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Document ID (ISN)78540
CIS number 02-679
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Park R.M.
Title Mortality at an automotive engine foundry and machine complex
Bibliographic information May 2001, Vol.43, No.5, p.483-493. 71 ref.
Abstract Mortality was analysed for an automotive engine foundry and machining complex, with process exposures estimated from job assignments. Logistic regression models of mortality odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for 2546 deaths, and numbers of work-related deaths were estimated. Lung cancer mortality in the foundry was increased where cleaning and finishing of castings was performed (OR 1.7) and in core-making after 1967 (OR 1.5). Black workers had excess lung cancer mortality in machining heat-treat operations (OR 2.5) and excess non-malignant respiratory disease mortality in moulding (OR 2.5) and core-making (OR 2.7). Stomach cancer mortality was elevated among workers with metalworking fluid exposures in precision grinding (OR 2.4). Heart disease mortality was increased among all workers in moulding (OR 1.6), as was stroke mortality among workers exposed to metalworking fluids (OR 1.8). 11% of deaths were estimated to be work-related.
Descriptors (primary) mortality; foundries; machining
Descriptors (secondary) race-linked differences; respiratory diseases; lung cancer; frequency rates; heart diseases; cohort study; gastrointestinal cancer
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations