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Safety supervision - 543 entries found

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CIS 03-334 Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update of the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws and for the analysis of process gases (CIS 90-955). Contents: new NIOSH analytical methods; updates of the Ordinances on chemicals, on prohibited chemicals and on biological substances; Ordinance on major hazards; Directive for writing safety data sheets for dangerous substances and preparations; update of the following technical rules (TRGS): disinfection of premises using formaldehyde (TRSG 522) and sensitizers (TRSG 540); appendices I and II of Directive 88/379/EEC on the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous preparations.
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 53. Ergänzungslieferung, Aug. 2000. 246p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 02-1567 Strategic control of occupational safety and health
Auditoria estratégica em segurança e saúde no trabalho [in Portuguese]
Working documents of a training course on the strategic control of occupational safety and health in two volumes. The first contains prints of the viewgraphs. Main topics covered: OSH policy; global strategies; action plans; accident indicators; integrated occupational safety and health management systems; labour inspection; audits; tripartite negotiations; legislation and labour protection. The second volume contains background reading material for the topics covered in the programme.
Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego, Brasília, Brazil, [c2000]. 115p. Illus. (Vol.I); 213p. Illus. Bibl.ref. (Vol.II).

CIS 02-1214 Bestratén Belloví M., Cuscó Vidal J.M.
Prevention management systems: Permits-to-work for special work
Sistema de gestión preventiva: autorizaciones de trabajos especiales [in Spanish]
According to the provisions of the law on the prevention of occupational hazards (see CIS 95-1921) and the regulations on occupational safety and health services, enterprises are required to implement various occupational safety and health activities, to define procedures and compile the corresponding documentation. This information note proposes a simple model of a procedure enabling the documenting of permits-to-work for special work (in confined spaces, hot or cold workplaces, electrical work, etc.). It also presents an example of a permit-to-work for dangerous work form. See also CIS 02-1211/1213 and CIS 02-1215.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2000. 4p. Illus.

CIS 01-1034 Kuusisto A.
Safety management systems - Audit tools and reliability of auditing
Several methods or tools have been developed for supporting safety auditing. The aim of these safety audit methods is to help the company's management follow systematically the overall progress in safety control. This work evaluates the reliability of some safety audit tools. Firstly, the factors affecting reliability are clarified. Secondly, the inter-observer reliability of an audit tool is tested, using an audit method known as the D and S method, in six industrial companies in the USA and three in Finland. Finally, a new audit method called MISHA was developed, and its reliability was tested in two industrial companies. The results show that safety audit tools are helpful during the safety audit process, but do not ensure reliable and valid audit results. The role of the auditor is always essential in safety auditing. The reliability testing of MISHA revealed that it gives more reliable results than D and S when the auditor is not trained. On the other hand, it seems that the D and S is more reliable when the auditor is a trained expert.
Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT), Vuorimiehentie 5, P.O. Box 2000, 02044 VTT, Finland, 2000. 174p. Illus. 142 ref. [in English]

CIS 01-373 Approach for integrating temporary workers in the building and construction induustry: Practical proposals
Démarche d'intégration des intérimaires dans le bâtiment et les travaux publics: propositions d'application [in French]
The objective of this booklet is to assist both building contractors using temporary workers and agencies supplying these workers in understanding the issues relating to temporary workers. It encourages them to adopt a collaborative approach to improve the process of integrating temporary workers on building sites. In particular, the approach involves analysing the need, having recourse to an agency for the recruiting, reception on the construction site, supervision and training. Check lists aimed at helping the analysis during each step are included as appendices.
Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1st ed., Apr. 2000. 85p. Illus. 25 ref.

CIS 01-552
Health and Safety Executive
Authorisation under the Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999 [United Kingdom]
This information note is aimed at employers working with ionizing radiation. It explains how to comply with the requirements in regulation 5 of the Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999 (IRR99, see CIS 00-617) for the authorization of certain practices. It also describes the system of generic authorization under which radiation employers may be exempt from the requirement.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Apr. 2000. 4p. 2 ref.

CIS 01-530
Health and Safety Executive
Control of safety risks at gas turbines used for power generation
This guidance is aimed at manufacturers, suppliers and operators of gas turbines (GTs) used for electrical power generation. It mentions the various hazards associated with GTs and describes ways in which they can be eliminated or prevented. Main topics covered: hazards (leaks, ignition, explosion, noise, mechanical hazards, electric shock); risk assessment; precautions against fire; precautions against explosion; GT purging; gas detectors; control systems; emergency procedures; limiting and preventing mechanical failures; electrical issues; electromagnetic radiation; legal requirements.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, July 2000. 8p. 3 ref. Price: GBP 6.50.

CIS 00-1438
Health and Safety Executive
Progress on UKEA's response to the 1998 HSE/SEPA audit of Dounreay
A detailed audit of safety management at the Dounreay nuclear site was conducted in 1998. The audit report made 143 recommendations. A first annual report on the progress in implementing the recommendations was made in September 1999. This is the second such report, published in September 2000, and monitors the progress made in each of the themes of the audit, which include: safety management systems; safety culture; management and organization; human resources and training; presentation of safety cases; operational strategies for fuels, decommissioning and radioactive waste.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2000. 6p. Illus.

CIS 00-1378 Angel R.
Risks of accidents from working with robots
Los riesgos de accidentes en el trabajo con robots [in Spanish]
Most accidents from working with robots are caused by system failures, although a non-negligible portion are due to conscious or unconscious operator recklessness. This article describes the required reliability during the shutting-down of robot installations (controlled shut-down during production, emergency shut-down, control of the clamp, interconnections of the various stop devices). It also provides answers to frequently asked questions on the use of industrial robots and outlines the requirements necessary to ensure that employees can program the equipment, supervise production and cross production areas under safe conditions.
Protección y seguridad, May-June 2000, Vol.46, No.271, p.22-28. Illus.

CIS 00-355 Seaver M., O'Mahoney L.
ISA 2000: The system for occupational health and safety management
This manual in two volumes contains guidance on how to use the International Safety Audit (ISA) 2000 as an effective means of managing occupational safety and health. Volume 1 includes the mandatory elements of ISA 2000 which have been selected to provide management controls against the general hazards encountered in all workplaces, large or small, reflecting minimum compliance with fundamental safety law. Volume 2 contains the supplementary elements which may be necessary or desirable for many companies on account of legal requirements or particular circumstances. The training system, built up from 233 individual elements, gives practical advice and provides samples of procedures, forms and checklists for an audit.
Gower Publishing Limited, Gower House, Croft Road, Aldershot, Hampshire GU11 3RH, United Kingdom, Jan. 2000. 2 binders (Vol.1: xx, 254p., Vol.2: v, 234 p.). Illus. Index. Price: GBP 250.00.


CIS 03-1518 Health and Safety - The Asbestos (Prohibitions) (Amendment) Regulations 1999 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations amend the 1992 Regulations prohibiting most uses of asbestos (see CIS 93-359), at the same time implementing in Great Britain Commission Directive 1999/77/EC (see CIS 99-1767). Among the changes introduced the Regulations change the definition of "supply" to cover the supply of asbestos for considerations other than money. The prohibition on the importation, supply and use of asbestos is extended to chrysotile. Provision is made for the granting of exemptions in the interest of national security. In annex: schedule of derogations from the prohibition on the importation, supply and use of chrysotile.
The Stationery Office Ltd (TSO), PO Box 29, Norwich NR3 1GN, United Kingdom, 1999. 5p. Price: GBP 2.00. [in English]

CIS 03-904 Montenegro S.
Safe and error-tolerant controls: Development of safety-oriented systems
Sichere und fehlertolerante Steuerungen: Entwicklung sicherheitsrelevanter Systeme [in German]
Accidents caused by machinery may have serious consequences for the owner or the manufacturer. Aimed at manufacturers and designers of machinery, this publication proposes simple and effective solutions for equipping machinery with fault-tolerant controls. Main topics addressed: design of safe control systems; identification and control of hazards; safety and fault-tolerance of systems during machinery use; systematic approach to design; solving of problems due to design errors. A CD-ROM containing the publication in PDF format is included.
Carl Hanser Verlag, München, Germany, 1999. vii, 188p. Illus. 113 ref. Index. Price: EUR 44.90. Includes a CD-ROM.

CIS 02-390 Turmo Sierra E.
Safety valves: Failure modes and reliability
Válvulas de seguridad: modos de fallo y fiabilidad [in Spanish]
Safety valves are elements whose purpose is to protect plant and equipment, and whose failure is a factor in major chemical accidents. Contents of this information note: most frequent modes of failure and their causes; confinement methods that would improve the reliability of manufacturing systems; cases of accidents caused by safety valve failures; data on the reliability of various types of safety valves (see also CIS 02-391).
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1999. 5p. 1 ref.

CIS 01-203 Ködel W.
Escape and rescue routes
Flucht- und Rettungswege [in German]
Because inspections in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia have shown that many escape routes in companies do not fulfil safety requirements, an improvement campaign was started. Managers and employees of companies were motivated to check the safety of their escape routes. A check list was made available to the companies for this purpose. With it the width, height, length, illumination and design of exit doors of escape routes can be checked by a staff member of the company for compliance with the rules. Random inspections are planned to see whether the effort has improved the conditions of escape routes.
Sicherheitsingenieur, Jan. 1999, Vol.30, No.1, p.22-24. Illus.

CIS 00-1512 Department Order No.4: Hazardous Work and Activities to Persons below 18 Years of Age [Philippines]
This Regulation contains a list of types of work and activity prohibited to minors because of their particular hazards: work exposing children to physical, psychological or sexual abuse; underground work; work with dangerous machinery, equipment or tools, or which involves manual handling or transport of heavy loads; work in an unhealthy environment; work under particularly difficult conditions (night work, long hours, confinement to the premises of the employer).
Department of Labor and Employment, Intramuros, Manila, Philippines, Series 1999, 1p.

CIS 00-1715
Health and Safety Executive
Emergency isolation of process plant in the chemical industry
Topics: automatic guards; chemical plant; containment; data sheet; emergency organization; hazard evaluation; major hazards; pressure vessels and systems; safety by design; safety devices; safety engineering; shutdown procedure; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Jan. 1999. 3p. 4 ref.

CIS 00-680 Laitinen H., Marjamäki M., Päivärinta K.
The validity of the TR safety observation method on building construction
The results of safety inspections carried out on building construction sites were compared with the accident figures of the same sites. The observed safety aspects were: working habits, scaffolding and ladders, machines and equipment, protection against falling, lighting and electricity, and order and tidiness. Each item was scored as "correct" if it met the safety standards, otherwise as "not correct". The safety index was calculated as a percentage of the "correct" items related to all the observed items. There was a significant correlation between the observed safety index and the accident rate of the site groups. The sites with the lowest observed safety index had, on average, a three times higher accident rate than the sites with the highest safety index. The method is used by the site personnel as an internal weekly safety inspection and feedback tool. The state safety inspections use the method as a means of objective feedback for the companies.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, Sep. 1999, Vol.31, No.5, p.463-472. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 00-620 Health and Safety - The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1999 [United Kingdom]
These Regulations re-enact, with minor modifications, Regulations No.1994/3246 on the same topic (CIS 95-19), as amended subsequently. It is consistent with, and implements as respects Great Britain, various European Council Directives, in particular 80/1107/EEC (CIS 81-1610) and Commission Directives 91/322/EEC (CIS 92-1427) and 96/94/EC (CIS 97-9), as well as others with more limited scope (vinyl chloride, benzene, carcinogens etc.). The Regulations impose duties on employers to protect employees and other persons who may be exposed to substances hazardous to health. These duties relate to: prohibition of importation (except from another EU state) of certain substances (2-naphthylamine, benzidine, 4-aminodiphenyl, 4-nitrodiphenyl, salts of these chemicals, matches made with white phosphorus); assessment of health risks; prevention, control and monitoring of exposure; health surveillance; information, instruction and training; fumigation; exemption certificates. In the schedules: list of carcinogens; prohibition of certain substances for certain purposes; special provisions relating to biological agents; examination and testing frequency of local exhaust ventilation plant; specific substances to be monitored; medical surveillance in connection with certains substances; fumigation exemptions and notifications.
The Stationery Office Ltd., P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1999. 25p. Illus. Price: GBP 4.50.

CIS 00-89 Carol Llopart S.
Authorisation procedure for special work in small and medium-sized enterprises
El permiso de trabajos especiales en las pequeñas y medianas empresas [in Spanish]
Topics: authorization of dangerous work; maintenance and repair; permits-to-work; responsibilities of employers; small enterprises; Spain; supply of information.
Prevención, Apr.-June 1999, No.148, p.54-61. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 00-157 Landrigan P.J., Nicholson W.J., Suzuki Y., Ladou J.
The hazards of chrysotile asbestos: A critical review
The International Agency for Research on Cancer has declared chrysotile asbestos a proven human carcinogen. Sales of chrysotile asbestos have virtually ended in Western Europe and North America, but sales remain strong in Japan, across Asia and in developing nations worldwide. The claim has been made that chrysotile asbestos can be used "safely" under "certain conditions" in those nations. That claim is not accurate. The Collegium Ramazzini, an international learned society in environmental and occupational medicine, has called for an immediate worldwide ban on all sales and uses of all forms of asbestos including chrysotile. The rationale for this ban is Threefold: (1) safer substitute materials are readily available; (2) "controlled" use of asbestos is not possible; and (3) the health risks of asbestos are not acceptable in either industrialized or newly industrializing nations.
Industrial Health, July 1999, Vol.37, No.3, p.271-280. Illus. 21 ref.

CIS 99-1767 Commission Directive 1999/77/EC of 26 July 1999 adapting to technical progress ... Annex I to Council Directive 76/769/EEC on the approximation of the laws ... of the Member States relating to restrictions ... of certain dangerous substances and preparations (asbestos) [European Communities]
Dir. 1999/77/CE de la Commission, du 26 juil. 1999 portant 6e adaptation... de l'annexe I de la dir. 76/769/CEE du conseil concernant le rapprochement des dispositions législatives... des Etats membres relatives à certaines substances et préparations dangereuses [Communautés européennes] [in French]
For Council Directive 76/769/EEC, see CIS 92-22. Topics: asbestos; crocidolite; chrysotile; amosite; actinolite asbestos; anthophyllite asbestos; tremolite asbestos; directive; European Communities; prohibition of use.
Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 6 Aug. 1999, Vol.42, No.L 207, p.18-20.

CIS 99-1828 Allard-Lormier C., Chaudron B., Denamur-Gardair C.
Guide to the inspection of garages: Automobile repair workshops
Guide de visite d'un garage: atelier de mécanique automobile [in French]
Topics: asbestos; check lists; chemical hazards; cleaning agents; degreasing agents; electricity; exhaust gases; explosion hazards; falls of persons; fire hazards; fuels; garages; hazard evaluation; housekeeping; industrial physicians; legal aspects; lifting equipment; lighting; limitation of exposure; manual handling; mechanical hazards; metal fumes; noise; occupational diseases; physical hazards; respirable dust; sanitary facilities; small enterprises; thermal environment; used oils; vehicle repair and servicing; work posture.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1999, Vol.39, No.2, p.157-173. 18 ref.

CIS 99-2082 Wynn M.
Does your ergonomics program need a tune-up?
Check list and discussion to enable evaluation of a company's ergonomics programme. Topics: check lists; ergonomics; hazard evaluation; medical supervision; musculoskeletal diseases; programme evaluation; role of supervisory staff; safety and health training; safety and productivity; work organization; workers participation.
Occupational Hazards, Oct. 1999, Vol.61, No.10, p.117-122. Illus.

CIS 99-1605 Pappas G.P., Takaro T.K., Stover B., Beaudet N., Salazar M., Calcagni J., Shoop D., Barnhart S.
Medical clearance for respirator use: Sensitivity and specificity of a questionnaire
USA OSHA regulations require that workers receive medical clearance prior to respirator use, and a detailed questionnaire has been provided to assist with this purpose. 474 consecutive workers were tested at a Department of Energy complex. After completing the self-administered questionnaire, all workers received a standardized physician evaluation including interview, physical examination, and spirometry. The outcomes of the questionnaire assessment were compared to the outcomes of physician evaluation. All workers received medical clearance; only 10 workers received work restrictions. The questionnaire demonstrated 100% sensitivity in identifying workers who required work restrictions, but had specificity of only 19%. Compared to physician evaluation, the questionnaire had modest sensitivity to the detection of chronic medical conditions. The data suggest that the rates of medical clearance for respirator use are very high, and that a self-administered questionnaire may be appropriate for medical clearance in certain settings. It is recommended that the policy of routine physician evaluation and spirometry for respirator clearancebe re-examined. Topics: medical examinations; medical supervision; prohibition of use; questionnaire survey; respirators; spirometry; subjective assessment; work aptitude.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 1999, Vol.35, No.4, p.395-400. Illus. 13 ref.

CIS 99-1604 Pappas G.P., Takaro T.K., Stover B., Beaudet N., Salazar M., Calcagni J., Shoop D., Barnhart S.
Respiratory protective devices: Rates of medical clearance and causes for work restrictions
All workers with work restrictions or denied clearance for respirator use over a one-year period were identified and their medical records abstracted. Of the 5,569 workers who received medical evaluation, only 71 received limitations on respirator use documented in their medical record. Of the 65 workers with sufficient medical records for additional analysis, 9 of the 5,569 workers were denied medical clearance, while 56 workers received work restrictions. Pregnancy was the most common cause for denying medical clearance for respirator use. Lung disease, cardiovascular disease, and claustrophobia were the most common causes for work restrictions. Physical examination and spirometry added little to the detection of relevant medical conditions. It is concluded that few workers fail medical clearance for respirator use or receive work restrictions. Data on adverse events from respirator use are needed to help design appropriate medical evaluations and uniform criteria for work restrictions or denial of medical clearance. Topics: cardiovascular diseases; expectant mothers; medical examinations; medical supervision; prohibition of use; respirators; respiratory diseases; work aptitude.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 1999, Vol.35, No.4, p.390-394. 11 ref.

CIS 99-1143 Back M., Woolfson C.
Safety culture - A concept too many?
Topics: human behaviour; human factors; plant safety organization; plant safety supervision; role of management; safety and health committees; safety consciousness.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Jan. 1999, Vol.17, No.1, p.14-16. Illus. 10 ref.


CIS 02-861 Analysis of dangerous substances
Gefahrstoff-Analytik [in German]
Update to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for the analysis of process gases (CIS 90-955). Main topics covered: characteristics of NIOSH analytical methods for various chemicals; list of toxic substances; list of organizations qualified for conducting measurements related to the toxic substances ordinance; threshold limit values at the workplace; permissible levels of biological indicators of workplace exposure; list of carcinogens, mutagens and substances that are toxic to reproductive health; list of German technical rules for dangerous substances (TRGS).
Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 46. Ergänzungslieferung, Aug. 1998. 230p. Bibl.ref.

CIS 01-771 Indian Standard - Code of Practice on Occupational Safety and Health Audit
This standard establishes objectives, criteria and practices for occupational safety and health (OSH) audits, and it provides guidelines for their establishment, planning, execution and documentation in the workplace. In annex: elements of an OSH system; types of records to be examined during a safety audit; contents of a safety audit questionnaire.
Bureau of Indian Standards, Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi 110002, India, 1998. 16p.

CIS 01-690
Health and Safety Executive
What to expect when a safety inspector calls: A brief guide for businesses, employees and their representatives
Beth i'w ddisgwyl pan fydd arolygydd iechyd a diogelwch yn galw: Canllaw byr i fusnesau, gweithwyr a'u cynrychiolwyr [in Welsh]
Translation into Welsh of the document originally abstracted as CIS 00-953.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. 8p. 5 ref.

CIS 01-207 Bilke F.
Storage and use of flammable foundry blackings
Lagerung und Verarbeitung brennbarer Schlichten in Giessereien [in German]
In foundries, flammable liquids with ignition temperatures below 21°C and between 21 and 55°C are used in the coating of moulds. Layout and design of the storage facilities including storage tanks for such substances in compliance with German safety regulations are illustrated and discussed. For example, for storage of more than 5000 litres of flammable mould-coating liquids permission must be obtained from the authorities and an inspection is required to make sure that the storage facilities including the storage tank comply with German safety regulations.
Giesserei, 8 Sep. 1998, Vol.85, No.9, p.61-69. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 00-1276 Liquefied gas: Safe changing of bottles
Gaz liquéfié: changement de bouteilles sans danger [in French]
Topics: gas cylinders; gaskets; liquefied gases; pressure reducing valves; safe working methods; safety rules; Switzerland; training manuals; training material.
Schweizerische Unfallversicherungsanstalt (SUVA), Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 1st ed., Apr. 1998. 12p. Illus.

CIS 00-1377 Security audit checklist
Topics: check lists; construction industry; plant safety supervision; safety analysis; safety checks; Singapore.
Singapore Construction Safety & Consultancy Pte Ldt (SC2), No.1, Bukit Merah Lane 2, Construction House, Singapore 159760, Republic of Singapore, 1998. ii, 28p.

CIS 00-953
Health and Safety Executive
What to expect when a safety inspector calls: A brief guide for businesses, employees and their representatives
Topics: enforcement; inspection; legal aspects; plant safety organization; responsibilities of employees; responsibilities of employers; role of labour inspection; safety checks; training material; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1998. 8p. 5 ref.

CIS 00-293 Sharit J.
Applying human and system reliability analysis to the design and analysis of written procedures in high-risk industries
A contextual modeling perspective to human and system reliability analysis is presented which looks at the detail and knowledge contained in the work procedures of high-risk industries. It is vital to have an understanding of the relationship between the work context which is largely reflected in written procedures, and behavioural tendencies. Specifically, this problem concerns how written procedures can contribute to human error, procedural violations, and ultimately adverse system outcomes. The application of this approach directly to the process of designing and analyzing written procedures is discussed. This perspective can benefit designers and writers of procedures by increasing their ability to anticipate how written procedures could contribute to human error and adverse outcomes. Examples illustrating these ideas are presented.
Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, Summer 1998, Vol.8, No.3, p.265-281. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 00-284 Koli S., Chervak S., Drury C.G.
Human factors audit programs for nonrepetitive tasks
In order to provide aircraft maintenance and inspection personnel with a rapid means of locating the human-system mismatches that can lead to errors, two human factors audits were developed. Both the inspection audit and the maintenance audit are in the form of measurement checklists, usable either on a portable computer or in paper form. Both were tested for reliability and modified until high reliability was achieved. Both were validated against human factors professionals, with both programmes identifying more mismatches than the practitioners. The programmes are in use at an airline as a complement to existing safety and quality audit systems.
Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, Summer 1998, Vol.8, No.3, p.215-231. Illus. 28 ref.

CIS 99-1455 Hay D.
Principal and contractor health and safety audit
Topics: check lists; evaluation of control measures; hazard evaluation; legislation; New Zealand; plant safety and health organization; plant safety supervision; responsibilities; safety analysis; subcontractors; training manuals; training material; work organization.
CCH New Zealand Limited, 24 The Warehouse Way, Northcote, P.O. Box 2378, Aukland 1, New Zealand, 1998. approx. 148p. (11 modules).

CIS 99-1572 Dodic-Fikfak M., Kristancic Z., Rahotina L., Vidic R.
Case study: Slovenia - Asbestos valley
Events at the Salonit Anhovo asbestos cement factory in Slovenia that led to the banning of asbestos in Slovenia in 1996 are described. Two different perspectives are presented: the story of the company management which realized the risks of using asbestos and proposed its ban in Slovenia; and the story of the local non-governmental organization that first discovered the dangers of asbestos and began a long struggle to protect workers, community and the environment. Topics: asbestos cement industry; asbestos; breast cancer; cancer; case study; gastrointestinal cancer; industrial organization; lung cancer; mesothelioma; prohibition of use; rectal cancer; role of government; role of private bodies; role of workers organizations; Slovenia.
New Solutions, 1998, Vol.8, No.4, p.469-478. Illus.

CIS 99-1422 Commission Regulation (EC) No.2247/98 of 13 Oct. 1998 amending Annex II to Council Regulation (EEC) No.2455/92 concerning the export and import of certain dangerous chemicals [European Communities]
Règlement (CE) No.2247/98 de la Commission du 13 oct. 1998 modifiant l'annexe II du Règlement (CEE) n°2455/92 du Conseil concernant les exportations et importations de certains produits chimiques dangereux [Communautés européennes] [in French]
The Annex to this Regulation replaces Annex II of Regulation 2455/92 (CIS 93-1426). Topics: chemical products; dangerous substances; directive; European Communities; FAO; harmful substances; list of chemical substances; prohibition of use; supply of information; toxic substances; UNEP.
Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 20 Oct. 1998, Vol.41, No.L 282, p.12-54.

CIS 99-1418 Decree Law No.264/98 of 19 August 1998 transposing into national law the provisions of Directives Nos.94/60/EC, 96/55/EC, 97/10/EC and 97/16/EC establishing restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances [Portugal]
Decreto-lei n°264/98, de 19 de agosto transpõe para a ordem juridica as Directivas n°94/60/CE, 96/55/CE, 97/10/CE e 97/16/CE, que estabeleceram limitações à comercialização e utilização de determinadas substâncias perigosas [in Portuguese]
For Directive 94/60/EC see CIS 95-807. Topics: carcinogens; hexachloroethane; classification; creosote; dangerous substances; law; list of chemical substances; mutagens; Portugal; prohibition of use; solvents; toxic substances.
Diário da República, 19 Aug. 1998, No.190, p.4097-4101.

CIS 99-1417 Notification No.288 of 17 May 1998 to amend Notification No.660 of 1986 concerning asbestos [Denmark]
Bekendtgørelse om aendring af bekendtgørelse om asbest [in Danish]
This Notification (entry into force 15 June 1998) contains several amendments covering, among others, organization of daily work in case of arduous working conditions. For Notification No.660 of 1986 see CIS 88-1763. Topics: asbestos; conditions of work; Denmark; health hazards; heavy work; law; prohibition of use.
Lovtidende A, 26 May 1998, Vol.69, No.286-288, p.1629.

CIS 99-780 Leplat J.
About implementation of safety rules
Investigates the nature and characteristics of safety rules and examines two main conditions for their implementation: acceptability or desirability of the rules for users. Discusses the place and limits of safety rules in the process of improving safety. Topics: disobeying safety instructions; human factors; implementation of control measures; motivation; plant safety organization; safety consciousness; safety literature; safety posters; safety rules; safety training in industry.
Safety Science, Aug. 1998, Vol.29, No.3, p.189-204. Illus. 28 ref.

CIS 99-325 Gallwey T.J.
Evaluation and control of industrial inspection: Part I - Guidelines for the practitioner; Part II - The scientific basis for the guide
Topics: aptitude tests; cognitive performance; description of technique; detection of faults; inspection; job study; quality control; short-time memory; vigilance; visual tasks; work design; workbreaks; workplace design.
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, July 1998, Vol.22, No.1-2, p.37-65. Illus. 93 ref.

CIS 99-331 Leach J., Morris P.E.
Cognitive factors in the close visual and magnetic particle inspection of welds underwater
In an experimental study of the accuracy of close visual inspection and magnetic particle inspection of underwater welds high error rates were observed. Performance was strongly correlated with embedded figures and visual search tests and was unrelated to length of professional diving experience, formal inspection qualifications or age. Cognitive tests of memory for designs, spatial relations, dotted outlines and block design failed to correlate with performance. Applications of this research include more reliable inspection reporting, increased effectiveness from current inspection techniques and directions for the refinement of subsea inspection equipment. Topics: cognitive performance; detection of faults; diving; inspection; magnetic testing; non-destructive testing; offshore oil extraction; underwater construction; visual tasks; welded joints.
Human Factors, June 1998, Vol.40, No.2, p.187-197. 24 ref.

CIS 99-103 52 five-minute talks on safety for supervisors
52 charlas de seguridad de 5 minutos para supervisores [in Spanish]
Topics: Colombia; compendium; hazard identification; human behaviour; occupational safety; personal protective equipment; plant safety and health organization; risk awareness; role of management; safety devices; safety rules.
Consejo Colombiano de Seguridad, Carrera 20, No. 39-62, 6839 Bogotá, Colombia, no date. 119p. Illus.

CIS 98-1088 Decree of 4 February 1998 prohibiting the manufacture, processing, importation, marketing and use of asbestos-based construction materials [Burkina Faso]
Décret du 4 fév. 1998 portant interdiction de la fabrication, de la transformation, de l'importation, de la commercialisation et de l'utilisation des matériaux de construction à base d'amiante [Burkina Faso] [in French]
Topics: asbestos; building industry; building materials; Burkina Faso; law; penalties; prohibited work; prohibition of use.
Journal officiel du Burkina Faso, 26 Feb. 1998, No.9, p.3994.


CIS 02-1956 Helander M.G., Zhang L.
Field studies of comfort and discomfort in sitting
A checklist for evaluating chair comfort was validated in two field studies. In the first study, two groups of participants (ten secretaries and ten managers) evaluated two groups of ten chairs. Participants assessed each chair three times during a workday using three different types of scales. Analysis of variance demonstrated that discomfort was related to fatigue accumulated during the workday, but it was not related to chair design. The order of preference among a set of chairs was established during the first assessment and did not change during the day. In a second field study, 37 secretaries used three different formats of a chair evaluation checklist with 14 items. Analyses of variance demonstrated that subjects could evaluate comfort and discomfort simultaneously without any halo-effect. The results have methodological implications for measurement of comfort and discomfort.
Ergonomics, Sep. 1997, Vol.40, No.9, p.895-915. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 00-359 Hughes L.J.
Vessel safety manual
Safety manual developed from experience in the North Pacific and the Bering Sea. Topics addressed include: vessel familiarity; seamanship and its terminology; working conditions; vessel systems; stability; medical emergencies at sea; fire prevention and control; safety equipment and survival procedures; Coast Guard procedures; navigation; watchkeeping; rules of the road; common vessel safety concerns. Intended for shipboard consultation and training, the manual outlines responsibilities and accident causes in an industry known for its special hazards.
North Pacific Fishing Vessel Owners' Association, 1900 West Emerson Street, Suite 101, Fishermen's Terminal, Seattle WA 98119, USA, 4th (revised) ed., May 1997. Binder (iv, 289p.). Illus.

CIS 99-1454 Hay D.
Office health and safety audit
Topics: check lists; emergency organization; evaluation of control measures; evaluation of equipment; hazard evaluation; legislation; New Zealand; notification of occupational accidents; plant safety and health organization; responsibilities; safety analysis; subcontractors; training manuals; training material; vocational training; work organization; workers participation; workmen's compensation.
CCH New Zealand Limited, 24 The Warehouse Way, Northcote, P.O. Box 2378, Aukland 1, New Zealand, 1997. approx. 148p. (10 modules).

CIS 99-1163 Consultation services for the employer
Topics: hazard evaluation; labour inspection; public OSH institutions; responsibilities of employers; role of government; safety checks; small enterprises; USA.
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Publications Office, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington D.C. 20210, USA, 1997. iii, 26p. 12 ref.

CIS 99-756 Hess K.
EH&S auditing made easy: A checklist approach for industry
Topics: check lists; dangerous substances; exposure evaluation; glossary; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; legislation; neighbourhood protection; plant health supervision; plant safety and health supervision; plant safety supervision; safety checks; training manuals; training material; USA.
Government Institutes, Inc., 4 Research Place, Rockville, MD, USA, 1997. 573p. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 99-16 Order of 7 August 1997 concerning restrictions on the marketing and use of certain products containing hazardous substances [France]
Arrêté du 7 août 1997 relatif aux limitations de mise sur le marché et d'emploi de certains produits contenant des substances dangereuses [France] [in French]
This Order applies only to marketing and use of dangerous products for the public; occupational use of dangerous substances is exempt. The substances concerned are listed in an annex. Topics: carcinogens; dangerous substances; data sheet; France; hazard identification; labelling; law; mutagens; prohibition of use; toxic substances; woodworking industry.
Journal officiel de la République française, 17 Aug. 1997, p.12218-12221.

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