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Safety supervision - 543 entries found

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CIS 95-866 Good and bad practices - Construction sites
Falsch - richtig: Situationen auf Baustellen [in German]
This brochure, using no textual information at all, shows different working situations on a construction site with illustrations of safe and usafe working practices. Reprint of Swiss document analyzed under CIS 90-1841.
Allgemeine Unfallversicherungsanstalt, Abteilung für Unfallverhütung und Berufskrankheitenbekämpfung, Adalbert-Stifter-Strasse 65, 1200 Wien, Austria, 1st ed., 1994. 30p. Illus.

CIS 95-817
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz
Directive relating to inspections to be carried out by experts under the X-ray Ordinance [Germany]
Richtlinie für Sachverständigenprüfungen nach Röntgenverordnung [in German]
This directive aims at uniformizing in Germany the inspection requirements under the Ordinance of 8 Jan. 1987 concerning protection against X-rays (see CIS 87-51). Main contents: requirements applicable to the inspection of non-medical X-ray installations and relevant reports (fixed or mobile installations used for studying micro or macrostructures, for thickness measurements, installations for teaching institutions, medical, dental and veterinary practices); authorization of medical X-ray installations (diagnostic, therapy, etc.); authorization of non-medical mobile installations. Appendices: table showing parameters to be checked and reference values for various types of installations; examples of changes which can have repercussions for radiation protection and image quality; protective equipment for different types of X-ray diagnosis of patients (mammography, urology tests, pediatric or dental examinations, etc.).
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1994. 139p.

CIS 95-807 European Parliament and Council Directive 94/60/EC of 20 Dec. 1994 amending for the 14th time Dir. 76/769/EEC on the approximation of laws... on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations [European Communities]
Directive 94/60/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil portant 14e modification de la Dir. 76/769/CEE...concernant la limitation de la mise sur le marché et de l'emploi de certaines substances et préparations dangereuses [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This directive lays down concentration limits which apply to substances and preparations contained in products to be placed on the market for sale to the general public. The substances involved are listed in annex: substances classified as toxic for reproductive purposes, substances which may cause heritable genetic damage, substances containing one or more of specific creosote components or chlorinated solvents, carcinogens and mutagens.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 31 Dec. 1994, Vol.37, No.L 365, p.1-9.

CIS 95-681 Leichnitz K.
Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and antipollution laws, and for analysis of process gases. This installment follows that abstracted under CIS 94-2020. It includes the full text of new or amended versions of the Chemicals Law (Chemikaliengesetz), Ordinance on Prohibition of Chemicals (Chemikalien-Verbotsverordnung), Ordinance on Dangerous Substances (Gefahrstoff-Verordnung) and the Ordinances on Exposure Control (Verordnungen zum Bundes-Immissionsschutzgesetz). Also included are a Decision of the European Union (93/C 138/01) on a common environmental policy and a Directive (92/72/EEC) on air pollution by ozone.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 31. Ergänzungslieferung, Nov. 1994. 270p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 95-19 Health and Safety - The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1994 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations (effective 16.1.1995) replace the 1988 COSHH Regulations (CIS 89-1092), as amended in 1991 and 1992 (CIS 92-369, 93-1077). They also implement the provisions of Directive 90/679/EEC (CIS 91-29) concerning biological hazards, while revoking The Health and Safety (Dangerous Pathogens) Regulations 1981. They impose duties on employers to protect employees and other persons who may be exposed to substances hazardous to health. These duties relate to: prohibition of importation (except from another EU state) of certain substances (2-naphthylamine, benzidine, 4-aminodiphenyl, 4-nitrodiphenyl, salts of these chemicals, matches made with white phosphorus); assessment of health risks; prevention and control of exposure; control measures; monitoring exposure; health surveillance; information, instruction and training; provisions on fumigation; exemption certificates. In the appendix: exposure limits for 42 substances; prohibition of certain substances for certain purposes; examination and testing frequency of local exhaust ventilation plant used in certain processes; specific substances for which monitoring or medical surveillance is required; fumigation exemptions and notifications; definition of carcinogens; special provisions relating to biological agents (including containment measures).
HMSO Publication Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1994. 27p. Illus. Price: GBP 4.70.

CIS 95-328 Purschwitz M.A., Stueland D.T., Lee B.C.
Feasibility study of inspection of farm machinery safety features
In a pilot study of farm machinery inspection, the status of tractor rollover protective structures (ROPS) and power take-off (PTO) shields on 36 farms in Central Wisconsin (USA) was investigated. The majority of tractors inspected lacked ROPS but did have PTO shields; the absence of these safety devices appeared to be related to the age of the machine. Education of farmers, and possibly other incentives, are needed to encourage repair or replacement and retrofitting of safety devices.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1994, Vol.1, No.2, p.29-38. 7 ref.

CIS 94-1813 European Dir. 94/27/EC of 30 June 1994 amending for the 12th time Dir. 76/769/EEC on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to restrictions on the marketing and use of...dangerous substances and preparations [European Communities]
Dir. 94/27/CE du 30.6.94, portant 12e mod. de la dir. 76/769/CEE sur le rapprochement des dispositions législatives, ... et administratives des Etats membres ...à la limitation de la mise sur le marché et de l'emploi de ... substances et préparations dangereuses [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This directive proposes measures to limit the use of nickel in certain objects coming into direct and prolonged contact with the skin, which may cause sensitization of humans to nickel and may lead to allergic reactions. The annex of the text modifies annex I to directive 76/769/EEC (CIS 92-22).
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 22 July 1994, Vol.37, No.L.188, p.1-2.

CIS 94-1810 Council Directive 94/33/EC of 22 June 1994 on the protection of young people at work [European Communities]
Directive 94/33/CE du Conseil, du 22 juin 1994, relative à la protection des jeunes au travail [Communautés européennes] [in French]
This directive specifies that the Member States shall take the necessary measures to prohibit work by children, that they shall ensure that work by adolescents is strictly regulated and that young people are protected against economic exploitation and against any work likely to harm their safety, their health or their physical, mental, moral or social development or to jeopardize their education. The general obligations on employers are described as well as the type of work prohibited. Special provisions apply to working time, night work, rest periods, annual rest and work by adolescents in the event of force majeure (unexpected emergencies). A non-exhaustive list of agents, processes and work likely to entail specific risks for young people is given in annex.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 20 Aug. 1994, Vol.37, No.L.216, p.12-20.!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31994L0033&model=guichett [in English]

CIS 94-2148 Simpson G.C.
Promoting safety improvements via potential human error audits
The development of a Potential Human Error Audit as a means of targeting accident prevention initiatives in the British coal industry is described. The framework for the audit is based on elements selected from research and the findings of disaster enquiries: the distinction between active and latent failures; classification of human errors as either unintentional or deliberate and skill based, rule based or knowledge based; the concept of performance shaping factors. An overview of the findings of such audits is presented. Post audit improvements at one colliery resulted in an 80% improvement in the accident rate.
Mining Engineer, Aug. 1994, Vol.154, No.395, p.38-42. 7 ref.

CIS 94-2020 Leichnitz K.
Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Updates to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and antipollution laws, and for analysis of process gases. These installments follow those abstracted under CIS 94-651. Supplement 28 includes a model air quality report, the fifth ordinance implementing the Federal Exposure Control Law (Bundes-Immissionsschutzgesetz), updates of a number of directives on dangerous substances (TRGS) and ILO Convention 148 (1977), incorporated into German law on 12 January 1993. Supplement 29 includes the Ordinance on Prohibition of Chemicals, directives on safety engineering (TRGS 300) and hazardous waste collection (TRGS 520), amendments of other directives, updates of the list of analytical methods recognized by the Federation of Mutual Accident Insurance Associations and a recommendation on quality in occupational safety. Supplement 30 includes the June 1994 issue of the official exposure limit (MAK, BAT and TRK) lists and updates on analysis of air pollutants.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 27.-30. Ergänzungslieferung, Feb., May, Sep. 1994. 260, 248, 246p. Illus. Bibl.ref.


CIS 99-1427 Order of 5 March 1993 requiring certain work equipment to undergo general periodic checks as specified in Article R.233-11 of the Labour Code [France]
Arrêté du 5 mars 1993 soumettant certains équipements de travail à l'obligation de faire l'objet des vérifications générales périodiques prévues à l'article R.233-11 du code du travail [France] [in French]
Topics: dangerous equipment; France; law; machinery; periodical checks; safety checks.
Journal officiel de la République française, 17 Mar. 1993, No.64, p.4149-4150.

CIS 99-1090 Order of 24 June 1993 requiring certain work equipment in agricultural establishments mentioned in Article L.231-1 to undergo general periodic checks as specified in article R.233-11 of the Labour Code [France]
Arrêté du 24 juin 1993 soumettant certains équipements de travail des établissements agricoles visés à l'article L.231-1 à l'obligation de faire l'objet de vérifications générales périodiques prévues à l'article R.233-11 du code du travail [France] [in French]
Topics: agricultural equipment; France; law; periodical checks; safety checks.
Dictionnaire Permanent Sécurité et Conditions de Travail, Agriculture, Feuillets 40, 25 Jan. 1995, p.341-342.

CIS 98-610 Piqué Ardanuy T.
Check-lists for the control of accident hazards
Cuestionario de chequeo para el control de riesgos de accidente [in Spanish]
Topics: check lists; data sheet; fire protection; hazard evaluation; human factors; mechanical hazards; occupational safety; physical hazards; plant safety organization; risk factors; Spain; work organization.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1993. 4p. 2 ref.

CIS 98-130 Work permits
Data sheet on work permits (Canada), 1993. Topics: Canada; data sheet; information of personnel; permits-to-work.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association, 250 Yonge Street, 28th Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5B 2N4, Canada, Aug. 1993. 5p.

CIS 98-297 Interlocked equipment
Installations couplées [in French]
Topics: automatic guards; automation; Canada; control elements; conveyors; data sheet; locking for safety.
Mining Health and Safety Program, Occupational Health and Safety Branch, Ministry of Labour, Ontario, Canada, Aug. 1993. 1p.

CIS 97-13
Ministério do Ambiente e Recursos Naturais
Decree-Law No.54/93 of 26 February on restrictions on the use and marketing of certain dangerous substances and preparations [Portugal]
Decreto-Lei n°54/93 de 26 de Fevereiro: limitação do uso, fabricação e comercialização de certas substâncias e preparações perigosas [in Portuguese]
Subject: restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations, such as benzene and compounds, lead carbonates and sulfates, mercury compounds, arsenic compounds, organostannous compounds. Also included: labelling; competent authority; penalties. Annex: names and CAS number of chemical products mentioned. Reference to Decree-Law 47/90 of 9 February (CIS 96-1935); Directive 89/677/EEC.
Diário da República, 26 Feb. 1993, Series I-A, No.48, p.843-844.

CIS 95-1950 Council Directive of 5 April 1993 on the harmonization of the provisions relating to the placing on the market and supervision of explosives for civil uses [European Communities]
Directive du Conseil, du 5 avril 1993, relative à l'harmonisation des dispositions concernant la mise sur le marché et le contrôle des explosifs à usage civil [Communautés européennes] [in French]
Main contents of this directive on the harmonization of the provisions relating to the placing on the market and supervision of explosives for civil uses: general provisions; harmonization of laws relating to explosives; provisions governing the supervision of transfers within the European Community; other provisions; final provisions (penalties to be applied for infringement of the provisions, measures enabling the seizure of any product which could be illicitly acquired, used or dealt with). Annexes: essential safety requirements (special requirements of blasting explosives, detonating cords, safety fuses, igniter cords, shock tubes, detonators and relays, propellants and rocket propellants); EC type-examination, conformity to type, production quality assurance, product quality assurance, product verification, unit verification; minimum criteria to be taken into account by Member States for the notification of bodies; conformity marking.
Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 15 May 1993, Vol.36, No.L 121, p.20-36.

CIS 95-1378 Koch T.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz
Permission switches
Zustimmungsschalter [in German]
Permission switches activate robot controls as long as they are pressed. For programming, maintenance or repair work these switches may have to be activated and deactivated several times in rapid succession, leading to operator fatigue. This study proposes various ergonomic solutions of this problem, including the use of integrated sensors and radio controls.
Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, Am Alten Hafen 113-115, 2850 Bremerhaven 1, Germany, 1993. 93p. Illus. 33 ref. Price: DEM 21.00.

CIS 95-892 Aumas M.
Syndicat des industries de matériels de manutention
Industrial trucks - Safety rules
Chariots de manutention automoteurs - Conseils d'utilisation [in French]
This booklet, illustrated with humorous drawings, is intended as a guide for industrial truck users and operators as well as those in charge of their maintenance or responsible for drafting in-plant safety rules. It summarizes minimal requirements to be met in France for the use of industrial trucks. Certain regulatory aspects such as the licencing of operators, periodic inspections and overhauls and sections of the French Highway Code applicable to power trucks are reviewed. Fire precautions are also covered.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30, rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Mar. 1993. 47p. Illus.

CIS 94-1897 James D.W.B.
Safety inspections - A checklist
An inspection checklist is presented as a means of observing and reporting workplace hazards in a structured way. The following headings are used: machine guarding; stacking and storage; vehicles; roadways; working areas; means of access (ladders, scaffolds); hand tools; power tools; hazardous substances; fire precautions; general points.
Industrial Safety Data File, Dec. 1993, p.A:8:7:5-A:8:7:8.

CIS 94-1189 Conforti J.V.
Lockout tagout pocket guide
Pocket guide to the requirements for locking-out or tagging-out (controlling) energy sources during servicing and/or maintenance of machines and equipment, written for workers. Contents: legal aspects; hazardous energy sources (electrical, mechanical, thermal and potential energy); energy control program (lockout versus tagout, performance requirements for lockout/tagout devices, safety tips); energy control procedures and application materials; energy control situations not requiring documented procedures; training; glossary.
Genium Publishing Corporation, One Genium Plaza, Schenectady, NY 12304-4690, USA, 1993. 60p. Illus. Price: USD 4.18 (per copy, for a minimum order of 10 copies), lower prices for large-quantity orders.

CIS 94-1043 Meyer-Bisch C.
When, why and how to monitor the calibration of screening audiometers
Contrôler l'étalonnage des audiomètres de dépistage - Quand, comment et pourquoi? [in French]
Audiometers must be well calibrated and regularly monitored. According to French regulations, in addition to the usual verifications, every audiometer must be submitted to an objective check of its calibration at least once a year. The tones are defined in terms of frequency and intensity. Explanations on intensity of sounds are given as well as indications as to calibration routine for fixed frequencies and high definition audiometers. The importance of the choice of headphones is discussed.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, 1993, Vol.54, No.7, p.569-575. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 94-780
Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Formation professionnelle
Government Orders of 5 and 19 March 1993 and of 4 and 9 June 1993 on the conditions and periodicity of general checking carried out on certain working equipment and personal protective equipment [France]
Arrêtés des 5 et 19 mars 1993 et des 4 et 9 juin 1993 relatifs aux conditions et à la périodicité des vérifications générales portant sur certains équipements de travail et équipements de protection individuelle [France] [in French]
The Order of 5 March 1993 gives a list of working equipment (machinery) that should not be used without having undergone regular general checking in keeping with Art. R.233-11 of the French Labour Code. The Order of 4 June 1993 states that this checking should cover all machine parts likely to cause danger if damaged. The type of checks to be carried out is also described in detail. The Order of 19 March 1993 gives a list of personal protective equipment that should not be used without having undergone regular general checking as provided for in Art. R.233-42 of the French Labour Code. It states the purpose of the checking (Art.2).The Order of 9 June sets forth the conditions governing the checking of machinery used for lifting loads or elevating workplaces or people, in keeping with Art.R.233-11 and R.233-84 of the French Labour Code. A list of equipment subject to such checking and equipment to which it does not apply is appended. The Orders of 16 Aug. 1951 (as amended) and 2 Apr. 1980 are repealed.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 1993, No.152, Note No.1941-152-93, p.493-498. Also available as an offprint from the INRS.

CIS 94-651 Leichnitz K.
Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and antipollution laws, and for analysis of process gases. This installment follows that abstracted under CIS 93-1983. It includes the latest version of the German Ordinance on Dangerous Substances (Gefahrstoffverordnung), effective 1 Nov. 1993, and its Annexes I-IV: specifications for data sheets; classification and labelling of preparations and pesticides; labelling of certain substances, preparations and products; prohibitions of manufacture or use; special provisions for certain substances and activities; substances for which medical surveillance of exposed persons is required.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 27 Ergänzungslieferung, Dec. 1993. 170p. Illus. Bibl.ref.

CIS 94-596
Health and Safety Executive
The Coal Mines (Owner's Operating Rules) Regulations 1993 - Guidance on Regulations
These Regulations apply to all coal mines and require the owner of the mine to ensure that the mine is not worked unless there are in force owner's operating rules which are suitable for that mine. The full text of the Regulations is reproduced followed by guidance on the content of the operating rules presented in the form of model rules. These cover the ventilation of blind ends, mine fires (fire fighting, underground belt conveyors, fire precautions in winding engine houses, training in the use of a self-rescuer) and frictional ignition.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk C010 6FS, United Kingdom, 1993. iv, 34p. Price: GBP 5.50.

CIS 94-144 Lock-outs
Consignations et déconsignations [in French]
Many accidents are due to inadequately protected machinery or equipment that has been shut down/inactivated for repairs, maintenance or other reasons. Such accidents may occur because of contact with electrically live surfaces, exposure to dangerous chemicals, unexpected machine movement or the action of pressurized fluids. In most cases, the victim believes that he/she is safe, while the lock-out system is inadequate. This guide is aimed at setting up lock-out procedures that are appropriate to the situation. Other methods suitable for safe shut-down procedures are also discussed. The guide may be useful for both designers and users of equipment.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, July 1993. 23p. Illus. 12 ref.

CIS 93-1987 Montreal Protocol. Recommendations on nominations for essential use production/consumption exemptions and international bank management of halons
Protocole de Montréal. Recommandations relatives aux propositions d'utilisations essentielles aux fins d'exemptions de production/consommation et de gestion des stocks internationaux de halons [in French]
At the Fourth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol a phase out of production and consumption of halons by 1 January 1994 was mandated. This report by the Halons Technical Options Committee considers nominations made by certain Parties for the granting of production/consumption exemptions for 1994. Following a discussion of the availability of halons and alternative fire protection technologies, the Committee concludes that there is no no justification for granting such exemptions. Alternative fire extinguisher and fire suppression systems are suggested for various applications.
United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), July 1993. 10p.

CIS 93-1986 Montreal Protocol. Executive summary of the 1993 report of the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel
Protocole de Montréal. Sommaire analytique du rapport de 1993 du Groupe d'évaluation technique et économique [in French]
This summary report considers the recommendation of the Halon Technical Options Committee (see CIS 93-1987) that no exemption for the production/consumption of halon is required for 1994; the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel agrees with and endorses the Committee's recommendation. Other topics discussed include progress in eliminating substances controlled by the Montreal Protocol and the technical and economic feasibility of identifying products made with but not containing controlled substances.
United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), July 1993. 8p.

CIS 93-1833 Rousseau C.
Safety management by the worker - Evidence for safety behaviour during worksite operations
Gestion de la sécurité par l'opérateur - Mise en évidence de conduites sécuritaires au cours d'une activité de chantier [in French]
This article presents the main findings of a study concerning the management of safety by workers. A worksite activity (the replacement of a circuit-breaker on a pole) involving two or three workers was analysed, and the results showed the complexity of safety management by the workers and highlighted the importance of improving workers' ability to anticipate safety problems.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 2nd Quarter 1993, No.151, Note No.1929-151-93, p.313-319. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 93-1915 Pagliero D., Nicolaisen P.
Emergency stopping performance of industrial robots - Findings of a study on industrial sites
Performances d'arrêt d'urgence des robots - Bilan d'une étude sur sites industriels [in French]
Study of a device designed to measure the braking performance of industrial robots without being physically connected to the moving robot. This device has been used on industrial and experimental sites to collect information on emergency stopping performance. Description of the measuring method used and comparison with other relevant measuring principles. Description of the test protocol adopted for this type of measuring and assessment of suitability for use on all industrial robots. Analysis of the results, statistics on the emergency stopping performances of industrial robots and presentation of initial conclusions.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 2nd Quarter 1993, No.151, Note No.1924-151-93, p.253-272. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 93-1516 Springfeldt B.
Effects of occupational safety rules and measures with special regard to injuries - Advantages of automatically working solutions
This thesis evaluates safety rules and their application to Swedish industry. It is based on five Royal Institute of Technology studies which demonstrate various methods of solving safety problems: farm tractor roll-overs in Sweden; roll-over of tractors - international experiences; explosion injuries caused by tyres and rims; design of bolt guns for better safety; cutting of meat - attitudes to safety problems. The studies show that rules prescribing special safety standards for machinery and equipment are generally more effective than those prescribing supplementary protection. Detailed reports of the five studies are included.
The Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Work Science, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden, 1993. 127p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Annexes: 28p + 15p.

CIS 93-1471 Inspecting your workplace - A guide for manufacturers
This booklet provides guidelines for establishing and conducting effective workplace inspections. Contents: definition and objectives of a workplace inspection; types of inspection; legal requirements; purpose and function of workplace inspections; preparing for the inspection (policy, organisation, information requirements); conducting the inspection; reporting procedures and responsibilities for follow-up. A sample checklist and recording form are included.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association, 250 Yonge Street, 28th Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5B 2N4, Canada, 1993. 25p. Illus. Price: CAD 2.95 (IAPA members), CAD 4.95 (non-members).

CIS 93-800 Gun R.T.
The role of regulations in the prevention of occupational injury
An investigation was made of 98 worksites where severe or moderately severe injuries had recently been reported, and, where possible, of matching worksites where a similar accident had not occurred, at least for a period of 2 years. On the basis of the results it was estimated that about one-half of serious injuries are attributable to violation of a regulation and that failure of compliance with regulations would result in a 2.25-fold increase in the injury rate. Compliance was associated with management awareness of regulatory requirements and with training of management in safety. It is concluded that regulations have a substantial relevance to occupational injury. Summaries in French and German.
Safety Science, Jan. 1993, Vol.16, No.1, p.47-66. 9 ref.

CIS 93-1050 Battmann W., Klumb P.
Behavioural economics and compliance with safety regulations
The concept of behavioural economics is discussed and used to explain why safety rules are followed or violated and how interventions that are relatively easy to apply may be derived. It is argued that a major part of the deliberate violations of rules and regulations in socio-technical systems can be explained as a consequence of the disregard of three propositions of behavioural economics by system designers and managers: unclear or conflicting rules or constraints; delayed, ambiguous or missing feedback; absence of clear priority rules in cases of conflicts between high-level and low-level safety commitments. Summaries in French and German.
Safety Science, Jan. 1993, Vol.16, No.1, p.35-46. 29 ref.


CIS 98-1097 Regulation of 1992 concerning the registration and control of toxic or dangerous substances, products and objects [Costa Rica]
Reglamento de registro y control de sustancias o productos tóxicos y sustancias, productos u objetos peligrosos [Costa Rica] [in Spanish]
This Regulation modifies Decree No.16335-S of 1985 concerning the general classification and definition of dangerous substances (CIS 98-1096). Topics: approval; classification; combustible substances; control of issue of dangerous materials; corrosive substances; Costa Rica; dangerous substances; explosion prevention; labelling; law; radioactive substances; safety and health organization; toxic substances.
La Gaceta - Diario Oficial (Costa Rica), 17 Sep. 1992, No.179, p.2-7. Illus.

CIS 94-302 Friedrich C.
How do exhaust systems function properly over a long period of time?
Wie sind Abzüge auch auf Dauer sicher? [in German]
In school, university and hospital laboratories, exhaust systems must be used to eliminate harmful substances from the workplace air. According to the new version of the German Standard DIN 12924 part 1, the performance of exhaust systems must be monitored. An optical as well as acoustical alarm must be sounded in case of any malfunction. For exhaust systems built before 1991, the old version of the Standard, with no monitoring requirement, still applies. The velocity at which air is drawn off by these units must be checked at regular intervals in order to determine whether they are still functioning properly. The procedure to determine the exhaust rate is outlined.
Sicherheit im öffentlichen Dienst, Jan.-Feb. 1992, Vol.20, No.1, p.5-7. Illus.

CIS 94-253 Moses L.N., Savage I.
The effectiveness of motor carrier safety audits
In 1986 the US federal government expanded its programme of company inspections for enforcement of motor carrier safety regulations. Many parts of these inspections are unrelated to the safety performance of firms. Nevertheless, reinspection of firms found to be unsatisfactory in a previous inspection does appear to bring about a substantial improvement in their safety performance. However, such firms represent a small fraction of the industry, and the probability of being inspected is very low. Thus, the programme does not appear to have resulted in a detectable improvement in the accident rate of the industry.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, Oct. 1992, Vol.24, No.5, p.479-496. 12 ref.

CIS 93-2055 Lamoureux P., Otter B.
Electromagnetic lock with built-in bolt position control: Selection and installation - Practical guide
Verrou électromagnétique avec contrôle intégré de position du pêne - Choix et montage - Fiche pratique de sécurité [in French]
This practical guide describes the available electromagnetic locks, provides suggestions for their proper installation and, with the help of an electric diagram, it shows how such locks can be integrated into the control circuitry of a machine.
Travail et sécurité, Oct. 1992, No.505, p.563-566. Illus.

CIS 93-1493 Pritchard J.A.
Respiratory protection program and record keeping kit
Part 1 of this workbook describes a minimally-acceptable respirator programme meeting the requirements of ANSI Z88.2-1980 (Practices for Respiratory Protection) and covers: preparation of written standard operating procedures; programme administration; medical evaluation and surveillance; hazard evaluation and respirator selection; respirator fitting and training; facial hair, contact lenses and eye and face protective devices; respirator inspection and maintenance; supervision of respirator use; respirator programme evaluation. An annotated list of reference material and standards is included. Part 2 contains a sample written standard operating procedure including sample forms and records.
Van Nostrand Reinhold, 115 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003, USA, 1992. 73p. Illus. 9 ref. Also available from: International Thomson Publishing Services Ltd., Cheriton House, North Way, Andover SP10 5BE, Hampshire, United Kingdom. Price: GBP 52.00.

CIS 93-1723 Lockout
This data sheet explains the need to physically neutralise all energies in a piece of equipment before starting any maintenance or repair work and describes a systematic approach to the lockout procedure. A table summarises general lockout guidelines for various energy forms (electricity , fluid pressure, air pressure, kinetic and potential energy, pressurised liquids and gases).
Industrial Accident Prevention Association, 250 Yonge Street, 28th Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5B 2N4, Canada, Rev.ed., Nov. 1992. 6p. Illus. 1 ref. Price: CAD 1.15 (members), CAD 2.35 (non-members).

CIS 93-1318 Booth M., Butler J.D.
A new approach to permit to work systems offshore
On 6 July 1988, the North Sea oil installation Piper Alpha was destroyed following a series of explosions and a major fire. One hundred and sixty-five men lost their lives. One of the most significant causes of the tragedy on Piper Alpha was the breakdown in co-ordination of hazardous activities. This should have been achieved through the Permit to Work procedures. The failure of these procedures led many operators of offshore oil installations to review their own systems. This article is about the radical overhaul of the Permit to Work procedure of one of the largest operators, Shell UK Exploration and Production, and the introduction of the revised systems to over 30 of its installations over a period of 18 months. Particular emphasis is placed on the control and co-ordination of dangerous operations, the maintenance of effective plant and process isolations and the establishment of defined authorities and responsibilities. All these have been backed up by an extensive training and competence assurance programme reinforced by strict auditing and a quality improvement process.
Safety Science, Nov. 1992, Vol.15, Nos.4-6, Special issue, p.309-326. 3 ref.

CIS 93-1234 Hopper A.G., Dean A.J.
Safety in fishing - Learning from experience
This article analyses the level of safety in some sections of the UK fishing industry by looking at accident statistics and by examining recent case histories. Fishing has always been a high-risk profession but there are ways in which risks can be diminished. Many of the problems are due to vessels being built below the 12m threshold at which the 1975 Safety Rules currently apply. Some of the vessels lack adequate reserve stability to withstand capsizing in a dynamic situation and there are deficiencies in design and safety equipment. The training programmes produced by Seafish Technology on survival, fire fighting and first aid are now mandatory for all new entrants into the profession. However, there is a need for a much greater awareness of accident prevention.
Safety Science, Nov. 1992, Vol.15, Nos.4-6, Special issue, p.249-271. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 93-1368 Mougeot B., Schutz D., Fauconnet M., Lamoureux P.
Key-operated electromechanical limit switches
Interrupteurs de position électromécaniques à clé [in French]
This paper presents a series of tests carried out on 22 key-operated electromechanical limit switches. The characteristics of the devices are described, together with the tests performed (impossibility of bypass, mechanical endurance, resistance to removal of key when in the locked position, behaviour in dusty environments). While most key-operated switches behave well in the first three tests, many are highly sensitive to dusty atmospheres.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 4th Quarter 1992, Note No. 1902-149-92, p.531-542. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 93-1084 Health and Safety - The Lifting Plant and Equipment (Records of Test and Examination etc.) Regulations 1992 [United Kingdom]
These regulations replace and update the particulars which must be recorded following safety tests and examinations of lifting plant and equipment (for the Guide on the interpretation of this Regulation, see CIS 93-321).
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 10p. Price: GBP 2.30.

CIS 93-801 Rouhiainen V.
QUASA: A method for assessing the quality of safety analysis
The described method is based on evaluation of the analysis process and identification of its deficiencies by means of a checklist. In order to validate the method, the interassessor reliability was examined by conducting parallel independent assessments of the same safety analysis. The validity of the method in uncovering deficiencies in the safety analysis was examined by using information on critical incidents collected from the analysed activity and descriptions of accidents as reference. The results of the study demonstrated that this new method is capable of revealing most of the significant deficiencies in a safety analysis. Summaries in French and German.
Safety Science, Sep. 1992, Vol.15, No.3, p.155-172. Illus. 25 ref.

CIS 93-1028
Health and Safety Executive
Record of test, test and examination or test and thorough examination of lifting plant and equipment
A pad of 10 forms to record test, test and examination or test and thorough examination of lifting plant and equipment according to British requirements. Items listed include: description and date of manufacture of equipment; name and address of owner of equipment and its location; identification mark of equipment; safe working loads; details of the test or examination carried out; date of completion.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 2p. Price: GBP 3.00 (GPB 25.00 per 10 pads).

CIS 93-1027
Health and Safety Executive
Record of thorough examination of lifting plant and equipment
A pad of ten forms to record thorough examination of lifting plant and equipment in the United Kingdom. Items listed include: description and identification mark of equipment; name and address of owner of equipment and its location; date of most recent test and thorough examination; safe working loads; details of any defects found; dates by which defects must be rectified; parts of equipment found to be inaccessible; latest date by which next thorough examination must be carried out.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 10p. Price: GBP 3.00 (GBP 25.00 per 10 pads).

CIS 93-421 Inspecting your store - A guide for retailers and employees
Contents of this guide: importance of regular planned workplace inspections; legal requirements; guidelines on establishing procedures, preparing for and carrying out store inspections, reporting findings and recommendations and following up. Sample checklists and recording forms are included.
Industrial Accident Prevention Association, 250 Yonge Street, 28th Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5B 2N4, Canada, 1992. 36p. Illus. Price: CAD 2.35 (IAPA members), CAD 3.55 (non-members).

CIS 93-359 Health and Safety - The Asbestos (Prohibitions) Regulations 1992 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations (entry into force: 1 Jan. 1993) replace the Asbestos (Prohibitions) Regulations 1985, and they implement as respects Great Britain Commission Directive 91/659/EEC (see CIS 92-19) adapting to technical progress Annex I of Council Directive 76/769/EEC (CIS 92-22). The Regulations prohibit the importation, supply and use of all forms of amphibole asbestos (crocidolite, amosite, and fibrous actinolite, anthophyllite and tremolite), as well as mixtures containing any of these minerals. Asbestos spraying by any person is prohibited. The supply and use of a number of products (listed in the schedule) containing chrysotile is also prohibited.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1992. 4p. Price: GBP 1.05.

CIS 93-105 James D.W.B.
Safety by inspection
Methods are described for ensuring that the workplace and its equipment receive regular scrutiny in order to discover hazards and assess risks. These include: safety audits in which every feature of the operational system is carefully scrutinised in order to identify all the loss factors (accident causes) within the workplace and to minimise and eliminate them; safety surveys in which a specific area of concern is examined in depth; routine schedules safety inspections of individual plants, departments, sections or work sites; safety tours; safety sampling; theme inspections; and inspection of documents.
Industrial Safety Data File, Oct. 1992, p.A:8:7:1-A:8:7:4

CIS 93-15
Ministère du travail, de l'emploi et de la formation professionnelle
Workers on fixed-term contracts and temporary workers: Excerpts from the Act of 12 July 1990, the Order of 8 October 1990 and the Decree of 25 June 1992 [France]
Travailleurs sous contrat de travail à durée déterminée et travailleurs temporaires: Extraits de la loi du 12 juillet 1990, arrêté du 8 octobre 1990 et décret du 25 juin 1992 [France] [in French]
This note which updates and replaces note No.1822-142-91 (see CIS 91-1758) contains excerpts from the legislation currently in force in France and related to the occupational safety and health of workers on fixed-term contracts and temporary workers, including: Act No.90-613 of 12 July 1990 (published in the Official Journal of 14 July 1990), which modifies the regulations governing temporary contracts, encouraging job stability and improving the conditions of employment of these employees; the Order of 8 October 1990 (published in the Official Journal of 9 November 1990) which lists the jobs workers on fixed-term contracts and temporary staff may not be employed in; the Decree No.92-558 of 25 June 1992 (published in the Official Journal of 27 June 1992) which amends the French Social Security Code by addition of art. R.242-6-1 to R.242-6-3: apportionment of costs of occupational accidents or diseases between temporary employment agencies and employing firms.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd Quarter 1992, No.148, Note No.1893-148-92, p.401-408.

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