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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)72470
CIS number 99-465
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 1998
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Nicas M.
Title Assessing the relative importance of the components of an occupational tuberculosis control program
Bibliographic information July 1998, Vol.40, No.7, p.648-654. Illus. 12 ref.
Internet access 99-465.pdf [in English]
Abstract A quantitative framework for estimating tuberculosis (TB) disease risk is developed and the most important component in reducing TB risk among health care workers is identified. Two important results are described: the rapid identification of tuberculosis disease in presenting patients is the most important element in the overall programme: once TB disease has been identified, the use of highly efficient environmental controls (including respiratory protection) becomes the most important element, especially for procedures such as bronchoscopy and autopsy, which can aerosolize large numbers of viable Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli. Topics: aerosols; autopsy; bronchoscopy; hazard evaluation; health care personnel; hospitals; implementation of control measures; infection control; mathematical models; mycobacterial infections; prophylaxis; respirators; tuberculosis.
Descriptors (primary) tuberculosis; health care personnel; hospitals; infection control
Descriptors (secondary) mycobacterial infections; aerosols; implementation of control measures; hazard evaluation; bronchoscopy; autopsy; prophylaxis; mathematical models; respirators
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Health care services
Bacterial and parasitic diseases