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Foot and leg protection - 166 entries found

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  • Foot and leg protection


CIS 82-1726 Mayer A., Rollin M.
Safety boots - Testing for comfort
Chaussures de sécurité à tige haute - Essais relatifs au confort [in French]
Sequel to tests on toe protection (CIS 82-494) and on sole of foot protection (CIS 82-1410). Comfort was compared by taking into consideration the test parmeters: fit between boot and foot, air circulation around foot, boot impermeability, thermal comfort, flexibility and mass. Tanned flesh split or corrected grain leathers are good materials from the viewpoints of themral comfort and sweat absorption. To comply with the various comfort criteria, boots weighing <1,300g, with absorbing insoles, specially treated for impermeability and sweat absorption, should be used.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 3rd quarter 1982, No.108, Note No.1388-108-82, p.367-376. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 82-1410 Mayer A., Rollin M.
Safety boots - Tests for protection of sole and other sensitive parts of the foot
Chaussures de sécurité à tige haute - Essais relatifs à la protection de la plante et des autres parties sensibles du pied [in French]
This note, a sequel to "safety boots - tests for toe protection" (CIS 82-494), presents the results of tests on 400 pairs of boots and 1,000 penetration-resistant soles made in France. Tests were carried out on midsoles and soles (penetration resistance, extent of protection, flexing (bending stress) resistance, corrosion resistance), on the protection of other sensitive parts of the foot (energy-absorption capacity of heel, protection of ankle-joint malleolus and instep, protection from sprained ankle), and on resistance of soles to heat and chemicals. Recommendations made on the basis of these tests should enable purchasers to choose safety boots adapted to their needs, and enable manufacturers to improve the quality of their products.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 2nd quarter 1982, No.107, Note No.1374-107-82, p.207-226. Illus. 27 ref.

CIS 82-494 Mayer A., Rollin M.
Safety boots - Tests for toe protection
Chaussures de sécurité à tige haute - Essais relatifs à la protection du bout de pied [in French]
Review of the results of tests on around 400 pairs of boots and 5.000 toecaps. Three types of test were carried out: impact strength; crush strength; corrosion resistance. The effectiveness of boots depends on a number of factors: shape and quality of the toecaps themselves, their type and fitment to the boot, the material and quality of the sole. On the whole, the majority of the boots tested and marketed in France meet the recommended minimum standards.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 1st quarter 1982, No.106, Note No.1364-106-82, p.53-69. Illus. 19 ref.


CIS 90-1783
Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social
Safety shoes that provide protection against mechanical risks [Spain]
Calzado de seguridad contra riesgos mecánicos [in Spanish]
Technical standard on safety shoes, brought into legal force by a Resolution of the Dirección General de Trabajo on 31 Jan. 1980. Contents: classification and types of safety shoes; definitions; characteristics and dimensions of safety shoes; testing requirements. In the appendix: ministerial Order dated 17 May 1974 on the type testing of personal protective equipment.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1981. 35p. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 82-1727 Ohmes C., Jung K.
Safety footwear with heat-insulating soles - tested during roadbuilding work
Sicherheitsschuhe mit wärmeisolierendem Unterbau - im Strassenbau getestet [in German]
When laying bituminous road surfaces, workers have to walk on material at temperatures of up to 190°C. Description of studies for the design and development of suitable safety footwear (maximum temperature of 45°C inside the shoe or boot and puncture protection in the sole), testing (measurement of interior temperature, experimental use by workers over a 6-month period), statistical analysis of the results of field trials, comparison with laboratory tests, comfort, sole shape, wear. List of footwear makes classified on the basis of subjective evaluation and laboratory testing. Footwear with heat-insulated soles should also be fitted with a puncture-resistant midsole. Heavy wool socks offer additional protection against high temperatures.
Tiefbau-Berufsgenossenschaft, June 1981, Vol.93, No.6, p.424-431. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 82-1411 Helbig K., Jürgens H.W., Pieper U.
Basic anthropometric data for the manufacture of men's safety footwear
Anthropometrische Grundlagen für Sicherheitsschuhwerk für Männer [in German]
Research report on foot and body measurements in 1415 workers required to wear safety footwear: basis for the design and manufacture of safety footwear (foot morphology, function and anatomy, shoe sizing systems, Mondopoint system), determining foot shape (measurements and methods), results of measurements in the selected population and their interpretation, draft foot width scale, sizes needed for men's safety footwear. The framework of the Mondopoint system has been supplemented by corresponding safety footwear measurements. A system of 5 widths for each Mondopoint size is proposed.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung, Postfach 170202, 4600 Dortmund 17, Federal Republic of Germany, 1981. 82p. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 82-904 Bonefeld X.
Assessing slip characteristics of footwear soles on floor coverings
Die Bestimmung des Gleitverhaltens von Schuhsohlen auf Bodenbelägen [in German]
The leg-shoe-floor system in humans is studied together with the kinematics of walking and the importance of sole-floor friction as the determining factor in foot adherence. Measuring equipment and methods are described, as are the characteristics required of equipment for measuring forces transmitted from the sole to the floor surface. The report also covers: development of new measuring equipment and modification of existing equipment; non-slip characteristics required of footwear soles; measurement of friction between sole and floor surface. The concept "non-slip rating" is proposed and defined; it permits simple presentation of the friction measurements which are given for various sole and floor covering materials.
Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung, Postfach 170202, 4600 Dortmund 17, Federal Republic of Germany, 1981. 180p. Illus. 97 ref. Price: DM.22.00.

CIS 82-812 Equipment of checking insulating boots
Appareil de contrôle pour bottes isolantes [in French]
Description of apparatus for measuring the electrical resistance of the insulating soles of footwear worn by workers in electrolysis shops, comprising a trough of aqueous soda solution into which the operator steps, two handles (connected to the trough by a minimal-resistance conductor ≤30A) that have to be held, and an electronic device which lights a green lamp if the electrical resistance of the footwear is adequate.
Travail et sécurité, Dec. 1981, No.12, p.612-613. Illus.

CIS 82-492
USSR State Standards Institute (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Leather protective footwear - Method for determining over-all resistance to heat
Obuv' special'naja kožanaja - Metod opredelenija summarnogo teplovogo soprotivlenija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1984) applies to footwear intended to protect workers' feet from heat and cold. Contents: choice of samples; test apparatus and set-up (climate chamber); preparation of tests and test procedures at different air temperatures; mathematical evaluation of results; safety rules to be observed during tests. Annex: example of calculation.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 26 Mar. 1981. 10p. Illus. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 82-491
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Leather safety shoes - Method for determining the solidity of attachment of outside protective toecaps
Obuv' special'naja kožanaja - Metod opredelenija pročnosti kreplenija naružnyh zaščitnyh noskov [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1982) applies to safety shoes with a protective toecap on the outside of the upper. Contents: test set-up (shoe-holder; machine-mounted hook for tear-off tests); preparation of tests and test procedures; evaluation of results; safety rules to be observed during tests.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557, Moskva, USSR, 20 Aug. 1981. 4p. Illus. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 81-1691 Acker D.F.
Feet in safety footwear (Study on 90 workers in a telecommunications and electronic components plant)
Le pied dans la chaussure de sécurité (étude portant sur 90 agents d'une entreprise de télécommunications et de composants électroniques) [in French]
This M.D. thesis considers the symbolism and psychosomatic features of the foot and footwear, and reviews the evolution, anatomy and biomechanics of the human foot. An overview of the development of footwear through the ages, anatomy of the mass-produced shoe and safety footwear, references to safety footwear standards and legislative texts, and up-to-date statistics on feet accidents. Report on a survey: methodology and location of study, definition of the normal adult plantar posture and flat-footedness. The results of the survey, which covered the workers, their footwear and feet-ache, shows both the effectiveness of safety footwear and the discomfort caused by the protective toecaps. Importance of foot anomalies in the complaints of workers about safety footwear. Role of the occupational physician in the choice of footwear and the periodic inspection of workers' feet.
Université de Paris V, Faculté de médecine Necker - Enfants-Malades, Paris, France, 1981. 166p. 145 ref.

CIS 81-1119 Schacher F.
Safety shoes - Test methods
Sicherheitsschuhe im Examen [in German]
Scarpe di sicurezza - requisiti e modalità di collaudo [in Italian]
Les chaussures de sécurité à l'examen. [in French]
This booklet gives information on requirements for safety shoes (resistance of toe caps, electrical resistance of sole, resistance of sole to penetration by nails) and describes corresponding test procedures. Swiss Standard 054 521, partly based on West German Standard DIN 4843, applies to the testing of safety footwear in Switzerland.
Cahiers suisses de la sécurité du travail, Caisse nationale suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents, Luzern, Switzerland, Mar. 1981, No.136. 11p. Illus.


CIS 81-1419 Härtling D., Jung K.
Heat resistance of firemen's safety boots
Zur Widerstandsfähigkeit von Feuerwehr-Sicherheitsschuhwerk gegen thermische Beanspruchung [in German]
Firemen's boots must be resistant to open flames and radiant and contact heat. Description of test methods and results of tests on leather, rubber, PVC and polyurethane boots. Leather and rubber boot uppers and soles proved more resistant to heat than those made from plastics; it is proposed that plastics should not be used in the manufacture of firemen's boots.
Die Berufsgenossenschaft, Aug. 1980, No.8, p.513-517. Illus.

CIS 81-1414 Chesnay C.
Foot protection - Better safety shoes
Protection des pieds - Des chaussures de sécurité plus efficaces. [in French]
Information on: points to look for in safety shoes; tests (toecap, penetration resistance of soles, comfort, corrosion); insulating and antistatic qualities; adherence; reference to 4 French AFNOR standards.
Revue de la sécurité, Apr. 1980, Vol.17, No.167, p.10-17. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 81-1090 Hervé-Bazin B., Foussereau J., Cavelier C.
Allergy due to N-isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (IPPD) in personal protective equipment
L'allergie à la N-isopropyl-N'-phényl-p-phénylènediamine (IPPD) dans certains objets de protection individuelle. [in French]
Results of analytical research and clinical allergic sensitisation investigations to determine IPPD-type aromatic amines in personal protective equipment made of elastomers: gloves, boots and dust respirators. Some IPPD-sensitised subjects do not react on contact with equipment containing this substance; some, on the contrary, react on contact with equipment where IPPD has not been detected on analysis. These results show up problems and gaps in analytical research and allergic sensitisation investigations when attempting to determine IPPD sensitisation due to contact with a new rubber product of unknown composition.
Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, 1980, Vol.28, No.3, p.82-88. Illus. 5 ref. (8p. supplement: German translation).

CIS 80-1716 Schacher F.
Foot protection
Fussschutz [in German]
La protezione dei piedi [in Italian]
La protection des pieds. [in French]
Roundup of various causes of injury to the feet, and criteria for safety footwear (photos of recent models of safety shoes). In recent years safety footwear is being more frequently distributed and worn in workplaces; the incidence of foot injuries has correspondingly decreased.
Cahiers suisses de la sécurité du travail, Caisse national suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents, Luzern, Switzerland, July 1980, No.134, 8p. Illus.

CIS 80-1713
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam).
Materials for safety shoe soles - Method for determining the friction coefficient
Materialy dlja niza special'noj obuvi - Metod opredelenija koėfficienta trenija skol'ženija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1981) lays down the conditions for determining this coefficient: required test equipment; test preparation and procedures; evaluation of results; safety rules for test laboratory personnel. Annex: description of test equipment.
GOST 12.4.083-80, Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 29 Jan. 1980. 6p. Illus. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 80-1710 Ivić S., Jankovič Ð.
Choice of sole tread to prevent slipping at work
Izbor reljefa radne obuče sa stanovišta sigurnosti radnih kretanja [in Serbocroatian]
Statistical significance of falls on the level; biomechanics of movement and dynamic forces involved (diagrams illustrate variations in the adhering surface area in relation to changes in the centre of gravity of the body); objective analysis of sole/floor surface adherence to determine criteria for choice of tread (geometry and density of adhering segments).
Jugoslovenska i inostrana dokumentacija zaštite na radu, 1980, Vol.16, No.1, p.85-95. Illus. 11 ref.


CIS 80-1998
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennij komitet SSR po standartam)
Polymer-material safety footwear - Nomenclature of qualitative criteria
Obuv' special'naja iz polimernyh materialov - Nomenklatura pokazatelej kačestva [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1980) applies to safety footwear in polymer materials, with uppers of polymer material or fabric, with or without polymer welt. Tables give information on: strength and wear resistance of materials, hygienic,ergonomic and aesthetic criteria required of polymer materials used in the manufacture of safety shoes (with classification of the latter by physical properties in relation to the type of use for which they are intended).
GOST 12.4.071-79, Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 19 July 1979. 8p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 80-1705 Antonova L.A., Smirnova K.A., Gudimenko V.I.
Heat resistant soles for steelworkers' safety boots
Termostojkie podošvy dlja specobuvi metallurgov [in Russian]
Studies with synthetic rubbers containing 5-25% chrysotile asbestos are reported. The composition of a material offering maximum resistance at a temperature of 150°C is presented. Field trials with safety boots incorporating this material gave satisfactory results in steeworks with open-hearth furnaces and converters.
Koževenno-obuvnaja promyšlennost', Oct. 1979, No.10, p.33-35. 2 ref.

CIS 80-1385 New method of determining the slipping properties of shoe sole materials
Neues Verfahren zur Bestimmung des Gleitverhaltens von Sohlenwerkstoffen [in German]
The elements and forces involved between the foot and the ground during walking were analysed as a basis for development of an anti-slip testing apparatus. The slip coefficient is the criterion for evaluation of safety against slipping. Slip-stick behaviour, the continual transition between slipping and adherence, is of particular interest. Test procedure and findings are described. Sole materials studied were: vulcanised rubber, polyurethane foam, polyvinyl chloride, thermoplastic rubber, light cellular plastic, leather, natural crepe); surface materials were: stainless steel, polyvinyl chloride, granite (dry, wet, and covered with oil). The profile and hardness of a material are the prime determinants of its non-slip properties.
Schuhtechnik und ABC, 1979, No.10, p.939-942. 4 ref.

CIS 80-619 Bailey M.
Insulated boots - Field and laboratory evaluation.
Description of tests on knee-length insulated fire fighters' boots and aluminised reflective spats to be worn with aluminised protective clothing for aircraft crash fire fighters. These boots incorporate a layer of insulation (urethane foam, wool fleece, or vinyl foam) around the foot and ankle. The boots were evaluated and compared with standard fire fighters' boots for protection afforded, comfort, convenience and durability. Test procedures are described, and heat transfer values of insulated and uninsulated boots are given. Insulated boots are more protective; reflective spats are absolutely necessary if fire fighters are immobilised and exposed to high infrared heat pulses for 30s or longer; heat-reflective surfaces cease to function effectively when soiled (daily cleaning).
Fire Technology, Nov. 1979, Vol.15, No.4, p.283-290. 3 ref.

CIS 80-495
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam).
Special moulded rubber boots for protection against water, mineral oil and mechanical agents - Technical rules
Sapogi special'nye rezinovye formovye, zaščiščajuščie ot vody, mineral'nyh masel i mehaničeskih vozdejstvija - Tehničeskie uslovija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1980) concerns work boots which are impermeable to water and mineral oils and afford partial protection against impacts. Contents: types, sizes; technical rules (materials for manufacturing uppers and legs, soles and linings, technical data on materials and protection criteria); rules for approval; test methods (impermeability, graded impact tests for maximum toe cap deformation); marking, packing, transport and storage: instructions for use; manufacturer's guarantee.
GOST 12.4.072-79, Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 19 July 1979. 11p. Illus. Price: Rbl.0.05.

CIS 80-491
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam).
Materials for protective footwear - Descriptive list with quality indices
Materialy dlja special'noj obuvi - Nomenklatura pokazatelej kačestva [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1980) contains tables giving data on required resistance, composition, physical and mechanical properties, and on hygienic criteria to be met by natural and artificial leather and soles made from polymers used in the manufacture of protective footwear. The standard lists and classifies these materials according to their industrial uses; synoptic tables facilitate the choice of materials according to the tasks to be performed.
GOST 12.4.076-79, Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 13 Aug. 1979. 5p. Price: Rbl.0.05.

CIS 79-2005 Abalihina T.M., Troickaja T.A., Gudimenko V.I., Peresypkina S.V.
Oil- and freezeproof rubber for footwear protection
Neftemorozostojkaja rezina dlja specobuvi [in Russian]
Studies are reported on the development of an elastomer mixture (butadiene and butadiene-nitrile rubbers containing different amounts of β-ethylcyanomethacrylate complexes). The physical and mechanical characteristics of various types of rubber are compared. Tear strength of butadiene rubbers increases with the β-ethylcyanomethacrylate content. Tests at temperatures down to -40°C showed that boot soles made of these rubbers offer great resistance to wear and the effect of mineral oils.
Koževenno-obuvnaja promyšlennost', May 1979, No.5, p.54-55. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 79-2000 Jędrzejewska M., Liwkowicz J.
Evaluation, on the basis of in-service and laboratory tests, of the suitability of oil-resistant leather shoes made in Poland for workers exposed to petrochemicals
Ocena przydatności skórzanego obuwia olejoodpornego produkcji krajowej do prac w kontakcie z produktami petrochemicznymi na podstawie badań użytkowych i laboratoryjnych [in Polish]
Comparative study of several types of Polish safety shoes and one French model. Tests for compliance with standards were carried out on various materials used for manufacturing soles, and on finished shoes. The articles were also subjected to performance tests during in-plant use, principally to determine the maximum duration of their working life when in constant use. Analysis of the results showed the superiority of the French shoes (better oil resistance of the soles, lighter in weight and more supple, and longer-lasting). Recommendations for manufacturers of safety shoes for workers in contact with petrochemicals (methanol, motor fuel, petroleum, benzene, toluene, oils, etc.).
Prace Centralnego instytutu ochrony pracy, 1979, Vol.29, No.101, p.191-202. 25 ref.

CIS 79-1650 Mathias C.G.T., Maibach H.I.
Polyvinyl chloride work boots in the management of shoe dermatitis in industrial workers.
A sugar-refinery worker developed severe allergic contact dermatitis of both feet as a result of the vulcanisation accelerators in his protective rubber boots. The dermatitis resolved when polyvinyl chloride boots were used.
Contact Dermatitis, July 1979, Vol.5, No.4, p.249-250. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 79-1714
GOST 12.4.060-78, State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet po standartam), Moskva, 25 Dec. 1978.
Leather safety shoes with protection against slipping and mechanical effects - Technical rules
Obuv' special'naja kožanaja dlja zaščity ot skol'ženija i mehaničeskih vozdejstvij - Tehničeskie uslovija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1980) sets out rules for this equipment for men and women: characteristics and sizes; required technical specifications (leather quality, thickness and minimum strength of the various elements, strength of stitching, maximum weight, flexibility, defects justifying rejection at quality control); rules for approval; testing (reference to relevant standards); marking, packing, transport and storage; maintenance recommendation; manufacturer's guarantee. Appendix: minimum thickness of the different parts of boots and shoes.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, Moskva D-557, USSR, 1979. 10p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 79-1713
GOST 12.057-78, State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet po standartam), Moskva, 10 Nov. 1978.
Safety shoes - Method of determining penetration strength
Obuv' special'naja - Metod opredelenija soprotivlenija prokolu [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1980) lays down conditions for testing the materials of safety shoes: description of testing machine, sampling, testing, evaluation of results.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, Moskva D-557, USSR, 1979. 4p. Illus. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 79-1108 Ivergård T., Claridge N.
Safety shoes
Skyddsskor [in Swedish]
A series of short articles evaluating safety shoes and boots available commercially in Sweden: conditions to be met by safety shoes in order to be considered satisfactory; factors (form adapted to foot, leather manufacture, adaptation to workplace temperature and humidity, non-slip qualities, etc.); resistance to wear and protection afforded (results of a consumer survey); Swedish market study (data on some 15 Swedish and foreign makes); commentary on the new Swedish standard for safety shoes; laboratory tests to develop non-slip soles; toe caps for workers employed in materials handling; penetration-resistant soles for building workers; wooden-soled clogs on slippery and cold floor surfaces in the meat canning industry; boots used in the logging industry; statistics of toe injuries.
Arbetsmiljö, 12 Feb. 1979, No.2, p.11-27. Illus.


CIS 80-808 Audemars P.
Underfoot cushioning in working footwear - A question of comfort.
Comfort aspects of safety footwear are important because they often affect a worker's decision not to wear foot and ankle protection. Factors affecting foot comfort considered: fit, absorbency and transmission of sweat and moisture, shock absorbency, and also factors of durability and cost. Results of "breathability" (water vapour transmission rates) and comparison tests of compression or resilience of polyurethane foam, natural rubber, sponge, latex foam and vinyl foam soles are shown in tables, and energy absorption of insole materials using latex foam, polyurethane foam and natural rubber sponge.
Protection, Sep. 1978, Vol.15, No.9, p.11-14. Illus.

CIS 79-1997
VVB Schuhe, Weissenfels, June 1977.
Safety footwear
Arbeitsschutzschuhwerk [in German]
This standard (effective 1 Feb. 1978) contains a classification of protection features (Part 1) and sets out general specifications for protective footwear (Part 2).
Staatsverlag der DDR, Postfach 1068, 7010 Leipzig, German Democratic Republic, 1978. 3 and 9p.

CIS 79-1114 Mineev A.N., Žuravlev V.S.
Experience gained in the manufacture of antistatic footwear
Opyt vypuska antistatičeskoj obuvi [in Russian]
This article summarises certain conclusions drawn from the experience gained in the production of 10,000 pairs of work shoes with leather uppers and antistatic soles. The soles were manufactured of synthetic rubber (23.5% butadiene-styrene; 32.5% regenerated rubber tyres; fillers: carbon black (20.8%) and amorphous graphite (13.8%), 9.4% paraffin wax, Vaseline oil, Captax, etc.). The shoes were tested with specially designed equipment (measurement of dielectric strength, electric conductivity at 500V). Tables of technical data are reproduced.
Koževenno-obuvnaja promyšlennost', Nov. 1978, No.11, p.21-23. Illus. 5 ref.

CIS 79-517
GOST 12.4.050-78, State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet standartov), Moskva, 2 June 1978.
Special felt boots for protection against high temperature - Technical specifications
Obuv' special'naja valjanaja dlja zaščity ot povyšennyh temperatur - Tehničeskie uslovija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1979) refers to felt footwear for work in hot workplaces. Contents: types and measurements, thickness of uppers and soles; technical rules (composition and properties of felt; make, qualities); conditions for approval; marking, packaging, transport and storage; care of footwear, upkeep and repair; maximum duration for continuous wear (9h).
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, Moskva D-557, USSR, 1978. 7p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 79-189 García M.A.
Proceedings of a round table on safety footwear
Reportaje sobre la mesa redonda de calzado de protección [in Spanish]
Record of proceedings of a round table on safety footwear (Madrid, 15 June 1978) attended by manufacturers' and consumers' representatives, at which the following questions were discussed: difficulties encountered in classifying safety footwear; specifications laid down in Spanish standard MT-5 and problems involved in its application; amendments to the standard sought by manufacturers; comfort, resistance and performance demanded of safety shoes; inadequacy of non-metallic materials; problem of sweating; medical requirements and safety aspects; comparison between Spanish standards and regulations and those applying in the EEC member states. Synoptic table of conclusions adopted.
Salud y trabajo, Oct. 1978, No.15, p.38-48. Illus.

CIS 78-1701 Leg protection during forestry work with chain saws
Benskydd vid skogsarbete med motorkedjesåg [in Swedish]
These directives (entry into force: 1 Jan. 1979) lay down the mechanical strength, the dimensions and attachment system of the protective leggings which it is obligatory to wear during use of chain saws in forestry work. Earlier directives (CIS 75-502) have been modified in respect of strength testing methods.
Meddelanden 1978:2, National Board for Occupational Safety and Health (Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen), Fack, 100 26 Stockholm, Sweden, 9 Jan. 1978. 2p. Gratis.

CIS 78-1525 Klittervall T.
Fewer falls on the level are possible
Det går att göra mera för att minska halkolycksfallen [in Swedish]
Statistical data are given showing the trend towards fewer falls on the level in Sweden, but standards and directives on this subject are not sufficiently explicit. The mechanism and causes of falls are analysed (slippery floors due to spills, unexpected obstacles, sudden avoiding movements, etc.); it is tiring to walk on slippery floors. Much of the article is devoted to measurement of the friction coefficient between shoe sole and floor, and to tests with an instrument simulating the position of the foot at the start of a step. Results are given and the differences between smooth and rough floor surfaces and between shoe soles made of different materials are analysed. Falls are more likely if the antislip floor covering is considered alone than when studied in relation to non-slip soles.
Arbetsmiljö, 10 May 1978, No.6, p.27-30. Illus.


CIS 84-1705
British Cast Iron Research Association
Protective wear for foundry workers - foot protection
This data sheet provides information on approved footwear for foundry workers. A list of British suppliers is appended.
BCIRA, Alvenchurch, Birmingham B48 7QB, United Kingdom, 1977. 2p. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 80-1996 Safety footwear with penetration-resistant midsole - Specifications and testing of soles
Chaussures de sécurité à semelle anti-perforation - Caractéristiques et essais des semelles. [in French]
This experimental standard lays down required specifications for these soles (extent of protection, penetration resistance, resistance to corrosion) and procedures for compliance tests.
Norme expérimentale S 73-103, Association française de normalisation, Tour Europe, 92080 Paris-la-Défense Cedex 7, France, Oct. 1977, 4p. Illus.

CIS 80-1995 Safety footwear with protective toecaps - Specifications and testing
Chaussures de sécurité à embout de protection - Spécifications et essais. [in French]
This experimental standard lays down required specifications (extent of protection, penetration resistance, resistance to corrosion) and procedures for compliance tests.
Norme expérimentale S 73-101, Association française de normalisation, Tour Europe, 92080 Paris-la-Défense Cedex 7, France, Dec. 1977. 7p. Illus.

CIS 80-1994 Safety footwear - Resistance to slipping
Chaussures de sécurité - Résistance au glissement. [in French]
This experimental standard lays down specifications for resistance to slipping of safety shoes for walking on smooth, hard floor surfaces in industrial premises, and compliance test methodology. A friction coefficient of ≥0.15 is mandatory. Apparatus and samples for testing, and test method.
Norme expérimentale S 73-102, Association française de normalisation, Tour Europe, 92080 Paris-la-Défense Cedex 7, France, Oct. 1977. 6p. Illus.

CIS 80-1711
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam).
Leather safety shoes for protection against slipping on oily floor surfaces - Technical rules
Obuv' special'naja kožanaja dlja zaščity ot skol'ženija po zažirennym poverhnostjam - Tehničeskie uslovija [in Russian]
Contents of this standard (effective 1 Jan. 1979): types and dimensions of shoes and boots; technical rules (component materials and their manufacture; footwear manufacturing methods); rules for acceptance; test methods; marking, packing, transport and storage; instructions for care and upkeep; manufacturer's guarantee.
GOST 12.4.033-77, Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 18 Nov. 1977. 13p. Price: Rbl.0.05.

CIS 78-1404 Scalone A.A., Davidson R.D., Brown D.T.
Development of test methods and procedures for foot protection.
The present standard and test methods for safety footwear are desribed and assessed. Several models of shoes were impact, compression, metatarsal performance and puncture tested. It was recommended that the toe impact classification should be increased; the compression classifications are sufficient. The metatarsal programme showed excellent correlation between the test methods, as did the puncture programme. Accidents to the feet are described and some statistics on foot injuries are shown. A new machine was designed to perform toe impact and compression, matatarsal impact and puncture resistance tests.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Dec. 1977. 177p. Illus.

CIS 78-809 Mäkelä J.
Industrial accidents due to falls on the level
Liukastumistapaturmat teollisuudessa [in Finnish]
Halkningsolycksfallen i industrin [in Swedish]
In this article, based on the established fact that the number of falls on the level rises sharply in winter (notified accidents for the period 1974-1976), the author studies the adherence qualities of shoe soles on various types of floor surface (including ice). Coefficients of friction when standing or walking (slow walking and dragging or pushing of objects) are shown diagrammatically. Other aspects considered: adherence of sole depending on profile of tread, features of different safety shoe models as regards friction and material. CIS has only the Swedish-language version.
Ehkäise tapaturmia - Förebygg olycksfall, 1977, No.6, p.4-7. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 77-1693 Tisserand M.
Prevention of falls due to slips - Adherence of safety footwear soles - Results of the second series of tests
La prévention des chutes par glissade - Adhérence des semelles des chaussures d'atelier - Résultats de la seconde campagne d'essais. [in French]
The French National Research and Safety Institute (INRS) performed a series of tests in 1971 and 1972 to measure the adherence qualities of safety boots (CIS 695-1973, Tub Qlw Yej). As very few of the boots then tested were graded as good or passable, manufacturers were requested to improve the non-skid qualities of their footwear. A further series of tests carried out on a representative selection of safety boots marketed in France in 1976 showed a marked improvement on the 1972 situation: 10 boots were graded as good (3 in 1972) and 9 as passable (3 in 1972).
Travail et sécurité, Apr. 1977, No.4, p.180-185. Illus.

CIS 77-1404 Safety shoes: a new material for soles
Chaussures de sécurité: un nouveau matériau de semelage. [in French]
This article discusses the use of Softane (a polyurethane) as a material for safety shoe soles. Qualities: resistance to cuts and abrasion, flex strength, shock absorption, resistance to chemicals, good electrical insulation, lightness, flexibility, comfort, good adherence. Contraindications: temperatures above 100°C, concentrated acids and bases, special organic solvents (dimethylformamide, tetrahydrofuran, ketones).
Machine-outil, Apr. 1977, No.340, p.109.


CIS 77-1402 Safronova N.A.
Protective clothing and footwear for workers in the chemical and petrochemical industries and in oil refineries
Specodežda i specobuv' dlja rabotnikov himičeskoj, neftepererabatyvajuščej i neftehimičeskoj promyšlennosti [in Russian]
Contents of this handbook: materials used in the manufacture of protective clothing and footwear; types of protective clothing and footwear (protective clothing against humidity, acids, mineral oils and greases, organic solvents, dust, heat, etc.; boots and ankle-boots in impermeable materials (acid and grease proof), in dielectric and antistatic materials, etc.); protective gloves, barrier creams, skin detergents, safety helmets; care and maintenance, supply and use of personal protective equipment.
Izdatel'stvo "Himija", ul. Stromynka 13, 107076 Moskva, USSR, 1976. 152p. Illus. 9 ref. Price: Rbl.0.49.

CIS 77-1109 Safety footwear
Chaussures de sécurité. [in French]
Specifications for granting of a Building Safety Board (Office Bâtiment Sécurité: OBS) label to manufacturers of safety footwear, generally ankle length, for the construction industry. Points covered: required characteristics, and testing and measurement method for puncture-proof soles and toecaps; characteristics of outsole; ankle protection; resistance to water and steam; label inscription.
Cahiers des Comités de prévention du bâtiment et des travaux publics, Sep.-Oct. 1976, No.5, p.242-249. Illus.

CIS 77-1106 Cook W.I.
A report on the performance of men's safety-toe footwear.
The report gives the results of tests on 76 types of safety footwear. Test procedures, which are described, were in conformity with the requirements of ANSI standard Z41.1. Analysis technique showed that only 56.6% of the types tested satisfied the requirements of both impact and compression tests. Impact and compression resistance test results and overall ANSI rating of the types tested are given in tabular form.
DHEW Publication No.(NIOSH)77-113, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, July 1976. 25p. 5 ref.

CIS 77-820
ZH 1/187, Federation of Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations (Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften), Bonn, Mar. 1976.
Information sheet on safety footwear
Sicherheitsschuh-Merkblatt [in German]
Advice on buying safety shoes; general principles of foot protection; manufacture of safety footwear (upper with built-in toe cap, sole, other features). Special safety shoes for the building trade with puncture-proof sole and ankle guards.
Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Gereonstrasse 18-32, 5000 Köln 1, Germany (Fed.Rep.), 1976. 20p. Illus.

CIS 76-1697 Standard for safety-toe footwear.
This standard reproduces the text of ANSI Z41.1-1967 (revised 1972) standard for men's safety-toe footwear (definitions, general requirements, compression and impact tests, marking, etc.). This is followed by the text of 3 new standards: ANSI Z41.2-1976, standard for metatarsal safety-toe footwear (classification, impact testing equipment, testing procedure and results, diagram showing point of impact, etc.); ANSI Z41.3-1976, standard for conductive safety-toe footwear (classification, general requirements, material and workmanship, conductivity (electrical resistance), tests, etc.); and ANSI Z41.4-1976, standard for electrical hazard safety-toe footwear (general requirements, material and workmanship, electrical properties, etc.).
ANSI Z41(1976 Edition), American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10018, USA, 1976. 24p. Illus. Price: US-$5.00.

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