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Document ID (ISN)78404
CIS number 02-829
ISSN - Serial title 1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Wesseling C., van Wendel de Joode B., Ruepert C., Leˇn C., Monge P., Hermosillo H., Partanen T.J.
Title Paraquat in developing countries
Bibliographic information Oct.-Dec. 2001, Vol.7, No.4, p.275-286. Illus. 117 ref.
Abstract The herbicide paraquat is considered safe by industry and most regulatory bodies worldwide. This may not be the case, however, under the conditions of exposure which persist in developing countries. Little is known about systemic absorption from occupational exposures. The relationships between exposure conditions, levels of external exposure, biomarkers of exposure, and outcomes are not clear. High rates of severe acute poisonings have been documented. In addition, topical injuries occur in as many as 50% of exposed workers. Non-worker populations are also at risk, particularly children. Long-term and delayed health effects include Parkinson's disease, lung effects, and skin cancer. Independent risk assessment in the developing-country context and application of the precautionary principle are necessary to prevent adverse effects of dangerous pesticides in susceptible populations.
Descriptors (primary) conditions of exposure; herbicides; pesticide spraying; harmful substances; developing countries; paraquat
Descriptors (secondary) pesticide poisoning; acute toxicity; skin cancer; lung diseases; Parkinson's disease
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCosta Rica; Netherlands
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) OSH in developing countries
Heterocyclic compounds
Agricultural chemicals