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Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento58763
Número CIS 92-1643
ISSN - Título de la serie 0002-8894 - American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
Año 1992
Número de serie
Autor(es) O'Brien D., Froehlich P.A., Gressel M.G., Hall R.M., Clark N.J., Bost P., Fischbach T.
Título Silica exposure in hand grinding steel castings
Información bibliográfica Jan. 1992, Vol.53, No.1, p.42-48. Illus. 20 ref.
Resumen Exposure to silica dust was studied in the grinding of castings in a steel foundry. Approximately one-third of the personal samples exceeded the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommended exposure limit for crystalline silica. The casting cleaning tools with the largest wheels were shown to be the major sources of dust exposure. Existing dust control consisted of the use of downdraft grinding benches. The size of the casting precluded working at a distance close enough to the grates of the downdraft benches for efficient capture of the grinding dust. In addition, measurements of air recirculated from the downdraft benches indicated that less than half of the respirable particles were removed from the contaminated airstream. The study endorsed the following control options: the use of mold coatings, which minimise sand burn-in on the casting surface; application of high-velocity, low-volume exhaust hoods; the use of a non-silica molding aggregate such as olivine.
Descriptores (primarios) lucha contra los polvos; limpieza de piezas enviadas de la fundicion; fundiciones; polvos respirables; valoración de la exposición; sílice
Descriptores (secundarios) muelas abrasivas; toma de muestras del aire; aspiración; ventilación mecánica
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
País / Estado o ProvinciaEstados Unidos
Tema(s) Metalurgia, trabajo de los metales
Broad subject area(s) Riesgos químicos
Navegación por categoria(s) Exposure evaluation
Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations