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Fires - 2,022 entries found

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CIS 73-473 Leleu J.
Dangerous chemical reaction - 3. Perchloric acid HClO4
Les réactions chimiques dangereuses - 3. Acide perchlorique HClO4 [in French]
Third information sheet in the series devoted to dangerous chemical reactions drawn up by the French National Research and Safety Institute (Institut national de recherche et de sécurité), Paris. It describes the dangerous reactions that may take place between perchloric acid and 24 other compounds which are listed in alphabetical order. In each case, reference is made to the document from which the information on these reactions was taken.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 4th Quarter 1972, No.69, Note n°815-69-72, p.401-404. 38 ref.

CIS 73-474 Leleu J.
Dangerous chemical reaction - 4. Perchlorates
Les réactions chimiques dangereuses - 4. Perchlorates [in French]
Fourth information sheet in the series devoted to dangerous chemical reactions produced by the French National Research and Safety Institute (Institut National de Recherche et de Sécurité), Paris. It describes the dangerous chemical reactions that may occur in the use of various perchlorates: metallic perchlorates; perchloric esters; amine perchloratges; ammonium perchlorates; silver perchlorate; barium perchlorate; magnesium perchlorate; manganese perchlorate; nickel perchlorate; nitrosyl perchlorate; nitryl perchlorate; lead perchlorate; potassium perchlorate. In each case reference is made to the document from which this information was taken.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 4th quarter 1972, No.69, Note n°816-69-72, p.405-408. 42 ref.

CIS 73-470 Cleuet A.
Nitrocellulose fire and explosion hazards
Risques d'incendie et d'explosion présentés par la nitrocellulose [in French]
Nitrocellulose is highly flammable in all forms, and fires involving this substance are always extremely dangerous. It is widely used in a variety of applications especially in the plastics industry. The various types of cellulose are classified on the basis of French safety regulations, and individual sections are devoted to the following aspects: nitrocellulose flammability and combusion; fire-fighting principles; packaging, storage and handling recommendations; fire prevention.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 4th quarter 1972, No.69, p.375-379. 7 ref.

CIS 73-495 Hestermann G.
Safety in powder coating
Sicherheitstechnik bei der Pulverbeschichtung [in German]
Powder coating presents an explosion hazard due to the flammability of fine plastics particles (particle sizes 0.5-60µm) when suspended in air. This is a danger which can never be completely eliminated in a powder coating plant and, consequently, adequate safety can be obtained only by precautions which minimise the violence and effects of any explosion that might occur. The technical and safety differences between powder coating and wet painting installations are discussed and the dangers of stirring up deposited dust are presented. Health hazards (air supplied hood), fire and explosion hazards and sources of hazard are discussed and safety measures are indicated: earthing of workpiece, explosion venting, flame traps, automatic flame detectors and CO2 extinguishing systems, cleanliness and good housekeeping.
Industrie-Lackier-Betrieb, Sep. 1972, Vol.40, No.9, p.357-363. Illus.

CIS 73-1389 Kowaczeck J., Rutkowski E.
Occupational safety and health and fire prevention in the gas industry
Gesundheitsschutz, Arbeitsschutz, Brandschutz in der Gastechnik [in German]
Manual for gas industry workers. Contents: principles of occupational safety and health, fire prevention in gas plant; special safety engineering problems connected with the handling and use of flammable gases; safety engineering and fire prevention in gas production, transport and distribution; interpretation of accident statistics and formulation of safety techniques; suggested question-drill for inspections.
Deutscher Verlag für Grundstoffindustrie, Karl-Heine-Strasse 27, DDR-x7031 Leipzig, 1972. 298p. Illus. 66 ref.

CIS 73-1433 Fires and fire losses classified, 1971
A summary account of the number of fires of various origin which occurred in the USA in 1971 (including fires in industry), and of the corresponding losses. The number of industrial fires declined from 56,200 in 1970 to 41,300 in 1971, but the resulting losses decreased only from 407.5 to 390.7 million dollars. Data relating to deaths from fires and the actiity of fire departments are also given.
Fire Journal, Sep. 1972, Vol.66, No.5, p.65-69.

CIS 73-396
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften
Guidelines for feed devices for wood-chip and sawdust firing equipment [Federal Republic of Germany]
Richtlinien für die Beschickungseinrichtungen an Holzspäne- und Holzstaubfeuerungen [in German]
These guidelines indicate measures for preventing the hazardous effects of explosions that occur in wood chip and sawdust firing installations. Definitions are followed by requirements for the safe construction and equipment of feed devices and for the operation of such equipment.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-32, 5 Köln 1, Federal Republic of Germany, Aug. 1972. 8p.

CIS 73-987 Booth M.
Fire performance of plastics
Report on research carried out to determine any extra hazards which might arise from an increased use of plastics in buildings, whether this hazard be due to an increase in the risk of a fire being initiated, an increase in the speed of fire propagation or an unacceptable increase in the amount of smoke and toxic products generated. The relative performance of individual materials has been studied in a variety of fire test environments which included standard and non-standard test procedures used in the United Kingdom. The report is divided into 6 parts: the first 2 parts are literature reviews of test methods and smoke and toxic products; these are followed by reports on studies on smoke and toxic gases from unplasticised PVC, fire propagation and other tests, and flammability tests.
Rubber and Plastics Research Association of Great Britain, Shawbury, Shrewsbury SY4 4NR, United Kingdom, 1972. 140p. Illus. 15 ref.

CIS 73-949 Vintilă E.
Ignition and spontaneous combustion of timber products undergoing heat treatment in the timber industry
Aprinderea şi autoaprinderea materialelor lemnoase în timpul proceselor de tratare termică din industria lemnului [in Romanian]
The author points out that ignition and spontaneous combustion of timber products may occur even at temperatures lower than normal combustion temperatures. The following factors are mentioned: length of heat application and the likelihood of continuous heat accumulation which affects the slow chemical decomposition process that occurs below 100°C (wood floor, sawdust and chips); gas accumulation in the heat-treatment chambers due to faults in the ventilation installation or the interruption of the hardboard-panel transport system. The following safety measures are recommended: do not halt the fans even if a fire breaks out; never exceed the specified operating temperatures; dispose of waste wood; keep the heating installations under close supervision.
Industria lemnului, May 1972, Vol.23, No.5, p.181-183. 5 ref.

CIS 73-1446 Marander K.
Electrical plant for automatic fire-extinguishing systems in premises where flammable liquids or gases present an explosion or fire hazard
Automaattisten sammutuslaitosten sähköasennukset tiloissa, joissa palava neste tai kaasu aiheuttaa räjähdystai palovaaraa [in Finnish]
Classification of industrial premises according to the degree of fire and explosion hazard, and examination of the following problems: storage depots for flammable liquids, industrial uses of flammable liquids and production processes involving their use, storage premises for liquefied gases and other criteria for classification according to degree of hazard. Indication of approved types of protection for electrical installations and illustration by means of two examples (a storage depot for flammable liquids and a spray-painting installation) of the design and layout of the electrical plant.
Teollisuuspalo tiedonantoja - Industribrand meddelanden, 1972, No.4, p.14-17. 6 ref.


CIS 89-36 Fire Precautions Act 1971 [United Kingdom]
Act outlining the conditions for the issuing of fire certificates and other regulations concerning fire safety for all buildings in the United Kingdom, excluding those covered by the Offices, Shops and Railway Premises Act, the Factories Act, the Mines and Quarries Act, premises used solely or mainly for public religious worship and houses used as a single private dwelling. In particular, the Act applies to the following kinds of workplaces: institutions providing treatment or care; facilities for entertainment, recreation, teaching, training and research; facilities for any purpose involving public access to the premises.
HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1971 (reprinted 1987). 52p. Price: GBP 5.50.

CIS 75-1616 Braker W., Mossman A.L.
Matheson gas data book.
Compilation of individual data sheets for a total of 140 gases, with details as applicable of: physical constants; description; specifications; uses; toxicity; first aid; precautions in handling and storage; leak detection and control; cylinder disposal; analytical detection; fire prevention and control; materials of construction; cylinder and valve description; safety devices; recommended controls (automatic pressure regulators, valves, flowmeters, etc.); shipping regulations; commercial preparations; chemical preparation; chemical reactions; molecular structure; chemical properties; thermodynamic and detailed physical data; bibliographical references. Introductory chapter on safe handling of compressed gases in laboratory and plant; general precautions in handling and storage; conversion tables.
Matheson Gas Products, East Rutherford, New Jersey, USA, 1971. 574p. Illus. Bibl.

CIS 74-821
Health and Safety at Work Series, No.27, Department of Employment, London.
Precautions in the use of nitrate salt baths.
This booklet, based mainly on the experience of factory inspectors, describes the following hazards: explosions due to physical and chemical reactions; fires due to contact of molten salt with combustible materials; burns; gassing from nitrous fumes. The precautions necessary to prevent injury due to the above hazards are described and include: strict care in the use of water near baths; use of dry sand or powder-type extinguishers; avoidance of entrapped air in hollow work being treated; supervision and care in storage and use of carbonaceous materials; removal of loose oxide scale from the bottom of the bath; avoidance of overheating and hot spots; consideration of the reaction between the molten nitrate, the steel bath and other metals; use of temperature controllers; systematic bath maintenance; protective clothing for workers.
H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London S.E.1, United Kingdom, 1971. 16p. Illus. Price: £0.15.

CIS 74-555 Standard for the production, storage and handling of liquefied natural gas (LNG).
Individual sections are devoted to: general plant considerations; process systems; stationary LNG storage containers; vaporisation facilities; piping systems and components; instrumentation and electrical services; transfer of LNG and refrigerants; fire protection and safety (ignition source control, fire and leak control, waste gas disposal, personnel safety, unattended operation). Appendices supply formulae for the calculation of the minimum relieving capacity of relief valves for fire exposure.
NFPA No.59A-1971, National Fire Protection Association, 470 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02210, USA, 1971. Approved as American National Standard ANSI Z225.1-1971 on 11 Nov. 1971. 55 p. Illus. 10 ref. Price: US-$1.75.

CIS 72-2091
Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften
Guidelines for the prevention of ignition hazards from electrostatic charges
Richtlinien zur Vermeidung von Zündgefahren infolge elektrostatischer Aufladungen [in German]
Definitions are followed by a description of static charge accumulation and general safety measures. The major part of the guidelines describes precautionary measures for specific cases: drive belts; liquid flow; plant components in which electrostatic charges may accumulate; particulate solids and dusts; gas flow and spray painting; films; photogravure; dry cleaning with flammable solvents; explosive substances; hospitals. Appendices contain minimum ignition energy levels and electrical resistance figures.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-32, 5000 Köln 1, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1971. 64p. Price: DM.2.80.

CIS 72-2696 Page R.C., Ward Gardner A.
Petroleum tankship safety.
A review of the safety and health hazards encountered in the shipping of crude oil and petroleum products and the necessary preventive measures. Individual chapters are devoted to: petroleum vapours (hazards, evaporation, condensation, saturation); oil fires and tanker explosions (oil vapour and air mixtures, flammable limits and ranges, sources of ignition, etc.); gas concentrations in cargo tanks; cargo-tank venting; inert-gas systems for flammable-product tanks; the hazards of static electricity; the use of insulating flanges and ship-shore bonding wires to reduce the hazards of static and current electricity; fire fighting; tank cleaning and gas freeing; entering and working in enclosed spaces; rescue and first aid after gassing accidents; basic chemistry of oil. Appendices cover: flammability characterisitics of some common petroleums; fire-fighting equipment requirements; toxicity data for certain common substances, etc.
George Philip and Son Limited, 12-14 Long Acre, London W.C.2, United Kingdom, Oct. 1971. 223p. Illus. 8 bibl.

CIS 72-1984 Notification of the Czech Occupational Safety and Health Authority of 17 August 1971 concerning the safe operation of bitumen equipment [Czechoslovakia - Czech Socialist Republic]
Vyhláška Českého úřadu bezpečnosti práce ze dne 17. srpna 1971 k zajištění bezpečnosti práce a technických zařízení při pracích s živicemi [in Czech]
Safety and fire prevention regulations for bitumen processing operations (natural and artificial asphalts, road-surfacing tars and derivatives). The regulations cover all types of work in which the substances are employed, storage, transport, inspection, cleaning and repair of containers, maintenance of machines and equipment.
Sbírka zákonů, 16 Sep. 1971, No.24, p.429-435.

CIS 73-1085 Proceedings of the Symposium on the Prevention of Spontaneous Combustion - Harrogate 3rd, 4th and 5th November 1970
15 of the papers presented at this symposium review experience in the occurrence and prevention of spontaneous heating and combustion in different coalmining regions in the United Kingdom. Each paper reviews the geological conditions in the region and the history of spontaneous heating and combustion, and reports on heatings and fires that have occurred, monitoring procedures and control measures; where research has been carried out on new techniques, this is also reported (e.g. underground trials with pack injection and sealant coatings). The final paper deals with recent developments in the continuous monitoring of mine air for the detection of spontaneous combustion. Discussions that followed presentation of each of the papers are reproduced.
Institution of Mining Engineers, 3 Grosvenor Crescent, London SW1X 7EG, United Kingdom, 1971. 260p. Illus. 21 ref.


CIS 73-1075 Hansford E.F., Bib C.E.
The occurrence of fires in power stations and sub-stations (excluding boilers and coal handling plant) - A selective bibliography, 1944 to 1970
A bibliography of 42 items, each accompanied by a short abstract.
21A, Central Electricity Generating Board Information Services, Sudbury House, 15 Newgate Street, London E.C.1, United Kingdom, June 1970. 9p.


CIS 03-848 Prevention of accidents due to fires underground in coal mines
Prévention des accidents causés par les feux et les incendies dans les travaux souterrains des mines de charbon [in French]
This code of practice on the prevention of accidents due to fires underground in coal mines comprises two parts. Part 1 contains provisions applicable to all coal mines, namely a series of general operation precautions, together with provisions on the organization of the prevention and detection of fires and of fire fighting. Part 2 contains additional provisions applicable to mines liable to spontaneous combustion.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1959. v, 48p. Index.


CIS 05-175 Safety during the production and use of celluloid
La sécurité dans la fabrication et l'utilisation du celluloïd [in French]
The objective of this publication is to provide an overall view of the production and use of celluloid, the related fire and accident hazards and the measures adopted by various countries to prevent these hazards. A first part is devoted to industrial processes involved in the production and use of celluloid and the related hazards. A second part covers the legislative measures adopted for the prevention of accidents during the production and use of celluloid in various countries (Germany, Austria, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, Sweden and Switzerland).
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1933. iv, 183p. 9 ref. Price: CHF 5.00.


CIS 89-1427 Petroleum (Consolidation) Act, 1928 [United Kingdom]
Consolidation of legislation relating to the safe use, transportation and storage of petroleum products. Contents: licences for storage; labelling of vessels containing petroleum products; transport by road and water; provisions for storage as fuel; notification and investigation of accidents involving petroleum products; powers of inspector. In the appendix: apparatus for determining flash points.
HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1980 (orig. published: 1928). 35p. Price: GBP 2.25.

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