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Document ID (ISN)57962
CIS number 92-874
ISSN - Serial title 1877-7856 - Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale
Year 1991
Convention or series no. Fascicule 16534 C10, 1991
Author(s) Roquelaure Y., Efthymiou M.L., Penneau-Fontbonne D.
Title Occupational optical neuropathies
Original title Neuropathies optiques professionnelles [in French]
Bibliographic information Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 1991. 5p. 77 réf.
Abstract As a large number of substances are potentially toxic to the optic nerve, the prevalence of occupational toxic optical neuropathy is underestimated. Diagnostic methods which allow the detection of subclinical optical neuropathies, such as colour vision testing, testing of contrast sensitivity and the registering of potential images, are reported along with the development and causes of such neuropathies. Occupational poisoning, currently an uncommon cause of such neuroropathies, may be caused by heavy metals, solvents, insecticides, cyanides, gases and other toxins such as amyl acetate. Prevention requires both technical and medical measures. Only four of the occupational optical neuropathies are compensated in France.
Descriptors (primary) visual function disorders; diseases of retina and optic nerve
Descriptors (secondary) metals; cyanides; 3-amyl acetate; data sheet; organic solvents; encyclopaedia; insecticides
Document type F - Information notes, codes of practice, standards
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the eye and vision damage