Influenza - 75 entries found
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Azaroff L.S., Levenstein C., Wegman D.H.
The occupational health of Southeast Asians in Lowell: A descriptive study
To assess the occupational health of a group of vulnerable immigrant workers, 160 residents of Cambodian or Lao origin in Lowell in the U.S. State of Massachusetts were interviewed regarding working conditions, health problems and use of medical services. Over 40% reported working in electronics and computer assembly. A fourth of those currently employed held temporary jobs. Workplace hazards included soldering fumes, inadequate ventilation, prolonged sitting or standing, awkward postures, unguarded machinery, shift work, long hours and pressure to produce quickly. Common work-related health problems included sprains and strains, headache, dizziness and flu-like symptoms. Less than a third of the respondents were aware of workers' compensation.
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan.-Mar. 2004, Vol.10, No.1, p.47-54. 40 ref.
http://www.ijoeh.com/pfds/1001_Azaroff.pdf [in English]
Lazor-Blanchet C., Rusca S., Vernez D., Berry R., Albrecht E., Droz P.O., Boillat M.A.
Acute pulmonary toxicity following exposure to a floor stain protector in the building industry in Switzerland
Waterproofing agents are widely used as stain-repellents on indoor floor and wall tiles. They are applied by spraying, generally by professionals, but sometimes also by consumers themselves. This article describes three cases of acute respiratory injury in healthy adults following occupational inhalation of a new waterproofing formulation containing an acrylate fluoropolymer. Within two hours after exposure, they developed a rapidly progressive dyspnoea; two also showed hypoxaemia and flu-like reactions. All three improved with supportive treatment within a few days. The mechanism of toxicity is still under investigation, but experimental data suggest the role of this new acrylate fluoropolymer. Both workers and consumers should be warned about the risks of spraying floor stain repellents, informed about the importance of proper air circulation within the premises and instructed to avoid concomitant smoking.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, May 2004, Vol.77, No.4, p.244-248. Illus. 26 ref.
Shvartsblat S., Kochie M., Harber P., Howard J.
Fatal rat bite fever in a pet shop employee
Rat bite fever is a zoonotic disease that has been described in laboratory personnel as well as the general population. A 24-year-old male pet shop employee contracted the disease through a minor superficial finger wound during a contact with a contaminated rat cage. The disease progressed from a flu-like illness to endocarditis involving first the aortic valve and then the mitral valve and septum. Despite aggressive therapy including two surgical procedures, the patient died from sepsis and multi-organ system failure 59 days after initial injury. This is the first reported case of rat-bite fever in a pet shop work setting. Zoonotic infections may present a significant hazard to workers handling animals. Education on hazards of animal contact and other preventive measures are needed in small business such as pet shops.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 2004, Vol.45, No.4, p.357-360. 5 ref.
Whelan E.A., Lawson C.C., Grajewski B., Petersen M.R., Pinkerton L.E., Ward E.M., Schnorr T.M.
Prevalence of respiratory symptoms among female flight attendants and teachers
The purpose of this study was to analyse the prevalence of self-reported respiratory symptoms and illnesses among two populations largely confined to indoor environments, flight attendants (FAs) and schoolteachers. The prevalence of work related eye, nose, and throat symptoms, wheezing, physician diagnosed asthma, chest illness, and cold or flu were calculated and stratified by smoking status in 1824 FAs and 331 schoolteachers (all women). FAs and teachers were significantly more likely to report work related eye, nose and throat symptoms than were other working women. FAs were also significantly more likely than teachers and other working women to report chest illness during the prior three years. Both study groups were more likely to report five or more episodes of cold or flu in the past year than were other working women and both groups were more likely to report wheezing than other working women. FAs were less likely than teachers and other working women to report having been diagnosed with asthma.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 2003, Vol.60, No.12, p.929-934. Illus. 25 ref.
Burton W.N., Morrison A., Wertheimer A.I.
Pharmaceuticals and worker productivity loss: A critical review of the literature
Many chronic illnesses that affect the working population can cause losses in productivity. The extent to which these productivity losses can be reduced by pharmacological treatment is of particular interest to employers, who bear the costs of productivity losses and of employees' health care. This article consists of a summary and critical review of various earlier studies on the effects of pharmaceuticals on productivity losses. For a dozen drug classes, there is good evidence that pharmaceuticals reduce productivity losses caused by respiratory illnesses (such as asthma, allergic disorders, bronchitis, upper respiratory infections, and influenza), diabetes, depression, dysmenorrhoea and migraine. In many cases, the reduction in productivity loss may partially or completely offset the costs of treatment. These results should be helpful to occupational physicians in providing recommendations on employer benefit plan designs taking into account the benefits of pharmacological treatments.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, June 2003, Vol.45, No.6, p.610-621. Illus. 87 ref.
Cohen P., Darling C., Hampson A., Downs K., Tasset-Tisseau A.
Influenza vaccination in an occupational setting: Effectiveness and cost-benefit study
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-benefit of influenza vaccination in reducing influenza-like illness and absenteeism among workers of a large steelworks. The study was a prospective, randomized trial conducted during the 2000 influenza season. Healthy adults aged 18-64 years were randomized into two groups: 270 received parenteral influenza vaccine (VAXIGRIP) and 270 had no intervention. Data were collected using self-reporting questionnaires for a total period of six months. This study suggests that influenza vaccination programs for healthy, working-age adults may represent a cost-effective intervention strategy from the employer's perspective during the influenza season, especially during the peak period of the disease.
Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Apr. 2003, Vol.19, No.2, p.167-182. Illus. 34 ref.
Mohren D.C.L., Swaen G.M.H., van Amelsvoort L.G.P.M., Borm P.J.A., Galama J.M.D.
Job insecurity as a risk factor for common infections and health complaints
The aim of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional and longitudinal impact of job insecurity on common infections and health complaints. Self-administered questionnaire data were used from the Maastricht Cohort Study comprised of 12,140 subjects. Generalized Estimating Equations analyses were applied to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals. A cross-sectional relationship between job insecurity and common infections or health complaints was found. For the longitudinal relationship, the largest effect was found for flu-like illness (OR 1.39) and health complaints (OR 1.51). Corrections were additionally made for health behaviour, the presence of a long-standing illness, and work-related demands, resulting in lower ORs. Increases in common infections or health complaints have a substantial impact on employee well-being and may result in economic consequences for the company.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2003, Vol.45, No.2, p.123-129. 30 ref.
The 6th International Symposium on Maritime Health
Proceedings of the International Conference on Maritime Health held in Manila, Philippines, 5-8 November 2001. Leading international maritime health experts have gathered to discuss scientific issues in maritime occupational health and safety. Participants included ship managers, maritime experts, health practitioners, occupational health physicians and maritime authorities.
ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2001. 244p. Illus. Bibl.ref.
Wong O., Harris F., Rosamilia K., Raabe G.K.
Updated mortality study of workers at a petroleum refinery in Torrance, California, from 1959 to 1997
This cohort study involved 3328 workers employed at a refinery for at least one year between 1959 and 1997, with an observation period from 1960 to 1997. Mortality data were analysed in terms of cause-specific standardized mortality ratios with expected deaths based on US national data. The overall mortality of the cohort was significantly lower than expected. Overall cancer mortality was also lower than expected, with significant mortality deficits being observed for certain specific sites. For other diseases, no significant increases were observed, with specific mortality deficits for ischaemic heart disease, chronic endocardial disease and other myocardial insufficiencies, all other heart disease, and influenza and pneumonia. Detailed analysis by length of employment did not reveal any significant mortality excess or upward trend. Analyses of male employees by job classification (process and maintenance) showed significantly elevated mortality from cirrhosis of the liver and suicide among maintenance workers.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 2001, Vol.43, No.12, p.1089-1102. 15 ref.
Martí Solé M.C., Alonso Espadalé R.M., Constans Aubert A.
Biological hazard prevention in the laboratory: Work with viruses
Prevención del riesgo biológico en el laboratorio: trabajo con virus [in Spanish]
This information note provides guidance on biological hazards linked to the handling of various viruses (hepatitis A, B and C, herpes, influenza, Armstrong's disease, polio, rabies, spongiform encephalopathy and vesicular stomatitis, HIV and SIV retroviruses); modes of transmission and levels of confinement appropriate for safe work in laboratories.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1999. 6p. 8 ref.
Benbrik E., Dômont A.
Legal aspects of vaccination in occupational medicine in 1998
Aspects jurisprudentiels et réglementaires de la vaccination en médecine du travail en 1998 [in French]
Occupational physicians in France may in the future be responsible for prescribing (as they are currently for administering) vaccinations. Since the Hédreul judgment (25 February 1997), legal practice has modified the physician's duty to inform and has put the burden of proof on the physician. This reversal may lead to a changing relationship between workers and occupational physicians, making the French system similar to that prevailing in the United States.
Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Mar. 1999, Vol.60, No.1, p.1-12. 8 ref.
Ramos Carrillo C.
Ministerio de trabajo y asuntos sociales
Biological hazards among health care personnel - Prevention programmes
Riesgos biológicos en personal sanitario - Programas de prevención [in Spanish]
Topics: antibodies; bacterial diseases; biological hazards; chickenpox; health care personnel; health programmes; immunodeficiency syndrome; infectious hepatitis; influenza; legionellosis; manuals; medical supervision; risk factors; rubella; Spain; training material; tuberculosis; typhoid fever; vaccination; virus diseases.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1999. 51p. 21 ref.
Constans Aubert A., Alonso Espaladé R.M., Martí Solé M.C.
Sewage treatment plants: Biological hazards
Estaciones depuradoras de aguas residuales: riesgo biológico [in Spanish]
Topics: bacteria; biological hazards; data sheet; diphtheria; fungi; infectious hepatitis; influenza; leptospirosis; microorganisms; parasitic diseases; poliomyelitis; sewage treatment; Spain; tetanus; tuberculosis; typhoid fever; vaccination; viruses.
Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 5p. 16 ref.
Olsen G.W., Burris J.M., Burlew M.M., Steinberg M.E., Patz N.V., Stolzfus J.A., Mandel J. H.
Absenteeism among employees who participated in a workplace influenza immunization program
Topics: age-linked differences; immunization; influenza; programme evaluation; sex-linked differences; sickness absenteeism.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Apr. 1998, Vol.40, No.4, p.311-316. 9 ref.
Milton D.K., Amsel J., Reed C.E., Enright P.L., Brown L.R., Aughenbaugh G.L., Morey P.R.
Cross-sectional follow-up of a flu-like respiratory illness among fiberglass manufacturing employees - Endotoxin exposure associated with two distinct sequelae
Employees at a glass fibre manufacturing plant experienced sporadic flu-like symptoms following exposure to a recirculated washwater mist containing high concentrations of gram-negative bacteria and endotoxins. Among 20 subjects reporting a history of severe flu-like episodes, diffusion capacity was significantly lower than for other workers; the illness was more common among workers with intermittent exposure (19 cases) rather than daily exposure (1 case). Asthma was prevalent in the study population, particularly among employees with daily rather than intermittent exposure. Endotoxin exposure was associated with two distinct sequelae depending on the temporal pattern of exposure.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Oct. 1995, Vol.28, No.4, p.469-488. 60 ref.
Yassi A., McGill M., Holton D., Nicolle L.
Morbidity, cost and role of health care worker transmission in an influenza outbreak in a tertiary care hospital
An influenza A outbreak involving 37% of health care workers and 47% of geriatric patients on a ward in a tertiary care hospital was reviewed. The majority of health-care workers became ill prior to detecting the first patient case of influenza, suggesting that nosocomial spread from staff to patients may have occurred. Only 13.7% of the staff and 5.9% of patients had been vaccinated prior to the outbreak. It is suggested that much of the morbidity and costs resulting from this outbreak could have been avoided by increased immunization of staff and patients.
Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Jan.-Feb. 1993, Vol.4, No.1, p.52-56. 19 ref.
Vaccinations at work. Regulations and responsibilities of the various people concerned [France]
Vaccinations en milieu de travail. Réglementation et obligation des différents acteurs [France] [in French]
In certain occupations some vaccinations are compulsory and others are recommended. Outside of these occupations, some vaccinations may be practical for the prevention of a particular occupational risk. Various compulsory and recommended vaccinations in France are presented, along with vaccinations under international regulations and requirements for vaccination at work. The responsibilities of the various people involved (employees, employers, industrial physicians) are explained and examples are given of how this responsibility may be assigned in two particular situations: contamination of a non-immunised individual and accidents with vaccines.
Documents pour le médecin du travail, 4th Quarter 1990, No.44, p.367-371. Illus. 23 ref.
Colds and flu - Can they affect workplace safety?
The current experimental knowledge on the implications of influenza and common cold virus on workplace safety is summarised. Results of a study carried out at the Common Cold Unit of the British Medical Research Council in Salisbury showed that colds and influenza may both impair performance efficiency, although the nature of the effects depends on the virus and type of activity being performed. Other studies included the effects of therapeutic drugs on performance efficiency and the effects of respiratory illnesses on memory and cognition.
Safety and Health Practitioner, Mar. 1990, Vol.8, No.3, p.20-22. 10 ref.
Low molecular weight chemicals, hypersensitivity, and direct toxicity: the acid anhydrides
The acid anhydrides are a group of reactive chemicals used widely in alkyd and epoxy resins. The major hazards to health are mucosal and skin irritation and sensitisation of the respiratory tract. Most cases of occupational asthma caused by acid anhydrides appear to be immunologically mediated. Immunological mechanisms are proposed to explain an influenza-like syndrome and pulmonary haemorrhage, but direct toxicity may also be important in the aetiology of these conditions.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, Apr. 1989, Vol.46, No.4, p.222-232. Illus. 112 ref.
Brundage J.F., Scott R.M., Lednar W.M., Smith D.W., Miller R.N.
Building-associated risk of febrile acute respiratory diseases in army trainees
Airborne transmission of infectious agents and associations of indoor air pollutants with respiratory illnesses are well documented. At four Army training centres during a 47-month period, incidence rates of febrile acute respiratory disease were compred between basic trainees in modern (energy-efficient design and construction) and old barracks. Rates of febrile acute respiratory disease were significantly higher among trainees in modern barracks (adjusted relative risk estimate, 1.51; 95% confidence interval, 1.46 to 1.56), and relative risks were about the same at the 4 centers. These results support the hypothesis that tight buildings with closed ventilation systems, designed to conserve energy, significantly increase risks of respiratory-transmitted infection among congregated, immunologically susceptible occupants.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 8 Apr. 1988, Vol.259, No.14, p.2108-2112. Illus. 51 ref.
Neukirch F., Perdrizet S., Bouvier-Colle M.H., Pariente R.
Respiratory deaths in agricultural and non-agricultural workers in France from 1970 to 1974
Mortalité par maladies respiratoires chez les travailleurs en milieu agricole et non agricole en France de 1970 à 1974 [in French]
Analysis of respiratory mortality data in France collected by a European Community working group and comparison of findings in urban and rural communities. There was excess acute respiratory mortality among male and female agricultural workers; this confirmed the existence of this specific risk among agricultural workers. Further studies will be needed to precisely identify the environmental factors specific to farmwork to which these agricultural workers are exposed.
Revue française des maladies respiratoires, 1983, Vol.11, No.1, p.47-55. 17 ref.
Considerations regarding infection during hospital employment
The risks of tuberculosis, viral hepatitis, rubella, herpes (simplex virus), meningococcal disease, scabies, pertussis, respiratory syncytial virus disease, influenza, diphtheria and laboratory-associated infections among hospital workers are surveyed. Screening and diagnostic procedures are considered, together with control measures such as surveillance, appropriate immunisations, epidemiological investigations, antibiotic prophylaxis, when indicated, and environmental safeguards.
Journal of Occupational Medicine, Jan. 1982, Vol.24, No.1, p.53-57. 53 ref.
Hahon N., Booth J.A., Eckert H.L.
Antagonistic activity of poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide) to the inhibition of viral interferon induction by asbestos fibres.
The depressive effect of various asbestos fibres on interferon induction by influenza virus was significantly diminished or abolished by pretreating either the asbestos fibres or cell monolayers with poly(4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide). Maximum antagonistic activity was time- and concentration-dependent. Pretreating asbestos fibres with the polymer was more rapid and effective than pretreating cell monolayers.
British Journal of Industrial Medicine, May 1977, Vol.34, No.2, p.119-125. 31 ref.
Smith T.F., Burgert E.O., Dowdle W.R., Noble G.R., Campbell R.J., Van Scoy R.E.
Isolation of swine influenza virus from autopsy lung tissue of man
Case report of a boy who until 5 days before his death from respiratory failure due to Hodgkin's disease had worked on a farm where swine were raised. Swine influenza virus was isolated from lung specimens at autopsy. The possibility that both the Hodgkin's disease, and the chemotherapy for it, had modified his resistance to infection by impairing immunological responses is discussed.
New England Journal of Medicine, 25 Mar. 1976, Vol.294, No.13, p.708-710. Illus. 15 ref.
Taylor P.J., Pocock S.J.
Commuter travel and sickness absence of London office workers
The relationship between the pattern of commuter travel to work and sickness absence was studied in a population of 1984 office workers in central London. The median journey time was 1h; the average journey had 2.8 stages. One third of the sample considered their journey uncomfortable. The number of journey stages was the most important factor relating to both certified and uncertified sickness. The use of a car or a journey lasting >1.5h was associated with higher uncertified rates of absence. The incidence of certified influenza did not relate to any specific aspect of the journey, including the use of public transport.
British Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine, Aug. 1972, Vol.26, No.3, p.165-172. Illus. 12 ref.
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