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ID (ISN) del documento61753
Número CIS 94-301
ISSN - Título de la serie 1775-8785 - Archives des maladies professionnelles
Año 1992
Número de serie
Autor(es) Mora V., Pairon J.C., Garnier R., Laureillard J., Lionnet F., Hoguet L., Schaeffer A., Efthymiou M.L., Brochard P.
Título Acute arsine poisoning in a ferrous metal foundry: Report on two cases
Título original Intoxication aiguë par l'hydrogène arsénié dans une fonderie de métaux ferreux. A propos de deux observations [en francés]
Información bibliográfica 1992, Vol.53, No.3, p.167-173. Illus. 21 ref.
Resumen Acute arsine poisoning was observed in 2 workers employed in a ferrous metal foundry. One presented an acute haemolysis with acute renal failure, requiring haemodialysis. Renal function slowly recovered but high blood pressure was observed secondarily. The 2nd case presented as predominantly cytolytic hepatitis on the 20th day after acute haemolysis. The evolution was rapidly resolutive, with no transfusion needed. The hypothesis of a causal role of arsine intoxication in this hepatitis is therefore possible. Subsequent atmospheric measurements in the workplace showed detectable amounts of arsine during the shovelling of the scories: results were < or equal to the threshold limit value when the operations were performed in dry conditions. In contrast, an atmospheric level of 60ppm was observed when water was added to the scories. This could be due to arsenical impurities present in ferrosilicium and calcium carbide used in the foundry. These observations underline the potential risk of arsine intoxication in such industries and raise the possibility of a delayed cytolytic hepatitis.
Descriptores (primarios) envenenamiento agudo; hidrógeno de arsénico; siderurgia; fundiciones; fabricas metalúrgicas
Descriptores (secundarios) toxicidad aguda; estudio de caso; hemolisis; síntomas; ferrosílice; dosificación en la orina; efectos nefrotóxicos; toma de muestras y análisis; citología urinaria; descripción del procedimiento; tratamiento de urgencia
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
País / Estado o ProvinciaFrancia
Tema(s) Sustancias tóxicas y peligrosas
Broad subject area(s) Riesgos químicos
Navegación por categoria(s) Inorganic substances
Arsenic and compounds
Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations
Smelting and refining operations
Iron and steel industry