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Face and eye protection - 186 entries found

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  • Face and eye protection

1982

CIS 83-1704 Ojanen K., Väyrynen S., Klen T.
Protection of loggers' eyes
Metsurin silmien suojaaminen [in Finnish]
3 types of eye protecting equipment used by loggers were tested under summer and winter conditions. Tested were: the light transmission factor through the netting or plastic sheets used; glare; penetration of sawdust; frosting in cold weather. Partially based on these tests a new eye protector was designed giving better protection and costing less.
Työterveyslaitos, Julkaisutoimisto, Laajaniityntie 1, 01620 Vantaa 62, Finland, 1982. 50p. Illus. 20 ref. Price: Fmk.25.00.

CIS 83-674 Take a close look at eye protection
Aspects covered in this review are: vision screening of workers; analysis of vision requirements of the job; assessment of eye hazards of the job and worksite; eye protection. An in-plant analysis in the steel industry is given as an illustration.
National Safety News, Aug. 1982, Vol.126, No.2, p.34-39. Illus.

CIS 83-787 Personal eye protectors - Synoptic tables of requirements for oculars and eye-protectors
Protecteurs individuels de l'¿il - Tableaux récapitulatifs des spécifications pour les oculaires et les protecteurs de l'¿il [in French]
This international standard provides a survey of the requirements which have to be met by the various types of eyepieces and eye protectors (filters and eye protectors against laser radiation excepted). In 3 synoptic tables the characteristics, the resistance, the uses and the tests specified in the referred ISO standards for eyepieces, for frames and mounted oculars, and for eyepieces in eye protectors are given.
International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 15 Dec. 1982. 4p. Price: SF.15.90.

CIS 82-1381 Moullière-Dervieux
Occupational eye accidents involving intra-ocular foreign bodies. 82 cases in metalworking undertakings in the Paris region
Contribution à l'étude des accidents du travail touchant les yeux avec corps étrangers intra-oculaires. A propos de 82 cas survenus dans les entreprises de la métallurgie en région parisienne [in French]
On the basis of case historical of 82 occupational eye accidents, this medical thesis analyses the following features of this type of accident: patient's age, sex and occupation, nature of foreign body causing lesion, time distribution of accidents in month and year, accident circumstances, immediate and post-surgical complications, functional and occupational sequelae. Part II deals with personal eye protection: criteria for eyewear selection, and French standard requirements for impact resistance.
Université de Paris VI, Faculté de médecine Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France, 1982. 110p. 80 ref.

1981

CIS 83-1430 Jankovskij V.L., Kol'dercev I.S.
New personal protective equipment and tools for the electric welder
Novye sredstva individual'noj zaščity i instrumenty ėlektrosvarščika [in Russian]
Face and eye protectors and electrically safe tools (masks, goggles, light filters, tool kits) are described.
Oct. 1981, No.10, p.22-24. Illus.

CIS 83-574 Schmidt B.T., Wyatt H.
Eye injury - Prevention in industry
This booklet contains chapters covering: ocular hazards in industry and the natural defenses of the eye; standards for protective eyewear; the vision safety programme; the relationship between accidents and visual performance; factors affecting visual performance. Appendixes cover: eye protectors; evaluative indices; contact lenses; colour.
Workers' Health, Safety and Compensation, Occupational Health and Safety Division, Alberta, Canada, Nov. 1981. 87p. Illus. 58 ref.

CIS 82-493 Ratsch E.
Research on improved shields for welders to avoid inhalation of fumes, gases and vapours
Untersuchungen zur Verbesserung von Schutzschirmen und Schutzschilden für Schweisser, um das Einatmen von Rauchen, Gasen und Dämpfen zu vermeiden [in German]
This research report on the humanisation of work sets out the methodology and results of laboratory investigations to determine the optimal shape of shields (attached to helmet, or hand-held) for protection against welding gases and fumes. Results of observations of aerodynamic fume behaviour and currents (by cinematography) and gas analysis enable a better choice of shields to be made. Fume deflection was improved by 25%, and only 2% of the fumes entered the welder's breathing zone.
Deutscher Verlag für Schweisstechnik GmbH, Postfach 2725, 4000 Düsseldorf, Federal Republic of Germany, 1981. 43p. Illus. 19 ref. Price: DM.8,50.

CIS 82-113 Moss C.E., Murray W.E.
Optical radiation levels produced by single-phase direct arc furnaces
Radiometric and spectroradiometric measurements of 3 similar 1700kW single-phase direct arc electric furnaces revealed that hazards due to levels of ultraviolet, visible, and infrared radiation could exist for furnace workers in unshielded work areas. The measurements indicate that > 95% of the optical radiation produced by the furnaces at the end of their charge cycle is infrared radiation. Training, protective barriers, goggles with an appropriate shade number, and warning signs are suggested as means of reducing potential optical radiation hazards for workers.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Apr. 1981, Vol.42, No.4, p.293-297. Illus. 2 ref.

CIS 81-1417 Personal eye-protectors - Non-optical test methods.
Protecteurs individuels de l'¿il - Méthodes d'essai autres qu'optiques. [in French]
This international standard specifies test methods and apparatus for testing the resistance of eyepieces and personal eye protectors to low and high-velocity flying objects, heat, ultraviolet radiation, ignition, corrosion, adherence of molten metal, penetration of hot solids, chemical droplets, dust and gases. Reference to other ISO standards on personal eye protectors.
International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st edition, 1 Apr. 1981. 9p. Illus. Price: FS.21.00.

1980

CIS 82-1728
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Safety spectacles - Categories
Očki zaščitnye - Tipy [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1982) classifies safety spectacles in accordance with their construction and the types of eyepiece. For each category the scope of application is specified. Categories covered: open, hinged open, closed (with direct and indirect ventilation), hermetically closed, ancillary (for spectacle wearers), visor-type, and lorgnette-type spectacles.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123 557 Moskva, USSR, 29 Oct. 1980. 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 82-490 Kac B.M., Malinovskij E.K., Kajjumov H.M., Kogan S.H.
Non-fog safety goggles
Nezapotevajuščie zaščitnye očki [in Russian]
Airtight safety goggles, the lenses of which are surrounded by pads filled with an absorbant-dessicant material (ion-exchange fibres) are described.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, Nov. 1980, No.11, p.52-53. Illus.

CIS 81-2028
German Standards Institute (Deutsches Institut für Normung)
Combined face and eye protectors
Augenschutzgeräte mit Gesichtsschutz [in German]
These standards prescribe safety specifications under the Act of 1968 respecting technical equipment used in industry. Standard DIN 58213 prescribes basic requirements for face shields and hoods (surface quality, mounting of eyepieces, accessories, materials, marking). Standard DIN 58 214 contains additional specifications: Part 1: face shields and hoods for arc welding; Part 2: face shields and hoods for work at furnaces; Parts 3 and 4: impact-resistant face shields; Part 5: face shields for protection against droplets and liquid splashes; Part 6: face shields for protection against short-circuit flashes. List of standards in force in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Beuth Verlag GmbH, Burggrafenstrasse 4-7, D-1000 Berlin 30, Nov. 1980. 4 + 20p. Illus. Price: DM.11.40 and 68.40.

CIS 81-2027
German Standards Institute (Deutsches Institut für Normung)
Safety goggles
Schutzbrillen [in German]
This standard prescribes safety specifications under the Act of 1968 respecting technical equipment used in industry. Part 8 contains additional requirements for protection against short-circuit flashes in arc welding: design, eyepieces, marking. List of other pertinent standards in the Fed. Rep. of Germany.
Teil 8, Beuth Verlag GmbH, Burggrafenstrasse 4-7, D-1000 Berlin 30, Nov. 1980. 3p. Price: DM.14.90.

CIS 81-1689
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudartsvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Safety spectacles - Terminology and definitions
Očki zaščitnye - Terminy i opredelenija [in Russian]
This standard defines various types of safety spectacles and goggles, and their components. Alphabetical index of the defined terms, in Russian, German and English.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 13 Aug. 1980. 8p. Price: Rbl.0.05.

CIS 81-791
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Method for determining visual acuity of workers wearing personal protective equipment
Metod opredelenija ostroty zrenija čeloveka v sredstvah individual'noj zaščity [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1983) describes a method using optotypes in laboratory conditions to determine whether safety spectacles with glass or colourless polymer eyepieces are suitable for visual tasks. Contents: apparatus; preparation of test and measurement; evaluation of results. Appended: definitions; acuity in relation to distance of Landolt's rings; order and presentation of the rings; test protocol.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123 557 Moskva, USSR, 11 Mar. 1980. 7p. Illus. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 80-1910 Marshall W.J.
Hazard analysis on gaussian shaped laser beams.
Formulae are presented for a variety of situations, intended for application by laser users not specialising in laser safety evaluations. Formulae are developed to calculate beam diameter, irradiance, nominal ocular hazard distances, atmospheric absorption, required optical density of safety eyewear, and related quantities.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1980, Vol.41, No.8, p.547-551. Illus. 6 ref.

CIS 80-1989 Gaevaja L.A.
Workers' face and eye protective equipment
Sredstva individual'noj zaščity glaz i lica na proizvodstve [in Russian]
Contents: types of eye injury and their causes; conditions to be met by safety spectacles and face shields and eyepieces; methods and apparatus used to evaluate the efficacy of face and eye protection; safety goggles and face shields for protection against mechanical and chemical agents and radiation; materials for eyepieces; protective equipment (mandatory and/or used) outside the USSR; recommendations for the choice and wearing of safety spectacles and face shields.
Izdatel'stvo "Mašinostroenie", 1-j Basmannyj per.3, 107885 Moskva GPS-6, USSR, 1980. 208p. Illus. 29 ref. Price: Rbl.0.55.

CIS 80-1706 Biesheuvel M., Eriksson O., Hallin N., Lundborg G., Nyström E., Helmersson B.
Safety glasses
Skyddsglasögon [in Swedish]
A study by a group of experts in several industrial undertakings is reported: in one engineering workshop all workers have safety glasses available to protect against flying metal fragments and oil mists, but some are reluctant to use them; safety glasses with optical lenses; list of Swedish suppliers of safety glasses; lens materials; comfort and aesthetic criteria.
Arbetsmiljö, 1980, No.8, p.15-23. Illus.

CIS 80-1599 Cleuet A., Mayer A., Maillet H., Courrier G.
Health hazards of lasers.
Risques liés à l'utilisation industrielle des lasers. [in French]
The characteristics of laser emission and the different types of laser are reviewed. Hazards associated with the high voltages employed and radiant heat are examined: radiation hazard for the eyes, maximum permissible exposure. Standards at present being prepared by the International Electrotechnical Commission are described. Protective measures recommended relate essentially to protection against thermal radiation effects and vary according to the type of work (machining, metrology, holography, construction industry). Apparatus for measurement of the energy and power of lasers, and protective glasses available in France, are listed, with requirements for safety glasses.
Cahiers de notes documentaires - Sécurité et hygiène du travail, 2nd quarter 1980, No.99, Note No.1246-99-80, p.207-222. Illus.

1979

CIS 94-756 Factories (Protection of Eyes) Regulations, 1979 [Ireland]
Regulations issued under the Factories Act, 1955. They provide for the issuing of eye protectors and shields to workers considered at risk of eye injury during the course of their work. The responsibility for making proper use of such protective equipment lies with the worker. In schedules: list of processes where eye protectors, shields or either are necessary.
Government Publications Sales Office, Sun Alliance House, Molesworth Street, Dublin 2, Ireland, 1979. 12p.

CIS 81-2023
German Standards Institute (Deutsches Institut für Normung)
Eyepieces for sight protectors
Sichtscheiben für Augenschutzgeräte [in German]
This standard, which prescribes safety specifications under the Act of 24 June 1968 respecting technical equipment used in industry, applies to glass or plastic eyepieces for safety spectacles, face shields, etc.: definitions of optical characteristics and filtering efficiency, technical data concerning eye and face protection (refraction index, thermal and mechanical resistance, qualities of materials used and surface qualities of eyepieces, transmission factor), dimensions, shapes and marking. Commentaries.
Teil 1, Beuth Verlag GmbH, Burggrafenstrasse 4-7, D-1000 Berlin 30, Mar. 1979. 8p. Illus. Price: DM.25.30.

CIS 81-510
USSR State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennij komitet SSSR po standartam)
Personal protective eye-shield against beta radiation emitted by radioactive substances - Technical rules
Ščitok-ėkran individual'nyj dlja zaščity glaz ot beta-izlučenija radioaktivnyh veščestv - Tehničeskie uslovija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1981) applies to eye shields to be worn by personnel handling radioactive substances. Contents: required specifications for their constituent elements (parameters and dimensions, light transmission factor of glass used, materials and service life); acceptance tests; test methods; marking, packaging, transport and storage; recommendations for maintenance; manufacturer's guarantees.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123557 Moskva, USSR, 27 Nov. 1979. 9p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 80-1707 Seppälä A.
Eye accidents and use of eye protectors in the metalworking industry
Silmätapaturmat ja silmiensuojaimien käyttö metalliteollisuudessa [in Finnish]
Aspects covered in this questionnaire survey: estimated risk of an eye accident in various tasks, and reported eye accidents; workers' attitude towards eye protection; prominent defects of eye protectors; non-use of eye protectors, their choice and maintenance. Operations surveyed were: grinding, filing and tool grinding, welding, metalworking, maintenance, painting, foundry work, inspection, transport, cleaning. Non-use of protectors was highest among foundry workers. Reasons: inadequacy of visual perception through protector lenses, perspiration, pressure on temples.
Työolosuhteet 19, Työterveyslaitos, Laajaniityntie 1, 01620 Vantaa 62, Finland, 1979. 53p. 2 ref. Price: Fmk.10.00.

CIS 80-1393 Campbell D.L., Wolfe R.S.
Impact performance of safety eyecup goggles.
22 eyecup safety goggles advertised as meeting US requirements were tested in 1977, 1978, and 1979. The tests used are described together with discussion of the results. Overall performance was consistently poor: 31% of all models failed the frame impact test and 44% failed the lens impact test.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.79-137, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, July 1979. 13p. 4 ref.

CIS 80-506 A welding mask with active filter
Un masque de soudage à filtre actif. [in French]
The upper portion of the mask is composed of conventional material while the lower portion has a combination of filters (2 ultraviolet, 2 polarising, 1 liquid crystal) and remains transparent when the arc is extinguished. Darkening of the liquid crystal filter is controlled by a photodiode which acts once the arc is struck. The supply and amplification circuit for the active filter is a fail safe system.
Travail et sécurité, Nov. 1979, No.11, p.522. Illus.

CIS 80-505 Practice for occupational and educational eye and face protection.
This standard, which applies to all occupational and educational operations or processes, excluding those relating to X-rays, gamma rays, high-energy particulate radiations, lasers, or masers, prescribes methods for the testing, selection, and safe use of face and eye protective equipment. It gives general requirements for welding helmets, hand shields, face shields, goggles, filter lenses, lift-front attachments, eyepieces, eyecup materials, and maintenance and disinfection of eye protectors, with specifications for: heat deformation tests, fittings, lenses (prismatic power, refractive power, astigmatism, transmittances and tolerances in transmittance of various shades of absorptive lenses, filter lenses and plates, visible-light transmission and haze test for plastics, hazemeters).
ANSI Z87.1-1979, American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10018, USA, 27 Feb. 1979. 36p. Illus. 3 ref. Price: US$6.75.

CIS 80-403 Serrano Soriano J.
Eye protection against electric arcs
Protección ocular contra arcos eléctricos accidentales [in Spanish]
Brief description of the different light wavelength in an electric arc (2,000-200nm); maximum permissible values in Spain according to wavelength of UV radiation, which is the most hazardous (e.g. 100mJ/cm2 for 200nm; 1,000mJ/cm2 for 315nm). The efficacy of filter safety glasses and the type of eye protection required for various welding processes are shown in synoptic tables. Brief review of 41 case studies of electric arc photophthalmia.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, Apr.-June 1979, Vol.27, No.106, p.31-36. 7 ref.

CIS 79-2001 Horstman S., Ingram J.W.
A critical evaluation of the protection provided by common safety glasses from ultraviolet emissions in welding operations.
Safety spectacle lenses were evaluated for spectral transmission in the middle and near ultraviolet (UV) regions, and the lenses and sideshield combinations evaluated for weighted middle UV transmission. All lenses attenuated the middle UV sufficiently to provide protection during welding operations of up to 4h. Clear glass lenses do not attenuate near UV as well as dark green or clear plastic lenses. Wire mesh and plastic sideshields provide little protection from middle UV. Polycarbonate plastic is a suitable material for lens and sideshield construction.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1979, Vol.40, No.9, p.770-780. Illus. 18 ref.

CIS 79-1719 Protection against eye injury
Vern mot øyeskader [in Norwegian]
Contents of these directives: responsibilities ; eye injuries due to flying fragments and other mechanical effects (wearing of safety glasses, use of tools without burrs); lesions due to ultraviolet or infrared radiation (wearing of filter glasses or shield); chemical lesions (irritation of the eye, rules for immediate assistance); choice and maintenance of eye protective equipment.
Bestillingsnr. 145, Directorate of Labour Inspection (Direktoratet for arbeidstilsynet), Postboks 8103 Dep., Oslo 1, Norway, Apr. 1979. 7p. Illus. Gratis.

CIS 79-1715 Personal eye-protectors - Ultra-violet filters - Utilisation and transmittance requirements.
Protecteurs individuels de l'¿il - Filtres pour l'ultraviolet - Utilisation et spécifications de transmission. [in French]
This international standard specifies the numbering of, and transmittance requirements for filters for protection agaanst ultra-violet radiation, and gives guidance on their selection and use. Transmittance requirements, numbering properties and typical uses of filters (total UV absorption, visible light absorption, use with high-pressure mercury-vapours lamps, etc.) are shown in tables.
International Standard ISO 4851-1979(E), International Organization for Standardization, Case Postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st edition, 15 Feb. 1979. 2p. Price: SF.9.00.

CIS 79-1712 How to fit eye protection to the work hazard.
The factors that should be considered in selecting eye protection are discussed and illustrated and the American National Standard requirements are outlined. Considerations are: type of frame; plastic vs. glass lenses (impact and abrasion resistance); comfort and fit; use of contact lenses (hard corneal, flexible and scleral types); prescription safety lenses. Hazards and the protection against them include impact protection, chemical hoods and goggles; face shields (not recommeded for impact protection); laser beam and welding radiation protection. There is a chart showing job operations, their hazards and recommended protection; the properties, uses and advantages of polycarbonates for eye protection are described.
National Safety News, Apr. 1979, Vol.119, No.4, p.46-55. Illus. 4 ref.

CIS 79-1252 Greenough G.K.
Trials of the dust helmet in coal mines.
This article describes a novel type of the dust helmet respirator developed by the Safety in Mines Research Establishment (SMRE), in which a fan and filter system are incorporated so as to supply the wearer with filtered air. Trials of the dust helmet in two large coal mines are described; despite the increased weight and bulk of the helmet it was favourably received by miners. Use, monitoring and maintenance are described, and collected comments from miners concerning weight, bulk, headband, face seals, stability, airflow, sweating, fan noise (quite inaudible) are given. Discussion.
Mining Engineer, Feb. 1979, Vol.138, No.209, p.559-565. Illus. 9 ref.

CIS 79-1431 Chisum G.T.
Laser eye protection for flight personnel.
Recommendations are made for protection against high powered lasers capable of producing personnel damage inside safe distances. The maximum permissible exposure to hazards of the lasers can be calculated from their energies and frequencies. Spectacles containing special lenses were evaluated in the presence or absence of sunlight. The lasers may be hazardous in the outdoors during research field tests of devices with potential military uses.
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 1979, Vol.50, No.3, p.239-242. Illus. 2 ref.

1978

CIS 79-507
GOST 12.4.035-78, State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvennyj komitet standartov), Moskva, 19 Jan. 1978.
Personal protective equipment - Protective shields for electric welding - Technical requirements
Sredstva individual'noj zaščity. ščitki zaščitnye dlja ėlektrosvarščikov - Tehničeskie uslovija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1979) applies to face shields for protection against electric arc radiation, molten metal splashes and sparks. Contents: types, basic parameters and dimensions (reference to other standards); conditions to be met by insulating materials and design of shields (dull black surface, handle, filter glass, etc.); certificate of approval; conditions for acceptance (compliance testing, periodic inspections at least once a year, etc.); test methods (weight, radiation-proof qualities, resistance to molten metal splashes, etc.); marking, packaging, transport and storage; manufacturer's guarantee.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, Moskva D-557, USSR, 1978. 6p. Price: Rbl. 0.03.

CIS 78-1991
Health and Safety Executive, London.
Eyes.
Five types of occupation are particularly susceptible to eye injury: working with cold metal, working with molten metal, miners and quarrymen, chemical industry, work involving radiation. A list is given of the reported minimum concentrations (not TLVs) of 63 chemicals at which eye effects occur. Details are given of the causes and course of corneal dystrophy, arc eye (including effect of contact lenses), glaucopsia, coloured haloes, lens changes, cataract formation, retinal changes, optic neuritis, nystagmus, etc. Prescribed diseases and statutory provisions in the United Kingdom are summarised. First aid treatment.
Guidance Note MS 11, H.M. Stationery Office, P.O. Box 569, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom, 1978. 4p. 23 ref. Price: £0.30.

CIS 78-1457 Grant McMillan G.H.
The selection of protective measures against eye injuries.
The question of defining the hazards and the population at risk, and determining the priorities of preventive action on a cost-efective basis are discussed, and a research model is presented. In a section on control, different levels of preventive measures are examined: replacement of the working method by a less hazardous one, removal of hazard at source (closed systems, deflector screens, local exhaust ventilation), and erection of a barrier between the worker and the source (portable or permanent screening, delimitation of hazard areas, personal eye protection). The question of personal eye protection is regarded in some detail in respect of suitability and acceptability, types of lens material available, etc. A case is presented for visual screening in industry, and a 10-point visual welfare programme proposed.
Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Apr. 1978, Vol.28, No.2, p.44-50. Illus. 20 ref.

CIS 78-1122 Arévalo A.M.
Eye accidents in the iron, steel and non-ferrous metal industries
Les accidents oculaires dans l'industrie sidérurgique et métallurgique. [in French]
The risk to which workers in this industry are exposed are enumerated (flying fragments and particles, impacts, radiation, splashes, etc.) and the importance of worker training is stressed. A review follows of collective prevention measures (remote controlled automatic systems; automatic control and surveillance of processes; exhaust ventilation or precipitation of harmful gases, dust, etc.; machinery guarding; isolation of processes) and personal protection (obligatory use of safety glasses). Specifications for protective glasses are given. An eye protection campaign is suggested.
Promosafe, Apr.-May 1978, Vol.5, No.24, p.15-18. Illus.

1977

CIS 93-703 Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Protection of Eyes) Regulations [Hong Kong]
Regulations effective 20 May 1977 (Pt I) and 7 Oct. 1977 (Pt II), as updated to 1981, and issued under the authority of the 1955 Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance (see CIS 89-6). They oblige employers to provide appropriate eye-protection equipment (eye protectors, shields or fixed shields) to workers engaged in processes presenting a hazard to the eye (whether listed in the schedule or not). The duties of employers and employees in respect of eye-protection equipment are also outlined. In the schedule: list of 14 processes specified as presenting a hazard to the eyes, whether from mechanical injuries, contact with substances injurious to the eyes or use of instruments that produce light amplification by the stimulated emission of radiation (i.e. lasers).
Government Printer, Hong Kong, 1991. 2p. Price: HKD 10.00.

CIS 79-799
DIN 4647, Teil 1, 2, 3, 5 und 6, German Standards Institute (Deutsches Institut für Normung), Berlin (West), Feb. 1977.
Eyepieces for safety spectacles
Sichtscheiben für Augenschutzgeräte [in German]
This standard, which gives safety specifications under the West German Act of 24 June 1968 respecting technical equipment in industry, is divided into several parts, each giving technical data (class of protection, permissible degree of transmission, mechanical resistance, materials) of specifications required to be met by eyepieces for various jobs (filter glasses for welders, filters for UV and infrared protection, clear non-filter safety lenses, eyepieces for mechanical protection of filters. List of other relevant standards. Discussion.
Beuth Verlag GmbH, Burggrafenstrasse 4-7, D-1000 Berlin 30. 16p. Price: DM.56.00.

CIS 78-1698 Riediger G., Coenen W.
The dust helmet, personal protective equipment combining head and respiratory protection
Der Atemschutzhelm, eine persönliche Schutzausrüstung, die den Kopfschutz und den Atemschutz in sich vereinigt [in German]
Description of the principle of an air-supplied helmet, and especially a self-contained filter helmet. The advantages and drawbacks of this equipment, which provides protection of both the head and airways, are set out, and examples of developments given (helmet with face mask, filter, fan and battery). Suggestions for testing and technical safety evaluation of dust helmets: (a) head protection testing according to rules applying to industrial protective helmets, permissible weight; (b) tests for respiratory protection against aerosols and harmful gases; (c) visual field and characteristics of the face mask; (d) noise limit and comfort.
Staub, Oct. 1977, Vol.37, No.10, p.378-382. Illus. 14 ref.

CIS 78-1094 LaMarre D.A.
Development of criteria and test methods for eye and face protective devices.
The present American National Standards Institute requirements for these devices were examined for: adequacy of ultraviolet, visible and infrared radiation protection; adequacy of impact resistance test methods; and adequacy of optical property tolerances for the protectors. Analytical and experimental methods were used. Recommendations include: new values for filter transmittance and the use of special-purpose filter materials when indicated; an easy, high-speed weighted needle impact test; retention of tolerances for sphere power, axial astigmatism and prism, change of tolerance for haze, new physical defect criteria; and improvements in test methods.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.78-110, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Aug. 1977. 188p. Illus. 38 ref.

CIS 78-1092 Personal eye-protectors - Vocabulary.
Protection individuelle de l'¿il - Vocabulaire. [in French]
This standard defines the principal terms used in the field of personal eye-protectors. These terms and their definitions conform to international standard ISO 31/VI (Quantities and units of light and related electromagnetic radiations) and International Lighting Commission (CIE) Publication 17 (International lighting vocabulary). Annex: spectral distribution of solar radiation energy (in the infrared spectrum).
International Standard ISO 4007-1977(E/F), International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st edition, 15 Oct. 1977. 3p. Illus. Price: SF.12.00.

CIS 78-804 Eye protection equipment - Instructions for manufacturers, sellers and users - III. Eye protection
Personlige beskyttelsesmidler - Anvisninger for fabrikanter, forhandlere og brugere - III. Øjenværn [in Danish]
These directives, valid in all Nordic countries, cover protective glasses, face screens (including welders' masks) and hoods. Contents: responsibilities of manufacturers, sellers, employers and workers; general rules (corrosion resistance, heat insulation, physical properties, minimum dimensions of eyepieces etc.); special rules (design and execution; testing; optical and mechanical tests). Appendix: classification of degrees of optic absorption; hazards and corresponding protective measures; compliance tests required for various eye protectors.
Publikation nr.74, Directorate of Labour Inspection (Direktoratet for Arbejdstilsynet), Rosenvængets Allé 16-18, 2100 København, Denmark, June 1977. 27p. Illus. Gratis.

CIS 78-492 Collins R.L., Wolfe R.S.
Tests of plastic plano safety spectacles.
Compliance tests of 17 models of non-corrective safety spectacles are described: tests included lens and frame impact, luminous transmittance, flammability, refractive power, frame flat and edge transverse stability, corrosion and disinfectant resistance, water absorption, and design requirements. Specifications used are those of the American National Standards Institute Z87.1; all models complied with the standards.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.78-108, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Nov. 1977. 17p. Illus. 10 ref.

CIS 78-198 Denisenko O.N., Černjakova T.G., Sobolev E.V., Ščeglova O.V., Tihomirova N.E.
Use of highly resistant glass for safety spectacles
Primenenie stekol povyšennoj pročnosti v zaščitnyh očkah [in Russian]
As heat- treated toughened glass does not offer sufficient protection against flying particles, the authors recommend the low-temperature ion exchange treatment of glass in a potassium salt (KNO3) bath. It was possible after numberous tests to establish optimum parameters for increasing resistance 3-fold or 4-fold: the glass should remain for 2h in a bath of chemically pure saltpetre at 420°C. Brief description of impact testing.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, Jan. 1977, No.1, p.52-53.

CIS 78-196 Campbell D.L., Collins R.L., Wolfe R.S.
Tests of eyecup goggles.
Eyecup goggles are designed to protect against impact from flying particles. The tests described in this report attempted to determine the extent of compliance of 24 models with the American National Standard Institute Z87.1 standard. Frame and lens impact, luminous transmittance, flammability, refractive powers, water absorption, heat deformation, corrosion, disinfection and design were tested. Many models were seriously defective; 11 failed the lens impact test and 8 of the 11 also failed the frame impact test.
DHEW (NIOSH) Publication No.77-165, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, May 1977. 23p. 9 ref.

CIS 77-1408 Campbell D.L., Collins R.L.
Tests of glass plano safety spectacles.
Compliance tests of 22 models of safety spectacles are described; tests included lens and frame impact, luminous transmittance, flammability, refractive power, frame flat and edge transverse stability, corrosion and disinfectant resistance, and design requirements. Specifications used are those of the American National Standards Institute Z87.1. Very few areas of non-compliance were noted.
HEW Publication No.(NIOSH)77-136, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Feb. 1977. 19p. 10 ref.

1976

CIS 78-1402
GOST 12.4.013-75, State Standards Committee (Gosudarstvenyj komitet standartov), Moskva, 13 May 1975.
Safety goggles
Očki zaščitnye [in Russian]
This standard (entry into force: 1 July 1976) defines several types of safety goggles and eye protectors, gives technical data concerning them, and lists the specifications they must comply with (dimensions, maximum weight, ability to prevent dust penetration, etc.). The standard also gives rules for the choice of samples for compliance tests and describes some tests (impact testing, flammability testing, leakage testing for dust protection, optical properties, etc.). The last chapters are devoted to: marking, packaging, transport and storage, and manufacturers' guarantees.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, Moskva D-557, USSR, 1976. 14p. Illus. Price: Rbl.0.04.

CIS 77-2015
National Federation of Building Trades Employers, Advisory Service for the Building Industry, London.
Construction safety - Section 18: Protection of the eyes.
This loose-leaf data sheet reproduces for rapid synoptic comparison in 2 columns: (a) the text of the United Kingdom Protection of Eyes Regulations 1974 (Statutory Instrument No.1681/1974: CIS 75-503) and (b) comments, section by section, giving a simple interpretation of the Regulations, especially as they apply to the construction industry: goggles, face shields, hand-held shields, fixed shields and other eye protectors; care and maintenance of protective equipment; processes in which they are required; reference to British Standards for eye protection equipment, etc.
Construction Safety, Crompton Way, Crawley RH10 2QP, United Kingdom, Oct. 1976. 11p. Price: £0.75.

CIS 77-2013
DIN 4646, Teil 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, German Standards Institute (Deutsches Institut für Normung), Berlin (West), Feb. 1976.
Eyepieces for industrial safety spectacles
Sichtscheiben für Augenschutzgeräte [in German]
This standard, in several parts, lays down specifications for testing glass or plastic eyepieces for industrial safety spectacles, masks, respirators, etc.: impact testing (ball drop test); gas tightness test after mechanical stress; determination of resistance to incandescent particles, UV radiation and chemical and thermal agents; testing of resistance to projectiles; determination of behaviour on contact with splashes of molten metal. The specifications cover; method, apparatus, testing, evaluation of results and test report.
Beuth Verlag GmbH, Burggrafenstrasse 4-7, D-1000 Berlin 30. 10p. Illus. Price: DM.52.00.

CIS 77-1290 Verezub E.Ja.
High luminous intensity and protection of visual function in television studio personnel
Povyšennaja jarkost' i zaščita zritel'nogo analizatora rabotnikov telestudij [in Russian]
The luminosity of projectors in colour television studios far exceeds the visual comfort threshold, and is the cause of considerable visual fatigue in exposed personnel. The article reproduces the results of tests with various filters and visual function examinations before and after work with and without filter glass spectacles. Their use is recommended in personnel whose sight is likely to suffer from excessive luminosity.
Svetotehnika, May 1976, No.5, p.9-11. Illus. 8 ref.

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