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Document ID (ISN)74731
CIS number 00-351
ISBN(s) 92-4-157218-3
Year 2000
Convention or series no. Environmental Health Criteria 218
Author(s) van Esch G.J.
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)
Title Flame retardants: Tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate, tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate and tetrakis(hydroxymethyl) phosphonium salts
Bibliographic information World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2000. xix, 130p. Illus. 193 ref. Price: CHF 30.00 (CHF 21.00 in developing countries).
Internet access 00_351.pdf [in English]
Abstract Tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBEP) is used in floor polishes and as a plasticizer in rubber and plastics; it can cause slight skin irritation. Tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (TEHP) is used as flame retardant, plasticizer or solvent; no skin irritation was reported in a study on volunteers. Tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium salts are used as flame retardants for cotton, cellulose and cellulose-blend fabrics; treated fabrics do not cause skin irritation in humans. Summaries in French and in Spanish.
Descriptors (primary) IPCS; phosphonium compounds; flame retardants; toxicology; tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate
Descriptors (secondary) toxic effects; literature survey; ILO; UNEP; criteria document; tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride; tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulfate; animal experiments; WHO
Document type B - Chemical safety information sheets
Country / State or ProvinceNetherlands; WHO
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Esters and salts
Fires