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Document ID (ISN)62213
CIS number 94-871
ISSN - Serial title 0003-9896 - Archives of Environmental Health
Year 1991
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Sherson D., Svane O., Lynge E.
Title Cancer incidence among foundry workers in Denmark
Bibliographic information Mar.-Apr. 1991, Vol.46, No.2, p.75-81. 34 ref.
Abstract Cancer incidence was studied among 6,144 male foundry workers who participated in either of two Danish national silicosis surveys conducted during 1967-1969 and 1972-1974. Cancer incidence was followed through to the end of 1985 by computerized linkage to the Danish Cancer Registry, and standardized morbidity ratios (SMRs) were calculated based on incidence rates for the Danish population. For the entire cohort, significantly elevated SMRs were seen for all cancers (SMR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.01-1.18) and lung cancer (SMR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.12-1.51) and SMRs were at the borderline of statistical significance for bladder cancer (SMR, 1.24; 95% CI, 0.97-1.59). Excess lung and bladder cancer risk was confined to workers who had worked in foundries for at least 20yrs. There was a positive correlation between silicosis prevalence in employees at the foundries at the time of the X-ray examinations and lung cancer incidence during the follow-up period. Squamous cell carcinomas, anaplastic carcinomas, and other lung cancers accounted for the excess lung cancer risk, whereas there was not an excess risk among the foundry workers for adenocarcinomas of the lung.
Descriptors (primary) Denmark; occupational pathology; morbidity; mortality; foundries; lung cancer; silicosis; cancer; bladder tumour
Descriptors (secondary) radiographic testing; cohort study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceDenmark
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations
Pneumoconioses
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Diseases of the kidney and the urinary system