Skin protection - 112 entries found
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The prevention of occupational skin diseases.
This booklet describes, in simple language, the incidence and causal agents of occupational dermatitis, time lost, skin anatomy and physiology, predisposing and direct (mechanical, physical, chemical, plant poisons, biological) factors, and prevention measures (environmental and personal hygiene; protective creams; lotions and ointments; protective clothing; plant design; in-plant medical department; worker education); industrial skin cleansers (basic requirements; mode of action of different types; dispensers; efficiency tests); glossary.
Soap and Detergent Association, 475 Park Avenue South at 32nd Street, New York, New York 10016, USA, 1976. 56p. Illus. Price: US-$1.50.
Ronot P., Cheutet R.
Hand hygiene and dermatosis in the hospital
Hygiène des mains et dermatoses en milieu hospitalier. [in French]
A study on the numerous cases of dermatosis in hospitals due to hand hygiene was undertaken in 477 nurses, assistants, X-ray technicians, etc. at the Chambéry Hospital Centre (France), where 13 different detergents were used. The 57 cases of dermatitis found were attributed to the use of cleansing products and wearing of gloves. Various anionic bactericidal detergents are implicated. Household soap on the other hand, and products with a simple composition appear innocuous. Importance of the mode of use of these products, and of the frequency of hand washing. Measures recommended: choice of a bland soap; disposable gloves; training of personnel.
Archives des maladies professionnelles, June 1976, Vol.37, No.6, p.548-551.
Lupulescu A.P., Birmingham D.J.
Effect of protective agent against lipid-solvent-induced damages - Ultrastructural and scanning electron microscopical study of human epidermis.
Following the application of acetone and kerosene on both unprotected and protected human skin, the ultrastructural and relief changes produced in the epidermis were investigated by scanning electron micoscopy. Most cellular damage was found to occur in the upper layers of the epidermis. The application of a protective gel before solvent exposure resulted in a substantial reduction of cell disorganisation, presumably by blocking the absorption and migration of the solvent through the skin.
Archives of Environmental Health, Jan.-Feb. 1976, Vol.31, No.1, p.33-36. Illus. 10 ref.
Hautschutz [in German]
Protection de la peau. [in French]
This information handbook contains a short introduction on the structure and functions of the skin, causes of skin injuries, mode of action of harmful agents and forms of skin disorders (dermatitis, eczema, acne) followed by considerations on the prevention of occupational dermatoses. One of the conditions for the success of preventive measures is worker education and information. Harmful substances should whenever and wherever possible be replaced by less harmful ones. Special attention should be paid to industrial and personal hygiene. Personal protective clothing and equipment, and barrier creams, afford the best safeguard against skin damage. Cleansing of the skin and subsequent skin care should not be overlooked.
Cahiers suisses de la sécurité du travail, Mar.-May 1976, No.122. 16p. Illus.
Amphoux M., Robin J., Woerth P., Grimonnet J., Ha-Hau-Cam J.
Double-blind trial with a protective ointment (Ivosin) on the hands of cement workers
Doppelblindversuch mit einer Schutzsalbe (Ivosin) an den Händen von Zementarbeitern [in German]
Comparative trial of a protective ointment containing an anion exchanger which binds chromate ions, and a simple protective cream without active ingredient. The composition and type of cream were unknown to the 113 construction workers using them, the attending physicians and the statistician analysing the results. Description of preparatory measures and results. A larger proportion (86%) of satisfactory results was obtained with the ointment than with the inactive cream (66%).
Berufs-Dermatosen, Dec. 1975, Vol.23, No.6, p.214-226. 10 ref.
Individual prevention of allergic occupational dermatitis (Thesis, 1975)
Prévention individuelle des dermatoses professionnelles de mécanisme allergique. [in French]
In part 1 of this MD thesis the author examines the conditions for effective personal protection; knowledge of the different aetiological types of occupational dermatitis, knowledge of the anatomy of the skin and its protective role, knowledge of the hazards in the industrial environment, collective hygiene procedure and pre-employment medical examinations. Part 2 considers in detail the various means of personal protective equipment (gloves, barrier creams, proper washing and drying of the hands, cosmetic creams) and their uses according to varying circumstances.
Université de Paris VII, Faculté de médecine Xavier-Bichat, Paris, France, 1975. 90p. 281 ref.
Ivanov V.V., Somov B.A.
Modern aspects of the effect of synthetic detergents on the skin and their use for the prevention of chemically induced skin allergies
Sovremennye aspekty vozdejstvija na kožu sintetičeskih mojuščih sredstv i ih primenenie dlja profilaktiki allergičeskih dermatozov himičeskoj ėtiologii [in Russian]
Literature survey of research into the dermatological effect of surface-active agents. Description of methods for assessing the sensitivity of the skin to detergents and their ingredients. Recommendations regarding the use of skin cleansers with a view to preventing skin damage. It is concluded that the chemical substances and additives contained in a detergent may react with each other, alter the pH value of the cleansing medium and induce unexpected skin reactions.
Sovetskaja medicina, July 1974, No.7, p.82-87. 84 ref.
Guillemin M., Murset J.C., Lob M., Riquez J.
Simple method to determine the efficiency of a cream used for skin protection against solvents.
Current methods of evaluating the protective action of barrier creams against solvents are based on specialised dermatological techniques. The simple method described in this study relies on breath analysis to evaluate the absorption of a solvent through the skin when the skin is protected by a barrier cream and when it is not. The method was tested in the laboratory by using pure toluene, and the results are presented and discussed.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 1974, Vol.31, No.4, p.310-316. Illus. 13 ref.
Surfactants - Workshop cleansers for hand-washing
Agents de surface - Détergents d'atelier pour lavage des mains. [in French]
This standard lays down the specifications for the ingredients (surfactants, fillers, dyestuffs, perfumes and other substances) and the finished product (active ingredient, free caustic alkali, soluble combined alkali, and halogenated, aromatic and aliphatic solvent content), test methods and provisions concerning packaging and marking.
Norme française homologuée NF T 73-100, French Standards Association (Association française de normalisation), Tour Europe Cedex 7, 92080 Paris-la-Défense, France, Dec. 1973. 4p.
Occupational dermatoses - Examination of problems concerning skin protection in industry, intended for the dermatologist, industrial physician and safety officer
Berufsdermatosen - Industrielle Fragestellung und Hautschutz für Dermatologen, Werksärzte und Sicherheitsbeauftragte [in German]
Text of papers submitted at a seminar held on 12 Dec. 1972 at the Esslingen Technical Academy, Fed.Rep. of Germany. Introductory lecture on how dermatoses occur, followed by papers on: skin protection; judgements and expert opinions concerning occupational dermatoses; prevalence of occupationally hazardous substances; microbiological problems connected with aqueous coolant emulsions in mechanical engineering and the metal trades; occupational health measures in work with coolants (working rules expressed in brief precepts).
Berufs-Dermatosen, Apr. 1973, Vol.21, No.2, p.45-76. 10 ref.
Volkova L., Brajnina M., Šarkova V.
Barrier creams and lotions
Zaščitnye pasty i mazi [in Russian]
The authors give the composition of a number of barrier creams and lotions for protecting the skin from various organic substances (greases, oils, petroleum derivatives, solvents, varnishes, resins), water, aqueous solutions of various substances, tar, ultraviolet radiation and intense sunlight.
Ohrana truda i social'noe strahovanie, May 1972, No.5, p.28.
The eradication of bricklayers itch - the effect of gloves and a local anticholinergic agent
Vers l'éradication de la gale du ciment - Effet du port des gants et d'un anticholinergique local [in French]
Paper read at the XIIth National Seminar on Occupational Medicine in Building and Civil Engineering, Paris, 20-23 May 1971. Results of a study to determine whether the wearing of 2 super-imposed gloves (one of which, made from jersey, is in contact with the skin and impregnated with an anticholinergic cream), improves the dermatological condition of bricklayers' hands suffering from dermatitis, and reduces acute flare-ups. The study covered 39 subjects (22 of whom did not wear gloves before the test) who had an average of 21.4 years exposure to cement. The group of 22 subjects was itself broken down into 2 sections (12 subjects who wore gloves during the test and 10 who used only the cream). The cream without gloves is dermatologically as effective as impregnated gloves but no more so than a regular washing of the hands. On the other hand, none of the subjects protected by cream, with or without gloves, suffered an acute dermatitis flare-up. (For the complete proceedings of this seminar, see CIS 73-505.)
Bulletin du Groupement national d'étude des médecins du bâtiment et des travaux publics, XIIth National Seminar on Occupational Medicine in Building and Civil Engineering, Paris, France, 1971. Vol.8, No.4 (special), p.788-811. 11 ref.
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