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Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento59476
Número CIS 93-178
ISSN - Título de la serie 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Año 1992
Número de serie
Autor(es) Marbury M.C.
Título Relationship of ergonomic stressors to birthweight and gestational age
Información bibliográfica Apr. 1992, Vol.18, No.2, p.73-83. 36 ref.
Resumen Women in many occupations are exposed to ergonomic stressors (eg, prolonged standing, physical exertion, and long work weeks). After a consideration of the major methodological problems encountered in studying effects of ergonomic stressors on birthweight and gestational age, epidemiologic studies that have addressed this issue are reviewed. No individual ergonomic stressor has been consistently associated with effects on gestational age. However, most studies which have attempted to look at the cumulative effect of several stressors report that women in the highest exposure category are at higher risk of giving birth prematurely. In contrast, data regarding an association with birthweight are more variable, and firm conclusions cannot be drawn. While future studies that assess exposure to ergonomic stressors with a more comprehensive and quantitative approach are needed, current evidence is sufficient to suggest that clinicians should take ergonomic stressors into account in the assessment of their patients' risk for preterm delivery.
Descriptores (primarios) carga física; postura de pie; ergonomía; embarazadas; factores de estrés; efectos genéticos; mujeres; duración del trabajo
Descriptores (secundarios) revisión bibliográfica; valoración ergonómica; valoración del estrés; encuesta epidemiológica
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
País / Estado o ProvinciaEstados Unidos
Tema(s) Ergonomia, organización del trabajo
Broad subject area(s) Industrias y ocupaciones
Navegación por categoria(s) Mental stress and burnout
Antifertility and prenatal effects
Hours of work
Work posture
Genetic factors in reaction to exposures