|Document ID (ISN)||78736|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||One-year study of occupational human immunodeficiency virus postexposure prophylaxis
||Mar. 2002, Vol.44, No.3, p.265-270. 14 ref.
||A 12-month experience with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in a specialized medical care centre in the United States was evaluated for timeliness of treatment and adherence to treatment recommendations. 46 health care workers were started on HIV PEP. Risk status of the source patient, rather than type of exposure, was a significant determinant for both initiating and completing treatment. Of those exposed to HIV-positive sources, 79% completed the full 28 days of therapy. Only 22% of all health care workers who started PEP discontinued treatment because of adverse effects. The mean time from exposure to first dose of PEP was one hour and 46 minutes. The use of a defined treatment protocol, with supporting educational material and immediately-available PEP medication is an effective way of managing HIV exposures.
||occupational diseases; immunodeficiency syndrome; prophylaxis; biological hazards; health care personnel
||pharmacological prevention; hospitals; programme evaluation
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
||Commerce, services, offices
|Broad subject area(s)
||Health care services