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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)68314
CIS number 97-198
ISSN - Serial title 1351-0711 - Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 1995
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Reilly M.J., Rosenman K.D., Abrams J.H., Zhu Z., Tseng C., Hertzberg V., Rice C.
Title Ocular effects of exposure to triethylamine in the sand core cold box of a foundry
Bibliographic information 1995, Vol.52, p.337-343. 10 ref.
Abstract The acute and chronic ophthalmological effects of triethylamine exposure among foundry workers in the sand core cold box were assessed. A corneal examination, a visual acuity test and a questionnaire to assess vision symptoms in exposed workers were performed. Personal air measurements for triethylamine were also obtained. Despite low concentrations of triethylamine and no corneal oedema, exposed workers reported vision symptoms. Further research is needed to elucidate the mechanism for the reported vision symptoms, which occurred below the current United States standard. The current recommended ACGIH threshold of 4.1mg/m3 seems more appropriate.
Descriptors (primary) conditions of exposure; visual function disorders; eye injuries; determination in air; foundries; triethylamine
Descriptors (secondary) eye examinations; threshold limit values; diseases of eyes and related structures; corneal damage; determination of concentration; questionnaire survey; cross-sectional study; visual acuity; coremaking
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the eye and vision damage
Aliphatic amines
Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations