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Document ID (ISN)62298
CIS number 94-906
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1993
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Delzell E., Macaluso M., Honda Y., Austin H.
Title Mortality patterns among men in the motor vehicle manufacturing industry
Bibliographic information Oct. 1993, Vol.24, No.4, p.471-484. Illus. 25 ref
Abstract This retrospective follow-up study evaluates the mortality experience of 123,232 male hourly workers employed at a motor vehicle manufacturing company in 1973. Follow-up through December 31, 1985 was conducted using company, state, and national data sources. The overall mortality rate of cohort members is lower than the U.S. rate by 11% among whites and by 24% among blacks. These low mortality rates reflect deficits of diseases other than cancer. Cancer SMRs are 99 for whites and 90 for blacks. There are slight excesses of stomach cancer (SMR=113) and of lung cancer (SMR=108) among whites and of cancer of the large intestine and rectum (SMR=114) and of the lymphopoietic tissue (SMR=111) among blacks. This pattern may reflect illness-related employment termination and generalized confounding by socioeconomic status, although the study does not rule out a relationship between workplace exposures and specific diseases.
Descriptors (primary) occupational pathology; motor vehicle industry; cancer; mortality
Descriptors (secondary) race-linked differences; leukaemia; USA; long-term study; lung cancer; gastrointestinal cancer; cohort study; occupational diseases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceJapan; USA
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Motor vehicle manufacturing industry