|Document ID (ISN)||59892|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0867-8383 - Polish Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
|Convention or series no.
||The export of hazardous industries to newly industrialized countries
||1992, Vol.5, No.3, p.223-226. 14 ref.
||The majority of investment in manufacturing industries in newly industrialised countries comes from foreign companies or investors. This vital source of new jobs and capital for the development of infrastructure brings with it some very significant long-term costs in environmental remediation and workers' compensation insurance that are seldom discussed with candour. These costs may be considered a necessary step on the road to industrialisation by many developing countries. But the long-term costs may be high enough to sustain the relative poverty of the country. Moreover, the absence of value added in the process of manufacturing may insure the continued economic dependence on foreign interests. The inadequacy of international environmental law is presently of concern to only a few important organisations, but the extent of environmental degradation in many newly industrialised countries warrant far more effort at regulation and enforcement. The high levels of worker fatalities and injuries in developing countries necessitate international cooperation and health and safety programme development.
||transfer of technology; newly industrialized countries; environmental pollution; developing countries; workmen's compensation; legislation; industries
||occupational safety and health; standardization; pollution control; economic aspects
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||USA|
|Broad subject area(s)
||Industries and occupations
||OSH in developing countries
Transfer of technology