Bacterial and parasitic diseases - 1,362 entries found
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Serviço Social da Indústria (SESI)
STDs and AIDS at the place of work - Study of awareness, attitudes and practices in enterprises where SESI undertook preventive programmes
DST e AIDS no local de trabalho - Um estudo sobre conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas nas empresas trabalhadas pelo SESI [in Portuguese]
This study investigated the awareness of sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) and AIDS among 4893 workers in 123 enterprises where the Brazilian social service for industry (SESI) had undertaken preventive programmes. The analysis of answers to a 34-item questionnaire revealed that although workers were well aware of the mode of transmission of these diseases and of their prevention, certain unfounded beliefs and discriminatory attitudes towards infected workers persisted. Only few workers regularly used condoms. The study highlights the need for more thorough information in order to close certain gaps.
Ministério do Saúde do Brazil, Esplanada dos Ministérios, Bloco G, CEP 70058-900 Brasília-DF, Brazil, 1998. 91p. Illus.
Villarrubia V.G., Dominguez Carmona M.
Recurrent acute infections of the respiratory tract in the chronic obstructive pulmonary syndrome in occupational settings and their prevention with immunoferon
Las infecciones agudas recidivantes del tracto respiratorio (IARTR) en la EPOC en el medio laboral y prevención con inmunoferón [in Spanish]
This article on recurrent acute infections of the respiratory tract and chronic obstructive pulmonary syndrome begins with an introduction on the aetiology of these diseases, their treatment and their prevention. It next presents a comparative study aimed at highlighting the effectiveness of an immunoferon-based preventive treatment. The study involved 683 workers presenting risks of recurrent acute infections of the respiratory tract during the winter period and having a history of respiratory pathologies. Subjects were divided into three groups. The first group was administered anti-flu vaccination, the second group was vaccinated and given immunoferon, while the third group was not treated (control group). Results show that the immunoferon treatment is efficient. It significantly reduces the percentage of subjects presenting recurrent acute infections of the respiratory tract, the length of the bouts, absenteeism rates and absenteeism duration. It also reduces the need for recourse to antibiotics.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1998, Vol.XLV, No.177, p.1-20. Illus. 103 ref.
Domínguez Carmona D.M.
Guide to the evaluation of permanent disability - Volume V
Guía de valoración del menoscabo permanente - Tomo V [in Spanish]
This manual is divided into two parts. The first part presents detailed guidelines for evaluating the degree of permanent disability resulting from occupational skin diseases. It proposes a classification of skin diseases as a function of the causal agent as well as a diagnosis approach, and lists the main occupations which present a risk of skin disease as well as the causal substances or agents. The second part consists of case studies, where evaluations of permanent disability are presented for the following diseases: tuberculosis resistant to medication; bronchopulmonary carcinoma; pleural mesothelioma; melanoma; bladder cancer; chronic myeloid pneumonia; hyperthyroidism; Alzheimer's disease; manic-depressive psychosis; Parkinson's disease; radial paralysis; retinal pathology; myocardiopathy; obliterating arteriosclerosis; chronic obstructive pneumopathy; bronchial asthma; hypersensitivity pneumonia; Crohn's disease; chronic hepatitis; ankylosing spondylitis; systemic erythematosus lupus; polymyositis; traumatic lesions; toxic shock.
Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, Madrid, Spain, 2nd ed., 1998. 321p. Bibl.ref. Index.
Atlas of respiratory disease mortality, United States: 1982-1993
This document presents maps showing geographic distribution (by health service area) of mortality associated with selected respiratory conditions that together represent nearly all respiratory diseases. For categories of traditional occupational lung diseases mapped in this atlas (i.e. pneumoconioses, including coal workers' pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, silicosis, byssinosis, and other and unspecified pneumoconioses), nearly all cases are attributable to hazardous exposure. For other respiratory disease categories, cases frequently occur in the absence of hazardous occupational exposure, with a small proportion of cases attributable, for some diseases, to occupational exposure. Nevertheless, occupational causes have been documented for each of the disease categories.
Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Aug. 1998. vii, 75p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/98-157pd.html [in English]
Health and Safety Executive
Health and safety guide for gamekeepers
Aimed at gamekeepers, this guide provides practical advice in the following areas: legal requirements; training; work environment; provision of first aid; duties to the public; control of hazardous chemicals; use of cyanide gassing powders; off-road transport; use of guns; chainsaws; overhead power lines; health hazards (Weil's disease, Lyme disease, dust, tetanus); burning moorland vegetation; pheasant rearing; deer stalking (handling and treatment of carcasses); work on inland waters. Replaces CIS 94-1869.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 1998. 12p. Illus. 10 ref.
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg177.pdf [in English]
Alerte aux macaques [in French]
Topics: experimental animals; fatalities; handling of animals; primates; virus diseases; zoonoses.
Travail et santé, Sep. 1998, Vol.14, No.3, p.38-40, 42. Illus. 14 ref.
Yana-Victor V., Auter A.F., Abiteboul D., Touati M.A., Sogni P., Conso F.
Fitness for work and health care workers who are chronic carriers of hepatitis virus B and/or C
Aptitude et soignants porteurs chroniques de virus de l'hépatite B et/ou C [in French]
Topics: chronic diseases; contagion; determination in blood; health care personnel; hepatitis; hospitals; infectious hepatitis; job-exposure relation; work aptitude; work organization.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, July 1998, Vol.59, No.4, p.231-235. 11 ref.
Ordinance concerning the medical examination and expertise of workplace, professional and health aptitude [Hungary]
33/1998. (VI. 24.) NM rendelet a munkaköri, szakmai, illetve személyi higiénés alkalmasság orvosi vizsgálatáról és véleményezéséről [in Hungarian]
This ordinance provides, among other provisions, for greater protection of workers in vulnerable groups (older workers, minors, pregnant women, women who recently gave birth, breastfeeding women). In annex: table outlining jobs at which work by workers belonging to certain vulnerable groups may be prohibited or restricted; types of work where there is increased risk of infection; sample forms to be used by physicians engaged in aptitude examinations. Includes the modifications introduced by Ordinance No.27/2000 (30 Sept.) of the Minister of Health.
Internet document, 1998.
http://net.jogtar.hu/jr/gen/hjegy_doc.cgi?docid=99800033.NM [in Hungarian]
Rare but dangerous diseases: Leptospirosis
Seltene aber gefährliche Krankheiten: Leptospirosen [in German]
Topics: forestry; infectious diseases; leptospirosis; occurrence; sewage treatment; slaughtering; spirochaetal diseases; survey; symptoms.
Sicherheitsbeauftragter, June 1998, Vol.33, No.6, p.16-17.
The risk of infection
Le risque infectieux [in French]
Topics: agriculture; biological hazards; containment; disposal of harmful waste; food industry; France; garbage collectors and related labourers; hospitals; infection control; infectious diseases; infectious hepatitis; injection injuries; job-exposure relation; legal aspects; microorganisms; safety rules; vaccination.
Santé et Travail, Apr. 1998, No.23, p.23-57. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Miled S., Tigui M., Ammar H., Nouaigui H., Ben Laïba M.
Sero-epidemiologic study of hepatitis B among refuse collection workers of a Tunisian municipality
Etude séro-épidémiologique de l'hépatite virale B chez les agents de la propreté d'une municipalité tunisienne [in French]
Topics: antigens; biological hazards; cross-sectional study; immunity; infection control; infectious hepatitis; needle-stick injuries; questionnaire survey; refuse collection; risk awareness; serological reactions; Tunisia; vaccination.
SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, Oct. 1998, No.7, p.28-32. Illus. 16 ref.
Constans Aubert A., Alonso Espaladé R.M., Martí Solé M.C.
Sewage treatment plants: Biological hazards
Estaciones depuradoras de aguas residuales: riesgo biológico [in Spanish]
Topics: bacteria; biological hazards; data sheet; diphtheria; fungi; infectious hepatitis; influenza; leptospirosis; microorganisms; parasitic diseases; poliomyelitis; sewage treatment; Spain; tetanus; tuberculosis; typhoid fever; vaccination; viruses.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 5p. 16 ref.
Arvanitidou M., Constantinidis T.C., Doutsos J., Mandraveli K., Katsouyannopoulos V.
Occupational hepatitis B virus infection in sewage workers
In this cross-sectional study the employees of a Greek sewage company were tested for hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers - HBsAg, anti-HBs, and anti-HBc - to determine the prevalence of HBV infection, assess the risk of exposed sewage workers becoming infected, and to evaluate the necessity for appropriate vaccination. The overall prevalence of HBV markers was 43.9%, and 6.6% of the employees were HBsAg carriers. The prevalence of past and current infection was significantly associated with exposure to sewage, with age, and with educational level, but only exposure to sewage was independently associated with positivity for HBV infection. Workers exposed to sewage should therefore be considered for vaccination against hepatitis B. Topics: antibodies; cross-sectional study; determination in blood; exposure evaluation; exposure tests; immunization; infectious hepatitis; sanitation services; sewage; vaccination; work in sewers.
Medicina del lavoro, Sep.-Oct. 1998, Vol.89, No.5, p.437-444. 11 ref.
Baker P., Inskip H., Coggon D.
Health and Safety Executive
Leukaemia in teachers
This review was carried out at the request of the UK Health and Safety Executive. It was stimulated by observations of high mortality from leukaemia and related disorders among teachers in a national analysis of occupational mortality for England and Wales during 1979-80 and 1982-90, and the suggestion of elevated mortality from leukaemia among teaching professionals in a similar analysis for an earlier period. The aim was to assess systematically the epidemiological evidence for an increased incidence of haematopoietic cancer in teachers, and to explore the most likely explanation for the elevation of mortality recorded in the national statistics. Topics: educational institutions; epidemiologic study; haemic and lymphatic diseases; infectious diseases; leukaemia; literature survey; risk factors; teaching; United Kingdom; virus diseases.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. iii, 64p. Illus. 62 ref. Price: GBP 20.00.
Malaria in seafarers - 2. The status of malaria in large ports of the world. Protective measures against malaria in crews of ships
In 1997, information was collected in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) on the status of malaria in large ports of Africa, Asia, and America, the level of endemicity, prevailing Plasmodium species and resistance to antimalarial drugs. Factors determining the risk of infection in seafarers are discussed. The risk for seafarers is different than for other groups of travellers. The strategy of malaria prevention in ship crews should be based on balancing the risk of infection in the visited parts of the tropics with the risk of side effects of antimalarials used for prophylaxis. Five schemes based on different combinations of chemoprophylactic drugs and stand-by treatment for malaria prevention in seafarers are recommended, depending on the geographical areas of the ship's voyage. See also CIS 99-2065. Topics: quinine; chloroquine; pyrimethamine; diagnosis; drugs; endemic diseases; harbours; hazard evaluation; infection control; information of personnel; insecticides; malaria; prophylaxis; sea transport; tropical diseases.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1998, Vol.XLIX, No.1/4, p.63-71. 9 ref.
Malaria in seafarers - 1. The magnitude of the problem and the strategy of its control
Malaria infections among seafarers have been regularly reported from Denmark, Germany, France, Belgium, Italy, Poland, The Netherlands, United Kingdom and other countries. No statistics are available on malaria infections among crews of ships flying "flags of convenience". The estimated number of malaria cases in international seafarers may be between 500 and 1,000 each year, some of which are fatal. In the strategy of malaria prevention in this occupational group, the most important objective is to prevent death caused by severe Plasmodium falciparum infections in which clinical manifestations occur during a ship's voyage, and where diagnosis and treatment are delayed. Protective measures against malaria on ships and the benefits, risks and limitations of chemoprophylaxis are discussed. See also CIS 99-2066. Topics: dimethyl phthalate; diethyltoluamide; drugs; endemic diseases; infection control; information of personnel; malaria; prophylaxis; risk awareness; sea transport; tropical diseases.
Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1998, Vol.XLIX, No.1/4, p.53-61. 14 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
Topics: data sheet; handling and storage; harmful substances; legionellosis; mechanical hazards; noise control; noise; plastics industry; plastics; recycling of materials; safety by design; safety devices; stacked material storage; work at height.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1998. 4p. Illus. 9 ref.
Harrington J.M., Gill F.S., Aw T.C., Gardiner K.
Topics: harmful physical agents; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; health services; infectious diseases; legislation; limitation of exposure; manuals; medical supervision; neuropsychic stress; occupational diseases; occupational hygiene; occupational medicine; personal protective equipment; plant health services; toxicology; United Kingdom; ventilation.
Blackwell Science Ltd., Osney Mead, Oxford OX2 0EL, United Kingdom, 4th ed., 1998. vii, 423p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 19.95.
Health and Safety Executive
The control of legionellosis in hot and cold water systems
Topics: biocides; chlorine dioxide; infection control; ionization; legionellosis; piping; public water supply; storage tanks; temperature control; water heaters; water treatment.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. 4p. 17 ref.
Abecassis J.C., Abiteboul D., Bonnin C., Bouyaux L., Carduner G., Chazal J.P., Forestié-Auter A.F., Garcia E., Hibou C., Lanusse M., Leprince A., Velly P., Vogel B., Vuillerminaz C.
Hygiene and first aid - 2. Recommended health measures for occupational first aid and rescue workers
Hygiène et secourisme - 2. Recommandations d'hygiène pour les sauveteurs secouristes du travail [in French]
Topics: biological hazards; disinfectants; emergency services; face and eye protection; first aid; first-aid equipment; first-aid training; immunodeficiency syndrome; infectious hepatitis; javel water; personal hygiene; protective gloves; resuscitation training.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1998, No.73, p.13-19. 2 ref.
Forestié-Auter A.F., Paollilo A.G.
Hygiene and first aid - 1. Risk of transmission of infectious diseases from blood or saliva during first-aid operations and training on a mannikin
Hygiène et secourisme - 1. Risques de transmission de maladies infectieuses par voie sanguine et salivaire lors des interventions de secourisme et de l'apprentissage sur mannequin [in French]
Topics: biological hazards; blood; emergency services; expired-air resuscitation; first aid; first-aid equipment; first-aid organization; first-aid training; France; hepatitis; immunodeficiency syndrome; infection control; infectious diseases; infectious hepatitis; information of personnel; personal protective equipment; resuscitation training; saliva; vaccination.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1998, No.73, p.7-12. 28 ref.
Brugha R., Heptonstall J., Farrington P., Andren S., Perry K., Parry J.
Risk of hepatitis A infection in sewage workers
In a study of 241 workers in a large water and sewerage company, frequent occupational exposure to raw sewage was a significant risk factor for hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, independently of other known risk factors. Workers who are likely to be at risk of frequent exposure should have their immunity ensured. The salivary assay for IgG and anti-HAV described in the study is highly specific and would be suitable for prevaccination testing of older workers, who are more likely to be immune. Topics: antibodies; biological hazards; cross-sectional study; determination in blood; determination in saliva; infectious hepatitis; non-occupational factors; sewage treatment; vaccination; work in sewers.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1998, Vol.55, No.8, p.567-569. 12 ref.
Du C.L., Wang J.D.
Increased morbidity odds ratio of primary liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver among vinyl chloride monomer workers
Based on a search of hospital computer files on labour insurance, occurrence of disease was investigated in 2224 workers with occupational exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). There was a significantly increased risk of admission to hospital for primary liver cancer, cirrhosis of the liver and other chronic diseases among these workers. Ten out of 11 cases of hepatoma were carriers of the hepatitis B virus. Alternative agents of primary liver cancer were largely ruled out, suggesting that the combination of hepatitis B and VCM exposure may lead to primary liver cancer. Topics: vinyl chloride; chemical industry; cirrhosis; epidemiologic study; infectious hepatitis; liver cancer; morbidity.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1998, Vol.55, No.8, p.528-532. 37 ref.
Health and Safety Commission, Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
Working safely with simians: Management of infection risks
Specialist supplement to CIS 97-1356. Topics: biological hazards; experimental animals; infection control; infectious diseases; legislation; rabies; safety guides; United Kingdom; virus diseases; zoonoses.
HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. 24p. 14 ref.
Guo H.R., Gilmore R., Waag D.M., Shireley L., Freund E.
Prevalence of Coxiella burnetii infections among North Dakota sheep producers
A total of 17 cases of Coxiella burnetti infection were identified among 496 sheep producers, their family members and hired helpers in North Dakota, USA. The number of sheep raised was a good predictor of infection. Lambing outdoors and frequent physical contact with sheep during lambing were associated with higher risk. Q fever is now a reportable disease in this area. Topics: epidemiologic study; immunization; infectious diseases; livestock rearing; North Dakota; notification of occupational diseases; Q fever; risk factors; serological reactions; zoonoses.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Nov. 1998, Vol.40, No.11, p.999-1006. 55 ref.
Health and Safety Executive, Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
Supplement to Categorisation of biological agents according to hazard and categories of containment (4th edition, 1995)
Supplement to CIS 96-1100. Topics: biological hazards; classification systems; comment on law; European Communities; fungi; laboratory work; legislation; medical supervision; microorganisms; parasitic diseases; pathogenic bacteria; United Kingdom; viruses.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. 24p. Bibl.ref.
Assessing the relative importance of the components of an occupational tuberculosis control program
A quantitative framework for estimating tuberculosis (TB) disease risk is developed and the most important component in reducing TB risk among health care workers is identified. Two important results are described: the rapid identification of tuberculosis disease in presenting patients is the most important element in the overall programme: once TB disease has been identified, the use of highly efficient environmental controls (including respiratory protection) becomes the most important element, especially for procedures such as bronchoscopy and autopsy, which can aerosolize large numbers of viable Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli. Topics: aerosols; autopsy; bronchoscopy; hazard evaluation; health care personnel; hospitals; implementation of control measures; infection control; mathematical models; mycobacterial infections; prophylaxis; respirators; tuberculosis.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 1998, Vol.40, No.7, p.648-654. Illus. 12 ref.
Ammon A., Petersen L.
Prevalence of antibodies to HBV and HCV among Berlin dentists and their assistants
HBV- und HCV-Antikörperprävalenz bei Berliner Zahnärzten und ihren Mitarbeitern [in German]
Topics: antibodies; biological hazards; dental services; epidemiologic study; infection control; infectious hepatitis; supply of personal protective equipment; vaccination.
Epidemiologisches Bulletin, 19 June 1998, No.24, p.171-174. 5 ref.
Gershon R.R.M., Vlahov D., Escamilla-Cejudo J.A., Badawi M., McDiarmid M., Karkashian C., Grimes M., Comstock G.W.
Tuberculosis risk in funeral home employees
Results of this study of 864 funeral home employees indicate that embalming personnel may be at increased risk of tuberculosis infection compared with non-embalming employees. Embalmers should undergo annual tuberculin testing and receive initial training on tuberculosis prevention. Topics: embalming; funeral services; job-exposure relation; length of exposure; questionnaire survey; respirators; risk factors; tuberculin test; tuberculosis; ventilation.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, May 1998, Vol.40, No.5, p.497-503. 33 ref.
Report on the Notifiable Occupational Disease System to the end of June 1997
Topics: asthma; asbestos; case study; harmful substances; hearing loss; infectious diseases; neurotoxic effects; New Zealand; notification of occupational diseases; occupation disease relation; occupational diseases; public OSH institutions; repetitive strain injury; report; respiratory diseases; statistical aspects.
Occupational Safety and Health Service, Department of Labour, PO Box 3705, Wellington, New Zealand, July 1998. 36p. Illus. 12 ref.
Khuder S.A., Arthur T., Bisesi M.S., Schaub E.A.
Prevalence of infectious diseases and associated symptoms in wastewater treatment workers
Topics: biological hazards; exposure evaluation; gastrointestinal diseases; infectious diseases; migraine; questionnaire survey; sewage treatment.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, June 1998, Vol.33, No.6, p.571-577. Illus. 25 ref.
Cesana G., Arduca A., Latocca R., Sirtori G.
Risk evaluation and health surveillance in health care workers: Critical review and contributions from the experience of the San Gerardo dei Tintori Hospital in Monza
Valutazione del rischio e sorveglianza sanitaria nella realtà ospedaliera: revisione critica e contributi dall'esperienza condotta presso l'Ospedale "S. Gerardo dei Tintori" a Monza [in Italian]
Topics: antineoplastic drugs; antiviral agents; biological hazards; conditions of work; drugs; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; health care personnel; hospitals; infectious diseases; ionizing radiation; job-exposure relation; manual lifting; medical supervision; neuropsychic stress; non-ionizing radiation; occupational health survey; work organization.
Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1998, Vol.89, No.1, p.23-46. 41 ref.
Khuder S.A., Mutgi A.B., Schaub E.A.
Meta-analyses of brain cancer and farming
The consistent significant positive findings suggest that there is a weak association between brain cancer and farming. Exposures commonly experienced by farmers including infectious microorganisms and pesticides may contribute to the increased risk of brain cancer. Topics: agriculture; brain cancer; infectious diseases; literature survey; long-term exposure; microorganisms; occupation disease relation; pesticides; risk factors; zoonoses.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.34, No.3, p.252-260. Illus. 89 ref.
Olsen G.W., Burris J.M., Burlew M.M., Steinberg M.E., Patz N.V., Stolzfus J.A., Mandel J. H.
Absenteeism among employees who participated in a workplace influenza immunization program
Topics: age-linked differences; immunization; influenza; programme evaluation; sex-linked differences; sickness absenteeism.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Apr. 1998, Vol.40, No.4, p.311-316. 9 ref.
Health and Safety Executive
The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995: Guidance for employers in the healthcare sector
Topics: comment on law; dangerous occurrences; data sheet; health services; infectious diseases; injuries; legislation; notification of accidents and diseases; United Kingdom.
HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. 4p. 1 ref.
A risk/cost analysis of alternative screening intervals for occupational tuberculosis infection
Topics: comment on directive; cost-benefit analysis; exposure tests; hazard evaluation; health care personnel; infection control; medical supervision; tuberculosis; USA.
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Feb. 1998, Vol.59, No.2, p.104-112. Illus. 19 ref.
Alexander F., Busby C., Cato M.S., Stewart A., Draper G.J., Little M.P., Sorahan T., Kinlen L.J.
Cancer in the offspring of radiation workers
Topics: cancer; children; epidemiological aspects; infectious diseases; ionizing radiation; leukaemia; occupation disease relation; parental exposure; radiation cancer; radioactive substances; United Kingdom.
British Medical Journal, 30 May 1998, Vol.316, No.7145, p.1672-1673. 16 ref.
Review of the literature: Streptococcus suis infections of people
Topics: bacterial diseases; infectious diseases; literature survey; streptococcal infections; swine; zoonoses.
Journal of Agromedicine, 1998, Vol.5, No.1, p.25-34. 65 ref.
Martí Solé M.C., Alonso Espadalé R.M., Constans Aubert A.
Actions in cases of accidents involving biological hazards
Actuación frente a un accidente con riesgo biológico [in Spanish]
Topics: biological hazards; brucellosis; data sheet; immunodeficiency syndrome; infectious hepatitis; injection injuries; plant safety and health organization; Spain; tetanus; vaccination.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 4p. 5 ref.
24th National Congress of Occupational Medicine - Biological agents
Journées nationales de Médecine du Travail - Les agents biologiques [in French]
Topics: autoimmunization; biological hazards; compensation of occupational diseases; conference; hazard evaluation; health care personnel; infectious diseases; infectious hepatitis; medical prevention; occupational medicine; parasitic diseases; pathogenic bacteria; risk awareness; rubella; Staphylococcus; vaccination; viruses; warts; waste disposal; water treatment; zoonoses.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, July 1997, Vol.58, No.4, p.309-416. Illus. Bibl.ref.
AIDS and work
Sida et travail [in French]
Topics: discriminatory practices; drug dependence; drugs; employee rights; ethics; France; handicapped workers; human behaviour; immunodeficiency syndrome; industrial physicians; infectious diseases; information of personnel; legislation; medical treatment; narcotics; nursing personnel; responsibilities of employers; role of supervisory staff; social aspects; work in isolation.
Performances Humaines et Techniques, May-June 1997, No.88, p.6-37.
Alonso Espadalé R.M., Martí Solé M.C., Constans Aubert A.
Work with experimental animals
Trabajo con animales de experimentación [in Spanish]
Topics: biological hazards; data sheet; experimental animals; genetically modified organisms; handling of animals; health hazards; infectious diseases; safe working methods; Spain; vaccination; zoonoses.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1997. 6p. Illus. 9 ref.
Palomero Gil A., Mateo Sancho J.A., de Vega García J.F.
Prevention of tuberculosis and analysis of its prevalence by the enterprise medical service
Prevención de tuberculosis y análisis de prevalencia en un servicio médico de empresa [in Spanish]
The prevalence of tuberculosis among workers in a Spanish enterprise is studied through the application of the tuberculin skin test to a group of young workers from urban areas, a section of the population in which a higher incidence of tuberculosis has been described in past years. Prevalence was found to be 20.1%. This result shows that tuberculosis persists among workers and control measures are limited. Topics: epidemiological aspects; frequency rates; infection control; prophylaxis; Spain; tuberculin test; tuberculosis.
Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1997, Vol.44, No.175, p.21-26. Illus. 24 ref.
Kleinschmidt I., Churchyard G.
Variation in incidences of tuberculosis in subgroups of South African gold miners
A retrospective cohort study of a group of South African gold miners showed that tuberculosis (TB) was more strongly associated with age than expected. There was also a significant association between TB and occupations such as drilling compared with low dust surface and maintenance work. A profile of mineworkers who are at high risk of TB can be defined by age, mining occupation, silicosis status and HIV infection. TB screening programmes should take special cognisance of these high risk groups. Topics: age-linked differences; cohort study; gold mining; immunodeficiency syndrome; occupation disease relation; risk factors; silicosis; South Africa; tuberculosis.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.54, No.9, p.636-641. Illus. 21 ref.
Organisation of African Trade Union Unity Health Safety and Environment Programme
Company level interventions on HIV/AIDS - 3: Health promotion strategies
For parts 1: What can companies do?, 2: Assessing the impact of AIDS, and 4: Human resource interventions, see CIS 99-1687, CIS 99-1688 and CIS 99-1690, respectively. Topics: Africa; care of sick workers; developing countries; health programmes; immunodeficiency syndrome; infection control; information of personnel; medical supervision; plant health organization; safety and health training; tuberculosis; vaccination.
OATUU Health Safety and Environment Programme, Box EH148, Emerald Hill, Harare, Zimbabwe, Nov. 1997. 9p.
Liese B., Mundt K.A., Dell L.D., Nagy L., Demure B.
Medical insurance claims associated with international business travel
Medical insurance claims filed by workers undertaking work-related travel were compared with claims of non-travellers. Overall, rates of insurance claims were 80% higher for men and 18% higher for women travellers than for their non-travelling counterparts. The most frequent problems were infectious disease and psychological disorders. Several associations with frequency of travel were found. Topics: epidemiologic study; frequency rates; health hazards; infectious diseases; mental disorders; psychological effects; transport of persons; workmen's compensation.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 1997, Vol.54, No.7, p.499-503. 15 ref.
Pietrangeli B., Papacchini M.
Occupational biological hazards: A practical classification
Rischio biologico occupazionale: uno strumento di utilizzo pratico [in Italian]
Topics: biological hazards; classification; infectious diseases; Italy; legislation; list of occupations; microorganisms; occupation disease relation.
Fogli d'informazione ISPESL, Oct.-Dec. 1997, Vol.10, No.4, p.100-108. 51 ref.
Forestié-Auter A.F., Domart M., Laville M.F., Abiteboul D., Leprince A.
Actions to be taken in the event of an accident involving exposure to blood among health workers
Conduite à tenir en cas d'accident avec exposition au sang chez les professionnels de santé [in French]
Topics: biological hazards; exposure evaluation; first aid; health care personnel; immunodeficiency syndrome; infection control; infectious hepatitis; injection injuries; medical supervision; prophylaxis; vaccination; virus diseases.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 1st Quarter 1997, No.69, p.13-17. 15 ref.
Instituto Nacional de Salud
Prevalence of hepatitis B and C infection among health care workers in national health service institutions and their affiliates in ten cities of the country [Colombia]
Prevalencia de infección por hepatitis B y C entre trabajadores de la salud de IPS propias y afiliadas al Seguro Social en diez ciudades del país [in Spanish]
Topics: antigens; biological hazards; contagion; cross-sectional study; determination in blood; fluorescent antibody test; frequency rates; health care personnel; health services; hospitals; infection control; infectious hepatitis; length of service; medical supervision; occupation disease relation; vaccination.
Seguro Social, Protección Laboral, Administradora de Riesgos Profesionales, Santafé de Bogotá, Colombia, May 1997. 52p. 15 ref.
An update of mortality from all causes among white uranium miners from the Colorado Plateau study group
Topics: radon; Colorado; diseases of blood-forming organs; dose-response relationship; emphysema; long-term study; lung cancer; mortality; pneumoconiosis; radon daughters; respiratory diseases; smoking; tuberculosis; uranium mining; USA.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Feb. 1997, Vol.31, No.2, p.211-222. 23 ref.
Notification No.820 of 1997: List of occupational diseases [Denmark]
Bekendtgørelse om fortegnelse over erhvervssygdomme [in Danish]
This Notification entered into force 1 December 1997. Topics: classification; Denmark; infectious diseases; ionizing radiation; law; occupational diseases; schedule of occupational diseases; toxic substances.
Lovtidende A, 3 Nov. 1997, Vol.163, p.4472-4489.
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