Cancer and carcinogens - 110 entries found
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Pintos J., Parent M.E., Case B.W., Rousseau M.C., Siemiatycki J.
Risk of mesothelioma and occupational exposure to asbestos and man-made vitreous fibers: Evidence from two case-control studies in Montreal, Canada
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of exposure to occupational asbestos and man-made vitreous fibers (MMVF) across a wide range of occupations on risk of mesothelioma. Two population-based case-control studies provided 35 histologically confirmed mesothelioma cases and 1965 controls. A detailed job history was obtained to evaluate occupational exposure to many agents, including asbestos and MMVF. The mesothelioma odds ratio for exposure to any asbestos type was 3.7. The odds ratio was 7.0 for the subset exposed to amphibole fibers. In workers with exposure levels lower than in most historical cohort studies and across a wide range of industries, a strong association was found between asbestos, especially amphibole, and mesothelioma.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 2009, Vol.51, No.10, p.1177-1184. 27 ref.
Makin J., Dobbinson S., Doyle C.
Victorian farmers' and other rural outdoor workers' skin cancer prevention - knowledge and practices
Farmers and other rural outdoor workers are a high-risk group for skin cancer. This study aimed to describe the skin cancer prevention knowledge and practices of farmers and other rural outdoor workers in two regions of the State of Victoria. Data were collected by means of questionnaires from 366 farmers and 140 other rural outdoor workers. Most respondents believed that they were at risk of developing skin cancer and had high levels of knowledge regarding the issue. However their prevention practices were less than optimal, particularly in terms of the low percentages reporting regular use of sunscreens or wear of long-sleeved shirts (21% and 20% respectively). Implications of these findings are discussed.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, 2009, Vol.25, No.2, p.115-121. 28 ref.
The ILO conventions on occupational safety and health: An opportunity to improve working conditions and work environments
Los convenios de la OIT sobre seguridad y salud en el trabajo: una oportunidad para mejorar las condiciones y el medio ambiente de trabajo [in Spanish]
The purpose of this publication is to explain and promote ILO international labour standards for occupational safety and health in Latin America. It examines various ILO conventions on different subjects of interest. The history of each convention is reviewed, its contents discussed, and the situation concerning its application in various Latin American countries is examined. A CD-ROM which contains the publication in PDF format, as well as the texts of the conventions and of all the documents cited, is included.
Publications of the International Training Centre of the ILO, Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10, 10127 Torino, Italy, 2009. 337p. + CD-ROM .
Los_convenios_de_la_OIT.pdf [in Spanish]
McKinney P.A., Raji O.Y., Feltbower R.G., Van Tongeren M.
Health and Safety Executive
Parental occupational chemical exposures and childhood cancer
Interview data from the United Kingdom Childhood Cancer Study, an epidemiological case control study, was used to extend and refine previous analyses of parental occupations. Specific work-related exposures were examined as possible risk factors for childhood leukaemia and lymphoma for three exposure time windows (preconception, pregnancy, postnatal). Mothers had a lower prevalence of exposure to chemical agents at work (18%) compared to fathers (44%). In order to refine exposure assessment all available data was examined. Parents self-reported being exposed in over 24,000 jobs; the reviewed exposure assessment reduced the numbers of reported exposures, reclassifying 33% of mothers and 50% of fathers as exposed. Many statistically significant risks for self-reported exposure disappeared when applying the reclassified exposure. For the refined exposure assessment, maternal exposure to solvents during pregnancy remained a statistically significant risk for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia with a dose-response relationship. Paternal exposure to fertilizers during pregnancy and post-natally were associated with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and Hodgkin lymphoma but without dose-response relationships.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2008. xii, 130p. Illus. Approx. 220 ref.
RR_661.pdf [in English]
Documenting occupational exposures
Retracer les expositions professionnelles [in French]
This report presents proposals pertaining to the prevention of occupational hazards arising from carcinogens, mutagens and substances toxic to reproductive health (CMRs), particularly from the standpoint of improved understanding workers' exposures by means of the traceability of occupational exposure data, the requirements with respect to the conservation of the data, the conditions governing access to this information and its relationship with general medical practice.
La Documentation française, 29, quai Voltaire 75007 Paris, France, Oct. 2008. 180p. Illus.
http://lesrapports.ladocumentationfrancaise.fr/cgi-bin/brp/telestats.cgi?brp_ref=084000684&brp_file=0000.pdf [in French]
Mesothelioma in Australia. Incidence 1982 to 2004. Deaths 1997 to 2005
This report presents data on the number of new cases of mesothelioma collected nationally by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) in the National Cancer Statistics Clearing House, via the State Cancer Registries, together with information on deaths from mesothelioma, also collected by the AIHW as part of the National Mortality Database.
Safe Work Australia, GPO Box 641, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia, 2008. 19p. Illus. 3 ref.
http://safeworkaustralia.gov.au/AboutSafeWorkAustralia/WhatWeDo/Publications/Documents/192/MesotheliomaInAustralia_Incidence1982_2004_Deaths_1997_2005_PDF.pdf9-4978-97EB-EF648BA0C005/0/Annual_Meso_Report2009.pdf [in English]
History of occupational disease recognition and control
This article provides historical perspective to the recognition and control of occupational diseases, based on the examples of large infrastructure projects (tunnels, dams) and ensuing silicosis, asbestosis and lung cancer.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, 2007, Vol.53, No.6, p.519-530. 18 ref.
History_of_occupational_disease_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]
Pukkala E., Härmä M.
Does shift work cause cancer?
This editorial discusses some of the evidence linking shift work to the risk of cancer. Topics addressed include: critical review of a long-term population-based study in Sweden suggesting no effect of shift work in cancer risk; circadian rhythm; melatonin; exposure to artificial daylight.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 2007, Vol.33, No.5, p.321-323. 18 ref.
Does_shift_work_cause_cancer_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]
Occupational cancer/zero cancer - A union guide to prevention
This guide to the prevention of occupational cancers provides information about workplace cancer risks and advice on practical steps workers and unions can take to make workplaces safer.
International Metalworkers' Federation (IMF), 54 bis, route des Acacias, Case postale 1516, 1227 Geneva, Switzerland, 2007. 15p. Illus.
http://www.bwint.org/pdfs/ZeroCanceENr.pdf [in English]
Asbestos: A global epidemic in need of a global solution
Australia has the world's highest per capita incidence of mesothelioma. The adoption of stringent safeguards, followed later by the ban of asbestos in many developed countries has contributed to a global restructuring of the asbestos industry, with a shift towards emerging countries. This article argues that unless national bans are imposed and strict standards adopted to manage existing sources of exposure in these countries, the asbestos epidemic will continue unabated.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, 2006, Vol.22, No.1, p.21-26. 16 ref.
Asbestos_A_global_epidemic_[BUY_THIS_ARTICLE] [in English]
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