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Document ID (ISN)52061
CIS number 89-1297
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 1988
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Albrecht W.N., Stephenson R.L.
Title Health hazards of tertiary amine catalysts
Bibliographic information Aug. 1988, Vol.14, No.4, p.209-219. 45 ref.
Abstract Tertiary amine catalysts are widely employed in foundry and polyurethane foam manufacture operations. These highly reactive amines have been associated with disturbances in vision and systemic health effects. Prominent among the reported effects on vision are mydriasis (dilated pupils), cycloplegia (loss of accommodation), and corneal oedema, which may result in hazy (looking through smoke) or blurry (out of focus) vision and halo perception. Systemic symptoms, possibly due to a release of endogenous histamine, are consistent with pharmacological actions of amines and are also described. These symptoms, as well as the disturbances in vision, are transient. Nevertheless, employees who work with or around machinery, or drive vehicles, may be at an increased risk of accident and injury when experiencing these symptoms.
Descriptors (primary) catalysts; ethyldimethylamine; foundries; polyurethane; plastics industry; triethylamine
Descriptors (secondary) visual function disorders; hazard evaluation; corneal damage
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Chemicals, plastics and rubber
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Chemical industry
Aliphatic amines
Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations
Plastics industry