communities, 2985 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg; International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS), World Health Organization, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1990. 2p. Illus.

CIS 90-1967
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)
2-Propanol
Major effects following acute over-exposure are gastritis, depression of the central nervous system with hypothermia and respiratory depression, and hypotension. Acute mortality data on experimental animals indicate that the toxicity of 2-propanol is low. There are no data to assess carcinogenicity in human beings. It is considered unlikely that 2-propanol will pose a serious health-risk for the general population under normal exposure conditions. Detailed summaries in French and Spanish.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1990. 132p. Illus. 292 ref. Price: CHF 16.00.

CIS 90-1463 Ethylene glycol
Ethylène glycol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Toxicity: irritation of respiratory tract and eyes (from mist and vapours); skin absorption; human lethal dose is 1.6g/kg; teratogen.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main St. E., Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1990. 1p. Illus.

CIS 90-1137 2-Propanol
2-Propanol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limit (France, 1982): maximum exposure value = 980mg/m3. Toxicity: slight irritation of skin, eyes and upper respiratory tract. EC identification numbers and mandatory labelling codes: No. 603-003-00-0; F; R11, S7, S16.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1990. 5p. 25 ref.

CIS 90-1132 Isobutanol
Isobutanol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limit (France, 1992) = 150mg/m3. Toxicity: irritation of skin, eyes and upper respiratory tract; corneal oedema; dermatitis. EC identification numbers and mandatory labelling codes: No.603-004-00-3; Xn; R10, R20, S16.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1990. 4p. 20 ref.

CIS 90-1119 Cyclohexanol
Cyclohexanol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limits (France, 1982): maximum exposure value = 300mg/m3; average exposure value = 200mg/m3. Toxicity: irritation of skin, eyes and upper respiratory tract; neurotoxic effects; dermatitis. EC identification numbers and mandatory labeling codes: No. 603-009-00-3; Xn; R20/22,R37/38, S24/25.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1990. 4p. 18 ref.

CIS 90-1113 1-Butanol
1-Butanol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limits (France, 1982) = 150mg/m3. Toxicity: irritation of skin, eyes and upper respiratory tract; corneal oedema; hand eczema; neurotoxic effects (auditory nerves). EC identification numbers and mandatory labeling codes: No.603-004-00-3; Xn; R10, R20, S16.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1990. 2p. 22 ref.

CIS 90-1328 Dosne R.
160,000 litres of ethanol on fire
160 000 litres d'éthanol en feu [en francés]
Report of a railway accident in which a tank-car full of ethanol overturned and caught fire. Intervention by emergency personnel is described, including the measures necessitated by a shortage of water.
Face au risque, Feb. 1990, No.260, p.39, 41, 43, 44. Illus.

CIS 90-752 Methanol
Méthanol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limits (France, 1982): ceiling value = 1300mg/m3; TWA = 260mg/m3. Toxicity: skin absorption; delayed effects; neurotoxic effects; blindness. EC identification numbers and mandatory labelling codes: No. 603-001-00-X; F, T, R11, R23/25, S2, S16, S24.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30, rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1990. 5p. 28 ref.

CIS 90-740 Ethanol
Ethanol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limits (France, 1982): Ceiling value = 9500mg/m3; TWA (8h) = 1900mg/m3. Toxicity: skin absorption; irritation of eyes and respiratory tract; neurotoxic effects; hepatic damage; cirrhosis; cardiovascular diseases. EC identification numbers and mandatory labelling codes: No. 603-002-00-5: F, R11, S7, S16.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1990. 5p. 22 ref.

1989

CIS 91-1116
National Board of Labour Protection (Finland)
Phenol
Translation into English of the chemical safety information sheet described in CIS 89-95. Exposure limit: 19mg/m3. Toxicity: is rapidly absorbed through skin; it severely corrodes the skin, the eyes and the mucous membranes of the digestive system; the vapour corrodes the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract; lung damage; long-term exposure affects the central nervous system and causes renal damage; can cause eczema. Mandatory European labelling: T, R24, R25, R34, R38, S2, S28, S44, S23, S38, S46.
International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre (CIS), International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1989. 2p.

CIS 91-755
National Board of Labour Protection (Finland)
Benzyl alcohol
Translation into English of the chemical safety information sheet described in CIS 87-1204. Benzyl alcohol is a toxic liquid (LD50 = 1230mg/kg). It irritates the skin, the mucous membranes and the respiratory tract. Can cause headache, vertigo, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Mandatory European labelling: Xn, R20, R22, S26.
International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre (CIS), International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1989. 2p.

CIS 91-747
National Board of Labour Protection (Finland)
Amyl alcohol
Translation into English of the chemical safety information sheet described in CIS 88-57. Amyl alcohol is a flammable liquid (LD50 = 3030mg/kg). The liquid is absorbed through the skin. The liquid and the vapour strongly irritate the eyes, the respiratory tract and the skin. High concentrations of the vapour have a narcotic effect. Ingestion can cause methaemoglobinaemia. Long-term exposure can cause hepatic, renal and blood vessel damage. Mandatory European labelling: Xn, R10, R20, S24, S25.
International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre (CIS), International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1989. 2p.

CIS 91-540 Paradowski M., Roczek E., Tkacz B., Dworniak D.
Increase in antipyrine clearance in workers exposed to phenol and toluene in the petrochemical industry
In 90 workers of the petrochemical industry occupationally exposed to a mixture of petroleum derivatives, including 60 persons exposed mainly to phenol and 30 to toluene, the metabolic activity of the liver was examined using the antipyrine test. In both groups of subjects, an increase of antipyrine clearance in saliva was observed. Occupational exposure to lipophylic derivatives of petroleum seems to induce the function of liver microsomal enzymes.
Polish Journal of Occupational Medicine, Mar. 1989, Vol.2, No.3, p.229-237. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 91-226
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)
Chlorophenols other than pentachlorophenol
In the manufacture of chlorophenols, clinical symptoms associated with exposure include eye, nose and airway irritation, dermatitis, chloracne and porphyria. Abnormal liver function tests, changes in brain wave activity, and slowed visual reaction time have been reported in association with high-level exposure. In sawmill workers, sodium tetrachlorophenolate exposures have caused numerous cases of dermatitis and respiratory irritation. Epidemiological studies show conflicting results relating cancer incidence and mortality to occupational exposure.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1989. 208p. Illus. Bibl. ref. Price: CHF 22.00.

CIS 91-244 Heimbürger G., Beije B., Lundberg P.
Criteria documents from the Nordic Expert Group 1989
English translation of the criteria documents of the Nordic Expert Group for Documentation of Occupational Exposure Limits published in a Scandinavian language during 1989. The substances covered are: toluene, diacetone alcohol, hydroquinone, nitrilotriacetic acid and its salts, acetonitrile, methyl formate and paper dust. (Arbete och hälsa documents Nos.1989:3, 4, 15, 16, 22, 29 and 30 respectively).
Arbetsmiljöinstitutet, Förlagstjänst, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1989. 247p. Bibl.

CIS 91-235 Stenius U.
Nordic Expert Group for Documentation of Occupational Exposure Limits. 84. Hydroquinone
Nordiska expertgruppen för gränsvärdesdokumentation. 84. Hydrokinon [en sueco]
Literature survey on hydroquinone, to be used as background information for discussions of occupational exposure limits. Hydroquinone is used industrially as a reducing agent, an antioxidant and a stabiliser, and also as a component in film developing fluids. Exposure can occur via skin and respiratory organs. In discussing an occupational exposure limit for hydroquinone, its genotoxic effects should be given attention. Its possible effects on the immune system, bone marrow, skin and mucous membranes should also be borne in mind. A list of permitted or recommended exposure levels for hydroquinone in different countries is appended. An English version of this document is available under Arbete och hälsa 1989:37.
Arbetsmiljöinstitutet, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1989. 37p. 105 ref.

CIS 90-845 Lidén C.
Occupational dermatoses at a film laboratory - Follow-up after modernization
The occurrence and causes of occupational dermatoses at a film laboratory following modernisation was studied. In 1983 the film laboratory moved to new premises built to reduce exposure to hazardous chemicals. The study was carried out during 1983-1986 with repeated interviews and dermatological examinations of all employees (78 subjects) and patch testing those with a history of or with current chemical exposure or dermatitis (65 subjects). Of 54 chemically exposed subjects, 34 (63%) had a history of occupational dermatoses, and 12 (22%) suffered from contact allergy to film chemicals. Current probable occupational dermatoses were observed in 13 subjects - of whom 8 had hand eczema. No new case of occupational skin disease occurred during the investigation period except for 1 case of ulceration from an acid splash. Petrolatum mixtures of colour developing agents, metol and hydroquinone were found most suitable for patch testing since these chemicals are unstable and/or cause irritation in aqueous solutions. It is concluded that occurrence and severity of occupational dermatoses had been reduced by the technical measures taken to reduce chemical exposure.
Contact Dermatitis, Mar. 1989, Vol.20, No.3, p.191-200. Illus. 16 ref.

CIS 90-934 Triebig G., Fritz M., Schaller K.H., Helbing F., Bünte E.M., Kufner G., Weltle D.
Medical examination of female workers exposed to isopropanol
Arbeitsmedizinische Untersuchungen bei beruflich Iso-Propanol-exponierten Frauen [en alemán]
In 60 women exposed to isopropyl alcohol at subthreshold concentrations ranging from 1 to 227ppm (median 106ppm), post-shift levels of isopropanol and acetone (main metabolite) were found to range from less than 0.1 to 10.3mg/L and 3.2 to 39.6mg/L, respectively, in blood and from less than 0.1 to 6.5mg/L and 2.1 to 50.6mg/L, respectively, in urine. In the pre-shift samples taken the next morning, isopropanol levels were below the detection limit and acetone levels were comparable with the levels of a matched control group. No pathological findings were reported.
Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Präventivmedizin, 1989, Vol.24, No.2, p.27-31. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 89-1483 Resorcinol
Résorcinol [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limits (France, 1987) 8h-TWA = 45mg/m3. Toxicity: skin absorption; chemical burns; respiratory, hepatic and renal disorders; eye injuries; skin irritation; dermatitis. EC identification numbers and mandatory labelling codes: No.604-010-00-1; Xn; R22, R36/38, S26.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1989. 4p. 19 ref.

CIS 89-1470 Hydroquinone
Hydroquinone [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limits (France, 1987) 8h-TWA = 2mg/m3. Toxicity: skin absorption; chemical burns; methaemoglobinaemia; irritation of mucous membranes; eye injuries; allergic dermatitis. EC identification number and mandatory labelling codes: No.604-005-00-4; Xn; R20/22; S2, S24/25; S39.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1989. 4p. 20 ref.

CIS 89-1461 Cresols
Crésols [en francés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Exposure limits (France, 1983, 8h-TWA) = 22mg/m3. Toxicity: skin absorption; delayed effects; chemical burns; tissue necrosis; pulmonary oedema; irritation of eyes, skin and respiratory tract; dermatitis; hepatic and renal damage. EC identification number and mandatory labelling codes: No. 604-004-00-9; T, R24/25; R34, S2, S28, S44.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1989. 4p. 24 ref.

1988

CIS 02-45 2-metil-2,4-pentanodiol
2-Méthyl-2,4-pentanediol [en francés]
Ficha toxicológica. Actualización de la ficha ya referenciada en CIS 87-842. Sinónimo: hexilenglicol; 2,4-dihidroxi-2-metilpentano. Toxicidad: irritación de ojos, nariz, faringe y laringe y molestia respiratoria. Límites de exposición (Francia): TWA = 125 mg/m3 o 25 ppm. Número CEE y códigos de etiquetado obligatorios: nº603-053-00-3; Xi, R36/38. En CIS 01-201 se analiza la colección completa de fichas toxicológicas en formato CD-ROM.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, Francia, ed.rev., CD-ROM CD 613, 2000. 4p. Ilus. 12 ref.
02-0045.pdf [en francés]

CIS 90-1984 Gleizes V.
Evaluation of the risks due to the use of monoalcohols in the workplace
Evaluation du risque lié à l'utilisation des monoalcools en milieu professionnel [en francés]
This medical thesis reviews recent publications on the screeing and monitoring of workers who are occupationally exposed to C1-C4 monofunctional aliphatic alcohols. Contents: physical and chemical properties of monofunctional alcohols; principal uses and sources of intoxication; metabolism and kinetics; methods of sampling and analysis of the atmosphere and biological media; toxic effects; possible interactions with other toxic agents, potentiation; exposure limits; list of laws and regulations in force in France; action to take in case of acute accidental intoxication; medical surveillance in case of prolonged or repeated exposure.
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Faculté de médecine Broussais-Hôtel-Dieu, 75006 Paris, France, 1988. 241p. 117 ref.

CIS 90-1470 Hydroquinone
Chemical safety information sheet taken from the newly revised edition of the NIOSH publication "Occupational Safety and Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards". Exposure limits: OSHA PEL (8h-TWA) = 2mg/m3; NIOSH REL (ceiling 15min) = 2mg/m3; ACGIH TLV (8h-TWA) = 2mg/m3. Toxicity: eye injuries (ulcerations, opacities); methaemoglobinaemia; depigmentation of the skin; blurred vision.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Standards Development and Technology Transfer, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati OH 45226, USA, 1988. 5p. Bibl.

CIS 90-1464 Furfuryl alcohol
Chemical safety information sheet taken from the newly revised edition of the NIOSH publication "Occupational Safety and Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards". Exposure limits: OSHA PEL (8h-TWA) = 200mg/m3; NIOSH REL (10h-TWA) = 200mg/m3. Odour threshold = 7-8ppm. Toxicity: skin absorption; irritation of eyes; neurotoxic effects; dermatitis.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Standards Development and Technology Transfer, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati OH 45226, USA, 1988. 5p. Bibl.

CIS 90-1244 Kostrodymov N.N., Lifljand L.M.
Hygienic significance of air pollution with tobacco dust
Gigieničeskoe značenie zagrjaznenija vozdušnoj sredy tabačnoj pyl'ju [en ruso]
This literature survey presents in concise form data on tobacco production at home and abroad, chemical composition of tobacco and health effects of tobacco dust on experimental animals and tobacco industry workers. Nicotine, pesticide residues and flavourants seem to be the main health hazards in the industry. Experimental data on animals are consistent with field observations on humans. Female tobacco workers often suffer late toxaemia of pregnancy, abnormal pregnancy interruptions and weakness in labour. Infants born to exposed mothers more frequently show signs of asphyxia and congenital anomalies at birth than those of control women. Tobacco workers suffer allergic disorders in the form of allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, hepatitis and asthma. Occupational exposure to tobacco dust also affects the cardiovascular system (strong palpitation, heartache, dyspnoea). Arterial hypertension, hypotension, S-A bradycardia, tachycardia and arrhythmia have also been observed. The data call for further probing of the biological effects of tobacco dust, hygienic evaluations of tobacco manufacturing undertakings' environmental conditions and working out of measures for controlling atmospheric pollution by these undertakings.
Gigiena i sanitarija, July 1988, No.7, p.60-62. 39 ref.

CIS 90-547 Van Joost T.
Occupational sensitisation to epichlorohydrin and epoxy resin
Sensitisation to epichlorohydrin (ECH) is reported in 6 patients with occupational contact allergy. In 2 cases, an isolated positive test to ECH was found. In the remaining 4 cases, concomitant positive reactions were seen to "EDCRG epoxy resin" (MW 385) and to liquid epoxy resin (MW 370). Allergy to bisphenol A was not seen in the patients. Five patients worked in an epoxy resin plant. Adequate preventive measures to avoid skin contact with ECH are required to prevent ECH sensitisation becoming a more serious industrial hazard.
Contact Dermatitis, Oct. 1988, Vol.19, No.4, p.278-280. 9 ref.

CIS 90-546 Bruze M., Almgren G.
Occupational dermatoses in workers exposed to resins based on phenol and formaldehyde
During December 1985 and February 1986, an investigation was carried out on skin diseases among workers in a plant producing decorative equipment built of paper sheets impregnated with resol resins based on phenol and formaldehyde (P-F-R) . A questionnaire was sent to all 238 employees and its was completed by 218 (91.6%). Previous and current dermatoses were reported by 98 workers and 89 of these were examined and patch tested. The patch testing was conducted with a standard test series and products from the working environment and revealed contact alllergy to P-F-R in 9 persons and to formaldehyde in 1. Besides these 10 individuals with occupational allergic contact dermatitis, occupational dermatoses were diagnosed in an additional 20 workers; irritant contact dermatitis in 19 and chemical burn in 1. In total, the figure for occupational dermatoses was 30 (12.6%).
Contact Dermatitis, Oct. 1988, Vol.19, No.4, p.272-277. 21 ref.

CIS 90-474 Nakayama H., Kobayashi M., Takahashi M., Ageishi Y., Takano T.
Generalized eruption with severe liver dysfunction associated with occupational exposure to trichloroethylene
Generalised dermatitis due to trichloroethylene is rare. A 21-year old printer developed exfoliative dermatitis with mucous membrane involvement, fever and liver dysfunction after a 2-week occupational exposure to trichloroethylene. Positive patch-test reactions to trichloroethylene and to one of its metabolites, trichloroethanol, were observed. This dermatitis is considered to be mediated by a delayed-type hypersensitivity mechanism.
Contact Dermatitis, July 1988, Vol.19, No.1, p.48-51. Illus. 7 ref.

CIS 90-400 Amyl alcohol
Alkohol n-amylowy [en polonés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Permissible exposure limit (Poland) = 100mg/m3.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, 1 Ul. Tamka, 00-349 Warszawa 30, Poland, 1988. 2p.

CIS 90-53 Phenol
Fenol [en polonés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Permissible exposure limit (Poland) = 5mg/m3.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, 1 Ul. Tamka, 00-349 Warszawa 30, Poland, 1988. 2p.

CIS 90-42 Isobutyl alcohol
Alkohol izo-butylowy [en polonés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Permissible exposure limit (Poland) = 300mg/m3.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, 1 Ul. Tamka, 00-349 Warszawa 30, Poland, 1988. 2p.

CIS 90-190 Javorskij A.P., Manza I.A., Petrov N.A., Timofeeva T.N.
Comprehensive study of the composition of the volatile products of epoxy resins by proton magnetic resonance and gas-liquid chromatography
Kompleksnoe izučenie sostava letučih produktov ėpoksidnyh smol s primeneniem metoda protonno-magnitnogo rezonansa i gazožidkostnoj hromatografii [en ruso]
The composition of volatile products of cycloaliphatic epoxy resins UP-640 and UP-650 T, polyoxypropylene epoxides DE-1000, DE-2000, TE-750, TE-1500 and epoxy-diane ED-6 was determined. The cycloaliphatic epoxy resins and polyoxypropylene epoxides (POPE) differ from earlier epoxy resins in both component composition and content. Such highly toxic components as allyl chloride and styrene can volatilise along with epichlorohydrin and toluene from UP-640 and UP-650 T, in contrast to epoxy resins. Volatile products of POPE include acetone, allyl chloride, ethanol and dioxane equally with the usual components of diane resins. The main component taken into account for standardisation cannot be only epichlorohydrin. In the case of hygienic standardisation of POPE, in particular, acetone is chosen as the volatile component because of its proportion, boiling point and volatilising proportion in comparison with other volatile products.
Gigiena i sanitarija, May 1988, No.5, p.86-88. 5 ref.

CIS 90-187 Drujan E.A., Sidjakina N.A.
Modified method for determining methanol in workplace air
Modifikacija metoda opredelenija metanola v vozduhe [en ruso]
Sampled air is absorbed in a 0.01N H2SO4 solution, thus providing good analyte stability on prolonged storage (which is not the case with the distilled water traditionally used for these purposes). The method is based upon permanganate oxidation of methanol in sulfate medium to formaldehyde and determination of the latter by reaction with chromotropic acid. In addition to methanol, the method is capable of simultaneously determining formaldehyde and ammonia, which is particularly practical for saving time and effort when having to assess workplace air quality in carbamide resin and carbamide resin-based chipboard plants, where all 3 substances are present in the environment.
Gigiena i sanitarija, May 1988, No.5, p.53-54. 4 ref.

CIS 90-274 Schwab R.F.
Explosion and fire at a phenol plant
Description of events that occurred in a phenol production plant in 1982 in the USA; determination of the causes; preventive measures.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Oct. 1988, No.83, p.28-32. Illus.

CIS 89-1926 Mariotti F., Mastri E., Gori R., De Capua B., Franzinelli A.
Formaldehyde and phenol risk conditions in a laminated wood factory
Condizioni di rischio da formaldeide e fenoli in una fabbrica di compensati [en italiano]
Environmental exposure to formaldehyde and phenols was measured in a laminated wood factory using urea-formaldehyde and urea-formaldehyde-melamine-phenol glues. Two groups of workers identified having different levels of risk: Group A exposed to a low level of environmental pollution employed on bark removal and sheeting of trunks, sorting, cutting and drying of wood sheets; Group B exposed to higher pollution levels, employed on gluing, pressing, filling, squaring, storage and transport of laminates. The results showed that the workers in Group A were exposed to a mean formaldehyde concentration of 0.027mg/m3 and a mean phenol concentration of 0.042mg/m3. The workers in Group B were exposed to mean concentrations of 0.189mg/m3 of formaldehyde and 0.081mg/m3 of phenol. In the Group B workers there was a significantly higher prevalence of irritative disorders of the conjunctiva, throat and skin. The greater prevalence of objective findings concerning chronic conjunctivitis and alterations in vocal chord motility are consistent with this result. A synergic mechanism of formaldehyde and phenol in producing the irritative effect cannot be excluded.
Medicina del lavoro, Nov.-Dec. 1988, Vol.79, No.6, p.468-473. 11 ref.

CIS 89-1930 Choudat D., Neukirch F., Brochard P., Barrat G., Marsac J., Conso F., Philbert M.
Allergy and occupational exposure to hydroquinone and to methionine
Respiratory manifestations have been reported after exposure to hydroquinone and to methionine. 103 men in the same chemical plant were divided into 3 groups according to their exposure and compared by questionnaire, respiratory functional tests with methacholine then salbutamol challenges, and measurements of serum immunoglobulins G and E. Group H included 33 workers exposed to hydroquinone, trimethyl-hydroquinone, and retinenehydroquinone. Group M included 15 workers exposed to methionine. Group C was a control group of 55 workers. The prevalance of respiratory symptoms was higher in the 2 exposed groups. Before challenges, pulmonary function values were significantly lower in groups H and M than those in group C. The challenges induced significant variations in the 3 groups but these variations were less pronounced in group M than in the other groups. The level of immunoglobulin G in group H was significantly higher than in group C. The exposure to methionine and to hydroquinone and its derivates may induce ventilatory impairment, perhaps by an immunological mechanism.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, June 1988, Vol.45, No.6, p.376-380. Illus. 13 ref.

CIS 89-1479 Fenol
Chemical safety information sheet. Toxicity: irritation of eyes, skin and respiratory tract; skin absorption; renal damage; neurotoxic effects; respiratory disorders.
Consejo Colombiano de Seguridad, Avda Caracas, No.75, 75 Bogotá, Colombia, 1988. 2p.

CIS 89-1473 Methanol
Metanol [en polonés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Permissible exposure limit (Poland) = 50mg/m3.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, 1 Ul. Tamka, 00-349 Warszawa 30, Poland, 1988. 2p.

CIS 89-1462 Cresol, all isomers
Chemical safety information sheet taken from the newly revised edition of the NIOSH publication "Occupational Safety and Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards". Exposure limits: OSHA PEL (8h-TWA, skin) = 22mg/m3; NIOSH REL (10h-TWA) = 10mg/m3; ACGIH TLV (8h-TWA, skin) = 22mg/m3. Odour threshold = <1ppm. Toxicity: skin absorption; irritation and burns to skin and eyes; blindness in case of eye contact; dermatitis; neurotoxic effects; hepatic, pancreatic and renal damage.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Standards Development and Technology Transfer, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1988. 6p. Bibl.

CIS 89-1456 N-Butanol
Alkohol n-butylowy [en polonés]
Chemical safety information sheet. Permissible exposure limit (Poland) = 200mg/m3.
Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, 1 Ul. Tamka, 00-349 Warszawa 30, Poland, 1988. 2p.

CIS 89-1050 IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans - Alcohol drinking
On the basis of its evaluation of the related available toxicological data, IARC states that: (1) there is sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of acetaldehyde (the major metabolite of ethanol) in experimental animals; (2) there is inadequate evidence for the carcinogenicity of ethanol and of alcoholic beverages in animals; (3) there is sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of alcoholic beverages in humans: the occurrence of malignant tumours of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, ¿sophagus and liver is causally related to the consumption of alcoholic beverages; (4) alcoholic beverages are carcinogenic in humans (Group 1).
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1988. Vol.44. 416p. Bibl. Price: CHF 65.00.

CIS 89-597 Schmidt P.
Zentralinstitut für Arbeitsmedizin der DDR
Biological monitoring methods in occupational medicine
Biologische Kontrollmethoden in der Arbeitsmedizin [en alemán]
Manual for occupational health care personnel and inspectors. Chapters cover: the value of laboratory diagnosis to the occupational physician; biological exposure tests as a component of medical surveillance of workers exposed to harmful substances; toxicological bases of exposure assessment; exposure to substances in the general environment as a part of total exposure; principles of genetics applicable to the evaluation of exposure tests; recognition and evaluation of carcinogens, mutagens, teratogens and embryotoxic substances; variations in the pollution of workplace air; sampling; the analytical laboratory; assessment of the reliability and validity of biological exposure tests; properties, analysis and monitoring of 21 substances or groups of substances.
VEB Volk und Gesundheit, Berlin, German Democratic Republic, 1988. 464p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 88-2025 Armandet D., Loriot J.
Furfural and furfuryl alcohol
Furfural et alcool furfurylique [en francés]
Contents of this information note: physical and chemical properties; manufacture and industrial uses; experimental and clinical toxicology; analytical toxicology (biological and atmospheric doses, maximum allowable concentrations in the workplace air); first aid after contamination; regulations in France applicable to the workplace; technical and medical prevention methods; compensation.
Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Intoxications, 1988, 6p. 47 ref.

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