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Document ID (ISN)51952
CIS number 89-831
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Becher H., Jedrychowski W., Flak E., Gomola K., Wahrendorf J.
Title Lung cancer, smoking, and employment in foundries
Bibliographic information Feb. 1989, Vol.15, No.1, p.38-42. 22 ref.
Abstract A case-referent study on lung cancer was conducted in Cracow, Poland. Men dying of lung cancer within a 6-year period (1980-1985) formed the case group. The reference series was selected from death registers and was frequency-matched with the cases by sex and age. Deaths due to other respiratory diseases were excluded. Information on the occupation, smoking habits, and residency of 901 cases and 875 referents was collected from their next-of-kin. The combined effect of smoking and industrial exposure, in particular employment in steel or iron foundries, was investigated by multivariate analyses and was very well fitted by a multiplicative model. Foundry employment, in particular in the younger age (<70 years) group, occupational exposure to known carcinogens in other industries for more than 20 years, and smoking were found to be risk factors.
Descriptors (primary) smoking; mortality; iron and steel industry; foundries; lung cancer
Descriptors (secondary) carcinogens; hazard evaluation; statistical evaluation; synergism; questionnaire survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Iron and steel industry
Smoking
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations