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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)64570
CIS number 95-1023
ISSN - Serial title 0025-7818 - Medicina del lavoro
Year 1994
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Agnesi R., Valentini F., Dal Vecchio L.
Title Fall in n-hexane exposure risk in the shoe manufacturing industry
Original title Ridimensionamento del rischio da n-esano nei calzaturifici [in Italian]
Bibliographic information July-Aug. 1994, Vol.85, No.4, p.309-313. Illus. 11 ref.
Abstract In recent years the composition of the glues used in the shoe manufacturing industry in the Riviera del Brenta area (northern Italy) has changed considerably, with a gradual reduction of n-hexane. This fact emerged from a survey of 337 glueing stations in 105 shoe factories where 104 different commercial products containing organic solvents were found. The determining element in the change was the substitution of technical hexane by other refinery products which have a low n-hexane content (<5%). There was a possible health risk due to n-hexane exposure at only about 10% of the glueing stations and in about 8% of commercial products, where mixtures of technical hexane are used. Ethyl acetate, cyclo-hexane, hexane isomers, methyl ethyl ketone, heptane and acetone are among the solvents most frequently used. This change means that assessment of glue composition will be necessary before beginning a health monitoring programme of the exposed population.
Descriptors (primary) hexane; shoe industry; organic solvents; adhesives
Descriptors (secondary) Italy; acetone; butanone; heptane; cyclohexane; substitution; ethyl acetate
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly
Subject(s) Leather, fur and footwear
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbons
Footwear, leather and fur industry