|Document ID (ISN)||75139|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Löfstedt H., Seldén A., Storéus L., Bodin L.
||Blood lead in Swedish police officers
||May 1999, Vol.35, No.5, p.519-522. Illus. 10 ref.
||00-1065.pdf [in English]
||Shooting with lead-containing ammunition in firing ranges is a well-known source of lead exposure in adults, and police officers may be at risk of lead intoxication. Swedish police officers considered as the most active shooters on and/or off duty responded to a questionnaire about health, lifestyle, shooting habits and potential lead exposure. Blood samples were collected and analysed for PbB and a multivariate regression analysis was performed. The mean PbB in male officers was 0.24µmol/L, and in female officers it was even lower (0.18µmol/L). For both sexes combined, a positive correlation of PbB with the number of bullets annually fired both on and off duty was observed and this finding remained in a multiple regression analysis including age, smoking habits and latency from last shooting exercise. Occupational and recreational lead exposure from firing ranges still seems to be a source of lead exposure in Swedish police officers, but it no longer appears to he a health risk. Lead-free ammunition and well-ventilated indoor firing ranges may have been decisive for this encouraging finding.
||lead; police forces; firearms
||Sweden; smoking; ammunition; ventilation; determination in blood; questionnaire survey; age-linked differences; sex-linked differences; statistical evaluation; exposure evaluation
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Sweden|
|Broad subject area(s)
Fire fighting, police, prisons and the armed forces
Lead and compounds