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Document ID (ISN)78226
CIS number 02-472
Year 2000
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Bundesmann-Jansen J., Gross H., Munz E.
Title Hours of work '99
Original title Arbeitszeit '99 [in German]
Bibliographic information Gemeinnützige Werkstätten Neuss GmbH, Am Krausenbaum 11, 41464 Neuss, Germany, 2000. 205p. 64 ref.
Abstract A questionnaire survey of 4024 employees aged 18 to 65 conducted in Germany in 1999 revealed that only 15% had the standard 9 to 5, five days a week work time schedule. The majority of 85% worked under some form of flexible arrangement. Of those with flexible work time schedules, more worked under pressure with regard to speed of work and performance as compared to those working according to the standard work time schedule. The majority of those questioned (56%) said they regularly worked overtime. More men (63%) claimed to work overtime than women (47%), which represents an increase of 13% for men and 10% for women compared to an earlier survey in 1995. Part-time work was performed by 20%, which represents an increase of 2% over 1995. The employees who regularly worked shifts and at night rose by 5% from 1995 to reach 18% in 1999. More than half of the shift and night workers (54%) claimed to have work time schedules which suit their individual preferences.
Descriptors (primary) work time schedules; Germany
Descriptors (secondary) speed of work; shift work; night work; part-time employment; sex-linked differences; flexible working time; questionnaire survey; stress factors; work capacity
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Ergonomics and work organization
Broad subject area(s) Physiology, ergonomics
Browse category(ies) Hours of work
Precarious employment