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Document ID (ISN)78369
CIS number 02-646
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) NylÚn L., Voss M., Floderus B.
Title Mortality among women and men relative to unemployment, part time work, overtime work, and extra work: A study based on data from the Swedish twin registry
Bibliographic information Jan. 2001, Vol.58, No.1, p.52-57. Illus. 27 ref.
Abstract A subcohort of the Swedish twin registry born between 1926-58 was studied. Data were based on a postal questionnaire of 1973 and on information from the Swedish Causes of Death Registry. All subjects reporting a main occupation were selected, 9500 women and 11,132 men, and mortality from all causes during 1973-96 was analysed. Unemployment in 1973 among both women and men showed an association with increased mortality. The adjusted relative risk (RR) was 1.98 for women and 1.43 for men. For the first 5 years of follow up, a threefold increase in risk was found for men (RR 3.29). The RR declined by time, but remained increased throughout the 24 year study period. In women, overtime work of more than 5 hours a week was followed by an increased mortality rate (RR 1.92). A protective effect of moderate overtime work of a maximum 5 hours a week was shown for men (RR 0.58), whereas an increased mortality was indicated for part time work (RR 1.58) and extra work (work outside employment) of more than 5 hours a week (RR 1.29).
Descriptors (primary) part-time employment; extra work; unemployment; hours of work; mortality
Descriptors (secondary) Sweden; sex-linked differences; cohort study; questionnaire survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSweden
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Precarious employment
Hours of work
Unemployment