|Document ID (ISN)||74731|
|Convention or series no.
||Environmental Health Criteria 218
||van Esch G.J.
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)
||Flame retardants: Tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate, tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate and tetrakis(hydroxymethyl) phosphonium salts
||World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2000. xix, 130p. Illus. 193 ref. Price: CHF 30.00 (CHF 21.00 in developing countries).
||00_351.pdf [in English]
||Tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBEP) is used in floor polishes and as a plasticizer in rubber and plastics; it can cause slight skin irritation. Tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (TEHP) is used as flame retardant, plasticizer or solvent; no skin irritation was reported in a study on volunteers. Tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium salts are used as flame retardants for cotton, cellulose and cellulose-blend fabrics; treated fabrics do not cause skin irritation in humans. Summaries in French and in Spanish.
||IPCS; phosphonium compounds; flame retardants; toxicology; tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate
||toxic effects; literature survey; ILO; UNEP; criteria document; tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride; tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium sulfate; animal experiments; WHO
||B - Chemical safety information sheets
|Country / State or Province||Netherlands; WHO|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
||Esters and salts