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Document ID (ISN)53725
CIS number 90-946
ISSN - Serial title 0003-9896 - Archives of Environmental Health
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Holness D.L., Nethercott J.R.
Title Health status of funeral service workers exposed to formaldehyde
Bibliographic information July-Aug. 1989, Vol.44, No.4, p.222-228. 46 ref.
Abstract A study of 84 funeral service workers and 38 control subjects in Toronto, Canada, revealed that the embalmers reported chronic bronchitis, dyspnoea, and nasal, eye, and skin irritation more frequently than controls. Apprentices reported symptoms and exhibited signs of irritation more frequently than experienced embalmers, but both of these groups were more affected than the inactive embalmers or the controls. Airborne formaldehyde levels were 0.36ppm during 22 embalming procedures. General ventilation was shown to lower the levels significantly. No significant change in forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec, FEF50 or FEF75 was demonstrated with formaldehyde exposure nor were the baseline lung function results significantly different from the controls. Based on patch testing, 4% and 10% were sensitive to formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde, respectively, whereas none of the controls exhibited positive reactions.
Descriptors (primary) formaldehyde; funeral services; embalming
Descriptors (secondary) exposure evaluation; Canada
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Other industries and occupations
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Aldehydes
Funeral services