|Document ID (ISN)||51441|
|Convention or series no.
||Use of ethylene oxide in medical and surgical sterilisation. Evaluation of the occupational risk of opacification of the lens
||Utilisation de l'oxyde d'éthylène en stérilisation microchirurgicale. Evaluation du risque professionnel d'opacification du cristallin [in French]|
||Université de Paris, Faculté de médecine Broussais-Hôtel-Dieu, Paris, France, 1988. 222p. Illus. 108 ref.
||This medical thesis reports on a cross-sectional epidemiologic survey of 75 persons - 45 exposed to ethylene oxide during equipment sterilisation in 5 hospitals in Paris, and 20 controls - to determine whether or not the exposure increased the risk of developing cataracts or opacities of the lens. Topics: characteristics of ethylene oxide; use of ethylene oxide for sterilisation; methodology and results of the epidemiologic study. Continuous measurements according to French standards showed that the exposure level was 0.06-39ppm for periods of 0.5-190min. There seems to be no risk of cataract in the case of low exposure, but the condition may occur in the case of massive overexposure, and should be considered as an occupational accident.
||disinfection of equipment; hospitals; cataract; ethylene oxide
||epidemiologic study; thesis
||E - Books, reports, proceedings
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
||Diseases of the eye and vision damage
Health care services