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Document ID (ISN)77949
CIS number 02-364
ISSN - Serial title 1877-7856 - Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale
Year 2001
Convention or series no. Fascicule 16-008-A-20
Author(s) Testud F.
Title Vanadium
Original title Vanadium [in French]
Bibliographic information Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 3rd Quarter 2001, No.132, 6p. 43 ref.
Internet access 02-0364.pdf [in French]
Abstract Vanadium is used in the manufacture of hard alloys with iron, catalysts and pigments. It has no known physiological role in humans. The exposure of the general population is very low; it results from the consumption of food and from atmospheric pollution in the vicinity of coal- and fuel-oil-fired power stations. Overall, the acute toxicity of metallic vanadium and its salts is low to moderate, a consequence of their low, particularly oral, biodisponibility. Most of the toxic effects of the metal and its salts due to occupational factors occur in manufacturing industries or during the cleaning of burners in power stations. The inhalation of fine vanadium pentoxide dusts gives rise to irritative respiratory disorders, characterized by the presence of bronchospasms and the possible persistence of a reactive bronchial dysfunction. The long-term risk is one of onset of asthma as a result of persistent bronchial hyperactivity. Urinary determinations enable the assessment of the degree of contamination of workers and the focussing of prevention activities.
Descriptors (primary) toxic effects; vanadium and compounds; toxicology; France
Descriptors (secondary) catalysts; determination in urine; pigments; alloys; bronchospasm; asthma; respiratory diseases; dust; exposure evaluation; thermal power stations; vanadium; vanadium pentoxide; encyclopaedia; data sheet; irritation
Document type F - Information notes, codes of practice, standards
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances