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Document ID (ISN)66211
CIS number 96-252
ISSN - Serial title 1047-322X - Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Year 1994
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Korczynski R.E.
Title Formaldehyde exposure in the funeral industry
Bibliographic information Aug. 1994, Vol.9, No.8, p.575-579. 29 ref.
Abstract An assessment of formaldehyde exposure was conducted at 36 embalmings in 18 funeral chapels in Manitoba, Canada. The occupational exposure limit is defined by the American Conference of Government Industrial Hygienists' threshold limit value-ceiling of 0.37mg/m3 (0.3ppm). Personal exposures of embalmers during an intact body preparation (<1 hour) ranged from 0.12 to 5.64mg/m3. During an autopsy preparation (<2 hours>), exposures ranged from 0.11 to 4.13mg/m3. Concentration for area samples ranged from 0.05 to 8.37mg/m3. Health effects identified by some embalmers included irritation of the mucous membranes and chest tightness. Most embalmers are immunized with the hepatitis B vaccine. Universal precautions against infectious agents were not strictly adhered to in most embalmings. An upgrading of engineering controls, improved work practices, and use of personal protective equipment was required in the majority of chapels.
Descriptors (primary) formaldehyde; funeral services; embalming
Descriptors (secondary) threshold limit values; air sampling; permissible levels
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCanada
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Aldehydes
Funeral services