|Document ID (ISN)||62298|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Delzell E., Macaluso M., Honda Y., Austin H.
||Mortality patterns among men in the motor vehicle manufacturing industry
||Oct. 1993, Vol.24, No.4, p.471-484. Illus. 25 ref
||This retrospective follow-up study evaluates the mortality experience of 123,232 male hourly workers employed at a motor vehicle manufacturing company in 1973. Follow-up through December 31, 1985 was conducted using company, state, and national data sources. The overall mortality rate of cohort members is lower than the U.S. rate by 11% among whites and by 24% among blacks. These low mortality rates reflect deficits of diseases other than cancer. Cancer SMRs are 99 for whites and 90 for blacks. There are slight excesses of stomach cancer (SMR=113) and of lung cancer (SMR=108) among whites and of cancer of the large intestine and rectum (SMR=114) and of the lymphopoietic tissue (SMR=111) among blacks. This pattern may reflect illness-related employment termination and generalized confounding by socioeconomic status, although the study does not rule out a relationship between workplace exposures and specific diseases.
||occupational pathology; motor vehicle industry; cancer; mortality
||race-linked differences; leukaemia; USA; long-term study; lung cancer; gastrointestinal cancer; cohort study; occupational diseases
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Japan; USA|
||Metal production and metalworking
|Broad subject area(s)
||Industries and occupations
||Motor vehicle manufacturing industry