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Inorganic substances - 5,778 entries found

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  • Inorganic substances

2000

CIS 01-57 Decanting of a tank truck: Acids and caustic soda
Dépotage d'un camion: acide et soude [in French]
Training material for persons required to make presentations on the safety of tank truck decanting operations involving sulfuric acid or caustic soda, containing an audio cassette, 74 slides and corresponding scripts and notes. The sequence of events is described, from the arrival of the tank truck on the site until its departure: administrative formalities; preliminary precautions prior to the operation; decanting procedures; procedures in the event of an incident. Safety rules applicable to each step in the process are highlighted.
AIX-Audio-Visuel, Chemin de la Blaque, 131000 Aix-en-Provence, France, no date. 25p. Illus. (+audio cassette et 74 slides).
01-0057.pdf [in French]

CIS 01-38 Brondeau M.T., Falcy M., Jargot D., Miraval S., Protois J.C., Reynier M., Schneider O.
Javel waters and extracts
Eaux et extraits de Javel [in French]
Javel waters and extracts are aqueous solutions of sodium hypochlorite. Toxic effects depend on the concentration of the solution used; usual dilutions cause little effects. Acute toxicity: ingestion of concentrated solutions causes irritation of the gastro-intestinal tract sometimes with vomiting of blood, which and can lead to necrosis, perforation and severe after-effects, shock, haemolysis, and possibly hypernatraemia; projections on skin and eyes may cause severe burns with possible ocular after-effects; mixture with acids liberates chlorine which may cause strong bronchial irritation and acute pulmonary oedema; mixture with ammonium hydroxide liberates chloramine which is also irritant for the respiratory tract. Chronic toxicity: nail lesions; dermatosis.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 1st Quarter 2000, No.178, p.115-119. Illus. 27 ref.
01-0038.pdf [in French]
http://www.inrs.fr/dossiers/fichtox/ft157.pdf [in French]

CIS 01-178
Health and Safety Executive
Chemical hazard alert notice - Manganese and its inorganic compounds
This guidance note provides information on the health effects of exposure to manganese and its inorganic compounds. In view of the information now available, the HSC is studying the possible withdrawal of the current exposure limits from 2001. Manganese and its compounds are used in steelmaking, animal feed supplements, fertilizers, manufacturing welding consumables, pigments, paint driers, catalysts, metal cleaning, printed circuit board production and water treatment. The main health hazard associated with exposure to inorganic manganese compounds is damage to the nervous system (changes in the ability to control movement). High levels of exposure can damage the lungs. Exposure to manganese should be controlled by a combination of engineering, process and control measures (ventilation, personal protective equipment).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2000. 3p.
01-0178.pdf [in English]

CIS 00-1559 Pentaborane
Pentaborano [in Spanish]
Chemical safety information sheet published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Exposure limit: 0.005ppm or 0.01mg/m3 8h-TWA (OSHA). Toxicity: skin absorption; irritation of skin and eyes; effect on the nervous system (coordination disturbances, tremor, convulsions); hyperexcitability; narcosis; hepatotoxic effects; nephrotoxic effects; effects may be delayed.
Noticias de seguridad, July 2000, Vol.62, No.7. 4p. Insert.
00-1559.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 00-1556 Phosphine
Fosfina [in Spanish]
Chemical safety information sheet published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Exposure limit: 0.4mg/m3 or 0.3ppm 8h-TWA (OSHA). Toxicity: pulmonary irritation; neurotoxic effects; vomiting; nausea; dyspnoea.
Noticias de seguridad, May 2000, Vol.62, No.5. 3p. Insert.
00-1556.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 00-1664 Peltier A.
Use of hydrofluoric acid in chemical laboratories - Occupational risk prevention
Utilisation de l'acide fluorhydrique dans les laboratoires de chimie - Prévention des risques [in French]
The use of strong acids is widespread in laboratories and their corrosive properties are well documented. Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a special case because the burns it causes, made more serious by its affinity for blood calcium, require immediate medical care in order to prevent possibly drastic consequences. This account of its effects is aimed at all laboratory users of hydrofluoric acid. Contents include: toxicity of HF; first aid in case of skin or eye contact, inhalation of vapour and ingestion; preventive actions; regulatory aspects in France; labelling.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 1st Quarter 2000, No.178, Note No.2122-178-00, p.37-41. 11 ref.
00-1664.pdf [in French]

CIS 00-1256
Health and Safety Executive
Chlorine dioxide - Risk assessment document
Main conclusions of this risk assessment document: little information is available on the effects of chlorine dioxide exposure; it is an irritant to the eyes and respiratory tract. Chlorine dioxide is an in vitro mutagen in mammalian cells. There are no data available on carcinogenic or reproductive effects nor the sensitization potential of chlorine dioxide. Occupational exposure limits in most major countries (including the United Kingdom - OES and the United States - ACGIH) are 0.1ppm (8h-TWA) and 0.3ppm (STEL).
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2000. iv, 63p. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 10.00.
00-1256.pdf [in English]

CIS 00-1092 Sallmén M.
Fertility among workers exposed to solvents or lead
To investigate whether occupational exposure to solvents or lead is associated with reduced fertility, data on time to pregnancy were collected for female workers and wives of male workers biologically monitored for exposure to these agents. Exposure assessment was based on biological exposure measurements and on self-reported data on work and use of chemicals. Also, a register-based study on infertility was conducted among the families of lead-exposed men. Daily or high maternal exposure to organic solvents was associated with reduced fertility, particularly among women working in dry-cleaning shops, shoe factories and in the metal industry. No clear connection was found between maternal exposure to lead and fecundity. There is some indication that paternal exposure to solvents is associated with decreased fertility and that paternal exposure to lead may be associated with delayed conception. Five research articles on these topics are reproduced in the Annex (the author being among the co-authors in every case).
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41aA, Helsinki 00250, Finland, 2000. 80p. + Annex (49p.). Illus. 157 ref.
00-1092.pdf [in English]

CIS 00-805 Wegner R., Heinrich-Ramm R., Nowak D., Olma K., Poschadel B., Szadkowski D.
Lung function, biological monitoring, and biological effect monitoring of gemstone cutters exposed to beryls
In a cross-sectional investigation, 57 gemstone cutters working in 12 factories in Idar-Oberstein, Germany, with occupational exposure to beryls underwent medical examinations including a chest radiograph, lung function testing (spirometry, airway resistance) and biological monitoring, including measurements of aluminium, chromium and nickel in urine as well as lead in blood. Beryllium in urine was measured by direct electrothermal atomic absorption spectroscopy. Also, cytogenetic tests and a beryllium lymphocyte transformation test were performed. Airborne concentrations of beryllium were measured in three factories. Clinical, radiological or spirometric abnormalities indicating pneumoconiosis were detected in none of the gemstone cutters. No adverse clinical health effects were found. However, an improvement in workplace hygiene is recommended, accompanied by biological monitoring of beryllium in urine.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2000, Vol.57, No.2, p.133-139. 42 ref.
00-805.pdf [in English]

CIS 00-709 Elliott P., Arnold R., Cockings S., Eaton N., Järup L., Jones J., Quinn M., Rosato M., Thornton I., Toledano M., Tristan E., Wakefield J.
Risk of mortality, cancer incidence, and stroke in a population potentially exposed to cadmium
The English village of Shipham has very high concentrations of cadmium in the soil. A previous cohort study of residents from 1939 to 1979 showed overall mortality below that expected, but a 40% excess of mortality from stroke. This study extends the follow up of the cohort to 1997. Standardized mortality and incidence ratios were estimated with regional reference rates. Comparisons were made with the nearby village of Hutton. All-cause mortality was lower than expected in both villages, although there was excess cancer incidence in both Shipham and Hutton. There was an excess of mortality from hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, and nephritis and nephrosis, of borderline significance, in Shipham. In a geographical study, all-cause mortality in Shipham was also lower than expected. There was an excess in genitourinary cancers in both Shipham and Hutton. In conclusion, no clear evidence of health effects from possible exposure to cadmium in Shipham was found despite the extremely high concentrations of cadmium in the soil.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2000, Vol.57, No.2, p.94-97. 22 ref.
00-709.pdf [in English]

CIS 00-780 Woodin M.A., Liu Y., Neuberg D., Hauser R., Smith T.J., Christiani D.C.
Acute respiratory symptoms in workers exposed to vanadium-rich fuel-oil ash
To determine whether occupational exposure to fuel-oil ash may cause respiratory illness, a prospective study was undertaken on 18 boilermakers overhauling an oil-fired boiler and 11 utility worker controls. Subjects completed a respiratory symptom diary five times per day. Daily symptom severity was calculated and respiratory symptom frequency and severity was analysed. Boilermakers had more frequent and more severe upper and lower respiratory symptoms than utility workers, and this difference was greatest during interior boiler work. A statistically significant dose-response pattern for frequency and severity of both upper and lower respiratory symptoms was seen with vanadium and PM10 for lower exposures. However, there was a reversal in the dose-response trend in the highest exposure quartile, reflecting a possible healthy worker effect.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 2000, Vol.37, No.4, p.353-363. Illus. 32 ref.
00-780.pdf [in English]

CIS 00-497 Kapias T., Griffiths R.F.
Health and Safety Executive
Modelling the behaviour of spillages of sulphur trioxide and oleum: Further work
The objective of this research project was to investigate theoretically the behaviour of spillages of sulfur trioxide (SO3) and oleum (mixture of SO3 and sulfuric acid H2SO4) and to develop a model describing the behaviour of the resulting cloud. The parameter principally governing the spill behaviour is the amount of water available for reaction. Cloud behaviour is mostly affected by wind speed, vapour evolution rates, atmospheric stability and atmospheric relative humidity.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 2000, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2000. iv, 63p. Illus. 54 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.
00_497.pdf [in English]

CIS 00-338 Tellurium and compounds (as tellurium)
Telurio y compuestos (como telurio) [in Spanish]
Tellurium and its compounds induce a smell similar to that of garlic to the breath and the sweat, a metal taste sensation, sleepiness, loss of appetite and nausea. Tellurium dioxide can give rise to squamous skin lesions. The use of personal protective equipment, including respirators, and the medical supervision of exposed workers are recommended. OSHA permissible exposure level: 0.1mg/m3.
Noticias de seguridad, Mar. 2000, Vol.62, No.3, insert 5p.
00_338.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 00-470 Viaene M.K., Masschelein R., Leenders J., De Groof M., Swerts L.J.V.C., Roels H.A.
Neurobehavioural effects of occupational exposure to cadmium: A cross sectional epidemiological study
The aim of this cross-sectional study of 89 adult men (42 exposed to Cd and 47 control workers) was to investigate the toxic potential of chronic occupational exposure to cadmium (Cd) on neurobehavioural functions. Subjects were given a computer assisted neurobehavioural test, a validated questionnaire to assess neurotoxic complaints and a self-administered questionnaire to detect neuropathy and dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system. Historical and current data on biomonitoring of exposure to Cd and on microproteinuria were also available. Results show that the slowing of visuomotor functioning on neurobehavioural testing and increase in complaints consistent with peripheral neuropathy, complaints about equilibrium, and complaints about concentration ability were dose dependently associated with urinary Cd.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 2000, Vol.57, No.1, p.19-27. Illus. 62 ref.
00_470.pdf [in English]

CIS 00-459 Shirk O., Morón Hodge R.
Ozone measurements
Las mediciones del ozono [in Spanish]
After a brief description of ozone and its effects, the most widely used measurement methods (colorimetric tubes, CMS, diffusion) are presented as well as their fields of application. Tables for the interpretation of the measurements and ambient threshold limit values area also provided. Translated from German.
Mapfre seguridad, 1st Quarter 2000, Vol.20, No.77, p.17-21. Illus. 5 ref.
00_459.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 00-475 Golbabaei F., Islami F.
Evaluation of workers' exposure to dust, ammonia and endotoxin in poultry industries at the province of Isfahan, Iran
This study was conducted to assess various environmental exposure measurements (total dust, ammonia and endotoxin) of an unspecified number of workers in 13 poultry barns in the province of Isfahan, Iran. The results show that the workers who worked in enclosed systems of parent stock barns have the highest exposure to total and respirable dust: 21.3 ± 3.2 and 4.6 ± 0.9mg/m3, respectively. In comparison with different ages of chicken, the highest concentration of total and respirable dust were 5.4 ± 0.7 and 3.3 ± 0.7mg/m3 in the 45th day. In the above-mentioned situation, the results of endotoxin concentrations were 20.6 ± 1.1, 23.6 ± 2.2, 21.3 ± 1.2 and 26.8 ± 1.8ng/m3 respectively. Ammonia concentrations had the highest rate in enclosed systems of laying hens in winter and the 45th day of chicken age, measuring 33.2 ± 5.2 and 20.2 ± 3.0mg/m3, respectively.
Industrial Health, Jan. 2000, Vol.38, No.1, p.41-46. Illus. 22 ref.
00_475.pdf [in English]

CIS 97-33 Zinc oxide (dust and fume)
Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May cause metal fume fever which is a flu-like illness with metal taste in the mouth, headaches, cough, shortness of breath, aches and chills. Zinc oxide fume may be produced by welding of galvanized metal.
New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1993, 2000. 6p.
97-0033.pdf [in English]
http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/2037.pdf [in English]

CIS 97-28 Mercury thiocyanate
Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. May cause "shakes", irritability, sore gums, memory loss, increased saliva, personality change, brain damage, kidney damage, skin allergy and grey skin colour. Irritates the skin and respiratory tract. May damage the eyes.
New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1993, 2000. 6p.
97-0028.pdf [in English]
http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/1194.pdf [in English]

CIS 97-27 Mercurous sulfate
Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. May cause "shakes", irritability, sore gums, memory loss, increased saliva, personality change, brain damage, kidney damage, skin allergy and grey skin colour. Irritates the skin, eyes and respiratory tract.
New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1993, 2000. 6p.
97-0027.pdf [in English]
http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/1182.pdf [in English]

CIS 97-26 Mercurous nitrate
Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. May cause "shakes", irritability, sore gums, memory loss, increased saliva, personality change, brain damage, kidney damage, skin allergy and grey skin colour. Irritates the respiratory tract. Irritates or burns the eyes and skin.
New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1993, 2000. 6p.
97-0026.pdf [in English]
http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/1181.pdf [in English]

CIS 97-25 Mercurous iodide
Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. May cause "shakes", irritability, sore gums, memory loss, increased saliva, personality change, brain damage, kidney damage, skin allergy and grey skin colour. Irritates the skin, eyes and respiratory tract.
New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1993, 2000. 6p.
97-0025.pdf [in English]
http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/1189.pdf [in English]

CIS 97-24 Mercurous chloride
Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. May cause "shakes", irritability, sore gums, memory loss, increased saliva, personality change, brain damage, kidney damage, skin allergy and grey skin colour. Irritates the skin, eyes and respiratory tract.
New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1993, 2000. 6p.
97-0024.pdf [in English]
http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/1179.pdf [in English]

CIS 97-23 Mercuric sulfate
Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. May cause "shakes", irritability, sore gums, memory loss, increased saliva, personality change, brain damage, kidney damage, skin allergy and grey skin colour. Irritates the skin, eyes and respiratory tract.
New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1993, 2000. 6p.
97-0023.pdf [in English]
http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/1177.pdf [in English]

CIS 97-22 Mercuric subsulfate
Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. May cause "shakes", irritability, sore gums, memory loss, increased saliva, personality change, brain damage, kidney damage, skin allergy and grey skin colour. Irritates the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May damage the eyes.
New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1993, 2000. 6p.
97-0022.pdf [in English]
http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/1176.pdf [in English]

CIS 97-21 Mercuric oxycyanide
Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. May cause "shakes", irritability, sore gums, memory loss, increased saliva, personality change, brain damage, kidney damage, skin allergy and grey skin colour. Irritates the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. It is an explosion hazard sensitive to friction, impact and heat.
New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1993, 2000. 6p.
97-0021.pdf [in English]
http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/1174.pdf [in English]

1999

CIS 03-1075 Vanadium trioxyde
Trioxyde de vanadium [in French]
International Chemical Safety Card published in 1998. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; inhalation of high concentrations of aerosol may cause conjunctivitis, rhinitis and bronchitis; effects may be delayed. Long-term exposure effects: effects on the respiratory tract resulting in chronic rhinitis and chronic bronchitis. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: divanadium trioxide; vanadium sesquioxide; vanadic oxide; vanadium(III) oxide.
Internet documents, 1998, 2p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc04/icsc0455.pdf [in English]
03-1075fr.pdf [in French]
03-1075en.pdf [in English]
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0455.html [in French]

CIS 03-1065 Calcium cyanide
Cyanure de calcium [in French]
International Chemical Safety Card published in 1998 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 96-467). Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; effects on the intracellular oxygen metabolism (seizures, unconsciousness); exposure may result in death. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated skin contact may induce dermatitis. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: calcyanide; calcyan.
Internet documents, 1998, 2p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc04/icsc0407.pdf [in English]
03-1065fr.pdf [in French]
03-1065en.pdf [in English]
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0407.html [in French]

CIS 03-1052 Oxygen
Oxygène [in French]
Oxígeno (licuado) [in Spanish]
International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of respiratory tract at very high concentrations; effects on the central nervous system, lungs and eyes (visual disturbance). Long-term exposure effects: lungs may be affected by inhalation of high concentrations. Threshold limit value not established.
Internet documents, 1999. 2p.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc01/icsc0138.pdf [in English]
http://www.cdc.gov/Niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0138.html [in French]
03-1052fr.pdf [in French]
03-1052en.pdf [in English]
03-1052es.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn0138.htm [in Spanish]

CIS 02-1089 Ammonium bisulfite
Bisulfite d'ammonium [in French]
Hidrogenosulfito de amonio [in Spanish]
International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure route: inhalation. Toxicity: decomposes on heating or on contact with acids producing toxic fumes including sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides and ammonia.
English/French versions: Internet documents, 1999. Spanish version: Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 2p. Illus.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn1254.html [in French]
http://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn1254.htm [in Spanish]
02-1089en.pdf [in English]
02-1089es.pdf [in Spanish]
02-1089fr.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc12/icsc1254.pdf [in English]

CIS 02-1085 Uranium hexafluoride
Hexafluorure d'uranium [in French]
Hexafluoruro de uranio [in Spanish]
International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short term exposure effects: corrosive to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract; nephrotoxic effects (kidney impairment and tissue lesions); exposure at low levels may result in death. Threshold limit value: 0.2mg/m3 (TWA) A1 (as uranium (soluble and insoluble compounds)) (ACGIH 1998); 0.6mg/m3 (STEL) (ACGIH 1998).
English/French versions: Internet documents, 1999. Spanish version: Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 2p. Illus.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn1250.html [in French]
http://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn1250.htm [in Spanish]
02-1085es.pdf [in Spanish]
02-1085fr.pdf [in French]
02-1085en.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc12/icsc1250.pdf [in English]

CIS 02-1084 Sodium hexafluorosilicate
Hexafluorosilicate de sodium [in French]
Hexafluorosilicato de disodio [in Spanish]
International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; effects on the calcium metabolism, resulting in cardiac disorders and impaired function. Long-term exposure effects: effects on the bone, resulting in fluorosis. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated contact may induce skin sensitization. Threshold limit value: 2.5mg/m3 (TWA) as fluorine (ACGIH 1998).
English/French versions: Internet documents, 1999. Spanish version: Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 2p. Illus.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn1243.html [in French]
http://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn1243.htm [in Spanish]
02-1084es.pdf [in Spanish]
02-1084en.pdf [in English]
02-1084fr.pdf [in French]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc12/icsc1243.pdf [in English]

CIS 02-1083 Potassium hexafluorosilicate
Hexafluorosilicate de potassium [in French]
Hexafluorosilicato de dipotasio [in Spanish]
International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; effects on the calcium metabolism, resulting in cardiac disorders and impaired function. Long-term exposure effects: effects on the bone, resulting in fluorosis. Threshold limit value: 2.5mg/m3 (TWA) as fluorine (ACGIH 1997-1998).
English/French versions: Internet documents, 1999. Spanish version: Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 2p. Illus.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn1242.html [in French]
http://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn1242.htm [in Spanish]
02-1083fr.pdf [in French]
02-1083es.pdf [in Spanish]
02-1083en.pdf [in English]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc12/icsc1242.pdf [in English]

CIS 02-1081 Hafnium powder
Poudre d'hafnium [in French]
Hafnio [in Spanish]
International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure route: inhalation. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated exposure may affect the lungs; hepatotoxic effects. Threshold limit value: 0.5mg/m3 (TWA) (ACGIH 1998).
English/French versions: Internet documents, 1999. Spanish version: Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 2p. Illus.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0847.html [in French]
http://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn0847.htm [in Spanish]
02-1081fr.pdf [in French]
02-1081en.pdf [in English]
02-1081es.pdf [in Spanish]
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_icsc08/icsc0847.pdf [in English]

CIS 02-889
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG)
Requirements applicable to machinery and equipment aimed at avoiding explosion hazards during the machining, processing, melting and casting of magnesium
Beschaffenheitsanforderungen für Maschinen und Einrichtungen zur Vermeidung von Brand- und Explosionsgefahren bei der Be- und Verarbeitung, beim Schmelzen und Gießen von Magnesium [in German]
This document reproduces the full text of the proposed guidelines of the Mutual Occupational Accident Insurance Association (HVBG) concerning fire and explosion protection measures applicable to equipment and machines for the machining, melting and casting of magnesium. Contents: definitions; chip removal machines with defined tool geometry (with or without refrigerated lubricant, miscible or non-miscible with water); chip removal machines with non defined tool geometries; sanding machines; machines and rigs for foundry and casting; fire-fighting equipment; control and locking of machines.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Luxemburgerstrasse 449, 50939 Köln, Germany, Apr. 1999. 25p.
02-0889.pdf [in German]

CIS 02-878
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG)
BG rules - Handling of magnesium
BG-Regeln - Umgang mit Magnesium [in German]
This document reproduces the full text of guideline BGR 204 of the Mutual Occupational Accident Insurance Association (HVBG) concerning the handling of magnesium. Contents: scope; definitions; general provisions concerning use and processing; provisions applicable to specific operations (chip removal, shotblasting, melting and casting, cleaning and maintenance); inspection of plant and equipment. An appendix includes a list of related guidelines, rules and standards.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Luxemburgerstrasse 449, 50939 Köln, Germany, Apr. 1999. 39p.
02-0878.pdf [in German]

CIS 01-1632
Agency for Toxic Substances and Diseases Registry (ATSDR)
Toxicological profile for lead (Update)
This profile was prepared in accordance with guidelines set by the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry and the EPA. The key literature related to the toxic effects of lead is identified and reviewed. Contents: public health statement; health effects; chemical and physical information; production, import, use and disposal; potential for human exposure; analytical methods; regulations and advisories; glossary. Health hazards include: neurotoxic effects; brain damage (encephalopathy); anaemia; renal damage; effects on reproduction (miscarriage, damage to the male reproductive system); retarded development of the new born; possible effects on children resulting from parental exposure; animal studies indicate a carcinogenic potential. (Update of CIS 96-2227).
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Toxicology/Toxicology Information Branch, 1600 Clifton Road NE, E-29, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA, July 1999. xx, 587p. Illus. Approx. 1600 ref.
01-1632.pdf [in English]

CIS 01-1783 Lausch H.
Final report on a research project on the composition and structure of oxide components in environmental dusts released when manufacturing and machining nickel-containing metals - Nickel-containing dusts
Abschlussbericht zum Forschungsvorhaben "Untersuchung der Zusammensetzung und Struktur von oxidischen Komponenten in freigesetzten Stäuben in der Arbeitsluft bei der Herstellung und Verarbeitung nickelhaltiger metallischer Werkstoffe" - Nickelhaltige Stäube [in German]
This research project focused on the structural characterisation of the dusts released during grinding, welding or injection moulding of nickel-containing materials in the metalworking industry, and to highlight the existence of free unalloyed nickel or nickel (II) oxide. Dusts released during various operations were sampled and their nickel composition determined. Structure was examined by electron microscopy. Results showed that nickel was underrepresented compared to the base alloys or welding materials in almost all dust samples except those collected during repair welding of grey cast iron, and that it was present either as alloy particles with iron, chromium or as spinels. No free nickel or dinickel trioxide was found in the dusts.
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG), Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, Oct. 1999. 41p. Illus. 5 ref.
01-1783.pdf [in German]

CIS 01-1769 Struppek K., Ludwig S.
Prevention of chromate eczema in the construction industry
Prävention des Chromat-Ekzems im Baugewerbe [in German]
Chromate eczema is still one of the most important occupational skin diseases in the German construction industry. Primary prevention can be improved by partially substituting chromates by ferrous sulfate, a solution which is already being practiced. Moreover, nitrile-coated rubber gloves are suitable for protecting the skin when working with cement products. A survey also indicates that 60% of the persons questioned found that nitrile-coated rubber gloves are more comfortable, longer lasting and ensure better protection against humidity than traditional leather gloves.
Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, Jan.-Feb. 1999, Vol.47, No.1, p.13-15. Illus. 13 ref.
01-1769.pdf [in German]

CIS 01-1770 Héry M., Hecht G., Gerber J.M., Hubert G., Subra I, Aubert S., Gerardin F., Dorotte M.
Occupational exposure during cleaning and disinfection in the food industry
An exposure assessment study was conducted in eight food industry plants. Significant exposure to nitrogen trichloride beyond the "comfort' limit value of 0.5mg/m3 was measured, primarily in two slaughterhouses (cattle and poultry) during the cleaning step performed with chlorinated alkali-based detergents. Excessive exposure to formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde was also registered during the disinfection step in the cattle slaughterhouse and in two other plants (fish curing and smoking, and pet food manufacturing factories). Special emphasis is placed on the need for careful rinsing after the cleaning and disinfection steps. In one factory, exposure to chlorine gas was determined, and in another where glutaraldehyde was used, some dermal irritations appeared when this rinsing step was neglected.
Occupational Hygiene, 1999, Vol.5, No.2, p.131-144. 17 ref.
01-1770.pdf [in English]

CIS 01-1767 Werner M.A., Vincent J.H., Thomassen Y., Hetland S., Berge S.
Inhalable and "total" metal and metal compound aerosol exposures for nickel refinery workers
Research was conducted at a Scandinavian nickel refinery to investigate exposures to compounds of nickel and several other metals as measured according to the conventional total aerosol approach and those as measured according to the inhalability criterion. Differences between measures of exposure were examined and related to the particle size distributions of the aerosols inhaled by the workers. Side-by-side comparisons were conducted, in which workers wore the two types of samplers simultaneously. Workers were also made to wear personal inhalable dust spectrometers (PIDS) which provided particle size distribution information. It was shown that inhalable aerosol exposures for nickel, copper, cobalt, lead and iron were consistently greater than the corresponding total aerosol exposure, tending to be more so for worksites where the aerosol was coarsest.
Occupational Hygiene, 1999, Vol.5, No.2, p.93-109. 21 ref.
01-1767.pdf [in English]

CIS 01-1345 Sodium hypochlorite (solution, active chlorine >10%)
Hypochlorite de sodium (solution, chlore actif >10%) [in French]
Hipoclorito de sodio (solución, cloro activo 10 %) [in Spanish]
International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: corrosive for the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; corrosive if ingested; inhalation may cause pulmonary oedema; effects may be delayed. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated contact may induce skin sensitization. No TLV has been established. The Spanish version of the card refers to solutions >5% concentration.
On the Internet site http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/produ cts/icsc/index.htm ; Spanish version also from: Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 2p.
01-1345E.pdf [in English]
01-1345es.pdf [in Spanish]
01-1345F.pdf [in French]

CIS 01-1344 Sodium hypochlorite (solution, active chlorine < 10%)
Hypochlorite de sodium (solution, chlore actif <10%) [in French]
Hipoclorito de sodio (solución, cloro activo 10 %) [in Spanish]
International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated contact may induce skin sensitization. No TLV has been established. The Spanish version of the card refers to solutions <5% concentration.
On the Internet site http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/produ cts/icsc/index.htm ; Spanish version also from: Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 2p.
01-1344es.pdf [in Spanish]
01-1344F.pdf [in French]
01-1344E.pdf [in English]

CIS 01-1342 Lithium hydroxide (monohydrate)
Hydroxyde de lithium (monohydrate) [in French]
Hidróxido de litio (monohidrato) [in Spanish]
International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; inhalation may cause pulmonary oedema. No TLV has been established.
On the Internet site http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/produ cts/icsc/index.htm ; Spanish version also from: Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 2p.
01-1342es.pdf [in Spanish]
01-1342F.pdf [in French]
01-1342E.pdf [in English]

CIS 01-1514 Pascual Benés A.
Radon and its health effects
El radón y sus efectos sobre la salud [in Spanish]
Radon is toxic because of its radioactivity. This substance emits gamma radiation which causes ionization reactions in human cells. This information note describes the effects caused by the inhalation of radon. Contents include: effects of ionizing radiation on health; direct and indirect modes of action of ionizing radiation on cells; radon doses to which the public is exposed; mode of action of radon; summary of toxicological and epidemiological studies.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1999. 3p. Illus. 4 ref.
01-1514.pdf [in Spanish]

CIS 01-1318 Ammonium fluoride
Fluorure d'ammonium [in French]
Fluoruro de amonio [in Spanish]
International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Long-term exposure effects: effects on bones and teeth (fluorosis). Threshold limit value: 2.5mg/m3 A4 (as F) (ACGIH 1998).
On the Internet site http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/produ cts/icsc/index.htm ; Spanish version also from: Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1991. 2p.
01-1318es.pdf [in Spanish]
01-1318F.pdf [in French]
01-1318E.pdf [in English]

CIS 01-1475 Louis F., Guez M., Le Bâcle C.
Poisoning from carbon dioxide inhalation
Intoxication par inhalation de dioxyde de carbone [in French]
A case of collective carbon dioxide (CO2) poisoning which occurred in a fast-food restaurant in the Seine-Saint-Denis department of France (near Paris) provides an opportunity to restate the importance of remaining vigilant with respect to this hazard. Indeed, ignorance of this hazard may prove to be fatal to exposed persons, while the conditions under which this colourless and odourless gas is produced or used in occupational settings have been known for a long time. Contents include: toxicity of CO2; sources of exposure; descriptions of CO2 poisonings; preventing the CO2 exposure risk.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 1999, No.79, p.179-194. 52 ref.
01-1475.pdf [in French]

CIS 01-1137 Subra I., Hubert G., Aubert S., Héry M., Elcabache J.M.
Occupational exposure to metals in the machining of copper-, chromium- and arsenic-treated wood
Exposition professionnelle aux métaux lors de l'usinage des bois traités au cuivre, chrome, arsenic [in French]
Exposure was measured in two workshops where impregnated wood is machined. The chromium in the treatment solution is the most toxic form (chromium VI), but due to its reducing properties the cellulose in the wood tends to transform it during impregnation into what are probably trivalent components. As a result, worker exposure to chromium VI is minimal (at the limit of analytical detection). Generally, exposure to total chromium and copper is well below the limit values, both French and American. Only exposure to arsenic reaches significant levels in the two workshops. Although well below the current French limit value of 200µg/m3, it is above the limit value recently proposed in France (50µg/m3) and that adopted by ACGIH (10µg/m3). An efficient implementation of the prevention measures related to woodworking is sufficient for a good prevention of copper, chromium and arsenic related hazards.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 2nd Quarter 1999, No.175, p.61-68. Illus. 12 ref.
01-1137.pdf [in French]

CIS 01-1136 Lécrivain J., Gerber J.M., Aubert S., Delsaut P., Dogan C., Masson A., Héry M.
Assessing the quality of air used to feed supplied air respirators: Measurement of oil and carbon monoxide content
Evaluation de la qualité de l'air utilisé pour l'alimentation des systèmes à adduction d'air: mesure de la teneur en huile et en monoxyde de carbone [in French]
The objective of this study was to examine the quality of compressed air from compressors supplied to wearers of respiratory protection devices. A field study was conducted in different industrial settings, including asbestos removal work, metal part sandblasting and fettling work in a foundry. A sampling and counting method for compressed air was developed, and oil and carbon monoxide concentrations were measured in the air either while it was coming out of the compressor or after it had gone through a cleaning device. The findings differed between sites, although serious exposures were encountered only on one site (and excessively high concentrations in air directly at the compressor on one other site). The responsibilities of the various industry participants (equipment hirers, employers and occupational hygienists) are described, and the need for special compressors for respirable air as well as the importance of maintenance and inspection procedures for this type of equipment are emphasized.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 2nd Quarter 1999, No.175, p.5-12. Illus. 16 ref.
01-1136.pdf [in French]

CIS 01-1192 Andurand R.
Ammonia - Dangerous, but so useful: Lessons from accidents involving the refrigeration systems used in the food processing industry and in retail (Part II)
Ammoniac, dangereux mais si utile: des accidents didactiques dans les installations de réfrigération de l'agro-alimentaire et de la grande distribution (deuxième partie) [in French]
Many refrigeration systems used in the food processing industry are based on ammonia, and their number is increasing as a consequence of the shift away from CFCs. These systems are found for example in walk-in coolers of slaughterhouses, industrial dairies and cheese factories, fruit and vegetable cooperatives, fisheries, trawlers, ice-making factories, meat storages and meat salting factories, deep-freezing of fresh or pre-cooked products, industrial bakeries, breweries, ice cream and sorbet factories, pizza-making and fortified wine bottling plants. The article contains brief descriptions of accidents having occurred with ammonia-based refrigeration systems in France (see also CIS 01-1190).
Préventique-Sécurité, July-Aug. 1999, No.46, p.56-61. Illus. 4 ref.
01-1192.pdf [in French]

CIS 01-1190 Andurand R.
Ammonia - Dangerous, but so useful: Lessons from accidents (Part I)
Ammoniac, dangereux mais si utile: des accidents didactiques (première partie) [in French]
This article describes major accidents involving ammonia, together with the lessons that can be drawn. Cases include: explosion of a tank truck (Lievin, France, 1968); rupture of a flexible hose (Les Grandes Armoises, France, 1969); leak of liquid ammonia (Blair, USA, 1970); explosion of a storage cylinder (Potchefstroom, South Africa , 1973); rupture of a pipeline (Conway, USA, 1973); transportation accident (Zarauz, Spain, 1974); transportation accident (Houston, Texas, 1976); collapse of a liquid ammonia storage tank (Ionova, Lithuania, 1989); explosion of a storage tank (Dakar, Senegal, 1992). For Part II, see CIS 01-1192.
Préventique-Sécurité, May-June 1999, No.45, p.44-51. Illus. 8 ref.
01-1190.pdf [in French]

CIS 01-1123 Skerfving S., Bencko V., Vahter M., Schütz A., Gerhardsson L.
Environmental health in the Baltic region - Toxic metals
Recent reports on concentrations of lead, cadmium, methylmercury, arsenic and nickel in some biological media in populations of the Baltic region are reviewed. In particular, children in parts of Poland, the Czech Republic and Germany have uptakes of lead sufficient to cause adverse effects on the central nervous system and kidneys. Cadmium exposure is also high in Poland. Methylmercury uptake is dependent upon the intake of fish in Sweden and Finland, as well as along the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. There are some indications of immunotoxic effects. However, fish also contain other immunomodulating agents. Exposure to arsenic seems to be low everywhere in the Baltic region. There is high nickel exposure in northern Russia.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 1999, Vol.25, Suppl.3, p.40-64. Illus. 199 ref.
01-1123.pdf [in English]

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