|Document ID (ISN)||78296|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1250-3274 - Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail
|Convention or series no.
||Benbirk E., Tiberguent A., Dômont A.
||Comparative study of the HAV seroprevalence among water purification station workers, sewage workers and administration workers
||Enquête comparative de séro-prévalence de l'hépatite A entre les professionnels d'une station d'épuration, de l'assainissement et administratifs [in French]|
||Feb. 2000, Vol.61, No.1, p.7-28. Illus. 51 ref.
||02-0430.pdf [in French]
||An HAV seroprevalence study was conducted among 390 water-purification station workers, 201 sewage workers, and 643 non-occupationally exposed administrative workers. All workers were male, with similar age and socio-educational characteristics. After correcting for age, the rate of hepatitis A seroconversion for all populations was about 69%. Occupational exposure to sludge and sewage were the most important transmission risk factors for hepatitis A. Water-purification station workers exposed to soiled earth polluted with sludge were subject to major risk of hepatitis A transmission with an odds ratio of 1.85. For sewage workers, contact with floating corpses appeared to be an increasing occupational risk for hepatitis A, with an odds ratio of 1.59. A multivariate analysis was also performed to determine the characteristics of the exposed groups and evidence certain patterns of hepatitis A exposure. Vaccination against hepatitis A appears to be the best way to fight against this biological risk, although hygiene and safety measures must not be overlooked.
||water treatment; risk factors; waste disposal; infectious hepatitis
||occupational hygiene; contagion; comparative study; biological hazards; vaccination; immunology
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||France|
|Broad subject area(s)
Waste collection and disposal
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)