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Document ID (ISN)58064
CIS number 92-996
ISSN - Serial title 0017-9078 - Health Physics
Year 1991
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Rosenthal F.S., West S.K., Munoz B., Emmett E.A., Strickland P.T., Taylor H.R.
Title Ocular and facial skin exposure to ultraviolet radiation in sunlight: A personal exposure model with application to a worker population
Bibliographic information July 1991, Vol.61, no.1, p.77-86. Illus. 18 ref.
Abstract A model of eye and facial skin exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is presented that combines interview histories of work activities, leisure activities, eyeglass wearing, and hat use with field and laboratory measurements of UV radiant exposure. Site-specific exposure is expressed as the product of personal ambient exposure, defined as the ambient exposure while an individual is exposed to sunlight, and factors that describe the ratio of site-specific to personal ambient exposure. Ocular exposure is further corrected by the UV attenuation of typical eyewear. The model was used to compute cumulative and yearly exposures in a population of 838 watermen who work on the Chesapeake Bay (State of Maryland, United States) and are highly exposed to sunlight. The model was found to be predictive of conditions known to be caused by excessive sun exposure--skin elastosis, climatic droplet keratopathy, and squamous cell carcinoma--and has been useful in several epidemiological studies.
Descriptors (primary) solar radiation; diseases of eyes and related structures; eyes; skin; ultraviolet radiation
Descriptors (secondary) Maryland; mathematical models; epidemiologic study; exposure evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceAustralia; USA
Subject(s) Radiation
Broad subject area(s) Physical hazards
Browse category(ies) Non-ionizing radiation
Diseases of the eye and vision damage