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ID (ISN) del documento109864
Número CIS 09-772
ISSN - Título de la serie 0925-7535 - Safety Science
Año 2009
Número de serie
Autor(es) Baram M.
Título Globalization and workplace hazards in developing nations
Información bibliográfica July 2009, Vol.47, No.6, p.756-766. 40 ref.
Resumen Multinational corporations are rapidly introducing technological activities into less-developed nations. This poses potential risks to the safety and health of workers involved and the neighboring populations, as well as to the environment. This article presents an evaluation of approaches taken by international and industrial organizations to address these hazards by means of codes of conduct and voluntary self-regulation. Arguing that these approaches have repeatedly failed, it presents a new approach for assuring that the transfer of technology is accompanied by the transfer of good practices for using it safely. The key features of this approach include defining a standard of care which provides equivalent treatment of worker safety and health across all nations, and establishing contractual relationships between multinational companies and host countries as a means of implementing the standard.
Descriptores (primarios) seguridad en el trabajo; transferencia de tecnologías; paises en desarrollo; valoración del riesgo; grandes empresas
Descriptores (secundarios) responsabilidades de los empresarios; comentario de norma; cooperación internacional; aspectos legales
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
País / Estado o ProvinciaEstados Unidos
Tema(s) Generalidades sobre prevención
Broad subject area(s) Aspectos generales
Navegación por categoria(s) OSH in developing countries
Risk evaluation
Globalization
Transfer of technology