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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)61206
CIS number 93-1940
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1993
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Macaluso M., Delzell E., Rose V., Perkins J.
Title Use of organic solvents and potential worker exposure in the motor vehicle manufacturing industry
Bibliographic information Mar. 1993, Vol.23, No.3, p.449-460. 18 ref.
Abstract This survey was designed to assist with planning epidemiological studies of the effects of solvent exposure among motor vehicle manufacturing workers. The objectives were to identify subgroups of workers with solvent exposure and to evaluate the availability of data for a job-exposure matrix (JEM). Thirty-one plants, employing a total of 97,655 hourly workers, participated in the survey. About 14% of these workers use organic solvents (direct exposure) and 19% work in the proximity of solvent-using operations (indirect exposure). However, only 3% have direct exposure, and 6% indirect exposure to large-volume (≥100 gallons/month)/high-frequency (hourly) use solvents. The highest solvent exposure prevalence occurred in plants manufacturing engines and power train components and in metal degreasing/cleaning and painting tasks, and entailed exposure to petroleum fractions, aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols and ketones. A JEM can be developed using plant records on job titles, work histories, production scheduling, and plant engineering, and using the corporate computerised personnel and industrial hygiene databases. However, information on solvent use and on exposure is adequate only for recent time periods.
Descriptors (primary) ketones; alcohols; aromatic hydrocarbons; exposure; chlorinated hydrocarbons; motor vehicle industry; organic solvents
Descriptors (secondary) toxic effects; computerized data bases; epidemiologic study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Motor vehicle manufacturing industry
Alcohols
Ketones
Aromatic hydrocarbons
Halogenated hydrocarbons