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Document ID (ISN)59651
CIS number 93-252
ISSN - Serial title 0025-7818 - Medicina del lavoro
Year 1992
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Perbellini L., Soave C., Cerpelloni M.
Title Solvent exposure in shoe factories
Original title L'inquinamento da solventi nei calzaturifici [in Italian]
Bibliographic information Mar.-Apr. 1992, Vol.83, No.2, p.115-119. 11 ref.
Abstract In order to study solvent exposure in shoe factories, 43 kinds of glues and 22 solvent products used in footwear manufacturing were analysed. A gas chromatographic spectrometric method was used to identify the mixtures of solvents contained in glues and their diluents. Acetone, ethylacetate and cyclohexane were the solvents more frequently found in glues. Cyclohexane represented on average about 40% of the solvent mixture. Methyl ethyl ketone, 3-methylpentane and 2-methylpentane were often present in glues (45-52% of the samples), but only in a few cases were they associated with n-hexane. N-hexane and methylcyclopentane were found in 32% of the glue samples. N-hexane represented 47% of the solvents only in one glue. Most of the glues contained less than 10% n-hexane. Other solvents (dichloropropane, toluene, trichloroethane, butyl acetate, iso-butyl acetate and 2,2-dimethylbutane) were found in few glue samples or in low percentages. The 22 solvents used as glue diluents were mainly acetone, ethylacetate, dichloromethane and methyl ethyl ketone. Results suggest that solvent exposure in shoe factories has changed relative to 10 years ago. Biological monitoring of shoe factory workers should measure exposures to the specific solvents found in each factory, especially acetone, cyclohexane, ethylacetate and methyl ethyl ketone.
Descriptors (primary) adhesives; shoe industry; exposure evaluation; organic solvents
Descriptors (secondary) dichloromethane; acetone; ethyl acetate; hexane; gas chromatography; 3-methylpentane; methylcyclopentane; cyclohexane; 2-methylpentane
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceItaly
Subject(s) Leather, fur and footwear
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Exposure evaluation
Footwear, leather and fur industry