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Safety programmes - 433 entries found

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  • Safety programmes

1998

CIS 99-1482 Edkins G.D.
The INDICATE safety program: Evaluation of a method to proactively improve airline safety performance
A new airline safety programme called INDICATE (Identifying Needed Defences In the Civil Aviation Transport Environment) was applied in one of the operational bases of an Australian regional airline. Results suggest that the programme can have a positive influence on airline safety performance, specifically, improving staff confidence in how safety is managed; increasing staff willingness to report safety hazards and incidents; improving organizational safety culture; and reducing staff perceptions of the severity and likelihood of safety hazards occurring within the airline. The success has resulted in a number of Australian and international airlines adopting the programme. Topics: air transport; attitude towards accidents; disobeying safety instructions; hazard evaluation; human behaviour; information of personnel; programme evaluation; risk awareness; role of management; safety consciousness; safety officers; safety programmes.
Safety Science, Dec. 1998, Vol.30, No.3, p.275-295. Illus. 38 ref.

CIS 99-1144 Winder C., Dingsdag D., Dain S.
Development of training programs for eye safety in the NSW coal mining industry
Eye safety programmes were reviewed as part of a larger project on eye safety in the New South Wales coal mining industry. Forty-five manager representatives in 20 mines were surveyed using an interview questionnaire. Eye safety was perceived as an important safety issue, although the presence and quality of eye safety programmes were very variable, from absent altogether to eyewear availability (but no training), from informal programmes to formal programmes. The availability of training to support these programmes was also very variable and, apart from a few mines, was considered inadequate. Further, different mineworker groups have different training needs. The content and structure of eye safety training programmes for mine managers, mineworkers and safety professionals is outlined. Topics: coal mining; face and eye protection; questionnaire survey; safety programmes; safety training in industry; training course.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 1998, Vol.14, No.6, p.599-606. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 99-955
Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC)
Key elements of a national programme for chemicals management and safety
Topics: chemical safety; dangerous substances; emergency organization; enforcement; environmental pollution; glossary; hazard evaluation; hazard identification; international cooperation; IPCS; legislation; national organization; safety and health documentation; safety and health training; safety programmes; UNITAR; WHO.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, Aug. 1998. ii, 115p. 50 ref.

CIS 99-429 Lévesque G., Berthelette D.
The effects of the Quebec occupational health program on the elimination of dangers at the source
Les effets du programme québécois de santé au travail sur l'élimination des sources de danger [in French]
Mandatory occupational health programmes provided by public health agencies in Quebec are evaluated. Interactions between the number of services provided by local health teams, and (1) the value attributed to the primary prevention of occupational injuries by the firm's management, and (2) the length of service of the firm's occupational health and safety committee are positively associated with the number of measures implemented by the firms to eliminate the dangers at source. However, the low response rate decreases the statistical power of the study. Results indicate that outcomes of the programmes are associated with the programme process as well as with the implementation environment of the programme. Topics: health programmes; implementation of control measures; legislation; plant safety and health organization; programme evaluation; Quebec; safety programmes.
Travail et santé, Mar. 1998, Vol.14, No.1, p.S-6-S-10. 12 réf.

CIS 99-439 Charalambous A.
Proactive health and safety management systems
Examines the importance of the initial status review in the process of introducing an occupational health and safety management system as advocated in British Standard BS 8800:1996. Topics: check lists; comment on standard; hazard evaluation; plant safety and health organization; programme evaluation; responsibilities; role of management; safety and health training; safety planning.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Nov. 1998, Vol.16, No.11, p.37-39. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 99-428 Aitken K., O'Driscoll M.
A goal-setting and feedback intervention to enhance organisational safety: Implementation problems and implications
A simple and cost-effective behaviour modification intervention was implemented at a marine engineering company. Goal-setting and feedback were predicted to increase employee utilization of safety behaviours and to enhance employee safety awareness. Results revealed no significant decrease in monthly accident statistics, but did illustrate an increase in safety awareness among participants. Topics: frequency rates; human behaviour; occupational accidents; programme evaluation; risk awareness; safety and health training; safety programmes; shipbuilding industry; workers participation.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 1998, Vol.14, No.3, p.245-254. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 98-1748 Whalley-Lloyd S.
Reducing the impact of human error
Topics: analysis of accident causes; hazard evaluation; human behaviour; human factors; human failure; human relations; risk factors; safety planning; safety service records.
Safety and Health Practitioner, May 1998, Vol.16, No.5, p.20-24. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 98-1056 Act of 6 March 1998 amending the Act of 17 June 1994 concerning the safety and health of workers at work [Luxembourg]
Loi du 6 mars 1998 modifiant la Loi du 17 juin 1994 concernant la sécurité et la santé des travailleurs au travail [Luxembourg] [in French]
For Act of 17 June 1994 see CIS 98-1054. Topics: consultations; information of personnel; labour inspection; law; Luxembourg; penalties; responsibilities of employers; safety and health organization; safety and health training; safety officers; safety planning; workers participation.
Mémorial - Journal officiel du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 20 Mar. 1998, No.20, p.260-261.

CIS 98-1067 Royal Order of 27 March 1998 concerning external occupational safety and health services [Belgium]
Arrêté royal du 27 mars 1998 relatif aux services externes pour la prévention et la protection au travail [Belgique] [in French]
Koninklijk besluit betreffende de externe diensten voor preventie en bescherming op het werk [in Dutch]
This Order was enacted pursuant to the Act of 4 August 1996 (CIS 97-1) concerning the welfare of workers at work. Topics: approval; Belgium; ergonomics; law; medical supervision; occupational medicine; plant health services; plant safety and health organization; safety and health committees; safety and health training; safety planning; safety suggestions; subcontractors.
Moniteur belge - Belgisch Staatsblad, 31 Mar. 1998, No.63, 166th Year, p.9833-9844.

CIS 98-1066 Royal Order of 27 March 1998 concerning plant safety and health organization [Belgium]
Arrêté royal du 27 mars 1998 relatif au Service interne pour la prévention et la protection au travail [Belgique] [in French]
Koninklijk besluit betreffende de Interne Dienst voor preventie en bescherming op het werk [in Dutch]
This Order (effective 1 April 1998) was enacted pursuant to the Act of 4 August 1996 (CIS 97-1) concerning the welfare of workers at work. Topics: accident investigation; Belgium; ergonomics; first-aid and rescue organization; hazard evaluation; information of personnel; law; medical supervision; notification of accidents and diseases; plant safety and health organization; role of management; role of medical labour inspection; safety and health committees; safety and health training; safety planning; safety service records; workplace design.
Moniteur belge - Belgisch Staatsblad, 31 Mar. 1998, No.63, 166th Year, p.9807-9833.

CIS 98-1200 Thompson R.C., Hilton T.F., Witt L.A.
Where the safety rubber meets the shop floor: A confirmatory model of management influence on workplace safety
Topics: labour-management relations; plant safety organization; role of management; role of supervisory staff; safety consciousness; safety planning; workers participation.
Journal of Safety Research, Spring 1998, Vol.29, No.1, p.15-24. Illus. 37 ref.

1997

CIS 99-100 Bukkawar V.G., Mande P.R.
Preparing for emergencies (technological & non-technological)
Topics: disasters; emergency organization; glossary; hazard evaluation; India; legislation; major hazards; manuals; natural phenomena; psychological effects; safety planning; safety training in industry.
Golden Jubilee Publications, RH-2, Loha Bhavan Co-operative Society, Sector-3, New Panvel, District - Raigad (Maharashtra) 410 206, India, 1997. xix, 152p. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: INR 840.00 (USD 70.00 outside India).

CIS 98-157 Lingard H., Rowlinson S.
Behavior-based safety management in Hong Kong's construction industry
Topics: construction industry; Hong Kong; housekeeping; human behaviour; motivation; psychology of work organization; risk awareness; role of management; safety consciousness; safety programmes; work at height.
Journal of Safety Research, Winter 1997, Vol.28, No.4, p.243-256. Illus. 32 ref.

CIS 98-143 Ford C.L., Walson F.O., Owens J.P.
Safety practices among limited resource farmers in North Carolina
Topics: agriculture; North Carolina; safety and health training; safety programmes; survey; USA.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1997, Vol.4, No.3/4, p.217-221. 5 ref.

CIS 97-2066 Halpern M.N., Skovron M.L., Nordin M.
Employee-rated job demands: Implications for prevention of occupational back injuries
A job analysis based on worker ratings of back injuries was correlated with records of rates of these injuries for 25 jobs in a public transport company. Back injuries amounted to 14% of all lost-work injuries. Eight types of physical ability associated with high risk of back injury were identified: trunk strength, static strength, dynamic strength, explosive strength, stamina, extent flexibility, gross coordination and balance (equilibrium). Concentrating on a profile of these abilities will cut down considerably the effort in data collection and contribute to the establishment of job-specific back injury preventive programmes.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Aug. 1997, Vol.20, No.2, p.145-153. Illus. 24 ref.

CIS 97-1021 Cohen R.
Ergonomics program development: Prevention in the workplace
The development of an ergonomics programme to prevent work-related repetitive strain injuries in an electronics manufacturing company is described. Hazard assessment consisted of a review of injury/illness records by department and location, work site surveys, and a survey of workers for evidence of risk-related tasks. Tasks were prioritized according to degree of hazard, and alternative interventions were developed for each task. Intervention activities included evaluation by an ergonomics corrective action team and an ergonomics specialist team, training, exercises, and changes to equipment and processes. The programme resulted in a significant reduction in repetitive strain injury severity.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.58, No.2, p.145-149. 6 ref.

CIS 97-1018 Mansfield J.A., Armstrong T.J.
Library of Congress workplace ergonomics program
An ergonomics programme to control the risk of musculoskeletal disorders and to improve worker comfort and efficiency at the Library of Congress is described. The programme involved a commitment by upper management, establishment of a coordinating committee, and development by the committee of a written plan that included health risk factor surveillance, interventions and training. Consultants provided training for committee members and engineering analysis to support job analysis and design. Details of programme activities and costs are provided. An evaluation of the programme one year after implementation highlighted areas for improvement.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.58, No.2, p.138-144. 5 ref.

CIS 97-1017 Jones R.J.
Corporate ergonomics program of a large poultry processor
A corporate-wide ergonomics programme designed to combat continued increases in musculoskeletal disorders at a large poultry processor is described. The programme involved the establishment of ergonomics committees at each facility, extensive training, worksite analysis and task design, and the implementation of medical management procedures for musculoskeletal disorders. An ergonomics assessment was completed annually at each location to identify weaknesses and to ensure compliance with the goals of the programme. Benefits of the programme included reduced workers' compensation claims and costs, and improved employee morale and productivity.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.58, No.2, p.132-137. 4 ref.

CIS 97-1016 Moore J.S., Garg A.
Participatory ergonomics in a red meat packing plant. Part I: Evidence of long-term effectiveness
The development and evaluation of an ergonomics programme initiated in 1986 at a red meat packing plant is described. Analysis of injury and illness data indicated that crude annual incidence rates and lost-time incidence rates increased during the period 1986-1993. There was no consistent pattern of increase or decrease for severity rates, but a shift from lost time to restricted time was noted. The percentage of recordable disorders that were ergonomics-related stayed constant. A consistent and progressive decrease in workers' compensation costs was also noted.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1997, Vol.58, No.2, p.127-131. 6 ref.

1996

CIS 03-77 Benchmarking occupational health and safety
Two-volume detailed training guide to the health and safety benchmarking of enterprises, using the best practices of some of the largest companies in the world. Glossary, flowcharts. Includes a team leader's manual and a team member's workbook.
AusInfo Government Info Shops, www.ausinfo.gov.au, Australia, 1996. 2 vols. (I: iv, 70p.) + (II: vi, 49p.). Illus. 11 ref.
http://www.nohsc.gov.au/PDF/Standards/BenchmarkingOHS.pdf [in English]

CIS 98-1583 Actively caring for safety
Topics: human behaviour; information of personnel; motivation; safe working methods; safety consciousness; safety programmes; training material; USA; videotape; workers participation.
Tel-A-Train, 309 North Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1996. Videotape (3 modules - length 20min, 28min, 23min). Price: USD 495 per module, participant's guide USD 10.95; USD 1395.00 for 3 modules, participant's kit USD 24.95.

CIS 98-1582 Making safety incentives work
Topics: human behaviour; safety incentives; safety programmes; training material; USA; videotape.
Tel-A-Train, 309 North Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1996. Videotape. Price: USD 495.00.

CIS 98-1090 Order of 14 March 1996 concerning the list of dangerous work categories in the extractive industries that require a written safety policy [France]
Arrêté du 14 mars 1996 relatif à la liste des travaux dangereux nécessitant dans les industries extractives un plan de prévention établi par écrit [France] [in French]
Topics: biological hazards; carcinogens; dangerous work; explosion prevention; France; harmful substances; ionizing radiation; law; lifting equipment; mining and quarrying; mining industry; safety planning; toxic substances; underground work; winches.
Journal officiel de la République française, 2 Apr. 1996, No.79, 128th Year, p.5086-5087.

CIS 98-102 Blewett V., Shaw A.
Strategy for best practice in OHS
Topics: occupational safety and health; plant safety and health organization; safety planning.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Dec. 1996, Vol.12, No.6, p.731-737. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 97-1712 Lanoie P., Tavenas S.
Costs and benefits of preventing workplace accidents: The case of participatory ergonomics
This paper provides a cost-benefit analysis of a participatory ergonomics programme conducted at the beginning of the 1990s to reduce back-related disorders among packers at a warehouse of the Société des alcools du Québec in Quebec City, Canada. After evaluation of the costs of the programme, econometric analysis was applied to assess how many accidents had been prevented by the programme, and the direct and indirect costs avoided as a result of such accident reduction were computed. The programme was indeed profitable for the firm.
Safety Science, Dec. 1996, Vol.24, No.3, p.181-196. 17 ref.

CIS 97-1490 Harper A.C., et al.
Curtin industrial safety trial: Managerial behavior and program effectiveness
Behaviour-based safety has been found universally efficacious when evaluated under controlled conditions. The Curtin Trial (CIS 97-1489) aimed to test the general acceptability of behaviour-based safety in Australian industry. A 50% failure rate was observed. Field notes taken in the course of 325 hours of participant observation during implementation of behaviour-based safety in 9 work areas were analyzed qualitatively and categorized. These data were compared with statistical results of the safety programme's effectiveness in improving safe practices and good housekeeping. Nine dimensions of managerial behaviour were associated with programme effectiveness. A relatively small number of studies investigating organizational characteristics and safety have found generally similar social environmental features to those observed in this study. Behaviour-based safety appears to be effective only in organizations with recognizable managerial styles.
Safety Science, Dec. 1996, Vol.24, No.3, p.173-179. 16 ref.

CIS 97-1489 Harper A.C., et al.
Curtin industrial safety trial: Methods and safe practice and housekeeping outcomes
Nine work areas in seven companies were selected in Western Australia. Baseline observations continued for a minimum of four weeks and post-intervention observations for a minimum of ten weeks. Observations were conducted by employees and feedback administered jointly by the company and the researchers. The outcome variables were the safe practice rate and the good housekeeping rate. Three out of nine work areas demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in both safe practices and good housekeeping. Three had a significant improvement in housekeeping but a non-significant improvement in safe practices. There was no association between programmes coordinated by employees on the floor versus supervisor-coordinated programmes. The behaviour-based safety programme did not perform as well in this trial as has been reported elsewhere. Further field trials under uncontrolled industrial conditions are needed to better understand the practical usefulness of behaviour-based safety programmes.
Safety Science, Dec. 1996, Vol.24, No.3, p.159-172. 22 ref.

CIS 97-1152 Delfrade Ollaquindía J.J., Cardarelli Murua I.
Guide for hazard evaluation and safety plan implementation as a practical tool for professional risk management (Law 31/1995)
Guía para la evaluación del riesgo y la implantación del plan de seguridad como herramienta práctica de la gestión profesional del riesgo (Ley 31/1.995) [in Spanish]
This article presents a model for hazard evaluation and control in accordance with the requirements established by the Spanish Law on the prevention of occupational hazards (see CIS 95-1921). Tables for hazard identification and evaluation, as well as for safety planning, are included.
Prevención, July-Sep. 1996, No.137, p.8-24. Illus. 12 ref.

CIS 97-1333 Meisenbach J.
Accidents that occur in spite of safety devices - Who is at fault: Users or planners?
Unfälle trotz Schutzeinrichtungen. Fehler der Benutzer oder Fehler der Planer? [in German]
This article describes an accident in which a worker was severely injured. The worker did not use the emergency stop device of an automatic welding machine to restore a halted flow of material. This accident is used to illustrate mistakes made by the designers of machines and safety devices. The major goal should be a design of safety devices which ease machine operation rather than make it more difficult. A user-friendly design induces workers to obey safety instructions and use safety devices. In addition, it is recommended to check the use of safety devices and the regular application of safe working methods by the workers.
Die BG, Oct. 1996, No.10, p.680-683. Illus.

CIS 97-1301
Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association (SOCMA)
Responsible Care®
Responsible Care® is a programme demonstrating the North American chemical industry's commitment to the continuous improvement of OSH and environmental quality. It is built around a set of 10 Guiding Principles and six Codes of Management Practices. The six codes, in order of their implementation are: 1) Community Awareness and Emergency Response (CAER), 2) Process Safety, 3) Employee Health and Safety, 4) Pollution Prevention, 5) Distribution, and 6) Product Stewardship. The following main goals of the programme are established: 1) improved chemical processes, 2) improved customer relations and service, 3) waste reduction, 4) minimization of accidents and incidents, 5) safe handling, transportation and storage, and 6) increased internal communications and heightened public awareness. Other aspects of the programme include provisions for a self-evaluating process, mutual assistance and performance improvement measurements.
Internet WWW pages, home page address: http://www.socma.com/respcare/index.html

CIS 97-982 Till J.E.
Environmental dose reconstruction and risk implications
Dose reconstruction (DR), i.e. the retrospective process of estimating doses to the public from historic releases of radionuclides or chemicals to the environment was the topic of the 31st Annual Meeting of the US National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP), held on 12-13 Apr. 1995 in Arlington (VA). Engineering, statistics, biology, environmental transport of contaminants, uncertainty analysis, epidemiology and public interest are the main aspects discussed in relation to DR and its health implications (principally, radiation-induced cancers). Case studies for atmospheric weapons tests, nuclear weapons complex facilities and the Chernobyl accident are included to illustrate the strength and weakness of projects on DR in the general population as well as in plant facilities workers. The proceeding also includes a lecture in honour of S. Taylor, first NCRP President, covering radiation protection and measurements.
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 7910 Woodmont Avenue, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA, Oct. 1996. ii, 373p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 97-1041 Warshaw L.J., Messite J.
Workplace violence: Preventive and interventive strategies
The prevalence of different types of violent or aggressive behaviour in the workplace was examined and contributing factors were identified. Workers most at risk include health care and social services personnel, people working alone, and government workers and those dealing with the public. Preventive measures include risk assessment, controlling alcohol and substance abuse, workplace modifications to reduce crime, security systems, staff training and employee assistance programmes. Interventive measures immediately after an incident should include care of the victim, staff counselling, reporting and investigation of the incident, assistance with victim compensation claims, and victim support.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1996, Vol.38, No.10, p.993-1006. 53 ref.

CIS 96-2244
NACOSH Hazard Communication Workgroup
Report to OSHA on hazard communication
Report by a workgroup organized at the request of the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), to provide recommendations on ways of simplifying material safety data sheets (MSDSs), reducing paperwork, improving the effectiveness of worker training and revising enforcement policies. The workgroup determined that the complexity of MSDSs and the paperwork involved in their management were not caused by or under the control of OSHA, but several ways of facilitating the use of MSDSs were suggested. OSHA should endorse and promote the American National Standards on MDSDs and labelling, ANSI Z400.1-1993 and ANSI Z129.1-1994. Symbols and colour coding should not be mandated until their effectiveness had been validated. OSHA should develop model employee training programmes. Criteria for evaluating programmes should be included in the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS, 29 CFR 1910.1200, CIS 89-1417). Enforcement of the HCS should concentrate on communication with enterprises and rectification of deficiencies rather than punishment. OSHA should pursue harmonization of the classification and labelling of products, and of MSDS format, at the domestic and international levels.
National Advisory Committee of Occupational Safety and Health, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, US Department of Labor, Directorate of Health Standards, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20210, USA, 12 Sep. 1996. 93 + 3 + 15 + 7 + 21 + 6p.

CIS 96-2297 Gregersen N.P., Brehmer B., Morén B.
Road safety improvement in large companies. An experimental comparison of different measures
This study compares four different measures for reducing accident involvement through changed driver behaviour: i.e. driver training, group discussions, campaigns and bonuses for accident-free driving. Five groups of approximately 900 Swedish professional drivers were used in the experiment and followed for two years. Four of the groups were test groups, where each took part in one of the measures. The fifth group was a control group. Group discussions and driver training succeeded in reducing the accident risk in the test groups, when compared with the control group. Accident costs were reduced in all four test groups, but not in the control group.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1996, Vol.28, No.3, p.297-306. Illus. 19 ref.

CIS 96-1307 Kalaitzis D., et al.
Efficient environmental and safety management through the development of guidelines by enterprises
Effektives Umwelt- und Sicherheitsmanagement durch Erstellen von Betriebsanweisungen [in German]
This practical manual is aimed at safety engineers, top management, members of joint safety and health committees, and managers responsible for production, technology, quality control and environmental protection. It covers the responsibilities of enterprises and their managers for any environmental damage that may be attributed to them. It also explains how an effective environmental and safety management system can be set up. Details are provided on how safety instructions and codes of practice should be prepared. Finally, it shows how emergency plans should be drawn up.
Expert Verlag GmbH, Postfach 2020, 71268 Renningen, Germany, 1996. 132p. Illus. Index. Price: DEM 49.00.

CIS 96-1303 Lack R.W.
Essentials of safety and health management
This manual is in 11 sections: introduction to occupational accidents and statistical aspects; safety programme management (programme organization, engineering design and construction, training and motivation, incident reporting and accident prevention, effective safety management, process safety management, control of hazardous materials); health programme management (an effective health management programme, ergonomics, risk communication); regulatory compliance; legal aspects; risk management; application of modern management principles to safety and health; safety and health training; international developments; standards of competence; the future (safety and health professionals, use of computer technology in environmental compliance).
CRC Press Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, Florida 33431, USA, 1996. xx, 712p. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 49.00.

CIS 96-1481 Vandevyver B.
Risk of interference. Cleaning trains: Choose the right track
Risque d'interférence. Nettoyage des trains: choisir la bonne voie [in French]
A study in the first half of 1995 analyzed the risks of occupational accidents connected with interference between the cleaning of rolling stock and other railway operations. An important conclusion was that the introduction of a safety plan can be the occasion for changes of attitude on the part of railway operators and external enterprises in favour of closer collaboration.
Travail et sécurité, Jan. 1996, No.544, p.30-33. Illus.

1995

CIS 98-1057 Factories (Amendment) Act 1995 [Singapore]
This Act amends Chapter 104 of the 1985 Revised Edition of the 1973 Factories Act (CIS 91-703). Topics: construction sites; dangerous substances; law; machinery guarding regulations; manufacturing industries; notification of occupational accidents; plant safety and health organization; safety planning; Singapore; steam boilers; toxic substances.
Republic of Singapore - Government Gazette (Subsidiary Legislation Supplement), 10 Mar. 1995, No.4, p.23-46. Price: SGD 5.15.

CIS 96-1620 OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard: A proven written program for compliance
Pre-written programme that can be adapted for the development of a safety management programme within the enterprise in order to comply with the OSHA standard. Complete text of the OSHA Standard is included.
Government Institutes, 4 Research Place, Rockville, MD 20850, USA, 1995. Computer diskette (text in WordPerfect) + manual (176p.). Price: USD 59.00. ###

CIS 96-1618 OSHA's Respiratory Protection Standard: A proven written program for compliance
Pre-written programme that can be adapted for the development of a safety management programme within the enterprise in order to comply with the OSHA standard. Complete text of the OSHA Standard is included.
Government Institutes, 4 Research Place, Rockville, MD 20850, USA, 1995. Computer diskette (text in WordPerfect) + manual (88p.). Price: USD 59.00. ###

CIS 96-1633 OSHA's Electrical Safety and Lockout/Tagout Standards: Proven written programs for compliance
Pre-written programme that can be adapted for the development of a safety management programme within the enterprise in order to comply with the OSHA standard. Complete text of the OSHA Standards and Guidelines is included.
Government Institutes, 4 Research Place, Rockville, MD 20850, USA, 1995. Computer diskette (text in WordPerfect) + manual (182p.). Price: USD 59.00. ###

CIS 96-1624 OSHA's Process Safety Management Standard: A proven written program for compliance
Pre-written programme that can be adapted for the development of a safety management programme within the enterprise in order to comply with the OSHA standard. Complete text of the OSHA Standard is included.
Government Institutes, 4 Research Place, Rockville, MD 20850, USA, 1995. Computer diskette (text in WordPerfect) + manual (256p.). Price: USD 59.00. ###

CIS 96-1528 François M., Lievin D.
Service Ergonomie et Psychologie Industrielle, Section Ergonomie des Postes de Travail
Precarious employment and susceptibility to accidents - A statistical survey in 85 enterprises
Emplois précaires et accidentabilité - Enquête statistique dans 85 entreprises [in French]
A survey of 85 French firms with mixtures of temporary workers and staff on longer contracts showed that the latter have accidents just as often and just as seriously as temporary employees do. Some risk factors seem to be common to the two types of employment, while some are specific to one or the other. Some firms have effective safety policies for precarious work; others do not. The factors that distinguish effective policies from ineffective ones remain to be determined.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Jan. 1995. ii, 20p. Illus. 17 ref.

CIS 96-930 Center for Chemical Process Safety - 1994 Annual report
Description of the 12 elements of the CCPS process safety management system, and of the publications and activities intended to help enterprises implement the system.
Center for Chemical Process Safety, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 345 East 47th Street, New York, New York 10017-2395, USA, 1995. 24p. Illus. ###

CIS 96-579 Marstedt G., Mergner U.
Health as productive potential - Occupational safety and health promotion in the context of social and corporate change
Gesundheit als produktives Potential - Arbeitsschutz und Gesundheitsförderung im gesellschaftlichen und betrieblichen Strukturwandel [in German]
Subjects covered: calculating the cost of accidents to society in general and to the individual company; cost-benefit analyses of safety programmes; present-day changes in enterprises, such as the increase in the number of women workers, highly educated employees and employees over 50yrs of age in the workforce, the use of new technologies such as computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing and of management strategies such as lean production and team work and the impact on safety and health; safety and health problems in small and medium-sized enterprises.
Edition Sigma, Karl-Marx-Strasse 17, 12043 Berlin, Germany, 1995. 208p. 145 ref. Price: DEM 24.80.

CIS 96-10
Ministère du Travail et de l'Emploi
Decree No.95-543 of 4 May 1995. Occupational safety and health and working conditions on building sites. Inter-company occupational health, safety and working conditions groups [France]
Décret n°95-543 du 4 mai 1995. Sécurité, santé et conditions de travail sur les chantiers. Constitution du Collège interentreprises [France] [in French]
This decree makes additions to the French Labour Code which lay down the conditions under which inter-company occupational health, safety and working conditions groups must be set up: building sites in excess of 10,000 worker-days and involving more than ten firms (including sub-contractors) and/or self-employed workers. The new articles also set forth the modus operandi of the inter-company groups: membership, chairmanship, periodicity and convening of meetings, agenda, minutes, rules of procedure. They also define the sanctions incurred in the event of violation of these measures. The new provisions are applicable to building and civil engineering sites on which design work started on or after 6 May 1995; for operations commenced prior to this, they are applicable from the beginning of the building phase to projects on which construction work is not due to commence before 1 Jan. 1996. Section II of the decree of 19 Aug. 1977 (CIS 78-864) on inter-company health and safety groups, and the decree of 9 June 1977 (CIS 77-2069) on special health and safety committees are revoked.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 1995, No.160, Note No.2001-160-95, p.421-423. Also in: Journal officiel, 6 May 1995.

CIS 96-116 Harms-Ringdahl L., Ohlsson K.
Approaches to accident prevention - A comparative study of eleven Swedish authorities
A comparison was made between 11 Swedish authorities involved in accident prevention in the fields of industry, transportation, the environment, and medical care. Approaches to and methods for the prevention of accidents were examined. Representatives from the authorities participated in three seminars and responded to a questionnaire. Issues and problems of common concern to the authorities were: inciting workers to take responsibility, act in a committed manner and work systematically; overcoming safety problems with computer-controlled equipment; problems related to demands imposed on individuals, e.g. skills. Method for investigation of accidents, surveillance and inspection, and scrutiny of results of safety analyses were stated to be in progress. There did not seem to be any appreciable collaboration between authorities across sectoral boundaries with regard to safety issues. Few authorities placed importance on contacts with the international scientific community as a means for improving their approaches and working methods in relation to safety.
Safety Science, Nov. 1995, Vol.21, No.1, p.51-63. 18 ref.

CIS 96-115 Coyle I.R., Sleeman S.D., Adams N.
Safety climate
Safety climate, i.e., attitudes and perceptions relating to occupational health and safety (OHS) issues, has been largely ignored and measures such as lost time and frequency rates have been used to determine the efficacy of OHS programmes. It is clear that objective measurement of the precursors of accidents identified in a safety climate analysis provides a powerful proactive management tool. This paper reports on safety climate factors found in clerical and service organizations in Australia, and concurrent validity studies. Contrary to published studies, safety climate factors seem not to be stable across organizations. The significance of this for planning and assessing the efficacy of OHS programmes is discussed. Although safety climate factors are not stable, the safety climate factor pattern identified in organizations provides a powerful management tool for designing OHS programmes.
Journal of Safety Research, Winter 1995, Vol.26, No.4, p.247-254. 28 ref.

CIS 96-137 West G.A., Michaud R.W.
Principles of environmental health and safety management
This manual provides advice on developing an environmental management programme within an enterprise. Contents: understanding the company that the environmental health and safety (EH&S) programme is to serve; advantages of an EH&S programme; establishing the scope of corporate policies and programmes; organization of an EH&S management programme; environmental education and training; information management; cost accounting; effective workplace communications; strategic planning; process safety; pollution prevention and waste minimization; environmental concerns in business transactions; role of auditing and benchmarking. In appendix: comparative discussion of ISO standards 9000 (total quality management) and draft 14000 (environmental management).
Government Institutes Inc., 4 Research Place, Suite 200, Rockville, MD 20850, USA, 1995. xix, 359p. Bibl.ref. Index.

CIS 95-961
Health and Safety Commission, Education Service Advisory Committee
Managing health and safety in schools
This document describes the key elements of effective health and safety management systems in schools. It is addressed to school employers, head teachers, other managers and staff. Contents: the need for health and safety management; health and safety policy and the commitment of senior management; organizing for health and safety and the promotion of a positive health and safety culture by means of communication, co-operation, control and competence; planning and implementing and the need for hazard identification and risk assessment; monitoring and review of health and safety arrangements.
HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1995. iv, 26p. 24 ref. Price: GBP 5.95.

1994

CIS 99-1061 Order of 10 May 1994 establishing in the agricultural establishments mentioned in Article L.231-1 of the Labour Code the list of dangerous work activities requiring a written safety and health plan in application of Article R.237-8 of the Code [France]
Arrêté du 10 mai 1994 fixant dans les établissements agricoles visés à l'article L.231-1 du code du travail la liste des travaux dangereux pour lesquels il est établi par écrit un plan de prévention en application de l'article R.237-8 dudit code [France] [in French]
Topics: agricultural equipment; agricultural operations; agriculture; biological hazards; chemical hazards; dangerous work; fire hazards; France; law; physical hazards; safety planning.
Dictionnaire Permanent Sécurité et Conditions de Travail, Agriculture, Feuillets 40, 25 Jan. 1995, p.342.

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