Fires - 2,022 entries found
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Reaction to fire tests - Spread of flame - Part 1: Guidance on flame spread
Topics: building materials; flame spread; flammability testing; ISO; materials testing; standard.
International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, Dec. 1997. iv, 29p. Illus. 41 ref.
EPA/OSHA joint chemical accident investigation report - Napp Technologies, Inc., Lodi, New Jersey
An explosion and fire took place at the Napp Technologies facility at Lodi, New Jersey, on April 21, 1995, resulting in deaths, injuries, public evacuation, and serious damage both on and off site. The accident involved a commercial chemical mixture, a gold precipitating agent identified as ACR 9031 GPA, and comprised of sodium hydrosulfite, aluminium powder, potassium carbonate and benzaldehyde. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration undertook an investigation of this accident because of the serious consequences and the characteristics of the substances involved. Topics: accident investigation; aluminium powder; analysis of accident causes; benzaldehyde; sodium hydrosulfite; chemical industry; chemical reactions; explosions; fatalities; fire; major hazards; neighbourhood protection; report on investigation; USA.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M Street. S.W., Washington, D.C. 20460, USA, Oct. 1997. v, 65p. Illus. 21 ref.
Rotger Llinas D.
Continuous training in a fire brigade
La formación de mantenimiento en un servicio de bomberos [in Spanish]
Topics: fire fighting; fire services; human relations; industrial relations; refresher training; safety and health training.
Mapfre seguridad, 4th Quarter 1997, Vol.17, No.68, p.21-31. Illus. 9 ref.
Bakar Che Man A., Gold D.
Safety and health in the use of chemicals at work: A training manual
Korean translation of a training manual originally published in English (see CIS 93-789). Topics: dangerous substances; emergency organization; explosion hazards; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; harmful substances; hazard identification; health hazards; ILO; international agreements; personal protective equipment; role of management; safety and health engineering; toxic effects; training manuals; training material; translation.
Korean Industrial Safety Corporation, 34-4 Gusandong Bupyong-ku, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, 1997. 117p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
The LASTFIRE project
Study of fire-related risks associated with large-diameter open-top floating-roof tanks. Topics: fire hazards; fire protection; flammable liquids; hazard evaluation; petroleum and natural gas industry; storage tanks.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Dec. 1997, No.138, p.15-19. Illus.
Control of health and safety hazards in commercial drycleaners - Chemical exposures, fire hazards and ergonomic risk factors
Topics: cancer; tetrachloroethylene; hydrofluoric acid; trichloroethylene; determination in air; dry cleaning; ergonomic evaluation; ergonomics; exposure evaluation; fire protection; flammable substances; harmful substances; health engineering; ketones; limitation of exposure; local exhaust; machinery; occupational health survey; preventive maintenance; repetitive work; report; respirators; safety by design; solvent naphtha; solvents; USA; ventilation; work posture.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Publications Dissemination, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Dec. 1997. xi, 75p. Illus. 94 ref.
Gutierrez J., Le Lay F.
Fire performance of fireproofed composites
Tenue au feu des composites ignifugés [in French]
Topics: bending strength; building materials; fire behaviour; flame retardants; flammability testing; France; ignition time; materials testing; plastics; shipbuilding industry; strength of materials.
Face au risque, Dec. 1997, No.338, p.16-24. Illus. 5 ref.
Alonso Valle F.
Risks related to the use of gas cylinders
Riesgos en la utilización de botellas de gases [in Spanish]
Topics: classification; compressed gases; explosion prevention; fire prevention; gas cylinders; gas storage tanks; gases; labelling; periodical checks; pipes and fittings; safety colours; Spain.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 86p. Illus. 11 ref.
Lamarre G., Mullender N.
Smoking behaviour in a large organisation after the introduction of the Evin law
Evolution du tabagisme dans une grande entreprise après l'application de la loi Evin [in French]
Topics: controlled smoking; France; legislation; programme evaluation; questionnaire survey; smoking; workplaces.
Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1997, No.2, p.181-188. Illus. 17 ref.
Hietaniemi J., Mikkola E.
Minimising fire risks at chemical storage facilities - Basis for the guidelines for safety engineers
Topics: chemical products; computer simulation; fire alarms; fire behaviour; fire detection; fire protection; fire resisting structures; fixed extinguishing systems; neighbourhood protection; packaging materials; safe layout; storage; warehouses.
Technical Research Centre of Finland, VTT Information Service, P.O. Box 2000, 02044 VTT, Finland, 1997. 50p. 60 ref.
http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/tiedotteet/1997/T1811.pdf [in English]
Hietaniemi J., Kallonen R., Mikkola E.
Fires at chemical warehouses - A cone calorimeter study on the burning characteristics and fire effluent composition of selected chemical compounds
Topics: chemical products; extinguishment tests; fire behaviour; fire research; gaseous effluents; ignition time; pyrolysis products; smoke.
Technical Research Centre of Finland, VTT Information Service, P.O. Box 2000, 02044 VTT, Finland, 1997. 93p. Illus. 21 ref.
Better understand the risk of fire
Mieux connaître le risque d'incendie [in French]
Topics: Belgium; fire fighting; fire hazards; fire prevention; first aid; safety guides; training material.
Association nationale pour la prévention des accidents du travail, rue Gachard 88/4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1997. 21p. Illus. 8 ref.
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)
Flame retardants: A general introduction
Topics: brominated dibenzodioxins; brominated dibenzofurans; carcinogenic effects; chlorinated dibenzodioxins; chlorinated dibenzofurans; criteria document; flame retardants; glossary; ILO; IPCS; legislation; list of chemical substances; literature survey; pyrolysis products; toxic effects; toxicology; UNEP; WHO.
World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1997. 133p. Bibl.ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Construction fire safety
Data sheet on fire safety on construction sites (United Kingdom), 1997. Topics: construction sites; data sheet; escape routes; fire alarms; fire fighting; fire prevention; fire protection; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Nov. 1997. 2p. 3 ref.
Lewis A., Dailey W.
Fire risk management in the workplace - A guide for employers
Topics: combustible substances; emergency organization; escape routes; fire alarms; fire detection; fire drills; fire fighting; fire hazards; fire protection; flammable substances; handicapped workers; hazard evaluation; legislation; safety guides; smoke; sources of ignition; terrorism; training material; United Kingdom.
Fire Protection Association, Melrose Avenue, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire WD6 2BJ, United Kingdom, 1997. 160p. Illus. Index. Price: GBP 9.50.
Flammable hazards in sewerage systems: Safety procedures when opening access covers
Topics: confined spaces; explosion hazards; explosive atmospheres; fire hazards; leakage; protection against outbursts of gas; safe working methods; sanitation services; sources of ignition; work in sewers.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1997, Vol.13, No.4, p.375-379. 16 ref.
Ashley M.J., Eakin J., Bull S., Pederson L.
Smoking control in the workplace: Is workplace size related to restrictions and programs?
Topics: Canada; controlled smoking; large enterprises; questionnaire survey; small enterprises; smoking.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.39, No.9, p.866-873. 38 ref.
List of industrial accidents in May and June 1997
Argus des accidents technologiques mai/juin 1997 [in French]
A sample of 34 representative cases selected among the 181 major accidents entered into the ARIA database, managed by the French Ministry of Land Use and the Environment, during the period of May and June 1997. The list includes accidents caused by loss of control of chemical reactions and/or leaks of toxic and inflammable products, and the explosion of a grain silo at Blaye, France, in August 1997. (See CIS 97-2012).
Préventique-Sécurité, Sep.-Oct. 1997, No.35, p.65-68.
Safety of grain silos
Sécurité des silos [in French]
This issue contains several articles relating to the explosion of a grain silo in Blaye, France, in August 1977, causing 11 fatalities. Contents: editorial comment; interview with the chief of the regional fire-fighting unit; statements by the general manager of the grain company; analysis of possible causes; fire and explosion risks in the storage of agricultural products; preventive measures.
Préventique-Sécurité, Sep.-Oct. 1997, No.35, p.6-28. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Fire precautions - What the non-specialist needs to know
Guidance is given on basic workplace fire precautions and on the requirements of the United Kingdom's Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997. Methods of risk assessment are outlined along with fire detection systems, selection of appropriate fire extinguishers, general fire safety, and types of building requiring a fire certificate. Checklists for workplace structures, equipment, working practices and training are included.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Nov. 1997, Vol.15, No.11, p. 16-19. Illus. 11 ref.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Fire safety in construction work
Training guide and manual on fire prevention and fire fighting in relation to construction work in the United Kingdom. Main topics covered: prevention of fires; reduction of ignition sources; general fire precautions; emergency procedures; fire safety in temporary accommodation units and sleeping accommodation. In appendices: enforcement authorities; scope of the Fire Certificates (Special Premises) Regulations 1976; responsibilities for fire safety on a construction site.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. viii, 48p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 8.95.
Bennett J.F., Shirvill L.C., Pritchard M.J.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
Efficacy of water spray protection against jet fires impinging on LPG storage tanks
This report describes a full-scale study of the performance of a water spray system on an empty liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) tank under conditions of jet fire impingement resulting from a nearby release of LPG. Results show that a water deluge system typically found on an LPG storage tank cannot be relied upon to maintain a water film over the whole tank surface during an impinging jet fire. However, the deluge does have a significant mitigating effect compared with the undeluged case.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. ii, 418p. Illus. 6 ref. Price: GP 175.00.
These 13 chapters in a major new survey of OSH examine selected issues of occupational safety: development of accident perception; occupational and major accidents (accident and risk perception and measurement, accident information systems); costs of accidents; accident theories and models; feedback control of accidents; feedback control in offshore module fabrication; safety analysis; major accident hazards; implementation of the Seveso directive; fires and explosions; toxic combustion products; bodily hazards from explosions in enclosures; an approach to accident prevention.
In: The Workplace (by Brune D. et al., eds), Scandinavian Science Publisher as, Bakkehaugveien 16, 0873 Oslo, Norway, 1997, Vol.1, p.221-388. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Health and Safety Commission
Prevention of fire and explosion, and emergency response on offshore installations
This revised guide (see CIS 95-1843 for previous edition) presents the text of the Offshore Installations (Prevention of Fire and Explosion, and Emergency Response) Regulations 1995 (see CIS 95-813), along with a revised Approved Code of Practice and additional guidance. The main changes in the Code relate to factors to be considered when selecting a vessel to provide the recovery and rescue arrangements required by Regulation 17.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1997. v, 50p. 2 ref. Price: GBP 9.50.
Ross J.A.S., Henderson G.D., Howie R.M.
Oxygen consumption and ventilation during simulated escape from an offshore oil platform
Oxygen consumption and ventilation were measured in 26 offshore oil industry workers performing a simulated escape from an offshore structure. Measured breathing volumes suggest that the level of physical activity reflected by the current European standard for respiratory equipment for use during escape and fire may be considerably below that likely to be met in practice. Thus, smoke hoods and other forms of respiratory protective equipment may impose physical limitations on workers trying to escape from fire. Offshore installations and escape routes should be designed to minimize exercise, and workers should be trained in the use of escape breathing equipment.
Ergonomics, Mar. 1997, Vol.40, No.3, p.281-292. Illus. 20 ref.
Major hazards and their management
Contents of this manual: overview of types of major hazard incidents and methods of consequence analysis; information required to estimate the extent of release of hazardous materials (source terms); gas dispersion; fires (flammability, fire behaviour, thermal radiation hazards); explosions (blast waves, vapour cloud explosions, modelling explosions); toxic hazards; mitigation and emergency plans; process safety management; identifying the root causes of accidents; analysis of some major incidents; safety audits and sociotechnical system review.
Institution of Chemical Engineers, Davis Building, 165-189 Railway Terrace, Rugby, Warwickshire CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 1997. x, 305p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 85.00.
Sorensen G., et al.
Worksite characteristics and changes in worksite tobacco-control initiatives - Results from the COMMIT Study
A survey of worksites participating in the Community Intervention Trial (COMMIT) for Smoking Cessation (conducted in 11 communities in North America) showed that 34% of those that did not have a smoking ban at baseline (1990) had adopted a smoke-free policy by the time of the final survey (1993); the prevalence of policy adoption was higher among worksites employing more female employees and offering other health-promotion activities. 36% of those offering no cessation assistance at baseline were offering cessation resources at follow-up; adoption of cessation programmes was more likely among worksites employing 100 to 249 workers, and among those predominantly employing men, those offering other types of health-promotion activities, and those with a higher rate of turnover.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 1997, Vol.39, No.6, p.520-526. 21 ref.
Moen B.E., Øvrebø S.
Assessment of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during fire fighting by measurement of urinary 1-hydroxypyrene
Urine samples were obtained from 9 students and 4 teachers at a firefighter training school before and 6 to 7 hours after extinguishing burning diesel fuel. The samples were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography for 1-hydroxypyrene. A small but significant increase in 1-hydroxypyrene levels was found after fire fighting. Fire fighting may cause exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, some of which are classified as carcinogenic.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 1997, Vol.39, No.6, p.515-519. Illus. 29 ref.
Lüttgens G., Wilson N.
Handbook on the dangers of fire and explosion in the workplace due to static electricity. Contents: danger of fire and explosion (conditions for ignition, minimum ignition energy); origins of static electricity; electrostatic discharges as sources of ignition; principles of safety; case histories related to various types of discharges; case histories of fires where static electricity had been suspected as the causing agent but another cause was eventually identified; cases of electric shock due to static electricity.
Butterworth-Heinemann, Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP, United Kingdom, 1997. x, 166p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 30.00.
Health and Safety Executive
The safe use of compressed gases in welding, flame cutting and allied processes
Contents of this safety guide usable for training purposes: processes and equipment used in gas welding and cutting; fire, explosion and other hazards (use of fuel gases and oxygen); design, construction and provision of equipment; storage and handling of gas cylinders; personal protective equipment; safe operating procedures; fire precautions; maintenance, examination and testing of equipment. In appendix: legal requirements and enforcement arrangements.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. v, 69p. Illus. 84 ref. Price: GBP 11.50.
Barton J., Rogers R.
Chemical reaction hazards
Contents of this revised guide to the assessment of chemical reaction hazards: introduction to chemical reaction hazards, legal requirements and the assessment strategy; process assessment and process definition techniques for evaluating chemical reaction hazards; interpreting data with respect to process operation and plant design; process risk analysis; selecting and specifying a basis of safety; general hazards of plant operation; operating procedures and instructions. In appendices: case histories of incidents; example of a chemical hazard assessment; example of the use of HAZAN; assessing fire and explosion hazards in a simple batch reactor; typical table of contents for the technical description of a process.
Institution of Chemical Engineers, Davis Building, 165-189 Railway Terrace, Rugby, Warwickshire CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1997. viii, 225p. Illus. 134 ref. Index.
Ash M., Ash I.
The index of flame retardants
This guide provides information on more than 1000 trade name products and chemicals used as flame retardants. Part I contains alphabetical entries of trade name products, while Part II provides a cross-reference of chemicals that function as flame retardants or are components of trade name products. Information includes manufacturer, chemical description, identity numbers, applications and functions, use levels, regulatory details, general properties, toxicology, environmental data, precautions, hazard rating, and storage requirements. Part III provides an application cross-reference, and Part IV a manufacturers directory. Includes numerous cross-references.
Gower Publishing, Gower House, Croft Road, Aldershot, Hants GU11 3HR, United Kingdom, 1997. xx, 305p. Index. Price: GBP 95.00.
Feunekes F.D.J.R., Jongeneelen F.J., Laan H.v.d., Schoonhof F.H.G.
Uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons among trainers in a fire-fighting training facility
The exposure of fire-fighting trainers to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) was assessed by personal air sampling during fire-fighting activities. Uptake of PAH was determined by measuring concentrations of 1-hydroxypyrene (a metabolite of pyrene) in urine. There was evidence of exposure to and uptake of PAH among the instructors despite the short time of effective exposure and the routine use of respirators and protective clothing. Both tobacco smoking and exposure to smoke from fire appeared to increase 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations. Biological monitoring with urinary 1-hydroxypyrene may be useful in tracing highly exposed persons and in monitoring the effectiveness of control measures.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan. 1997, Vol.58, No.1, p.23-28. 35 ref.
Guide to the design of water towers - Safety
Guide pour la conception d'un château d'eau - Sécurité [in French]
This guidance note summarizes the main elements that need to be taken into consideration when designing water towers, so as to take into account the safety issues during the subsequent operating phases of the installation. Topics covered: traffic and location; access to the installation; access chutes and anchoring points for maintenance; lighting; rails and ladders for cleaning operations; piping for the transport of cleaning liquids; underground ventilation space.
Caisse régionale d'assurance maladie (CRAM) des Pays de la Loire, 7 rue du Président Herriot, BP 3405, 44034 Nantes Cedex 1, France, May 1996. 4p. Illus.
Bakar Che Man A., Gold D.
Safety and health in the use of chemicals at work: A training manual
Thai translation of a training manual originally published in English (see CIS 93-789). Contents: health hazards due to chemical exposure (factors contributing to hazardous situations, toxic effects of chemicals); fire and explosion hazards; basic principles of prevention (elimination or substitution, organisational control); chemical emergency procedures (emergency plan, evacuation, first aid, fire fighting, spill and leak procedures); management of a chemical control programme. Annexes include a training checklist for safe use of chemicals at work, text of the ILO Chemicals Convention and Recommendation, and guidance on the classification, identification and labelling of chemicals.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. 82p.
Reaction to fire tests - Spread of flame - Part 2: Lateral spread on building products in vertical configuration
Essais de réaction au feu - Propagation du feu - Partie 2: Propagation latérale sur les produits de bâtiment en position verticale [in French]
Topics: building materials; calibration; description of technique; flame spread; flammability testing; ISO; materials testing; radiant heat; standard.
International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, Aug. 1996. iv, 23p. Illus. 6 ref.
Llorente Antón D.M.
Damages caused by thermal effects of electric currents
Daños ocasionados por los efectos térmicos de la corriente eléctrica [in Spanish]
Topics: comment on directive; comment on standard; conductors; electric burns; electricity; fire hazards; fire prevention; health hazards; thermal effects; toxic gases; work on electrical equipment.
Prevención, Oct.-Dec. 1996, No.138, p.52-61. Illus.
Present state and prevention of fire/explosion hazard in waste mills
Haikibutsu hasai setsubi deno kasai/bakuhatsu no genjyo to boushi taisaku [in Japanese]
Characteristics and hazards of three types of waste mills are described. Fire and explosion hazards include LPG cylinders, butane gas cartridges, spray cans, paint containers and oil cans. Preventive measures include segregation of waste by consumers, detection of hazards at the gathering point, safety checks before waste crushing and use of safety equipment to prevent fires and explosions at the mill. Topics: explosion hazards; explosion prevention; fire hazards; fire prevention; garbage processing.
Journal of Japan Association for Fire Science and Engineering, 20 Dec. 1996, Vol.46, No.6, p.13-17. Illus. 4 ref.
Lacosta Berna J.M.
Construction materials in the European Union: Flammability tests - The European classification system
Los productos de construcción en la Unión Europea: ensayos de reacción al fuego - las euroclases [in Spanish]
Topics: building materials; classification; comment on directive; comment on standard; construction industry; European Communities; fire prevention; fire protection; fire resisting structures; ISO; standardization.
Prevención, Apr.-June 1996, No.136, p.37-51. Illus.
Portable fire extinguisher safety
Topics: fire; liquid fires; metal fires; portable fire extinguishers; selection of equipment; training material; USA; videotape.
Tel-A-Train, 309 North Market Street, P.O. Box 4752, Chattanooga, TN 37405, USA, 1996. Videotape (length 26min). Price: USD 410.00.
Maddison T., Atkinson G., Kinsman P.
The assessment of individual risks from fires in warehouses containing toxic materials
Topics: chemical industry; computer applications; fire behaviour; fire hazards; hazard evaluation; mathematical models; toxic substances; warehouses.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Dec. 1996, No.132, p.29-34. Illus. 12 ref.
Chemical warehouse fire risk assessment
Topics: chemical industry; dangerous substances; fire hazards; fire protection; hazard evaluation; segregation; sources of ignition; warehouses.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Dec. 1996, No.132, p.25-28. Illus. 7 ref.
Observations on warehouse fires
Topics: case study; chemical industry; fire hazards; fire protection; packaging materials; safety by design; storage; warehouses.
Loss Prevention Bulletin, Dec. 1996, No.132, p.12-15. Illus. 1 ref.
Solvent recovery equipment: Health and safety guidelines
Topics: Canada; data sheet; electrical equipment; elimination of spills; exhaust ventilation; fire protection; handling and storage; organic solvents; recovery of substances; sources of ignition; training material.
Publications Section, Ministry of Labour, 400 University Ave, 9th Floor, Toronto, Ontario M7A 1T7, Canada, May 1996. 8p. 9 ref.
Earley M.W., Caloggero J.M., Sheehan J.V.
National electrical code handbook 1996
Topics: CD-ROM; circuit protection; communications; computerized data bases; directive; earthing; electrical equipment; electrical insulation; electrical safety; electricity; emergency current supply; entertainment services; fire protection; glossary; hazardous locations; health services; standard; USA; wiring.
National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269, USA, 1996. CD-ROM (needs Windows 3.1 or higher, or Macintosh 68040 processor or higher).
Polyurethane foam in underground mines
Mousse de polyuréthane dans les mines souterraines [in French]
Topics: Canada; data sheet; expanded plastics; fire hazards; polyurethanes; protection against leakage; sealants; underground mining.
Occupational Health and Safety Branch, Ministry of Labour, Ontario, Canada, Dec. 1996. 1p.
Health and Safety Executive
Safe working with flammable substances
Leaflet on safe working with flammable substances (United Kingdom), 1996. Topics: emergency organization; explosion prevention; fire protection; flammable substances; handling and storage; safety guides; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, June 1996. 10p. Illus. 21 ref.
Martínez García F.
Big fires and explosions with casualties in the 20th century
Grandes incendios y explosiones con víctimas en el siglo XX [in Spanish]
This article presents a statistical analysis of major fire and explosion accidents in the 20th century. Though several difficulties obstructed data collection, samples were so representative as to permit several conclusions that help to improve safety against this type of accidents. The aspects analyzed were: distribution of the accidents by decade; activities affected; countries where the accidents occurred; major accidents in workplaces; physical state of the prevailing fuel. (Summary in English).
Mapfre seguridad, 3rd Quarter 1996, No.63, p.45-51; 93-95 (English summary). Illus.
Fire at Düsseldorf Airport
Incendie à l'aéroport de Düsseldorf [in French]
Description of a fire that broke out at Dusseldorf International Airport (Germany) on 11 Apr. 1996, and caused 17 deaths and more than 60 injuries requiring hospitalization. The fire was caused by incandescent particles from a welding torch falling on flammable material the presence of which was not suspected by the workers. The article examines in detail the lack of fire safety and the insufficient fire preparedness in the air terminal at the time of the fire. The fire fighting actions and the subsequent decontamination procedures are also described.
Face au risque, Sep. 1996, No.325, p.58-62. Illus.
Legislation on flammable and explosive articles [Sweden]
Lagstiftning om brandfarliga och explosiva varor [in Swedish]
This 6th edition (for the 4th ed., see CIS 94-1467) of Swedish legislation concerning flammable and explosive articles contains the full texts of: Act on Flammable and Explosive Articles (SFS 1988:868 with modifications until SFS 1995:446); Regulations on flammable and explosive articles (SFS 1988:1145 with modifications until SFS 1996:831); extracts from the regulations of the Explosives Inspectorate concerning the handling and importation of explosive articles, register of approved explosive articles, register of reactive articles; extracts from the regulations of the Explosives Inspectorate concerning the labelling etc. of flammable articles; extracts from the classification of flammable liquids; register of flammable gases and liquids; permits of the Explosives Inspectorate for the handling of flammable articles.
Arbetarskyddsnämnden, Box 3208, 103 64 Stockholm, Sweden, 6th ed., 1996. 119p.
Loss Prevention Council
Guide to fire safety signs
Contents of this guide: legal requirements for fire safety signs; types of signs (prohibitory, warning, mandatory, safe condition, firefighting, supplementary information, photoluminescent signs); use of directional arrows; examples of each type of sign; signs for the use, storage and transport of dangerous substances (labelling of containers, pipelines, compressed gases in cylinders, hazard warning panels, emergency action codes, labelling of packages for conveyance and supply); explosives; fire extinguisher colours; fire hydrant signs; durability, maintenance and visibility of signs.
Fire Protection Association, Melrose Avenue, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire WD6 2BJ, United Kingdom, 1996. 41p. Illus. 41 ref. Price: GBP 5.00.
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