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Document ID (ISN)64552
CIS number 95-952
ISSN - Serial title 1250-3274 - Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail
Year 1994
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Roquelaure Y., Touranchet A., Mandereau L., Fanello S., Hémon D., Penneau-Fontbonne D.
Title Health status of shoe industry workers
Original title Etat de santé de la population de l'industrie de la chaussure [in French]
Bibliographic information 1994, Vol.55, No.6, p.441-447. 21 ref.
Abstract The health status of workers in the shoe industry in the Pays de Loire (France) was assessed as well as risk factors. A cross-sectional survey was thus carried out in 26 representative companies (1,964 workers). Data gathering was performed during yearly visits, through a medical examination and a standardized workstation survey carried out by 15 occupational physicians (response rate 90.5%). The surveyed population was young (average age: 35) and predominantly female (67.4%). Pathology essentially involved bone and soft tissue disorders such as lumbago and sciatica, carpal tunnel syndrome and, above all, chronic pain and/or functional difficulties, mainly in the lower back and/or back and/or neck, shoulders and legs. Bone and joint pain were significantly related to sitting, repetitive movements, substantial visual strain and small size of the enterprise. Other pathologies encountered included venous insufficiency, gastralgia and visual fatigue. Exposure to dust (519 workers) was associated with respiratory irritation and nasal obstruction. Exposure to solvents and glues (479 workers) was associated with skin and mucosal irritation, gastralgia, dizziness and sensitivity disorders. The importance of addressing ergonomic issues and of developing technical preventive measures to minimize exposure to dust, glues and solvents is underlined.
Descriptors (primary) France; shoe industry; occupation disease relation
Descriptors (secondary) symptoms; carpal-tunnel syndrome; lumbago; repetitive strain injury; epidemiologic study; long-term study; lower extremity disorders
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Leather, fur and footwear
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Footwear, leather and fur industry