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Motor vehicle manufacturing industry - 289 entries found

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CIS 80-1641 Husman K., Karli P.
Clinical neurological findings among car painters exposed to a mixture of organic solvents.
Full neurological examinations were administered in 102 car painters and 102 control subjects. Psycho-organic syndrome, decrease in tactile and pain sensitivity, and increased vibration threshold were significantly more frequent in the exposed group. Vibration sense of the lower extremities was affected in 65 car painters and 25 controls.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Mar. 1980, Vol.6, No.1, p.33-39. 33 ref.

CIS 80-1640 Husman K.
Symptoms of car painters with long-term exposure to a mixture of organic solvents.
Early symptoms of the effects of low-level exposure were studied by symptom questionnaire in 102 car painters and 102 controls. Exposure was about one-third of the Finnish TLV. Fatigue and memory and vigilance disturbances occurred significantly more often in the exposed workers. Acute irritation and "prenarcotic" symptoms during the workshift were significantly more common. Health had been an important reason for having left the trade in 124 men who had changed employment in the 5 years before the study; the study subjects may therefore have undergone some degree of health selection. The questionnaire study is a useful method of detecting early effects of exposure to organic solvents.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Mar. 1980, Vol.6, No.1, p.19-32. 27 ref.

CIS 80-1182 Shannon H.S., Manning D.P.
Differences between lost-time and non-lost-time industrial accidents.
2428 accidents at a motor manufacturing plant were analysed according to a model, and the events that led to them classified. The number of events and the separate components of the model showed very different distributions for lost-time and non-lost-time accidents, contradicting the popular view that the severity of an injury following an industrial accident is largely governed by chance.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Apr. 1980, Vol.2, No.4, p.263-272. 5 ref.

CIS 80-1097 White W.G., Morris M.J., Sugden E., Zapata E.
Isocyanate-induced asthma in a car factory
Respiratory symptoms occurred in women machinists making seat covers from nylon backed with flame-bonded polyurethane foam. A study of 192 women showed an increase in asthmatic symptoms associated with this fabric. Results are given of lung function and environmental studies. Concentrations of 0.0003-0.003ppm tolylene diisocyanate (TDI) were found in the air around the fabric. 4 of 9 women with symptoms had IgE antibodies to TDI.
Lancet, 5 Apr. 1980, Vol.1, No.8171, p.756-760. 10 ref.


CIS 81-41 Safety requirements for body repair hammers and dolly blocks.
This standard, which provides safety requirements for the design, construction, testing, and use of these hand tools, is intended to serve as a guide in selecting and using this equipment. Details of design, testing, and use of the tools are specified only as they relate to safety. The standard, which is not intended to specify the details of manufacturing, is also meant to serve as a guide in developing manuals and posters and for training personnel in safe practices.
American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10018, USA, 29 Aug. 1979. 14p. Illus. 5 ref. Price: US$4.50.

CIS 81-4 Kamps H.H.
Increased occupational safety in the storage of steel strip coils
Erhöhung der Arbeitssicherheit beim Lagern von Coils und Bandstahlringen [in German]
The high frequency of accidents caused by the handling of reels of all sizes lead to this study of the hazards and appropriate preventive measures. The static and dynamic forces developed by stacks of coils and exerted on the chocks are studied. The resulting rules relate to the storage area of the coils and structure of stacks. These rules are compared with the safety regulations in force.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung, Postfach 17 02 02, 4600 Dortmund 17, Federal Republic of Germany, 1979. 80p. Illus. 7 ref. Price: DM.14.50.

CIS 80-2084 Nehamkina G.S.
Energy supply in workers at motor-car assembly lines
Ėnergetičeskoe obespečenie rabočih, zanjatyh konvejernoj sborkoj avtomobilej [in Russian]
The influence of assembly-line work (with its predominance of static muscular work) on erythrocyte adenylic acid synthesis was studied. There were 2 forms of bioenergetic disturbance related to the intensity of work and length of employment. These are considered to be the precursors of clinical reactions to work conditions. Erythrocyte bioenergetics are an expression of energetic processes in other tissues; they can serve as a model for energy metabolism studies under the effect of unfavourable factors at the workplace.
Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija, Nov. 1979, No.11, p.10-14. 13 ref.

CIS 80-1827 Carlsson J., Harms-Ringdahl L., Kjellén U.
Industrial robots and occupational accidents
Industrirobotar och arbetsolycksfall [in Swedish]
This report is based on a literature survey, a study of robot installations at a car factory, and a trace union survey on related accidents. Some 270 robot installations were studied. 15 accidents were recorded over two and a half years. The safety aspects of robot installations should be carefully studied before decisions are made on the design of the system and the choice of technical equipment.
TRITA-AOG-0004, Arbetsolycksfallsgruppen, Tekniska Högskolan, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden, Aug. 1979. 29p. 8 ref.

CIS 80-1874 Axelsson A., Axelsson K., Jonsson A.
Use of hearing protection in a Swedish engineering plant, 1977
Hörselskyddsanvändning i en svensk verkstadsindustri 1977 [in Swedish]
Two groups of workers were selected for a survey in a large Swedish vehicle manufacturing plant, one with severe hearing damage, the other with normal hearing. The use of hearing protection by these 2 groups was compared. Age and exposure were more or less equivalent. Use of hearing protection was more frequent among those who had normal hearing. It appears that some people can work in a noisy environment for many years without hearing protection and still retain normal hearing. On the other hand, certain individuals who report diligent use of hearing protection present unmistakable hearing damage. Hearing protection of the insert plug type was most popular. Reasons for failure to use hearing protection were analysed. Continuous worker information on hearing protection is essential in industries with noise problems.
Läkartidningen, Mar. 1979, Vol.76, No.12, p.1079-1082. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 80-1663 Grandjean M.
Respiratory health effects in car body workshops - Hazards of exposure to spray paint products
Pathologie respiratoire dans les carrosseries automobiles - Evaluation des risques liés à l'exposition aux produits de peinture pulvérisés. [in French]
MS thesis. 111 spray painters and 100 controls in 31 car body workshops were examined. Skin and gastric symptoms were commoner among the painters. "Dynamic" spirometric values were slightly lower in the painters, after correction for smoking and sport. Within the painter group, digestive disorders and respiratory symptoms were more common as overall exposure to paint products increased; this correlation was not seen with respect to spirometric findings.
Juris Druck und Verlag, Zürich, Switzerland, 1979. 75p. 94 ref.

CIS 80-1276 Starhagen E., Ström L., Utter A.
Vibrating and noisy tools - 1. Cutting tools for coachwork
Vibrerande-bullrande verktyg - 1. En miljöstudie av skärande verktyg för karosseriarbeten [in Swedish]
Contents of this report: frequency of use of vibrating pneumatic tools (in descending order: grinders, chipping hammers, scroll saws, drills, nutrunners) in coachwork repair; testing and selection of tools; vibration (harmful effects, damage criteria, methods and equipment used for measurement and analysis of vibration produced by tools and transmitted to the workers' hand and arm, effects of cold and noise, comparison between tools); noise measurement and comparison; effects of oil mists, grinding dust, accident hazards; recommended measures: reduction of exposure time, isolation of tool handles, use of less strongly vibrating tools. Appendices: tools studied and measuring apparatus, results of vibration, noise and tool surface temperature measurements.
Arbetsmiljölaboratoriet, KTH, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden, 1979. 73p. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 80-1110 Alexandersson R., Kolmodin-Hedman B., Hedenstierna G., Magnusson M.
Diisocyanates - HDI: Lung physiology studies in car painters
Diisocyanater - HDI: Lungfysiologiska undersökningar av billackerare [in Swedish]
The effects of isocyanates, especially hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI), were studied in car painters, sheet-metal workers (exposed to solvents, but not HDI), and car mechanics (no exposures). The results of lung function studies (spirometry and nitrogen washout) on Monday morning were compared with those on Friday afternoon. Closing volume was increased in HDI-exposed workers, and tended to increase over the working week. The nitrogen washout method indicates small airways effects before they are discernible by spirometry.
Arbete och hälsa - Vetenskaplig skriftserie 1980:5, Arbetarskyddsverket, Stockholm, Sweden, 1979. 22p. 37 ref.

CIS 80-364 Aresini G., Rivolta G., Moroni P., Scotti P.G.
Asbestosis hazard in an adhesive and sealing agents factory
Rischio di asbestosi in una fabbrica di adesivi e sigillanti [in Italian]
33 subjects exposed to asbestos used in sealing agents for the motor-car industry were classified according to length of employment and exposure in relation to the TLV. One subject had a radiological picture indicative of asbestosis. Average ventilation values of the group were normal. Gas transfer studies showed a clear progressive reduction in diffusing capacity, related to the degree of risk. Determination of diffusing capacity (gas transfer) is thus an important test in the early evaluation of lung function of asbestos-exposed workers.
Medicina del lavoro, Sep.-Oct. 1979, Vol.70, No.5, p.345-351. 6 ref.

CIS 79-1076 Steby M., Levin M.
Exposure of paintworkers in the motor car industry to organic solvents, dusts and metals - Comparison with working conditions of other workers
Billackerares exposition för organiska lösningsmedel, damm och metaller - en studie med avseende på tidigare arbetsmiljöförhållanden [in Swedish]
Description and results of an industrial health survey to evaluate present-day exposure of these workers, as compared to conditions found in painting shops in the 1950s. The authors studied working methods, products used, and ventilation conditions. Numerous air samples were taken at different workposts and by monitoring devices on the workers themselves during grinding, masking, puttying, spray painting etc. The results showed that painting methods had changed considerably since the 1950s: use of products based on polyacrylates, epoxy resins and polyesters; more efficient ventilation and sanding systems; use of personal protective equipment and replacement of benzene by less harmful solvents. There is less exposure of painters to metal dust and pigments, but exposure to solvents has remained the same (except for benzene).
Arbete och hälsa - Vetenskaplig skriftserie 1979:3, Arbetarskyddsverket, Fack, 10026 Stockholm, Sweden, 1978. 46p. Illus. 22 ref.


CIS 79-206 Health and safety guide for manufacturers of industrial trucks and tractors.
Safe practices to encourage compliance with U.S. regulations are described. Contents: health and safety programme, employee training, environmental control, the industry and its hazards; frequently violated regulations (walking and working surfaces, exits and exit markings, toxic substances, ventilation, noise, spray painting, personal protective equipment, medical and first aid, fire protection, compressed air equipment, materials handling, machinery and guarding, hand and portable powered tools, welding and cutting, electrical safety); record keeping; information sources.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.78-147, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Feb. 1978. 83p. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 78-1687 Baxter P.J., White W.G., Barnes G.M., Cashman P.M.M.
Ambulatory electrocardiography in car workers.
Major coronary risk factors were studied and ambulatory ECG performed in 30 production-line workers and 30 executive employees of a car factory. Executives had a higher diastolic blood pressure, and fewer took heavy exercise during their leisure time. Ventricular premature beats occurred in similar numbers.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, May 1978, Vol.35, No.2, p.99-103. Illus. 16 ref.


CIS 78-1165 Good practices for employees - Auto body repair shops.
This little, well-illustrated booklet contains advice on housekeeping, welding, grinding, hydraulic jacks and lifts, hand tools, air contaminants, epoxy plastics, solvents, spray painting, transfer of flammable liquids, noise, glazing, radiator repair, precautions with fuel tanks, personal protective equipment, fire safety, and first aid.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.77-229, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Aug. 1977. 34p. Illus.

CIS 78-722 Pelkonen J.
Eye lesion hazard during automobile paint drying
Ögonen i fara vid torkning av billack [in Swedish]
The introduction of a new type of short-wave infrared radiation dryer involves a hazard which generally goes unrecognised in automobile bodywork paintshops: cataract due to coagulation of protein molecules in the crystalline lens of the eye under the effect of heat. A study in paintshops showed that certain painters work close to these dryers. Exposure limits proposed for this type of short-wave radiation are dealt with and the use of protective screens recommended.
Arbetsmiljö, 1977, No.14, p.33-34. Illus.

CIS 78-701 Ross D.S.
Case history - Safety hazard from colour vision defect.
Description of a case where a worker's inability, through colour vision defect, to see the blue flame from a small hand-held natural gas torch used in solvering work in a car body plant had resulted in his frequently burning himself and his co-workers. The article then traces the development of scientific knowledge of, and research on colour blindness, with reference to the ILO Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, and considers many aspects of colour vision defect (history in early childhood; protan, duteran and trito defects; effects of heredity; race factor; effects of senile cataract; colour vision tests) and job suitability tests (lantern test, etc.).
Occupational Health, Nov. 1977, Vol.29, No.11, p.483-488. Illus. 16 ref.

CIS 78-587 McKinnon R.
Job enrichment and its implications for safety.
This article considers the boredom and frustration of assembly line work as a cause of serious industrial hazards, and reports on job enrichment efforts undertaken in a car and truck manufacturing plant in Sweden (new plant and equipment costing tens of millions of kronor; workers' participation in decision-making; practical examples of work humanisation, etc.). Description of a new multi-cornered, 2-level plant at Kalmar, with a total floor surface of some 40,0002, but incorporating the atmosphere of a number of small workshops on account of its hexagonal shape. Other aspects considered: reduction in noise levels (mean: 65dB(A)); role of the new assembly wagon, replacing the former fixed-speed assembly line; reduction in psychological stress, etc.
Occupational Safety and Health, Oct. 1977, Vol.7, No.10, p.8-10. Illus.

CIS 78-263 Gautier C.
Health impairment due to shift work
Pathologie acquise au cours du travail posté. [in French]
MD thesis. An introduction on the characteristics of shift work, the present situation and French regulations on this subject, and the consequences of shift work on physiological equilibrium, health, and family and working life, is followed by the results of a study of 1,000 motor industry workers performing shift work for at least 3 years: comparison of medical records with various shift work systems and a control group; comparison of shift workers in 9 sectors of activity. Digestive disorders were the only significant parameter in the shift workers (8-hour 3 shift, semi-continuous). Significant changes according to sector of activity were however observed for disorders of the skin and locomotor apparatus, overweight, and pseudo-neuro psychopathic disorders. Ways of improving the situation of shiftworkers are briefly mentioned (design of working conditions and work schedule, improved sleeping and eating habits, medical supervision).
Université de Bordeaux II, Unités d'enseignement et de recherche des sciences médicales, Bordeaux, France, 1977. 79p. 48 ref.


CIS 78-1714 Baugé J.
Occupational accidents in the motor car industry (A 5-year survey in a plant in Western France)
Les accidents du travail dans l'industrie automobile (Etude sur cinq ans dans une usine de l'ouest). [in French]
MD thesis. Report of a survey in a plant manufacturing spare parts and component parts for motor vehicles, which employed between 2,000 and 2,900 workers during the survey period. The survey was based on personnel medical records and statistics compiled by the plant safety department. The author first considers the site of injury (frequency of injury involving the hands, eyes, feet and lower limbs; difference in sites of severe and superficial injuries). The second part of the thesis is devoted to a more detailed study of the pathology of accidents, describing several types of accident and examining the problems they raise in day-to-day occupational medicine. Special chapters are devoted to accident-prone workers or those with a history of 2 or more accidents, breakdown of accidents according to length of service in a particular job in the plant, legal and practical aspects of treatment given by the plant physician, and the organisation of the medical service in the plant surveyed.
Université François Rabelais, Faculté de Médecine de Tours, Tours, France, 1976. 90p. 58 ref.

CIS 77-1269 Heidermanns G., Kühnen G., Schütz A., Prochazka R.
Dust concentrations in the manufacture of brake linings containing asbestos, and their use in garages
Concentrations de poussières dans la fabrication des garnitures de freins contenant de l'amiante et lors de leur mise en ¿uvre dans les garages. [in French]
Translation of: Staubkonzentrationen beim Herstellen asbesthaltiger Reibbeläge und deren Bearbeitung in Kfz-Werkstätten. Staub, Düsseldorf, Germany (Fed.Rep.), Dec. 1975, Vol.35, No.12, p.433-436. Illus. 17 ref. Results of dust measurements in brake-lining manufacturing workshops and garages, and interpretation. General remarks on manufacture and machining of brake linings and working methods common in garages. Results of workpost measurements, laboratory experiments and bench testing: hypothesis of transformation of chrysotile into an amorphous form by the effect of heat.
Traduction INRS 60 A-76, Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1976. 17p. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 77-1483
Arbeitskreis "Neue Arbeitsstrukturen der deutschen Automobilindustrie".
Human work design - Examples from the German automobile industry
Gestaltung der menschlichen Arbeit - Beispiele aus der deutschen Automobilindustrie [in German]
Results of a study group comprising representatives from 7 West German automobile manufacturers. The committee analysed the experience of these firms in ergonomic workplace design in an attempt to reconcile technical and economic requirements and human needs and aspirations. Examples of improved safety (machine controls, handling of workpieces) and working environment (noise control, ventilation, spray coating) are given. The possibilities of ergonomic workplace design are examined, and examples of application of anthropometric data, improved work schemes, reduction of monotonous work (job rotation, job enrichment and job enlargement), and workpost design for handicapped, elderly and debilitated workers, are given.
Ford-Werke AG, Postfach 21 03 69, 5000 Köln 21, Germany (Fed.Rep.), Nov. 1976. 66p. Illus.

CIS 77-523 Health and safety guide - Automotive parts recyclers.
Illustrated by humorous drawings and instructive sketches, this booklet describes safe practices in agreement with the U.S. Health and safety regulations. Contents: health and safety guidelines (health and safety programme; employee training; machine guarding; housekeeping; safety rules for operating power tools; inventory and environmental control; the industry and its hazards; yard wreckers; hydraulic lifts); walking and working surfaces; exits and markings; noise; personal protective equipment; respirators; medical and first aid; fire protection; compressed air equipment; materials handling and storage; welding, cutting and brazing; electrical safety; record keeping; check lists; information sources (serial publications and their publishers in the USA, and addresses of OSHA Regional Offices).
DHEW Publication No.(NIOSH)76-164, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, July 1976. 89p. Illus.

CIS 77-580
Services des conditions de travail de la Régie nationale des usines Renault, Paris.
Workpost profiles - A method of analysis of working conditions
Les profils de postes - Méthode d'analyse des conditions de travail. [in French]
This work presents a method of analysis of working conditions developed on the basis of 20 years of industrial experience by the Renault National Automobile Factory Corporation (France). Aims were to improve the safety of the working environment; reduce the physical and mental workload; reduce the stresses of repetitive or assembly-line work; and create an increasing number of satisfying jobs. Assessment of workplaces, for which 8 factors were considered (safety, physical environment, physical load, nervous load, autonomy, relations, repetitiveness, content), was based on 27 criteria scored from 1 (the least stress) to 5 (the greatest). The profile of a workpost or a production unit is obtained by plotting the different scores for each criterion onto a graph. Remedial measures are immediately obvious. The method can easily be adapted to a great variety of situations and objectives.
Editions Masson, 120 Boulevard Saint-Germain, 75006 Paris; and Editions Sirtes, Centre commercial Parly 2, B.P. n°2, 78150 Le Chesnay, France, 1976. 107p. Illus. Price: FF.135.00.

CIS 77-204 Roberts R.E., Roberts J.B.
Reducing solvent emissions in automotive spray painting.
Solvent emissions from paint spray booths and drying ovens often exceed the permissible limit in the USA. The authors describe a modification of conventional spray painting practices together with the use of finishes with a higher solids content that can substantially reduce the quantities of exhaust air requiring treatment and result in a considerable reduction in energy consumption.
Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association, Apr. 1976, Vol.26, No.4, p.353-358. Illus.

CIS 76-1423 Baxter P.J., White W.G., Sanderson C.F.B., Barnes G.M., Baxter C.S., Acheson R.M.
Myocardial infarction in car assembly workers.
The medical records of 12,811 workers employed from 1966 to 1972 were analysed. They were classified into production line and other groups, and the latter group into monthly paid employees and others. Standardised morbidity ratios (compared with the general population of the Oxford region) were: overall, 90; production line workers, 66; monthly paid staff, 272. Of survivors, 22 (90%) production line workers returned to their former jobs, most within 4 months. The findings suggest that workers in mass production jobs are not at special risk from myocardial infarction.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1976, Vol.33, No.1, p.1-8. 23 ref.


CIS 76-510 Health and safety guide for auto repair and body shops.
Illustrated by humorous drawings and instructive sketches, this booklet aims to assist in providing a safe and healthy workplace by describing safe practices and encouraging compliance with the U.S. health and safety regulations. Chief contents: health and safety guidelines (general, tow trucks, hydraulic vehicle lifts, tyre-changing equipment); frequently violated regulations (walking and working surfaces, exits, environmental control, hazardous materials, spray paint operations, personal protective equipment, sanitation, fire protection, compressed air equipment, machine guarding - table top grinders, bench grinders, fans, air compressors -; hand and portable power tools; welding, cutting and brazing; electrical requirements); recordkeeping; checklists; information sources.
HEW Publication No.(NIOSH)75-136, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Feb. 1975. 64p. Illus.

CIS 75-2074 McCullagh S.F., Balaam L.N.
Vital capacity and one-second forced expiratory volume in Australian male factory workers.
The vital capacity (VC) and one-second forced expiratory volume (FEV1), corrected for temperature, were measured in 482 men. Both showed a linear relationship with height and age. The findings are reproduced in graphic form for ready reference by practitioners. Neither weight nor smoking habit affected the relationship of VC or FEV1 with age and height. The findings were substantially the same as those obtained in earlier studies of European males.
Medical Journal of Australia, 2 Aug. 1975, Vol.2, No.5, p.173-175. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 75-2069 Örtengren R., Andersson G., Broman H., Magnusson R., Petersén I.
Vocational electromyography: Studies of localized muscle fatigue at the assembly line.
A method and equipment based on myoelectric signal power changes were designed to determine localised muscle fatigue during automobile body production. Laboratory simulation and factory test results agreed. Assembly work with arms above the shoulders and heavy and light wet-rubbing of car bodies were studied. Heavy work produced significantly higher intensities of fatigue incidents than light work, and the distribution of intensity values over muscles corresponded to engagement of muscles in the work. This distribution can indicate how the work situation might be changed to make the work less strenuous.
Ergonomics, Mar. 1975, Vol.18, No.2, p.157-174. Illus. 43 ref.

CIS 75-1860 Heidermanns G., Kühnen G., Schütz A., Prochazka R.
Investigations of the health hazard of dust from asbestos-containing friction brake linings
Untersuchungen über die Gefährdung durch Stäube asbesthaltiger Reibbeläge [in German]
Report on investigations in plants with exposure to asbestos-containing dust, such as brake lining production plants, the automobile industry, and automobile repair shops. The relevant working methods are described. The main part is devoted to dust measurement methods at the workplace and to laboratory tests. The brake linings mostly contained between 20-30% by weight of chrysotile. The principal dust-producing operations and the length of exposure are outlined. Conclusions and recommendations concerning the installation of dust exhaust systems and preventive medical examinations.
STF Report Nr.1-75, Staubforschungsinstitut des Hauptverbandes der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften, Langwartweg 103, 53 Bonn 1, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1975. 46p. Illus. 16 ref.

CIS 75-1445 Milanaccio A., Ricolfi L.
Prototype for a manual for constant detection and prevention of occupational health hazards, in relation to alternative working methods
Prototipo di manuale per la ricerca ed il controllo permanenti dei rischi e dei danni da lavoro, in funzione di una diversa organizzazione del lavoro [in Italian]
Model for occupational hygiene survey reports, based on the example of a survey carried out in the bodywork painting shop of a large motor car manufacturing plant: description of the work cycle, workers' skills, absenteeism; background and trends of work organisation; comments on improving working conditions, work relations and work organisation, on workers' participation, trade union action and workers' welfare. Maps showing harmful factors in a large-scale bodywork painting shop are appended.
Medicina dei lavoratori, Centro Ricerche e Documentazione Rischi e Danni da Lavoro, Via Tolmino 1, Roma, Italy, 1975. 96p. Illus. Price: L.1,000. (Offprint from Roma, 1975, No.1)


CIS 75-1844 Kärcher W.
Safety with presses - Consequences of new safety regulations in the sheet-metal converting industry
Unfallverhütung an Pressen - Auswirkungen der neuen Sicherheitsbestimmungen im Fertigungsbereich [in German]
Examples of safety devices for different presses in a motor car bodywork plant are given, meeting the requirements of new German safety regulations governing presses: cut-out rails, interlocked guards, curtain-of-light guards. Automatic feed devices and periodic inspection of the proper operation of presses and safety devices, to supplement other safety measures, are discussed.
Bänder, Bleche, Rohre, Oct. 1974, No.10, p.390-394. Illus.

CIS 74-1649 Calnan C.D., Cooke M.A.
Leucoderma in industry.
A description of occupational leucoderma in an automobile factory using a neoprene adhesive containing paratertiary butylphenol. In addition to areas on the fingers, hands and arms, areas on the trunk and limbs covered by clothing were affected in some cases. The rarity of an associated contact dermatitis is noted. Other causes of leucoderma are reviewed.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1974, Vol.24, No.2, p.59-61. Illus. 8 ref.


CIS 74-390 Eich J., Hipp P., Hombach W., Seeger O.W., Solbach A.
Noise control in a large plant
Lärmbekämpfung in einem Grossunternehmen [in German]
This programme was organised jointly by plant physicians, safety engineers and industrial hygienists in the Ford works at Cologne. It was preceded by an overall survey of the noise situation in the plant. The article comments on the results of noise monitoring and the overall noise situation as it appears from noise charts, and then discusses the various measures proposed in the programme: medical (early detection of hearing impairment by audiometry), individual (admission to employment, hearing protection), technical and administrative. Examples of measures taken in specific areas. Reluctance to wear ear protectors is attributed to the fact that loss of hearing does not happen all of a sudden, but gradually and insidiously.
Sicher ist Sicher, July-Aug. 1973, Vol.24, No.7-8, p.338-351. Illus.

CIS 74-565 Ford - Prevention ... an American-style challenge in South-West France
Ford - Prévention ... un défi à l'américaine dans le sud-ouest français. [in French]
Describes the safety techniques adopted in the new Ford-France factories in the Bordeaux area, where 2,500 workers will be employed. Safety is built in at all stages (whether it be the form of a hook, the slope of a staircase, the type of switch selected, etc.). Indicates how equipment is purchased (taking safety standards into account) and how delivery is taken. Description of the various safety services. Up to the present, accident frequency and severity rates have remained exceptionally low.
Travail et sécurité, May 1973, No.5, p.278-293. Illus.


CIS 73-257 Magnusson B., Mobacken H.
Contact allergy to a self-hardening acrylic sealer for assembling metal parts
A report on 7 cases of contact dermatitis characterised by the formation of papules and vesicules affecting the fingers and backs of the hands of workers employed in the application of screw-locking acrylic adhesives. Patch testing to undiluted and non-polymerised acrylic resin and to methyl methacrylate proved positive.
Berufs-Dermatosen, Aug. 1972, Vol.20, No.4, p.198-199. 2 ref.

CIS 73-576 Bollmann R.
Occupational safety and line management
Arbeitssicherheit aus der Sicht des betrieblichen Führungspersonals [in German]
Following a critical analysis of the accident situation in the sheet-metalworking shop of a large automobile plant, the author presents various components of a safety programme: evaluation of existing safety measures, motivation of management, instruction of workers, refresher courses, technical safety, long-term statistics. The positive effects obtained are demonstrated by statistics. The author also gives a brief account of progress in the elimination of danger sources (as evidenced by non-notifiable injuries), accident investigations and accident costs. Management must set an example in safety matters.
Sicherheitsingenieur, Oct. 1972, Vol.3, No.10, p.470-476. Illus.

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