|Document ID (ISN)||76783|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1877-7856 - Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale
|Convention or series no.
||Benaissa L., Hantson P., Laforge M., Borron S., Baud F.
||Cyanides and toxic cyanogens
||Cyanures et toxiques cyanogéniques [in French]|
||Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 3rd Quarter 1999, No.124, 7p. 59 ref.
||01-0667.pdf [in French]
||Cyanides are present in many chemicals. Cyanide poisoning is frequent, and found in particular among victims of fires. Cyanide poisoning may lead to headaches, vertigo, agitation, confusion, coma, convulsions and death. Considerable progress has been made in the treatment of cyanide poisoning. A large dose of hydroxocobalamine used in conjunction with oxygen is considered to be the first line of treatment for this type of poisoning, and considerably favours the reanimation process. Symptomatic treatment includes assisted ventilation (breathing of 100% oxygen), correction of acidosis and the maintaining of arterial pressure. The effectiveness of antidote treatment is evaluated initially on the correction of hypotension and lactic acidosis, then on the absence or presence of permanent neurological after-effects.
||poisoning; France; antidote treatment; toxicology; cyanides
||acute toxicity; hydroxocobalamine; ingestion; data sheet; smoke; chronic toxicity; encyclopaedia; inhalation
||B - Chemical safety information sheets
|Country / State or Province||France|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)