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Personal protection - 519 entries found

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  • Personal protection

1986

CIS 88-165 Davey J.B.
Industrial eye protection
The factors which influence whether or not eye protection is worn when a hazard exists are examined. The roles of the workers themselves, the legislators and government agencies, those who draw up standards, the manufacturers of eye protection and the employers are discussed.
Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 1986, Vol.31, No.1, p.67-70. 4 ref.

CIS 87-1429 Respiratory protective equipment: An employer's guide
This booklet highlights important considerations for providing effective protection against air pollution by dust or vapours. Considered: applicable standards; selection of respiratory protective equipment; choosing an appropriate type and specific model; use of respirators; conditions at the worksite and characteristics of the equipment; information sources; calculation of the degree of protection provided by the equipment.
Occupational Health and Safety Division, Workers' Health, Safety and Compensation, 10709 Jasper Ave., Edmonton, Alberta T5J 3N3, Canada, Feb. 1986. 12p. Appendix.

CIS 87-661 Feeney R.J.
Why is there resistance to wearing protective equipment at work? Possible strategies for overcoming this
This review was part of a symposium on head protection at work (16 April 1986, Loughborough, United Kingdom). The influence of design, organisation, psychological factors, and effects of propaganda were discussed. Factors include those outside the influence of workers (initiative is with employers, equipment manufacturers, or enforcement agencies) and those under their control (culture, religion) when behavioural changes are more difficult.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Nov. 1986, Vol.8, No.3, p.207-213. 8 ref.

CIS 86-1393 Hickling E.M.
Compatibility in PPE
A discussion, in popular language, of the problem of compatibility between various pieces of protective equipment. A useful table demonstrates the incompatibilities that exist between the wearing of certain kinds of protective equipment (helmets, hooded anoraks, gloves, gaiters) and others.
Occupational Health, May 1986, Vol.38, No.5, p.158-161. Illus.

CIS 86-1115 3rd International Symposium on Personal Protection Equipment - Palma de Mallorca, 10-12 June 1986
3me Colloque international sur les équipements de protection personnelle - Palma de Mallorca, 10-12 juin 1986 [in French]
Proceedings of a symposium organised by the Spanish national institute of occupational safety and health (INSHT), the International Social Security Association (ISSA) and the International Labour Organisation (ILO).
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1986. 4 Vol. 1293p. Illus. Bibl.

1985

CIS 91-1467
Ontario Ministry of Labour, Occupational Health and Safety Division
Designated substances in the workplace: A general guide to the regulations
The guide was prepared to help employers, workers, members of joint health and safety committees, supervisors, and occupational health personnel meet the requirements of the designated substances regulations under the Occupational Health and Safety Act (1980). The designated substances apply to biological, chemical, or physical agents in the workplace. Guide topics include: exposure limit determination; control programmes; assessment of extent of exposure; personal protective equipment; air monitoring and exposure records; medical surveillance programmes. List of useful addresses in Ontario.
Ontario Goverment Bookstore, Publications Services Section, 5th floor, 880 Bay Street, Toronto, Ontario M7A 1N8, Canada, 1985. 79p. Illus. 23 ref.

CIS 90-1767
Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social
Respiratory protective equipment: assisted fresh-air hose breathing apparatus [Spain]
Equipos de protección personal de vías respiratorias: Semiautónomos de aire fresco con manguera de presión [in Spanish]
Technical standard brought into legal force by a Resolution of the Dirección General de Trabajo on 22 July 1981. Contents: definitions; description and classification; requirements for facepieces, materials, parts, functions, hermeticity, removal efficiency and blowers; testing. In the appendix: ministerial Order dated 17 May 1974 on the type testing of personal protective equipment.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1985. 31p. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 90-1780
Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social
Hearing protectors [Spain]
Protectores auditivos [in Spanish]
Technical standard on hearing protectors, brought into legal force by a Resolution of the Dirección General de Trabajo on 28 July 1975. Contents: definitions: types and classification of hearing protectors; testing (determination of hearing threshold attenuation). In the appendix: ministerial Order dated 17 May 1974 on the type testing of personal protective equipment.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1985. 31p. Illus. 8 ref.

CIS 90-798 Andersen E.
Guidance note on protective helmets
Vejledning om beskyttelseshjelme [in Danish]
This guidance note discusses the provision of Danish regulations No.323 of 7 July 1983 on the execution of work and No.32 of 29 Jan. 1979 on work clothing and personal protective equipment as they apply to protective helmets. The type of helmet should be chosen according to work situations and conditions. Two designs (hat and cap models) and two types of protective helmets (those protecting against blows to the head and those protecting against pressure as well) are described. Also included are: adaptation, maintenance, lifetime, table showing the properties of materials used in helmets.
Arbejdstilsynet, Direktoratet, Landskronagade 33-35, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, Oct. 1985. 8p. Illus.

CIS 90-797 Andersen E.
Guidance note on protection against falls
Vejledning om faldsikring [in Danish]
This guidance note discusses regulation No.32 of 29 Jan. 1979 (Denmark) on work clothing and personal protective equipment as it applies to safety harnesses, lifelines and automatic reel and slider fall arresters. Use of protective means against falls is recommended only in the absence of scaffolds, railings or personnel hoists.
Arbejdstilsynet, Direktoratet, Landskronagade 33-35, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, Oct. 1985. 7p. Illus.

CIS 87-361
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam
General requirements for dry cleaning of personal protective equipment [USSR]
Obščie trebovanija k processu himičeskoj čistki sredstv individual'noj zaščity [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1987) applies to the cleaning of protective clothing, hand and arm protection, and personal safety devices (excepting those contaminated by pesticides or toxic, radioactive or water-soluble substances) with organic solvents. Contents: technical requirements, requirements for operation, methods of control, safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 5p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 87-58
Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam
Polymeric sheet materials for hand and arm protection - Method for determination of abrasion resistance [USSR]
Materialy plenočnye polimernye dlja sredstv zaščity ruk. Metod opredelenija ustojčivosti k istiraniju [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1987) establishes a method for determining the abrasion resistance of materials and products made from natural or synthetic latex, rubber cement or PVC with or without fabric reinforcement. The method is based on measurement of the number of rotations of the abrasive head of the testing device that will produce a hole in the fabric. Contents: method of sample selection, apparatus and material, preparation for testing, testing, evaluation of results, a form for official reporting of the measurement.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 6p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-1709
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Safety glasses - General technical requirements
Očki zaščitnye - Obščie tehničeskie uslovija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1986) applies to all glasses intended to protect worker's eyes against solid particles, sprays of liquids, gases, dust, ultraviolet and infrared radiation and glare. This standard does not cover glasses intended to protect against ionising and laser radiation. Contents: types, main parameters, technical requirements, acceptance criteria, methods of testing, marking, packing, transport and storage; guarantee of the manufacturer.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 16p. Price: Rbl.0.05.

CIS 86-1712 Čerkunov N.E.
Safety in the use of fertilisers and pesticides
Ohrana truda pri rabote s mineral'nymi udobrenijami i pesticidami [in Russian]
Aspects covered in this manual include: organisation of safe work with fertilisers and pesticides, hygienic requirements for yards and warehouses; safety in the use of fertilisers (types of fertilisers, unloading, storage, transport, safety in the use of machinery and equipment); safety in the use of pesticides (types of pesticides, acceptance, storage, distribution, formulation, disposal of containers and waste, personal protective equipment, fire protection, first aid).
Rossel'hozizdat, Seleznevskaja ul. 11a, 103030 Moskva, USSR, 1985, 158p. Price: Rbl.0.45.

CIS 86-1040 NIOSH pocket guide to chemical hazards
The 1985 edition of this pocket guide presents key informtion and data in an abbreviated tabular format for 397 individual chemicals or chemical types found in the working environment and for which there are specific regulations in the USA. The implementation of the industrial hygiene and medical surveillance practices recommended in this guide will assist in initiating and maintaining effective occupational health programmes for the protection of workers.
US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Robert A. Taft Laboratories, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1985. 241p. Appendices. Price:$US5.00.

CIS 86-1114 Eliseeva G.P.
Personal protective equipment
Sredstva individual'noj zaščity [in Russian]
Descriptions of new products presented at the "Labour Protection 84" exhibition. The protective clothing includes suits for protection from harmful substances, arctic cold and glass fibres. The footwear includes boots for work with livestock, boots for protection against physical and chemical factors, and shoes for protection from hot surfaces. Head and face protection includes a helmet with a transparent mask and a skirt for neck protection, and safety spectacles for protecting the eyes from 300-400nm ultraviolet radiation during defect detection with luminescent dyes. A lightweight respirator for protection from dust and gas, and a skin cream for neutralisation of aliphatic amines are also featured.
Mašinostroitel', Apr. 1985, No.4, p.22-24. Illus.

CIS 86-781
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Personal respiratory protective equipment - Classification and marking
Sredstva individual'noj zaščity organov dyhanija - Klassifikacija i markirovka [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1986) covers all personal respiratory protective equipment in use in the USSR with the exception of that used in rescue, fire-fighting and special work, and establishes classification and marking criteria. According to the classification, all personal respiratory protective devices are divided into 7 groups on the basis of the following principles: operation (filter-type respirators and self-contained breathing apparatus), purpose (protection against gas, dust or both), effectiveness of protection (3 grades of protection), methods of supply with air (without forced air supply, from central air lines, from compressed air lines, from blowers), design (self-contained and air-line respirators), source of the breathing mixture in the case of self-contained equipment (pressurised reservoir, chemical generation of oxygen), design of facepieces (mouthpiece, half-mask, mask, helmet-mask, helmet). Terms and definitions used in the standard are appended.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 6p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-780
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Safety shoes and boots made of polymeric materials for protection from mechanical effects - General technical requirements - Methods of testing
Obuv' special'naja iz polimernyh materialov dlja zaščity ot mehaničeskih vozdejstvij - Obščie tehničeskie trebovanija - Metody ispytanij [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) applies to safety shoes and boots made of polymeric materials and intended to protect workers in coal mines and open-cast collieries from mechanical hazards. It establishes general requirements for their protective, functional, physiological and hygienic effectiveness, and methods for testing. Contents: main parameters and dimensions, technical requirements, methods of testing (determination of impact resistance of toe, shock absorption by protective elements, flexibility, electrical safety properties, coefficient of friction of slipping).
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 10p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-779
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Asbestos fabrics for hand and arm protection - Method for determination of abrasion resistance
Tkani asbestovye dlja sredstv zaščity ruk - Metod ispytanija na ustojčivost' k istiraniju [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1987) establishes a method for determination of abrasion resistance of asbestos fabrics for hand and arm protection from high temperature. The method is based on determination of the number of rotations of the abrasive head of the testing device that will produce a hole in the fabric. Contents: method of sample selection, apparatus and materials, safety requirements, preparation for testing, testing, evaluation of results.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 3p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-778
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Protective toes for safety shoes and boots - Method for determination of impact strength
Noski zaščitnye dlja special'noj obuvi - Metod opredelenija udarnoj pročnosti [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1986) establishes a method for determining the impact resistance of toes of safety shoes and boots. The method is based on the measurement of the space inside the toe at the moment of the greatest sagging when force is applied. Contents: method of sample selection, testing equipment, preparation for testing and testing; treatment of results, safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-776
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Synthetic leather - Method for determining mould resistance
Koža iskusstvennaja - Metody opredelenija gribostojkosti [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) establishes a method for determining the mould resistance of synthetic leather for industrial and domestic hand and arm protection. Samples are inoculated with mould spores (9 species are specified) and placed in incubators. Mould growth after 14-28 days is ranked on a 6-ball scale. The method is also used for determining the protection effectiveness of fungicides. Contents: method of sample selection, testing equipment, materials, reagents, preparation for testing and testing, treatment of results, safety requirements. A method of transferring mould from polyvinyl chloride films is appended.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 6p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-314 Flexible insulating protective equipment for electrical workers
This data sheet is a guide to the selection, care, inspection, testing, storage and use of flexible electrical insulating equipment for electrical workers. This includes rubber gloves and sleeves, rubber insulating blankets, line hoses and covers.
National Safety Council, 444 North Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL 60611, USA, 1985. 19p. Illus. 1 ref.

CIS 85-2002 Graves R.
Personal protective equipment - the ergonomic implications
This discussion relates particularly to respiratory protective equipment and to protective clothing. The main ergonomic factors considered are facial fit, acceptability by workers, heat balance, ease of use and interference with communication (speech or warning signals).
Safety Practitioner, Sep. 1985, Vol.3, No.9, p.4-7. Illus. 3 ref.

CIS 85-1396 Graf G.
Personal protective equipment in butcher shops
Persönliche Schutzausrüstungen in der Metzgerei [in German]
Equipaggiamenti personali di protezione per macellai [in Italian]
Equipements individuels de protection dans les boucheries [in French]
Data sheet on the legal requirements in Switzerland for personal protective equipment in butcher shops, as used against sharp objects (metal-mesh aprons and gloves, their cleaning and maintenance).
Caisse nationale suisse d'assurance en cas d'accidents, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 1985, Leaflet 11038, 4p. Illus.

1984

CIS 99-1067 Order of 1 March 1984, amended (personal protection of workers undertaking forestry tasks) [France]
Arrêté du 1er mars 1984, modifié (protection individuelle des salariés effectuant des travaux forestiers) [France] [in French]
Topics: first aid; France; law; logging and forestry operations; personal protective equipment.
Dictionnaire Permanent Sécurité et Conditions de Travail, Hygiène et Sécurité des Travailleurs, Feuillets 130, 13 June 1995, p.1091.

CIS 88-1929 Suhin K.M., Telešuk A.S.
Occupational safety in inland water transport
Bezopasnost' truda na rečnom transporte [in Russian]
This handbook includes terminology and enumeration of valid regulations on labour protection. Contents: measures on labour protection in plant and vessels of the inland fleet, safety requirements covering vessels and on-shore equipment of water transport, operation and repair of vessels, loading and unloading, electrical safety, personel protective equipment, requirements for safe and healthy working conditions. Relevant directives are reproduced in appendices.
Izdatel'stvo Transport, Basmannyj tup. 6a, 107171 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 184p. Illus. 11 ref. Index. Price: SUR 1.00.

CIS 87-453 Safronova N.A.
Protective clothing and safety footwear for workers of the chemical petroleum refining and petrochemical industries
Specodežda i specobuv' dlja rabotnikov himičeskoj, neftepererabatyvajuščej i neftehimičeskoj promyšlennosti [in Russian]
Aspects covered in this training manual: classification of personal protective equipment (clothing, shoes, boots, gloves, helmets, barrier creams) protecting against water, bases, acids, petroleum, petroleum products, heat, cold, static electricity, vibration, mechanical hazards, and explosion hazards; materials used for manufacturing, maintenance of personal protective equipment, a procedure for providing enterprises with this equipment.
Izdatel'stvo Himija, Stromynka 21, 107076 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 175p. Illus. 12 ref. Price: Rbl.0.55.

CIS 86-1198 Proceedings of the fourth Finnish-Soviet joint symposium on industrial hygiene, toxicology, work physiology and psychology
Papers presented at the title symposium (Helsinki, Finland, 6-8 June 1983). Topics: hygienic rating of chemical compounds in combination with other chemicals and other factors; chemical factors in plastics processing; combined effect of carbon disulfide, noise, alcohol and stress; neurotoxicity of certain pyrolysis and pyrosynthetic products; mutagenicity and gonadotropic action of styrene; cellular glutathione metabolism and thermal degradation products of plastics; metallic aerosols; work organisation, production technology and mental strain in the printing industry; psychological and social aspects of shift work; behavioural effects of solvents on animals; measurement, effects and control of noise and vibration; occupational photosensitisation; protective gloves; pesticide exposure in forestry; monotonous work; workload and physical fitness.
Institute of Occupational Health, Haartmaninkatu 1, 00290 Helsinki 29, Finland, 1984. 256p. Illus. 188 ref.

CIS 86-777
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Rubber for soles of safety boots and shoes - Method for determination of thermal conductivity
Rezina dlja niza special'noj obuvi - Metod opredelenija teploprovodnosti [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1987) establishes a method for determining the thermal conductivity of rubber for soles of safety shoes and boots intended for protection against high temperatures (contact heat) in the range 18-150°C. The method is based on the measurement of (1) the heat flow through a flat rubber sample placed between a heat source and a heat sink and (2) the difference between the surface temperatures of the source and sink. A calculation formula is given. Contents: method of sample selection, preparation for testing and testing, treatment of results, safety requirements. A description of equipment for the measurement of the thermal conductivity of rubber, a form for the official report of the measurement and examples of calculation of constants in the formula are appended.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1985. 8p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-773 Gorodinskij S.M., Kupčin A.P., Kaminskij S.L., Timofeeva N.T., Ševerdjaev O.N.
Methods for evaluating the effectiveness and quality of personal protective equipment for industrial workers
Metody ocenki effektivnosti i kačestva sredstv individual'noj zaščity rabotajuščih na proizvodstve [in Russian]
Manual for workers involved with the supply, testing and use of personal protective equipment. Contents: scientific and practical fundamentals of protective equipment use, classification of equipment; methods of studying the effect of personal protective equipment on the physiological function and efficiency of workers (breathing, movement, heat balance, cardiovascular function, vision and hearing, temperature and air composition inside protective equipment); respiratory protection; protective garments and materials for them; protective footwear; hand protection; head, face and eye protection.
Izdatel'stvo "Legkaja i piščevaja promyšlennost", 1-j Kadaševskij per.12, 113035 Moskva M-35, USSR, 1984. 224p. Illus. 31 ref. Price: Rbl.0.75.

CIS 86-493 Safety footwear. Specifications and tests
Bottes et chaussures de sécurité. Spécifications et essais [in French]
This French standard (effective 5 Nov. 1984) specifies the characteristics of safety footwear: protection adapted to the risks of the job; durability; solidity; hygienic requirements; comfort; specifications applicable to safety footwear not entirely vulcanised or moulded and to footwear entirely vulcanised or moulded; certain types of safety boots (protection against slipping, heat protection, puncture-resistant soles). Description of testing methods.
Association française de normalisation, Tour Europe, Cedex 7, 92080 Paris-La Défense, France, Nov. 1984. 34p. Illus.

CIS 86-487
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Polymer-coated materials for protective clothing and hand and arm protection - Method for determining their resistance to acids and alkalis
Materialy s polimernym pokrytiem dlja special'noj odeždy i sredstv zaščity ruk - Metod opredelenija stojkosti k dejstviju kislot i ščeločej [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) applies to materials with polymeric coatings (synthetic leather and rubberized materials) and defines a method to be used for determining their resistance to alkalis and acids. The method is based on the measurment of rigidity and of resistance to abrasion and repeated bending. Contents: method of sampling; testing equipment; materials and reagents; preparation for testing and testing; treatment of results; safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984, 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-486
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Materials for uppers of safety shoes and boots - Method for determining resistance to organic solvents
Materialy dlja verha special'noj obuvi - Metod opredelenija stojkosti k dejstviju organičeskih rastvoritelej [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) covers all leathers for uppers of boots and shoes and defines a method to be used for determining their resistance to organic solvents. The method is based on the measurement of tensile strength and elongation to break for natural leather, and of resistance to repeated bending, rigidity and abrasion resistance for synthetic leather. Contents: method of sampling; testing equipment and reagents; preparation for testing and testing; treatment of results; safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-485
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Personal protective equipment - Method for determining the field of vision
Sredstva individual'noj zaščity - Metod opredelenija polja zrenija [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) covers all personal protective equipment which restricts the field of vision (insulating clothing, gas masks, respirators, protective face and eye shields, safety glasses) and establishes a method for measurement of the field of vision for physiological and hygienic assessment of personal protective devices. Contents: testing equipment, preparation for testing and testing, treatment of results. A blank form for recording the results of the measurement, a form for an official report of the field of vision of persons wearing personal protective equipment and a method of statistical treatment of results are appended.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 6p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 86-484
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Synthetic leather for hand and arm protection - Method for determination of acid and alkali permeability
Iskusstvennye koži dlja sredstv zaščity ruk - Metod opredelenija pronicaemosti kislot i ščeločej [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) establishes a method to be used for determining the resistance of synthetic leather for hand and arm protection to alkalis and acids at different concentrations. The method is based on the measurement of the time required for these substances to penetrate a test sample. Contents: method of sampling, testing equipment, preparation for testing and testing, treatment of results, safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 85-2003 Ronk R., White M.K., Linn H.
Personal protective equipment for hazardous materials incidents: a selection guide
Selection algorithms were developed for respirators, protective clothing and accessories for the protection of employees engaged in the control of hazardous materials incidents. The algorithms are based on the environmental, physiological, chemical and physical interaction of numerous factors which influence protective equipment performance. Step-by-step guides are presented for the selection of respirators, chemical protective clothing and ancillary equipment. Methods of calculating tolerance times based on heat stress are offered, as are several methods of calculating protective equipment service life. Model training, administrative and emergency programmes are offered for adoption.
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Safety Research, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA, Oct. 1984. 237p.

CIS 85-1996
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet po standartam)
Personal protective equipment-Method to determine the resistance to alkalis
Sredstva individual'noj zaščity. Metod opredelenija ščeločepronicaemosti [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1985) applies to protective clothing and protective head gear and defines a method for determining the resistance to alkalis of seams of clothing components, fabrics and non-woven materials. The method is based on the measurement of the time required for a solution of sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide to penetrate a test sample and is used for the design of protective clothing. Contents: method of sampling, testing equipment, preparation for testing and testing, processing of results, safety requirements.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 4p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 85-1995
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Protective face shields - Technical requirements and methods of testing
Ščitki zaščitnye licevye-Obščie tehničeskie trebovanija i metody kontrolja [in Russian]
The standard (effective 1 July 1985) applies to all face shields intended to protect workers' faces against flying particles, splashes of liquids and molten metals, sparks, ultraviolet and infrared radiation, glare and radio-frequency radiation. The standard does not cover face shields intended to protect against ionising and laser radiation. Contents: classification; technical requirements; method of testing. Terms used in the standard are defined in an appendix.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per. 3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 12p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 85-1993 Ševčenko Ju.A., Gorovec P.M., Artemenko A.I., Kolesnikov A.A.
Self-contained emergency breathing apparatus for mines
Šahtnyj izolirujuščij samospasatel' šSS-I [in Russian]
Description with cut-away drawings of an improved emergency respirator. The device contains potassium superoxide, which reacts with carbon dioxide in expired air to release oxygen. A canister containing the potassium superoxide is fitted with a breathing tube (nose clip attached), a breathing bag and shoulder straps. The device measures 135 by 256mm and weighs 3.1kg. It has a service life of at least 1.5 years. It provides protection for 50min if the wearer is active (escaping an accident) and for up to 300min if the wearer is a rest (awaiting rescue). The device can be used at ambient temperatures of -10 to +40°C, relative humidities up to 100% and atmospheric presures up to 133.3kPa.
Bezopasnost' truda v promyšlennosti, Feb. 1984, No.2, p.33-34. Illus.

CIS 85-1987
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Personal protective equipment - Method for determining the resistance to penetration by microorganisms
Sredstva individual'noj zaščity. Metod opredelenija pronicaemosti microorganizmami [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 July 1985) covers all protective clothing, foot, leg, hand and arm protection and defines a method to determine their resistance to penetration by microorganisms. The method is based on the comparison of the number of microbe colonies that penetrate and grow on material samples with the number of those that grow on control plates. The method is used for the design and development of protective clothing, foot, leg, arm and hand protection, new fabrics and materials. Contents: methods of sampling, test equipment, materials and reagents, preparation for testing and testing; processing of results, safety requirements. A description of how to prepare a microbial solution for testing is appended.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 5p. Price: Rbl.0.03.

CIS 85-1698 Klen T., Väyrynen S.
The role of personal protection in the prevention of accidental injuries in logging work
The influence of personal protective equipment on the behaviour in regard to safety of a group of 1194 loggers was evaluated by a questionnaire survey. About 22% of the chain-saw operators reported occurrences of near injuries that had been prevented by some personal protector. Technically the logger's personal protective equipment functions well and few injuries occur to the protected areas of the body. Safety boots prevented the greatest number of injuries. A shortened version of the questionnaire is appended.
Journal of Occupational Accidents, Oct. 1984, Vol.6, No.4, p.263-275. Illus. 17 ref. Appendix.

CIS 85-1697 Kyriazi N., Shubilla J.P.
Performance comparison of oxygen self-rescuers
Various oxygen self-rescuers from the USA and other countries were tested on a breathing and metabolic simulator in a laboratory. Parameters monitored during the test were inhaled levels of CO2 and oxygen, inhaled gas temperature and breathing resistance. Also tested were apparatus service life, averages and peaks of monitored parameters and subjective comments.
US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, 4800 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh PA 15213, USA, 1984. 28p. Illus.

CIS 85-1696
(Gosudarstvennyj komitet SSSR po standartam)
Protective face shields - Nomenclature of protection criteria
Ščitki zaščitnye licevye - Nomenklatura pokazatelej kačestva [in Russian]
This standard (effective 1 Jan. 1986) applies to all face shields intended to protect workers' faces against dangerous and harmful occupational factors. Contents: nomenclature of quality criteria (protection criteria, conditions of use, transport and storage; reliability criteria; ergonomic, aesthetic, patent, and legal criteria); classification; applicability of the quality criteria (general criteria, mass, dimensions, non-toxicity of materials, speed of combustion, etc.); special criteria (shock resistance of shields with colourless transparent glasses, resistance to splashes of molten metal, specific dielectric strength, etc.). Terms and definitions used in the standard and an index of criteria are appended.
Izdatel'stvo standartov, Novopresnenskij per.3, 123840 Moskva, USSR, 1984. 14p. Price: Rbl.0,05.

CIS 85-1397 Leclercq A.
Protection of the respiratory tract
La protection des voies respiratoires [in French]
This series of articles is first of all devoted to a review of the principles of respiration and of the possible changes to the human respiratory system. Emphasis is placed on the need for an appropriate protective policy wherever gases, toxic fumes, dust and aerosols are found. Particulate filters and other protective apparatus are analysed: filter respirators protecting against gases and fumes; facepieces; self-contained, compressed-air and open-circuit respirators. The last issue of the series examines equipment using KO2. Advice on use and choice criteria.
Face au risque, Aug.-Sep. 1984, No.205, p.36-41; Oct. 1984, No.206, p.86-91; Nov. 1984, No.207, p.19-22, 27-28; Dec. 1984, No.208, p.31-34; Mar. 1985, No.211, p.51-57. Illus. Bibl.

CIS 85-1395 Kunz W.
Occupational accidents due to the absence of personal protective equipment - Analysis of accident costs, economic aspects
Arbeitsunfälle infolge fehlender persönlicher Schutzausrüstung: Unfallanalyse - Kostenanalyse, wirtschaftliche Aspekte [in German]
The aims of this study were to determine the proportion of accidents which could have been avoided by wearing personal protective equipment (for the head, the eyes, the hands and the feet) and to compare the cost of accidents with those of prevention. Accidents are analysed (numbers, black spots, injury sites), number of avoidable accidents, cost of accidents (treatment, disability pensions, loss of leisure time, lost income and work hours, cost to the national economy), economic aspects (cost of protective equipment compared with the cost of accidents). 8700 accidents were analysed in all (the most dangerous industries were metalworking and building construction); an estimated 20,000 accidents a year could have been prevented; losses in 1982 were 170 M Schillings for enterprises (as compared to 9 M Sch. for equipment) and 500 M Sch. for the Austrian economy.
Allgemeine Unfallversicherungsanstalt, Abteilung für Unfallverhütung und Berufskrankheitenbekämpfung, Adalbert-Stifter-Strasse 65, 1200 Wien, Austria, no date. 60p. Illus.

CIS 85-1088 Lefebvre H.
Wear your protective gear
Portez vos protections [in French]
An illustrated brochure designed to encourage the worker to wear personal protective equipment. It is intended for any trade.
IDEF-CEFSE, 2 rue Saint-Robert, 38120 Saint Egrève, France, 1984. 17p. Illus. Price: FF.14.00.

CIS 85-1084 Conference on protective equipment - COPE' 84
Proceedings of a conference held in Toronto, Canada, 30 Oct.-1 Nov. 1984. Aspects covered: foot protection; hearing protection; eye protection; fall protection; respiratory protection; head protection. In each case, the pertinent Canadian standards and regulations are described, and the advantages and limits of protective equipment and programmes to implement its use at work are discussed.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 250 Main St. E., Hamilton, Ontario L8N 1H6, Canada, 1984. 375p. Illus. Bibl. Price: approx. Can$10.00.

CIS 85-788 Nagy G.
Handbook of personal protective equipment
Egyéni védőfelszerelések kézikönyve [in Hungarian]
This handbook covers details on: head protection and safety helmets; eye and face protection and safety spectacles against mechanical, electromagnetic and chemical hazards; respiratory protection; noise and hearing protection; protective clothing (characteristics of materials used, particulars of protection against mechanical hazards, humidity and water, heat, poisonous chemicals, infectious organisms, traffic accidents and static electricity); hand protection and protective gloves; foot protection and protective footgear; protection against falls from heights; skin protection. Currently applicable laws, regulations and standards for personal protective equipment in Hungary are given.
Népszava, Budapest, Hungary, 1984. 464p. Illus. Price: For.174.00.

CIS 85-786 Powell E.
Personal protection equipment - the safety and comfort needs
Enumeration and description of the comfort features of various pieces of protective equipment: protective gloves, protective clothing, eye protectors, hearing protectors, respiratory protectors, safety footwear, fall-arrest equipment. Discussion of the attempts made by manufacturers to meet comfort as well as safety criteria.
Safety Practitioner, Dec. 1984, Vol.2, No.12, p.5-10. Illus.

CIS 85-440 Ellis A.C.
Hazardous waste site clean-up: A 'hot' problem
A programme is described for the protection of workers involved in clean-up operations at hazardous waste sites. Planning, preparation, training, emergency procedures and appropriate levels of protection for known and unknown hazards are discussed.
National Safety News, July 1984, Vol.130, No.1, p.38-41. Illus.

CIS 85-162 Personal protective equipment
This data sheet provides farm workers with information on the use and choice of personal protective equipment.
Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Division, Suite 1000, 330 St. Mary Ave., Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 3Z5, Canada, 1984. 12p.

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