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Document ID (ISN)59892
CIS number 93-519
ISSN - Serial title 0867-8383 - Polish Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Year 1992
Convention or series no.
Author(s) LaDou J.
Title The export of hazardous industries to newly industrialized countries
Bibliographic information 1992, Vol.5, No.3, p.223-226. 14 ref.
Abstract The majority of investment in manufacturing industries in newly industrialised countries comes from foreign companies or investors. This vital source of new jobs and capital for the development of infrastructure brings with it some very significant long-term costs in environmental remediation and workers' compensation insurance that are seldom discussed with candour. These costs may be considered a necessary step on the road to industrialisation by many developing countries. But the long-term costs may be high enough to sustain the relative poverty of the country. Moreover, the absence of value added in the process of manufacturing may insure the continued economic dependence on foreign interests. The inadequacy of international environmental law is presently of concern to only a few important organisations, but the extent of environmental degradation in many newly industrialised countries warrant far more effort at regulation and enforcement. The high levels of worker fatalities and injuries in developing countries necessitate international cooperation and health and safety programme development.
Descriptors (primary) transfer of technology; newly industrialized countries; environmental pollution; developing countries; workmen's compensation; legislation; industries
Descriptors (secondary) occupational safety and health; standardization; pollution control; economic aspects
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) OSH in developing countries
Environmental pollution
Workers' compensation
Transfer of technology