|Document ID (ISN)||61206|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Macaluso M., Delzell E., Rose V., Perkins J.
||Use of organic solvents and potential worker exposure in the motor vehicle manufacturing industry
||Mar. 1993, Vol.23, No.3, p.449-460. 18 ref.
||This survey was designed to assist with planning epidemiological studies of the effects of solvent exposure among motor vehicle manufacturing workers. The objectives were to identify subgroups of workers with solvent exposure and to evaluate the availability of data for a job-exposure matrix (JEM). Thirty-one plants, employing a total of 97,655 hourly workers, participated in the survey. About 14% of these workers use organic solvents (direct exposure) and 19% work in the proximity of solvent-using operations (indirect exposure). However, only 3% have direct exposure, and 6% indirect exposure to large-volume (≥100 gallons/month)/high-frequency (hourly) use solvents. The highest solvent exposure prevalence occurred in plants manufacturing engines and power train components and in metal degreasing/cleaning and painting tasks, and entailed exposure to petroleum fractions, aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols and ketones. A JEM can be developed using plant records on job titles, work histories, production scheduling, and plant engineering, and using the corporate computerised personnel and industrial hygiene databases. However, information on solvent use and on exposure is adequate only for recent time periods.
||ketones; alcohols; aromatic hydrocarbons; exposure; chlorinated hydrocarbons; motor vehicle industry; organic solvents
||toxic effects; computerized data bases; epidemiologic study
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
||Motor vehicle manufacturing industry