ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)59359
CIS number 93-253
ISSN - Serial title 0096-1736 - Journal of Occupational Medicine
Year 1991
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Hashimoto D.M., Kelsey K.T., Seitz T., Feldman H.A., Yakes B., Christiani D.C.
Title The presence of urinary cellular sediment and albuminuria in newspaper pressworkers exposed to solvents
Bibliographic information Apr. 1991, Vol.33, No.4, p.516-526. Illus. 49 ref.
Abstract A cross-sectional study of 215 newspaper pressroom workers (76% of the total eligigle) was conducted to investigate the relationship between organic solvent exposure and increased urinary cellular sediment. Thirty-two compositors were surveyed as referents. Industrial hygiene measurements showed low-level airborne exposure to organic solvents and minimal airborne exposure to glycol ethers. There was a high prevalence of solvent-related dermatitis, indicating significant dermal exposure to these substances. Pressworkers were exposed to solvent mixtures associated with dose-related increases in leukocyturia alone or in urinary cellular sediment. The presence of urinary cellular sediment was associated with increasing frequency of use of five organic solvent mixtures. The increase in urinary cellular sediment may be due to the effects of solvents on the kidney. Sixteen percent of pressmen and no compositors were found to have primarily low-grade albuminuria. Workers with urinary cellular sediment were significantly more likely to have detectable albuminuria, which was more likely to occur with increased frequency of use of four solvent mixtures.
Descriptors (primary) printing and duplicating; solvent naphtha; blood count; genito-urinary system diseases; printing industry; skin absorption; organic solvents; proteinuria; lithography; dermatitis; cylinder printing machines; solvents; renal diseases
Descriptors (secondary) USA; statistical evaluation; questionnaire survey; analgesics
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Paper-making and printing
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Printing, photography and photocopying industry
Skin diseases
Diseases of the kidney and the urinary system