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Document ID (ISN)76106
CIS number 01-38
ISSN - Serial title 0007-9952 - Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail
Year 2000
Convention or series no. FT 157
Author(s) Brondeau M.T., Falcy M., Jargot D., Miraval S., Protois J.C., Reynier M., Schneider O.
Title Javel waters and extracts
Original title Eaux et extraits de Javel [in French]
Bibliographic information 1st Quarter 2000, No.178, p.115-119. Illus. 27 ref.
Internet access [in French]
Abstract Javel waters and extracts are aqueous solutions of sodium hypochlorite. Toxic effects depend on the concentration of the solution used; usual dilutions cause little effects. Acute toxicity: ingestion of concentrated solutions causes irritation of the gastro-intestinal tract sometimes with vomiting of blood, which and can lead to necrosis, perforation and severe after-effects, shock, haemolysis, and possibly hypernatraemia; projections on skin and eyes may cause severe burns with possible ocular after-effects; mixture with acids liberates chlorine which may cause strong bronchial irritation and acute pulmonary oedema; mixture with ammonium hydroxide liberates chloramine which is also irritant for the respiratory tract. Chronic toxicity: nail lesions; dermatosis.
Descriptors (primary) javel water; threshold limit values; health hazards; sodium hypochlorite; France
Descriptors (secondary) fire fighting; pulmonary oedema; nail diseases; haemolysis; fire hazards; caustic substances; skin diseases; handling and storage; labelling; limitation of exposure; chemical burns; first aid; personal protective equipment; determination in air; comment on standard; data sheet; eye injuries; irritants
Document type B - Chemical safety information sheets
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Occupational exposure limits
Halogens and their inorganic compounds
Inorganic substances