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Base de datos CISDOC

ID (ISN) del documento111952
Número CIS 11-0716
ISSN - Título de la serie 0019-8366 - Industrial Health
Año 2010
Número de serie
Autor(es) Katsuhira J., Yamasaki S., Yamamoto S., Maruyama H.
Título Effects of general principles of person transfer techniques on low back joint extension moment
Información bibliográfica Nov. 2010, Vol.48, No.6, p.796-803. Illus. 25 ref.
Acceso Internet Effects_of_general_principles.pdf [en inglés]
Resumen The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of general principles of person transfer techniques specifically on the low back joint extension moment. These effects were examined by the following measurable quantitative parameters: trunk bending angle; knee flexion angle; distance between the centres of gravity (COGs) of the caregiver and patient, representing the distance between the caregiver and patient; the vertical component of the ground reaction force representing the amount of the weight-bearing load on the caregiver's low back during transfers with and without assistive devices. Twenty students each took the role of caregiver, and one healthy adult simulated a patient. The participants performed three different transfer tasks: without any assistive device, with the patient wearing a low back belt, and with the caregiver using a transfer board. It was found that the distance between the COGs and the vertical component of the ground reaction force, but not the trunk bending and knee flexion angles, were the variables that affected the low back joint extension moment. These results suggest that the general principle of decreasing the distance between COGs is most effective for decreasing the low back joint extension moment during transfers under all conditions.
Descriptores (primarios) columna lumbar; levantamiento manual; antropometría; mecánica humana; personal de enfermería
Descriptores (secundarios) postura en el trabajo; ergonomía; medida de la carga muscular; cinesimetría; métodos de trabajo y seguridad
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
Tema(s) Cemercio, servicios, oficinas
Ergonomia, organización del trabajo
Broad subject area(s) Fisiología, ergonomía
Navegación por categoria(s) Health care services
Ergonomics
Anthropometry