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Document ID (ISN)78704
CIS number 02-853
ISSN - Serial title 1529-8663 - AIHA Journal
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Rosenman K.D., Sims A., Hogan A., Fialkowski J., Gardiner J.
Title Evaluation of the effectiveness of following up laboratory reports of elevated blood leads in adults
Bibliographic information May-June 2001, Vol.62, No.3, p.371-378. 11 ref.
Internet access 02-0853.pdf [in English]
Abstract A report of a state-wide laboratory-based blood-lead surveillance system in the state of Michigan (USA). The effectiveness of inspection of companies in which at least one worker had a blood lead level (BLL) of 30-39µg/dL (but not higher) was considered. Companies where lead exposures occurred were identified and enforcement inspections performed. In addition, a cost-benefit analysis was conducted, employing three endpoints: 1) identification of cases of elevated blood lead levels, due to occupational exposure; 2) identification of workplaces that had received a citation for violating the lead standard; 3) identification of workers at risk of exposure to lead at problem work sites. Workplaces with blood lead citations also had increased overall citations and penalties, when compared with control workplaces not using lead. The cost to identify lead-exposed workers at problem worksites was USD 125 per worker. It is recommended that routine inspection be instituted for all companies in which even one employee is identified with blood lead levels ≥30µg/dL.
Descriptors (primary) lead; cost-benefit analysis; determination in blood; hazard identification
Descriptors (secondary) USA; Michigan; penalties; inspection; enforcement; exposure evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Generalities
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances
Economic aspects
Lead and compounds