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ID (ISN) del documento108892
Número CIS 08-1299
ISSN - Título de la serie 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Año 2008
Número de serie
Autor(es) Girdler-Brown B.V., White N.W., Ehrlich R.I., Churchyard G.J.
Título The burden of silicosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD among former Basotho goldminers
Información bibliográfica Sep. 2008, Vol.51, No.9, p.640-647. Illus. 25 ref.
Acceso Internet 08-1299.pdf [en inglés]
Resumen The burden of silicosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD is described in 624 South African gold miners 18 months after cessation of work. Questionnaires were administered, and spirometry, chest radiography, tuberculosis investigations and urine HIV antibody assays were performed. The mean age of subjects was 49.4 years and their mean employment duration 25.6 years. Most subjects had had jobs with medium (26.5%) or high (65.4%) dust exposure. Current smoking rate was 35%, with ever smoking 61%. HIV antibodies were detected in the urine in 22.3%. Prevalences were: silicosis 24.6%, past tuberculosis 26%, current tuberculosis 6.2%, airflow obstruction 13.4% and chronic productive cough 17.7%. Almost 50% of these miners had at least one of these respiratory conditions.
Descriptores (primarios) síndrome obstructivo; Sudáfrica; enfermedades respiratorias; tasas de frecuencia; silicosis; minas de oro; tuberculosis pulmonar
Descriptores (secundarios) polvos en suspensión aérea; fumadores; polvos respirables; síndrome de inmunodeficiencia; diagnostico; radiografía de tórax; encuesta por cuestionario; espirometría; exámenes médicos; dosificación en la orina; valoración de la exposición
Tipo de documento D - Artículos periódicos
País / Estado o ProvinciaSudáfrica
Tema(s) Minas y canteras
Broad subject area(s) Medicina del trabajo, epidemiología
Navegación por categoria(s) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Mining and quarrying
Neumoconiosis